Roberto Clemente

Last updated

Notes

  1. Both a 1955 interview with Clemente [1] and a 1994 interview with his wife Vera [2] confirm that Clemente's full name includes the middle name Enrique. The discrepancy in spelling – 1994's 'Enrique' vs. 1955's E-n-r-i-c-q-u-e (as allegedly spelled out for the interviewer by Clemente) – is presumably due to a misunderstanding on the part of the Post-Gazette's non-Spanish-speaking interviewer, likely mistaking the word "Si" for the letter c.
  2. MLB held two All-Star Games each season from 1959 through 1962.
  3. Not to be confused with the better-known barrio San Antón in Ponce, Puerto Rico.
  4. To what extent Lasorda assisted Clemente is open to debate. Fellow Royals hurler Joe Black categorically denies Lasorda's characterization of Clemente as unable to "speak one word of English":
    "I saw him on the field and I said, 'Tommy, why did you tell that story?' He said, 'What do you mean?' I said, 'One: Clemente didn't hang out with you. Second: Clemente speaks English.' ... Puerto Rico, you know, is part of the United States. So, over there, youngsters do have the privilege of taking English in classrooms. He wouldn't give a speech like Shakespeare, but he knew how to order breakfast and eggs. He knew how to say, 'It's a good day,' 'Let's play,' or 'Why I don't play?' He could say, 'Let's go to the movies.'" [10]
  5. Oddly enough, the second home run of Clemente's North American career, and the only other he hit that season, was hit under almost identical conditions: an extra-inning, walk-off home run, [17] hit in his first at-bat after entering the game as a defensive replacement, against a right-handed pitcher. [13]
  6. MLB held two All-Star Games each season from 1959 through 1962.
  7. MLB held two Major League Baseball All-Star Games each season from 1959 through 1962.
  8. Presented annually to Pittsburgh's outstanding sports figure. [90]
  9. It was Clemente's acceptance speech for this award that produced his oft-cited quote, "If you have an opportunity to accomplish something that will make things better for someone coming behind you, and you don't do that, you are wasting your time on this earth." [95]

