The Marquess of Londonderry
| Member of the House of Lords |
10 February 1949 –17 October 1955
|Preceded by||The 7th Marquess of Londonderry|
|Succeeded by||The 9th Marquess of Londonderry|
| Member of Parliament |
27 October 1931 –15 June 1945
|Preceded by|| Sir David Reid |
|Succeeded by|| James Little |
Sir Walter Smiles
Edward Charles Stewart Robert Vane-Tempest-Stewart
18 November 1902
|Died||17 October 1955 52)(aged|
|Political party||Ulster Unionist|
(m. 1931;died 1951)
|Children||Lady Jane Lacey|
Lady Annabel Goldsmith
Alistair Vane-Tempest-Stewart,9th Marquess of Londonderry
|Parent(s)|| Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart,7th Marquess of Londonderry |
The Hon. Edith Chaplin
Edward Charles Stewart Robert Vane-Tempest-Stewart,8th Marquess of Londonderry, DL (18 November 1902 –17 October 1955),styled Lord Stewart until 1915 and Viscount Castlereagh between 1915 and 1946,was a British peer and politician.
Born on 18 November 1902,into an Anglo-Irish aristocratic family with its roots in Ulster and County Durham,he was the second child and only son of the 7th Marquess of Londonderry and his wife,The Honourable Edith Helen Chaplin. King Edward VII stood sponsor at his christening in the Chapel Royal (St. James's Palace) on 16 December 1902,the other sponsors being his grandfather Lord Londonderry,Hon. Arthur Meade (later Earl of Clanwilliam),and the Duchess of Teck. 
He was educated at Eton College. In 1911,he was a page at the coronation of King George V and Queen Mary. He was painted holding his grandfather's coronet by Philip de László. The portrait now hangs at Mount Stewart,County Down. 
He was known formally by his courtesy title,Viscount Castlereagh,before he inherited the Marquessate,and as Robin by close friends and family throughout his life.
He worked as honorary attaché to the British Embassy in Rome and as a director of Londonderry Collieries,the family's coal mining company. A keen football fan,he was first a director and then chairman of Arsenal Football Club from 1939 to 1946.
Lord Londonderry was an accomplished public speaker and,prior to succeeding his father as Marquess in 1949,was the Unionist Member of Parliament for Down in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1931 to 1945. 
He was married on 31 October 1931 at St Martin-in-the-Fields to Romaine Combe (d. 19 December 1951),the daughter of Major Boyce Combe,of Farnham,Surrey,and had issue:
Lord Londonderry was a celebrated host and practical joker,reportedly once decorating the Christmas tree at Wynyard with condoms to startle a visiting cleric.[ citation needed ] He was an attentive husband and devoted father,entertaining his family with stories and tales.[ citation needed ] Also regarded as slightly eccentric,on one occasion Lord Londonderry had taken to his bed drunk,when Ruth Graham,the wife of the American evangelist Billy Graham,came to call. Although informed that His Lordship was "indisposed",Mrs Graham insisted upon admission to his bedroom,having "come all the way on Billy's account". She was duly announced. Lord Londonderry threw aside the bedsheets and shouted,"Get in." 
He had an awkward and distant relationship with his parents,especially his father. The two men took opposite sides during industrial disputes involving the family coal mines,most notably during the General Strike in 1926. When he married Romaine,a brewer's daughter,his family viewed the union with disdain. It was a happy marriage by all accounts,but tragedy struck when Lady Londonderry died from cancer in 1951 and her husband plunged into depression and alcoholism. 
"Daddy changed,literally overnight,into a complete drunk," Lady Annabel Goldsmith,his daughter,recalled. "It was awful. He would collapse while making speeches to the cricket club,that kind of thing. He was on the bottle night and day." 
Lord Londonderry died from liver failure on 17 October 1955,at age 52. He was buried alongside his wife at Wynyard Park and both were later re-interred in the Londonderry family vault at St Mary's Church,Longnewton,County Durham.
Marquess of Londonderry,of the County of Londonderry,is a title in the Peerage of Ireland.
Charles William Vane,3rd Marquess of Londonderry,,was an Anglo-Irish nobleman,a British soldier and a politician. He served in the French Revolutionary Wars,in the suppression of the Irish Rebellion of 1798,and in the Napoleonic wars. He excelled as a cavalry commander in the Peninsular War (1807–1814) under John Moore and Arthur Wellesley.
Lady Annabel Goldsmith is an English socialite and the eponym for a London nightclub of the late 20th century,Annabel's. She was first married for two decades to entrepreneur Mark Birley,the creator of Annabel's,her husband's inaugural members-only Mayfair club.
