Roberto M. Levingston

Last updated
Roberto M. Levingston
Levingston.jpg
President of Argentina
De facto
In office
June 18, 1970 March 21, 1971
Preceded by Juan Carlos Onganía
Succeeded by Alejandro Lanusse
Personal details
Born(1920-01-10)January 10, 1920
San Luis, Argentina
Died June 17, 2015(2015-06-17) (aged 95)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Nationality Argentine
Political party None
Spouse(s) Betty Nelly Andrés
Children Roberto Antonio
María Cristina
Alberto Marcelo
Profession Military
Signature Roberto Marcelo Levingston (firma).jpg

Roberto Marcelo Levingston Laborda (January 10, 1920 [1] [2] [3] – June 17, 2015) was an Argentine Army general who was President of Argentina from June 18, 1970 to March 22, 1971, during the Revolución Argentina period in Argentine history. [4] [5]

Argentine Army ground warfare branch of Argentinas armed forces

The Argentine Army is the land armed force branch of the Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic and the senior military service of the country. Under the Argentine Constitution, the President of Argentina is the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, exercising his or her command authority through the Minister of Defense.

President of Argentina Head of State of Argentina

The President of Argentina, officially known as the President of the Argentine Republic, is both head of state and head of government of Argentina. Under the national Constitution, the President is also the chief executive of the federal government and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces.

Contents

Levingston was born in San Luis Province, and graduated from the Colegio Militar de la Nación in 1941. [6]

San Luis Province Province of Argentina

San Luis is a province of Argentina located near the geographical center of the country. Neighboring provinces are, from the north clockwise, La Rioja, Córdoba, La Pampa, Mendoza and San Juan.

Colegio Militar de la Nación

The National Military College is the institution in charge of the undergraduate education of officers of the Argentine Army. It is located at El Palomar, Buenos Aires.

His military expertise included intelligence and counterinsurgency, and he took the presidency of Argentina in a military coup that deposed Juan Carlos Onganía over his ineffective response to the Montoneros and other guerillas. [5] His regime was marked by a protectionist economic policy that did little to overcome the inflation and recession that the country was undergoing at the time, [4] and by the imposition of the death penalty against terrorists and kidnappers. [5] In response to renewed anti-government rioting in Córdoba and to the labor crisis under his leadership, he was deposed by another military junta led by Alejandro Lanusse. [4] [5]

Military intelligence is a military discipline that uses information collection and analysis approaches to provide guidance and direction to assist commanders in their decisions. This aim is achieved by providing an assessment of data from a range of sources, directed towards the commanders' mission requirements or responding to questions as part of operational or campaign planning. To provide an analysis, the commander's information requirements are first identified, which are then incorporated into intelligence collection, analysis, and dissemination.

Juan Carlos Onganía de facto President of Argentina from 29 June 1966 to 8 June 1970

Juan Carlos Onganía Carballo was de facto President of Argentina from 29 June 1966 to 8 June 1970. He rose to power as military dictator after toppling the president Arturo Illia in a coup d'état self-named Revolución Argentina.

Montoneros Argentine leftist urban guerrilla

Montoneros was an Argentine leftist urban guerrilla group, active during the 1960s and 1970s. The name is an allusion to the 19th century cavalry militias, called Montoneras, who fought for the Partido Federal during the Argentine Civil Wars.

Personal life

On 18 December 1943, Levingston married Betty Nelly Andrés (born 4 May 1926) [7] and had two sons and one daughter, Roberto, Maria and Alberto.

Death

He died on June 17, 2015, at the age of 95. [6]

Levingston in civilian clothing Levingston de civil.jpg
Levingston in civilian clothing

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References

  1. Lentz, Harris M. (4 February 2014). "Heads of States and Governments Since 1945". Routledge. Retrieved 13 October 2017 via Google Books.
  2. Limited, Europa Publications (13 October 1990). "The International Who's who: 1990-91". Europa Publications Limited. Retrieved 13 October 2017 via Google Books.
  3. "Roberto Marcelo Levingston Laborda n. 10 Ene 1920 San Luis, San Luis, Argentina f. 17 Jun 2015 Buenos Aires, Argentina: Genealogía Familiar". Genealogiafamiliar.net. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  4. 1 2 3 Lewis, Daniel K. (2001), The History of Argentina, The Greenwood histories of the modern nations, Greenwood Publishing Group, pp. 134–135, ISBN   978-0-313-31256-4 .
  5. 1 2 3 4 Keen, Benjamin; Haynes, Keith (2008), A History of Latin America (8th ed.), Cengage Learning, p. 374, ISBN   978-0-618-78318-2 .
  6. 1 2 "Murió Roberto Marcelo Levingston", La Nación (in Spanish), June 18, 2015
  7. "Bety Nelly Andrés Llana n. 4 May 1926 San Miguel, Bs. As., Argentina: Genealogía Familiar". Genealogiafamiliar.net. Retrieved 13 October 2017.