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References

    1. Abrams, Al. "Sidelight on Sports: A Baseball Star is Born". The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. June 7, 1955. Retrieved July 19, 2015.
    2. O'Brien, Jim (1994). "Vera Clemente". Remember Roberto: Clemente Recalled by Teammates, Family, Friends and Fans. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: James P. O'Brien Publishing. p. 54. ISBN   0-916114-14-7. Retrieved July 19, 2015.
    3. Baseball Hall of Famers: Roberto Clemente. Robert Kingsbury, 2003, p. 7. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
    4. Paul Roberto Walker (1988). "The way of the Jibaro". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente . United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. p.  3. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. Roberto's father, Don Melchor Clemente, worked as a foreman in the sugar fields.
    5. "Plane carrying Roberto Clemente crashes". Archived from the original on August 9, 2018. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
    6. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "Where Are You Going, Momen?". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente . United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. p.  20. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. For the next two years, Clemente played for the Sello Rojo softball team.
    7. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "Where Are You Going, Momen?". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente . United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. p.  20. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. When he was sixteen, he played for the Ferdinand Juncos team in the Puerto Rican amateur league.
    8. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "Tell the Man I Will Sign". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente . United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. p.  25. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. Well, Marin", said señor Zorilla, "we can give him $400 bonus and maybe $40.00 a week until he learns to wear a uniform.
    9. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "Wearing the Uniform". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente . United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. p. 33. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. Roberto", said Pedrin Zorilla, "I have spoken with Mr. Campanis. The Dodgers would like to sign you to a contract with their Triple-A team in Montreal. They will pay you a signing bonus of $10,000 and a salary of $5,000 for the year
    10. 1 2 Markusen, Bruce (1998). "Hidden in Montreal". Champaign, Il: Sports Publishing LLC. pp. 19–20. ISBN   1-58261-312-5. Retrieved 2016-01-14.
    11. 1 2 McGowan, Lloyd. "Macon's Royals Register: Top Richmond A la Grant – Amoros Hits". The Montreal Star. June 2, 1954. "Clyde Sukeforth, once a Royal General, said the Amoros homer came off a high fastball. ... Joe Black hadn't reported from the Dodgers up to last night." See also:
      • McGowan, Lloyd. "Black, Roebuck Shelled by Richmond Artillery". The Montreal Star. June 3, 1954. "Clyde Sukeforth, in the stands again, thought Black looked real good, figures him to win for the Royals – but Sukey can't get over Roebuck's wildness."
      • McGowan, Lloyd. "Lehmann Lacks Usual Control As Royals Bow to Richmond". The Montreal Star. June 4, 1954. "It was midnight when Max Macon and Clyde Sukeforth came into the lobby of the hotel. They weren't quite in complete accord as to why the Royals dropped another game to the Virginians 7–2."
      • McGowan, Lloyd. "Bits From The Batter's Box". The Montreal Star. June 5, 1954. "Clyde Sukeforth's attendance at the series between the Royals and Virginians was the cause of much conjecturing ... Sukey managed the Royals when Max Macon played on the club a dozen years ago."
    12. 1 2 3 Biederman, Les. "Clemente, Early Buc Ace, Says He's Better in Summer: Sukey First to Glimpse Clemente". The Sporting News. June 29, 1955. p. 26. "Sukeforth, a Bucco coach, was sent to Richmond, Va., last June to get a look at pitcher Joe Black of Montreal. ... But Sukey practically forgot all about Black when he caught his first glimpse of Clemente. 'I arrived at the Richmond ball park where Montreal was playing just in time to see the pre-game workout,' Sukey relates. 'I saw Clemente throwing from the outfield and I couldn't take my eyes off him. Later in the game he was used as a pinch-hitter and I liked his swing. He impressed me a great deal. I started asking questions and learned he was a bonus player and would be eligible for the draft. I knew then he'd be our first draft choice. In fact, I told Montreal manager Max Macon to take good care of 'our boy' and see that he didn't get hurt.'"
    13. 1 2 3 4 Thornley, Stew. "Appendix: Statistical Summary of Roberto Clemente's 1954 Season With the Montreal Royals". The National Pastime: A Review of Baseball History. Volume 26; 2006. pp. 68–69. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
    14. Honig, Donald (1988). The Donald Honig Reader. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 146. ISBN   9780671663391. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
    15. Markusen, Bruce (1998). "Hidden in Montreal". Champaign, Il: Sports Publishing LLC. p. 23. ISBN   1-58261-312-5. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
    16. Fitzgerald, Tommy. "Can't Hide Roberto". The Miami News. March 26, 1966.
    17. 1 2 3 Thornley, Stew (2012). "A Season in Montreal". Roberto Clemente (Revised Edition). Minneapolis: Twenty-First Century Books. p. 20. ISBN   978-1-4677-0405-2. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
    18. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "It's For Your Own Good". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente . United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. p.  41. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. I noticed you haven't been playing Clemente much." Sukeforth smiled across the dinner table at Max Macon. The two men had known each other for years. There was no sense in trying to fool each other. "Well, I don't care if you never play him" continued the Pittsburgh scout. "We're going to finish last, and we're going to draft him number one.
    19. Thornley, Stew (2012). "A Season in Montreal". Roberto Clemente (Revised Edition). Minneapolis: Twenty-First Century Books. pp. 21–22. ISBN   978-1-4677-0405-2. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
    20. Associated Press. "Clemente's Toss Helps Royals Defeat Toronto". The Montreal Gazette. August 19, 1954. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
    21. "Roberto Clemente". Retrosheet . Retrieved April 19, 2021.
    22. "13 Selected by 9 Clubs for $122,000". The Baltimore Sun . November 23, 1954. p. 27. Retrieved April 19, 2021 via newspapers.com.
    23. 1 2 Biederman, Les. "The Scoreboard". The Pittsburgh Press. May 25, 1955.
    24. Ziants, Steve. "The History: Back Stories in Time; Things We Thought We Knew (Or Never Thought About)". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. April 3, 2016. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
    25. Jordan, Jimmy. "Misty Scene: Bucs Retire No. 21". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. April 7, 1973.
    26. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "I play like Roberto Clemente". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente. United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. Once again he was playing for the Santurce Crabbers. In the winter league he was an established star.
    27. Clemente, The Passion and Grace of Baseball's Last Hero; David Maraniss; p. 88; Simon & Schuster; ISBN   978-0-7432-1781-1
    28. Clemente to Start Six-Month Marine Corps Hitch, October 4. The Sporting News. September 24, 1958. p. 7.
    29. Buc Flyhawk Now Marine Rookie. The Sporting News. November 19, 1958. p. 13.
    30. "Marine Corps Sports Hall of Fame – Roberto Clemente". Archived from the original on September 30, 2007.
