|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
|Title||Earl of Leicester|
|Term||13 July 1626 – 2 November 1677|
|Children|| Dorothy Spencer, Countess of Sunderland (1617–1684)|
Philip Sidney, 3rd Earl of Leicester (1619–1698)
Lord Algernon Sidney (1623–1683)
Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney (1641–1704)
Lord Robert Sidney
Lady Lucy Pelham
|Parent(s)|| Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester |
Robert Sidney, 2nd Earl of Leicester (1 December 1595 – 2 November 1677) was an English diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1614 and 1625 and then succeeded to the peerage as Earl of Leicester.
Sidney was born at Castle Barnard, County Durham, the son of Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, and his first wife, Barbara Gamage.He was educated at Christ Church, Oxford. In 1610 he was created Knight of the Bath when Prince Henry was created Prince of Wales. He was elected Member of Parliament for Wilton in 1614.
Sidney served in the army in the Netherlands during his father's governorship of Flushing, and was given command of an English regiment in the Dutch service in 1616. In 1618 he became a member of Gray's Inn. He was elected MP for Kent in 1621. In 1624 he was elected MP for Monmouthshire. He was re-elected MP for Monmouthshire in 1625. In 1626, he succeeded his father as Earl of LeicesterIn 1631, he began the construction of Leicester House, a huge mansion on the site of what is now Leicester Square in London. He was employed on diplomatic business in Denmark in 1632 and undertook further diplomatic work in France from 1636 to 1641.
Lord Leicester was then appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in place of The Earl of Strafford. When the governorship of Dublin became vacant, Leicester appointed George Monck. Charles I, however, overruled the appointment in favour of Lord Lambart. In 1643 he resigned without having set foot in Ireland.
Lord Leicester died at Penshurst at the age of nearly 81. He was "esteemed of great learning, observation and veracity".
Sidney married Dorothy Percy, the daughter of Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland. They had twelve children, including:
Philip and Algernon supported the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War.
Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, second son of Sir Henry Sidney, was a statesman of Elizabethan and Jacobean England. He was also a patron of the arts and an interesting poet. His mother, Mary Sidney née Dudley, was a lady-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth I and a sister of Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, an advisor and favourite of the Queen.
Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland, 4th Baron Percy, KG was an English military leader and a prominent supporter of the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War.
Viscount De L'Isle, of Penshurst in the County of Kent, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1956 for William Sidney, 6th Baron de L'Isle and Dudley, VC, KG, GCMG, GCVO (1909–1991).
Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney was an English politician and army officer. Often dismissed as a mere flunkey and court favourite, he was nevertheless an expert Statesman, with an adroitness for manipulating men. He was one of the Immortal Seven, and in fact the author of the invitation that group extended to their future King.
William Russell, 1st Duke of Bedford KG PC was an English nobleman and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 until 1641 when he inherited his Peerage as 5th Earl of Bedford and removed to the House of Lords. He fought in the Parliamentarian army and later defected to the Royalists during the English Civil War. He is also known for developing the Bloomsbury area of London.
John Manners, 8th Earl of Rutland, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 until 1641 when he inherited the peerage.
Henry Spencer, 1st Earl of Sunderland, 3rd Baron Spencer of Wormleighton, known as The Lord Spencer between 1636 and June 1643, was an English peer, nobleman, and politician from the Spencer family who fought and died in the English civil war on the side of the Cavaliers.
Philip Sidney, 3rd Earl of Leicester was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1640 and 1659 and inherited the peerage of Earl of Leicester in 1677. He supported the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War. During the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, he was known as Viscount Lisle or a subsidiary title of the Earls of Leicester.
Robert Sidney, 4th Earl of Leicester was the son of Philip Sidney, 3rd Earl of Leicester, and the former Lady Catherine Cecil.
Dorothy Percy, Countess of Northumberland was the younger daughter of Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex by Lettice Knollys, and the wife of Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland.
Lady Dorothy Sidney, Countess of Leicester, was the eldest daughter of Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland, and his wife, Lady Dorothy Devereux. Her sister was the alleged intrigant Lucy Hay, Countess of Carlisle, and their eldest surviving brother was Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland.
Dorothy Spencer, Countess of Sunderland, was the wife of Henry Spencer, 1st Earl of Sunderland, and the daughter of Robert Sidney, 2nd Earl of Leicester, and Lady Dorothy Percy.
Henry Clifford, 5th Earl of Cumberland was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1614 and 1622. He was created a Baron in 1628 and succeeded to the title Earl of Cumberland in 1641.
Algernon Percy, 1st Earl of Beverley FSA, styled Lord Algernon Percy between 1766 and 1786 and known as The Lord Lovaine between 1786 and 1790, was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1774 to 1786 when he succeeded to the Peerage.
Sir Walter Devereux, 5th Viscount Hereford, 2nd Baronet of Castle Bromwich, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times, between 1614 and 1624, before succeeding to the family Viscountcy in the peerage of England.
Elizabeth Capell, Countess of Essex was an English noblewoman, the daughter of Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland. She was the wife of Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex. Elizabeth was the subject of a portrait by court painter Sir Peter Lely.
Sir George Hastings was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1614 and 1626.
Sir Edward Bishopp, 2nd Baronet was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1626 and in 1640. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War.
Sarah Harington (1565-1629), English courtier.
|Parliament of England|
Sir Thomas Edmondes
| Member of Parliament for Wilton |
With: Thomas Morgan
Henry Nevill, 9th Baron Bergavenny
Sir Thomas Tracy
Sir Peter Manwood
Sir Thomas Walsingham
| Member of Parliament for Kent |
With: Sir George Fane
Sir Edwin Sandys
Sir Edmund Morgan
| Member of Parliament for Monmouthshire |
With: Sir William Morgan
The Earl of Strafford
| Lord Lieutenant of Ireland |
The Marquess of Ormonde
The Earl of Pembroke
| Custos Rotulorum of Kent |
|Peerage of England|
| Earl of Leicester |