Charles Stewart Henry Vane-Tempest-Stewart,7th Marquess of Londonderry,,styled Lord Stewart until 1884 and Viscount Castlereagh between 1884 and 1915,was a British peer and politician. He is best remembered for his tenure as Secretary of State for Air in the 1930s and for his attempts to reach an understanding with Nazi Germany. In 1935 he was removed from the Air Ministry but retained in the Cabinet as Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Lords.
Frederick William Robert Stewart,4th Marquess of Londonderry (1805–1872),styled Viscount Castlereagh from 1822 to 1854,was a British nobleman and Tory politician. He was briefly Vice-Chamberlain of the Household under Sir Robert Peel between December 1834 and April 1835.
Edith Helen Vane-Tempest-Stewart,Marchioness of Londonderry,DBE was a noted and influential society hostess in the United Kingdom between World War I and World War II,a friend of the first Labour prime minister,Ramsay MacDonald. She was a noted gardener and a writer and editor of the works of others.
Mount Stewart is a 19th-century house and garden in County Down,Northern Ireland,owned by the National Trust. Situated on the east shore of Strangford Lough,a few miles outside the town of Newtownards and near Greyabbey,it was the Irish seat of the Stewart family,Marquesses of Londonderry. Prominently associated with the 2nd Marquess,Robert Stewart,Viscount Castlereagh,Britain's Foreign Secretary at the Congress of Vienna and with the 7th Marquess,Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart,the former Air Minister who at Mount Stewart attempted private diplomacy with Hitler's Germany,the house and its contents reflect the history of the family's leading role in social and political life in Britain and Ireland.
George Henry Robert Charles William Vane-Tempest,5th Marquess of Londonderry,KP,styled Viscount Seaham between 1823 and 1854 and known as The Earl Vane between 1854 and 1872,was a British aristocrat,businessman,diplomat and Conservative politician.
Wynyard Park,sometimes known as Wynyard Hall,is a large English country house near Stockton-on-Tees in County Durham. The house was the English family seat of the Vane-Tempest-Stewart family,Marquesses of Londonderry,an Anglo-Irish aristocratic dynasty,until it was sold to Sir John Hall in 1987.
Max Rayne,Baron Rayne was a British property developer and philanthropist who supported medical,religious,education and arts charities in England.
Seaham Hall is an English country house,now run as a spa hotel,in County Durham.
Alexander Charles Robert "Alastair" Vane-Tempest-Stewart,9th Marquess of Londonderry was a British nobleman.
Sir Henry Vane-Tempest,2nd Baronet was a British politician. In early life his name was Henry Vane. He changed his name to Vane-Tempest when he inherited from his uncle John Tempest,Jr. in 1793.
John Tempest Jr. was a County Durham landowner and Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1768 to 1794.
Doreen Patricia Vane-Tempest-Stewart,Marchioness of Londonderry is a British former ballet dancer.
Frances Anne Vane,Marchioness of Londonderry was a wealthy English heiress and noblewoman. She was the daughter of Sir Henry Vane-Tempest,2nd Baronet. She married Charles William Stewart,1st Baron Stewart. She became a marchioness in 1822 when Charles succeeded his half-brother as 3rd Marquess of Londonderry.
Charles Stewart Vane-Tempest-Stewart,6th Marquess of Londonderry,,styled Viscount Castlereagh between 1872 and 1884,was a British Conservative politician,landowner and benefactor,who served in various capacities in the Conservative administrations of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. After succeeding his father in the marquessate in 1884,he was Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland between 1886 and 1889. He later held office as Postmaster General between 1900 and 1902 and as President of the Board of Education between 1902 and 1905. A supporter of the Protestant causes in Ulster,he was an opponent of Irish Home Rule and one of the instigators of the formal alliance between the Conservative Party and the Liberal Unionists in 1893.
Alexander Robert Stewart was an Irish landowner and Member of Parliament.
Nicolette Elaine Katherine Powell,formerly Nicolette Vane-Tempest-Stewart,Marchioness of Londonderry,was an English socialite,married firstly to the 9th Marquess of Londonderry and later to the musician Georgie Fame.
Theresa Susey Helen Vane-Tempest-Stewart,Marchioness of Londonderry was a British socialite and political hostess. She was a leading Unionist campaigner against Irish Home Rule,serving as president of the Ulster Women's Unionist Council from 1913 to 1919. She was said to be one of the most "dominating feminine personalities" of the time and was referred to as the "Queen of Toryism" and a "highwaywoman in a tiara."