    31. Paul Robert Walker (1988). "I play like Roberto Clemente". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente. United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. It was Sunday, April 17, 1955, and the Pittsburgh Pirates were playing the first game of a doubleheader against the Los Angeles Dodgers.... For Roberto Clemente it was his first time at bat in the major leagues.
    32. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "I play like Roberto Clemente". Pride of Puerto Rico: The Life of Roberto Clemente. United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. Even on his own team, some of the players made fun of him and called him a "nigger." Roberto grew furious at their insults.
    33. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "I play like Roberto Clemente". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente. United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. There were other insults as well. In the newspapers, the writers called him a "Puerto Rican hot dog." When they quoted the things he said they exaggerated his accent.
    34. 1 2 Paul Rober Walker (1988). "I play like Roberto Clemente". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente. United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. "I don't believe in color", Roberto said. "I believe in people. I always respect everyone and thanks to God my mother and my father taught me never to hate, never to dislike someone based on their color.
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    36. Bouchette, Ed (May 15, 1987). "Roberts Bucs' forgotten pioneer". Pittsburgh Post–Gazette. pp. 19, 22. Retrieved March 10, 2012.
    37. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "I play like Roberto Clemente". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente. United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. To make matters worse, Roberto had to sit out many games because of pain in his lower back. During the winter, a drunken driver had rammed into his car at sixty miles per hour.
    38. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "I play like Roberto Clemente". Pride of Puerto Rico: The Life of Roberto Clemente. United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. Roberto continued to struggle at the plate throughout his rookie season, finally finishing with a .255 average.
    39. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "I play like Roberto Clemente". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente. United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. In the outfield, however, he quickly established himself as an outstanding performer.
    40. Steigerwald, John. "This Was Clemente's Grandest Slam". The Indiana Gazette. July 23, 2006. Retrieved September 4, 2015. "On July 25, 1956, Roberto Clemente did something that may have been done only once in the history of baseball. And I was there to see it. "
    41. "Roberto Clemente, A Legacy Beyond Baseball". Pieces of History. July 17, 2014. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
    42. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "Beat 'Em, Bucs!". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente . United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. p.  63. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. In May, while the Pirates were fighting the San Francisco Giants for first place, Roberto drove in 25 runs in 27 games. By the end of the month he was leading the league with a batting average of .353 and the Pirates were ahead of the Giants by one and a half games.
    43. United Press International. "Clemente NL's 'Best in May': Roberto Solid Choice for Award". The Pittsburgh Press. June 4, 1960.
    44. Stevens, Bob. "Spectacular Game: Virdon Circles Bases on Error". The San Francisco Chronicle. August 6, 1960.
    45. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "Beat 'Em, Bucs!". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente . United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. p.  64. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. Roberto was rushed to the hospital in an ambulance. The doctors stitched up his jaw and he sat out the next five games waiting for it to heal
    46. Associated Press. "Clemente: Baseball's Biggest Bargain". The Chicago Tribune. January 2, 1973.
    47. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "Beat 'Em, Bucs!". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente . United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. p.  74. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. Now, in the spring of 1961, he made another improvement. He began using a heavier bat to slow down his swing and make better contact with the ball.
    48. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "Beat 'Em, Bucs!". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente . United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. p.  77. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. Then he brought his bat around and smashed a line drive to right field. As Roberto raced for first, Willie Mays rounded third and headed for home. The National League had won by a score of 5–4!
    49. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "Beat 'Em, Bucs!". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente . United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. pp.  78–79. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. When the plane landed, Roberto and Cepeda received a hero's welcome. Eighteen thousand people stood cheering on the side of the road as they were driven crazily from the airport to Sixto Escobar Stadium.
    50. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "It Is My Life". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente . United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. p.  85. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. The injury had not affected his swing, and he smashed a hard line drive to right field, but as he limped at first base, his leg collapsed beneath him. He was rushed to the hospital, and a few days later, the doctors cut open his leg to drain a pool of blood in his thigh.
    51. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "It Is My Life". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente . United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. pp.  88–89. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. Clemente was back and so was the Pirates. Roberto hit safely in 33 out of 34 games, raising his average all the way up to .340.
    52. Markusen, Bruce (1998). "A Troubled Summer". Roberto Clemente: The Great One. Champaign, IL: Sports Publishing, Inc. p. 171. ISBN   1-57167-244-3.
    53. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "I Don't Have The Words". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente . United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. p.  106. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. On June 28, 1970, the Pittsburgh Pirates played their last game at Forbes Field. For Roberto it was an emotional moment. "I spent half my life there", he said.
    54. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "I Don't Have The Words". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente . United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. p.  107. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. A young Puerto Rican businessman named Juan Jiménez presented Roberto with a scroll containing 300,000 signatures from the people of Puerto Rico.
    55. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "I Don't Have The Words". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente . United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. p.  108. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. At Roberto's request, thousands of dollars were donated to help the crippled children at Pittsburgh's Children's Hospital.
    56. Paul Rober Walker (1988). "I Don't Have The Words". Pride of Puerto Rico: The life of Roberto Clemente . United States: Harcourt Brace & Company. pp.  111–112. ISBN   978-0-15-307557-5. That winter, Roberto had other concerns as well. Don Melchor fell seriously ill and had to have surgery.
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    Further reading

