Robert Streater (1621–1679)(also known as Streeter), was an English landscape, history, still-life and portrait artist, architectural painter, and etcher. He was Serjeant Painter to King Charles II, and decorated the ceiling of Christopher Wren's Sheldonian Theatre in Oxford.
Streater was born in Covent Garden, London, and is said to have been the son of a painter, and to have received his instruction in painting and drawing from an artist called Du Moulin. He was very industrious, and attained considerable ability in his art, which was highly praised by his contemporaries. His style was founded on that of the Baroque Italian painters. He excelled in architectural and decorative paintings on a large scale, especially those in which perspective and a knowledge of foreshortening were required. He painted landscapes, especially topographical, with skill, and also still life.Sir William Sanderson, in his Graphice (1658), spoke of "Streter, who indeed is a compleat Master therein, as also in other Arts of Etching, Graving, and his works of Architecture and Perspective, not a line but is true to the Rules of Art and Symmetry".
In 1664 both Samuel Pepys and John Evelyn mentioned, and the latter described, "Mr. Thomas Povey's elegant house in Lincoln's Inn Fields, where the perspective in his court, painted by Streeter, is indeede excellent, with the vases in imitation of porphyrie and fountains". Pepys, in 1669, wrote that he "went to Mr. Streater, the famous history-painter, where I found Dr. Wren and other virtuosos looking upon the paintings he is making of the new theatre at Oxford", and described Streater as "a very civil little man and lame, but lives very handsomely".
Evelyn, in 1672, notes at Sir Robert Clayton's house, "the cedar dining-room painted with the history of the Gyants War,incomparably done by Mr. Streeter, but the figures are too near the eye" (the paintings were afterwards removed to Marden, near Godstone). Again in 1679 Evelyn noted that some of Streater's best paintings were at Mr. Boone's (or Bohun's) house, Lee Place, Blackheath. Streater's paintings in the ceiling of the Sheldonian Theatre at Oxford were eulogised by poetaster, Robert Whitehall (1625–85) in his poem 'Urania':
- That future ages must confess they owe
- To Streater more than Michael Angelo!
Streater also painted part of the chapel at All Souls', Oxford and ceilings at Whitehall, in London. Little of his decorative work now remains, except the ceiling of the Sheldonian Theatre at Oxford,which was restored in 1762 by Tilly Kettle and again, by a conservation studio, in November 2008. His panels of Moses and Aaron, painted for St Michael Cornhill, remain in the church, incorporated into the Victorian reredos.
Besides landscape, history, and still life, Streater also painted portraits. He etched a view of the Battle of Naseby, and designed some of the plates for Robert Stapleton's 'Juvenal'. Seven pictures by him, including five landscapes, were mentioned in a catalogue of James II's collection. Streater was a special favourite with Charles II, who made him serjeant-painter on his restoration to the throne. When Streater in his later years was suffering "from the stone", Charles II sent for a special surgeon from Paris to perform the necessary operation. Streater, however, died not long afterwards.in 1679.
He was succeeded as serjeant-painter by his son, Robert Streater Jr., at whose death, in 1711, Streater's books, prints, drawings, and pictures were sold at auction. He had a brother, Thomas Streater, who married a daughter, an artist herself, of Remigius Van Leemput. A self-portrait of Robert Streater was engraved for Horace Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting.
Henry Anderton (1630–1667) was a pupil of Streater.
Hendrick Avercamp was a Dutch painter during the Dutch Golden Age of painting. He was one of the earliest landscape painters of the 17th-century Dutch school, he specialized in painting the Netherlands in winter. His paintings are colorful and lively, with carefully crafted images of the people in the landscape. His works give a vivid depiction of sport and leisure in the Netherlands in the beginning of the 17th century. Many of Avercamp's paintings feature people ice skating on frozen lakes.
The Sheldonian Theatre, located in Oxford, England, was built from 1664 to 1669 after a design by Christopher Wren for the University of Oxford. The building is named after Gilbert Sheldon, chancellor of the University at the time and the project's main financial backer. It is used for music concerts, lectures and University ceremonies, but not for drama until 2015 when the Christ Church Dramatic Society staged a production of The Crucible by Arthur Miller.
