Robert Wentworth Little

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Robert Wentworth Little (1840 April 11, 1878) was a clerk and cashier [1] of the secretary’s office at the United Grand Lodge of England and later secretary of the Royal Institution for Girls. He is credited with the structural design of the S.R.I.A. with the rituals acquired from the store room of Freemasons Hall. [2] He was also a founder of the Ancient and Primitive Rite of Misraim in England. [1]

United Grand Lodge of England Grand Lodge in England

The United Grand Lodge of England (UGLE) is the governing body for the majority of freemasons within England and Wales along with lodges in other, predominantly ex-British Empire and Commonwealth, countries outside the United Kingdom. It claims to be the oldest Grand Lodge in the world, by descent from the first Grand Lodge formed by four Lodges meeting in the Goose & Gridiron Tavern, London on St John's Day, 24 June 1717. Together with the Grand Lodge of Scotland and the Grand Lodge of Ireland they are often referred to, by their members, as "the home Grand Lodges" or "the Home Constitutions".

Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia

Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia is a Masonic esoteric Christian order formed by Robert Wentworth Little in 1865, although some sources acknowledge the date to be 1866-67. Members are confirmed from the ranks of subscribing Master Masons of a Grand Lodge in amity with United Grand Lodge of England.

Various controversy around the origins of the S.R.I.A. seem to be resolved in a paper given at the General Assembly of the S.R.I.S. at Perth, 3 May 1947 and thereafter at the Metropolitan Study Group, S.R.I.A. on May 10, 1947 by the author, R.W. Frater H.C. Bruce Wilson, VIII°, 9°,and printed in Proceedings of General Assembly held at Perth, 3 and 4 May 1947. It was printed for Private Circulation by the S.R.I.S. at Edinburgh, 1947 on pages 10–24. [3]

The paper concludes that especially the opening and closing S.R.I.A. (funded 1866) rituals were adopted from a body of the S.R.I.S. (Societas Rosicruciana in Scotia), which was in operation in 1830. The other parts of the ritual were adopted with changes, for instance to the number of Ancients. It also concludes that the lineage of the S.R.I.A. is derived from the German Golden Rosy Cross of 1776.

Robert Wentworth Little's grave has recently been recovered at the Camberwell Old Cemetery on common ground and is now being restored.

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References

  1. 1 2 Biography at the Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon
  2. Lewis, page 131
  3. The Origin of our Rosicrucian Society, Bruce Wilson

Sources