    Articles

    Books

    • Christine, Bill. Roberto! The Man…The Player…The Humanitarian…The Life and Times of Roberto Clemente. New York: Stadia Sports Publishing. 1973.
    • Clemente Family, The. Clemente: The True Legacy of an Undying Hero. New York: Penguin Group. 2013.
    • Hano, Arnold. Roberto Clemente, Batting King. New York: G. B. Putnam's Sons. 1968, 1973.
    • Izenberg, Jerry. Great Latin Sports Figures. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company. 1976.
    • McEntire, Madison. Big League Trivia; Facts, Figures, Oddities, and Coincidences from our National Pastime. Bloomington, Indiana: AuthorHouse. IX and 53. ISBN   1-4259-1292-3.
    • Maraniss, David. Clemente: The Passion and Grace of Baseball’s Last Hero. New York: Simon and Schuster. 2006.
    • Markusen, Bruce. Roberto Clemente: The Great One. Champaign, IL: Sports Publishing. 1998.
    • Mayoral, Luis. Aun Escucha Las Ovaciones. Carolina, PR: Ciudad Deportiva Roberto Clemente. 1987.
    • Miller, Ira (UPI). Roberto Clemente. New York: Grosset and Dunlap. 1973.
    • Musick, Phil. Who Was Roberto? A Biography of Roberto Clemente. New York: . 1974.
    • Musick, Phil. Reflections on Roberto. Pittsburgh, PA: Pittsburgh Associates DBA. 1994.
    • O'Brien, Jim. Maz and the '60 Bucs. Pittsburgh, PA: James P. O'Brien Publishing. 1994.
    • O'Brien, Jim. Remember Roberto: Clemente Recalled by Teammates, Family, Friends and Fans. Pittsburgh, PA: James P. O'Brien Publishing. 1994.
    • Santiago, Wilfred. 21: The Story of Roberto Clemente. Seattle, WA: Fantagraphics Books. 2011.
    • Wagenheim, Kal. Clemente!. New York: Praeger Publishers. 1973.
    Roberto Clemente
    Roberto Clemente 1965.jpg
    Clemente in 1965
    Right fielder
    Born:(1934-08-18)August 18, 1934
    Barrio San Antón, Carolina, Puerto Rico
    Died: December 31, 1972(1972-12-31) (aged 38)
    Isla Verde, Carolina, Puerto Rico
    Batted: Right
    Threw: Right
    MLB debut
    April 17, 1955, for the Pittsburgh Pirates
    Last MLB appearance
    October 3, 1972, for the Pittsburgh Pirates
    Preceded by Major League Player of the Month
    May 1960
    May 1967
    July 1969
    Succeeded by