English art is the body of visual arts made in England. England has Europe's earliest and northernmost ice-age cave art. Prehistoric art in England largely corresponds with art made elsewhere in contemporary Britain, but early medieval Anglo-Saxon art saw the development of a distinctly English style, and English art continued thereafter to have a distinct character. English art made after the formation in 1707 of the Kingdom of Great Britain may be regarded in most respects simultaneously as art of the United Kingdom.
John Hayls, also Hailes (1600–1679), was an English Baroque-era portrait painter, principally known for his portrait of Samuel Pepys.
Samuel Cooper, sometimes spelt as Samuel Cowper, was an English miniature painter, and younger brother of Alexander Cooper.
Joseph Highmore was an English painter of portraits, conversation pieces and history subjects, illustrator and author. After retiring from his career as a painter at the age of 70, he published art historical and critical articles.
Tilly Kettle (1735–1786) was a portrait painter and the first prominent English portrait painter to operate in India.
Robert Walker (1599–1658) was an English portrait painter, notable for his portraits of the "Lord Protector" Oliver Cromwell and other distinguished parliamentarians of the period. He was influenced by Van Dyck, and many of his paintings can now be found at the National Portrait Gallery, London.
Luciano Borzone was an Italian painter of a late-Mannerist and early-Baroque styles active mainly in his natal city of Genoa.
Events from the year 1668 in art.
Events from the year 1679 in art.
John de Critz or John Decritz was one of a number of painters of Flemish origin active at the English royal court during the reigns of James I of England and Charles I of England. He held the post of Serjeant Painter to the king from 1603, at first jointly with Leonard Fryer and from 1610 jointly with Robert Peake the Elder.
The Serjeant Painter was an honourable and lucrative position as court painter with the English monarch. It carried with it the prerogative of painting and gilding all of the King's residences, coaches, banners, etc. and it grossed over £1,000 in a good year by the 18th century. The work itself involved painting the palaces, coaches, royal barges, and all sorts of decorations for festivities, which often had to be designed as well. The actual involvement of the serjeant painters in this gradually declined. The post itself fell out of use in the 18th century, after a period when "fine art" painters were appointed, and expected to supervise rather than execute decorative painting, for a good salary.
The artists of the Tudor court are the painters and limners engaged by the monarchs of England's Tudor dynasty and their courtiers between 1485 and 1603, from the reign of Henry VII to the death of Elizabeth I.
Robert Peake the Elder was an English painter active in the later part of Elizabeth I's reign and for most of the reign of James I. In 1604, he was appointed picture maker to the heir to the throne, Prince Henry; and in 1607, serjeant-painter to King James I – a post he shared with John De Critz. Peake is often called "the elder", to distinguish him from his son, the painter and print seller William Peake and from his grandson, Sir Robert Peake, who followed his father into the family print-selling business.
Henry Anderton was an English painter, mainly known for his portraits.
Thomas Povey FRS, was a London merchant-politician. He was active in colonial affairs from the 1650s, but neutral enough in his politics to be named a member from 1660 of Charles II's Council for Foreign Plantations. A powerful figure in the not-yet professionalised First English Empire, he was both "England's first colonial civil servant" and at the same time "a typical office holder of the Restoration". Both Samuel Pepys and William Berkeley, Governor of Virginia, railed at times against Povey's incompetence and maladministration.
Remigius van Leemput, known in England simply as Remee, was a Flemish portrait painter, copyist, collector and art dealer mainly active in England.
William Bird or Byrd (1624–c.1691) was a 17th century English sculptor. He seems to have served Oxford University for many decades as their official mason. His most notable work is the covered arch linking the two sections of New College, Oxford, raised over the centre of the carriageway to allow laden haycarts to pass.
Emmanuel de Critz was an English painter. He was called the "best portraitist in London" by Robert Walker.