Roberto Marinho

Last updated
Roberto Marinho
Roberto Marinho, sem data.tif
Roberto Marinho
Born
Robero Pisani Marinho

(1904-12-03)3 December 1904
Died6 August 2003(2003-08-06) (aged 98)
NationalityBrazilian
Occupationbusinessman
Years active1925–2003
Known forfounder of Rede Globo
Net worthIncrease2.svg US$ 6.4 Billion (2000) [1] [2]
Children Roberto Irineu Marinho
João Roberto Marinho
José Roberto Marinho

Roberto Pisani Marinho (December 3, 1904 – August 6, 2003) was a Brazilian businessman who was the owner of media conglomerate Grupo Globo from 1925 to 2003, and during this period expanded the company from newspapers to radio and television. [3]

Contents

Born and raised in Rio de Janeiro, Marinho inherited the newspaper O Globo and began working there as a reporter. Later he became the chief editor. Marinho founded and was the president of the Brazilian TV channel, Rede Globo, the biggest television network in the country; it now has 123 stations and associates.[ citation needed ]

Marinho is considered one of the most influential and powerful figures of the 20th century in Brazil. [4] [5]

Biography

Roberto Marinho was born in 1904 in Rio de Janeiro to Irineu Marinho, a publisher, and his wife, who were of Portuguese and Italian descent, respectively. He was raised as a Roman Catholic and was educated in local schools.

On July 29, 1925, his father Irineu Marinho started a morning newspaper called O Globo in Rio de Janeiro, which he had intended to complement his afternoon paper. He died three weeks later. At the age of 21, the younger Marinho fancied being a journalist and appointed himself as a trainee reporter at the newspaper he inherited. He advanced to chief editor six years later.

In the 1940s, Marinho expanded into commercial radio. In the 1960s, he took his company into television. On April 26, 1965, he founded Rede Globo, which became the principal TV station in Brazil and the second largest in the world. This was during the period of the military dictatorship, which pressured the media to support the government. [6]

According to journalist Aristotle Drummond, Marinho was a loyal Catholic who opposed the "liberation theology" developed in Latin America in the 1970s, in which leading clerics supported popular political movements seeking social justice. He criticized his friend Helder Câmara, [7] who was archbishop of the "miserably poor" Olinda and Recife diocese from 1964 to 1985, during the worst of the military dictatorship. [8] Marinho greatly admired John Paul II as pope. [7]

By the 1970s, Marinho was considered one of South America´s richest men and one of the most important media moguls of the world. The holding Organizações Globo controls not only the newspaper and TV Globo, but also a chain of radio stations, such as Rádio Globo and Rádio CBN, as well as many other cable TV channels. Globo Television reaches almost every home in Brazil through 113 stations and associates. The network is powerful enough to decide when Brazil's soccer matches kick off. [9]

With the production of telenovelas (soap-operas), TV Globo has capitalized on its reach. It has exported many of the programs to various countries, earning more in royalties and other revenues. Isaura the Slave Girl is one of the topmost successes of the company since it was sold to more than 80 countries, including China, in the 1970s.

Globo’s reach is often compared to Italy’s Fininvest, now Mediaset, run by Silvio Berlusconi, a former Italian Prime Minister.

Legacy and awards

See also

Related Research Articles

TV Globo, formerly known as Rede Globo, is a Brazilian free-to-air television network, launched by media proprietor Roberto Marinho on 26 April 1965. It is owned by media conglomerate Grupo Globo, being by far the largest of its holdings. Globo is the largest commercial TV network in Latin America and the second-largest commercial TV network in the world behind the American Broadcasting Company and the largest producer of telenovelas. All of this makes Globo renowned as one of the most important television networks in the world and Grupo Globo one of the largest media groups.

Beyond Citizen Kane is a 1993 British documentary film directed by Simon Hartog, produced by John Ellis, and first broadcast on Channel 4. It details the dominant position of the Globo media group, the largest in Brazil, and discusses the group's influence, power, and political connections. Globo's president and founder Roberto Marinho was criticised and compared to the fictional newspaper tycoon Charles Foster Kane, created by Orson Welles for the 1941 film Citizen Kane. According to the documentary, Marinho's media group engages in manipulation of news to influence public opinion.

O Globo is a Brazilian newspaper based in Rio de Janeiro. O Globo is the most prominent print publication in the Grupo Globo media conglomerate.

Alberto Dines

Alberto Dines was a Brazilian journalist and writer. With a career spanning over five decades, Dines directed and launched several magazines and newspapers in Brazil and Portugal. He has taught journalism since 1963, and was a visiting professor at the Columbia University School of Journalism in 1974.

Rede Tupi Defunct Brazilian broadcast television network

Rede Tupi was a Brazilian television network free-to-air. Its parent broadcaster, located in São Paulo city, was the first TV station to operate in the country, being inaugurated on 18 September 1950 by journalist Assis Chateaubriand. He belonged to Diários Associados, one of the largest media conglomerates of the 20th century, owner of several newspapers, magazines and radio. The national network was formed in the 1970s, with members as co-brothers of the Diários Associados and affiliates. The generating stations were TV Tupi São Paulo and TV Tupi Rio de Janeiro. Due to a history of management problems, which resulted in a financial crisis, Tupi had part of its concessions revoked by the Government of Brazil in July 1980, extinguishing the network.

Pedro Bial

Pedro Bial is a Brazilian producer, director, writer, journalist and a TV presenter. He is best known for hosting the variety show Fantástico, and the reality show Big Brother Brasil.

Television in Brazil Overview of television in Brazil

Television in Brazil has grown significantly since the first broadcasts in 1950, becoming one of largest and most productive commercial television systems in the world. Its biggest network, TV Globo, is the second largest commercial network in South America, and is one of the largest television exporters around the world, particularly of telenovelas, having become popular in many countries. There are 14 free-to-air television networks, as well as satellite channels broadcasting throughout the country.

RBS TV Brazilian regional television network

RBS TV is a Southern Brazilian television network owned by Grupo RBS, and one of the oldest Rede Globo affiliates. The acronym originally stood for Rede Brasil Sul de Televisão, but currently the network never uses its full name on-air.

Grupo Globo, formerly known as Organizações Globo, is the largest mass media group of Latin America, founded in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1925 by Irineu Marinho. It also formerly owned companies in the food industry, real estate and financial markets.

Lily Monique de Carvalho Marinho was a Brazilian television arts patron, philanthropist and socialite. Marinho, the widow of media mogul and Rede Globo founder Roberto Marinho, served as a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador for peace beginning in 1999.

Futura (TV channel)

Canal Futura, also known as Futura, is a Brazilian paid educational television channel. It belongs to the Canais Globo group of channels, a subsidiary of Globo, and was founded on December 11, 1999. The channel of the station is captured on cable TV operators, and satellite dishes.

João Roberto Marinho Brazilian businessman

João Roberto Marinho is a Brazilian businessman, chairman of the Editorial Board and vice president of the Globo Organizations. He is the third of four children of the deceased communications tycoon Roberto Marinho (1904–2003).

Nizo Neto Brazilian actor

Nizo Neto is a Brazilian stage, television and film actor best known as Mr. Ptolomeu in the series Escolinha do Professor Raimundo. He is the son of actor and humorist Chico Anysio and actress Rose Rondelli. He's also a respected voice actor and radio personality.

Criticism of TV Globo

Criticism of TV Globo refers to the extensive history of controversies involving the Brazilian television network, which has an unparalleled ability to influence Brazil's culture and shape the country's public opinion. The owners of Rede Globo had enriched themselves with government favors to become billionaires.

Roberto Irineu Marinho Brazilian billionaire businessman (born 1947)

Roberto Irineu Marinho is a Brazilian billionaire businessman. He is the co-owner, chairman and CEO of Grupo Globo.

José Roberto Marinho is a Brazilian businessman and one of the three sons of the late communications tycoon Roberto Marinho (1904–2003). He is the president of Roberto Marinho Foundation and vice-president of Grupo Globo.

Grupo Bloch, also known as Empresas Bloch, is a Brazilian media conglomerate, founded by Ukrainian businessman Adolpho Bloch's family after their arrival in Rio de Janeiro in 1922, when they created Joseph Bloch & Filhos company. The company, which published pamphlets and other printed material, also started to print magazines. Thus, in 1953, the company launched Manchete magazine. With its successful launch, the publishing division of Bloch Editores was established.

José Luiz de Magalhães Lins

José Luiz de Magalhães Lins is a former Brazilian banker.

Cristina Borges Ranzolin Falcão, more known as Cristina Ranzolin, is a Brazilian journalist and TV host.

References

  1. "Roberto Marinho", Veja, 3 June 2002
  2. "Morte de Roberto Marinho e destaque na imprensa internacional" (Death of Roberto Marinho is featured in the international press), Correiodo Brasil(in Portuguese)
  3. Smith, Tony (2003-08-08). "Roberto Marinho, 98, Brazilian Media Mogul". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved 2019-02-04.
  4. Roberto Marinho influiu durante seis décadas, Folha
  5. "Roberto Irineu Marinho". Forbes. Retrieved 2019-02-04.
  6. "Roberto Marinho". The Independent. 2003-08-08. Retrieved 2019-02-04.
  7. 1 2 Drummond, Aristotle (October 12, 2009). "Os 105 Anos de Roberto Marinho (The 105 years of Roberto Marinho)" (in Portuguese). Debates Culturais. Retrieved October 24, 2017.
  8. O'Shaughnessy, Hugh (August 8, 2003). "Helder Câmara – Brazil's archbishop of the poor". The Guardian . Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  9. "Obituary: Roberto Marinho". The Economist . 16 August 2003. p. 76.(subscription required)
Academic offices
Preceded by
Otto Lara Resende
8th Academic of the 39th chair of the
Brazilian Academy of Letters

1993–2003
Succeeded by
Marco Maciel
Business positions
Preceded by
Irineu Marinho
Chairman of Grupo Globo
1925–2003
Succeeded by
Roberto Irineu Marinho