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From left to right, top to bottom: Wat Burapha Phiram, Wat Pa Kung, Bueng Phalan Chai, Phra Maha Chedi Chai Mongkhon, Ku Ka Sing
Map of Thailand highlighting Roi Et Province
|• Governor||Chayan Sirimas (since October 2020)|
|• Total||7,873 km2 (3,040 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 25th|
|Elevation||150 m (490 ft)|
|• Rank||Ranked 14th|
|• Density||166/km2 (430/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||Ranked 21st|
|Human Achievement Index|
|• HAI (2017)||0.6075 "somewhat high"|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-45|
Roi Et (Thai : ร้อยเอ็ด, pronounced [rɔ́ːj ʔèt] ) is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in central northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Kalasin, Mukdahan, Yasothon, Sisaket, Surin, and Maha Sarakham.
The name of the province literally means 'one hundred and one' (Thai : ร้อยเอ็ด; RTGS: roi et ). Correctly, the number should be "eleven" (Thai : สิบเอ็ด; RTGS: sip et ), as the province was named after its eleven ancient gates built for its eleven vassal states. In ancient times, the number "eleven" was written "๑๐๑" (101) and the provincial name was written accordingly. Later, people took "๑๐๑" to mean 'one hundred and one' and have since then called it "Roi Et".
Most of the province is covered by plains about 130–160 meters above sea level, drained by the Chi River. In the north are the hills of the Phu Phan mountain range. The Yang River is the major watercourse. In the south is the Mun River, which also forms the boundary with Surin. At the mouth of the Chi River, where it enters the Mun River, a floodplain provides a good rice farming area. The total forest area is 346 km2 (134 sq mi) or 4.4 percent of provincial area.
Roi Et is a province located in the middle of the Isan region for over 200 years.
Prehistoric evidence has been found scattered throughout the province of Roi Et, has unearthed an archaeological site, Ban Muang Bua, which is assumed that The ancient prehistoric community discovered about 1,800-2,500 years ago. Culture from the Khmer Empire has spread into the 16th century, there is a lot of evidence, such as architecture in the form of a stone castle and religious sculptures made of sandstone and metal.
The prehistoric community settlement continued into the Dvaravati period, which is a Buddhist culture. The created city has a variable shape and location, but there are important characteristics, there are moats and embankments around the community. It is also found in many other districts of Roi Et.
In 1782, King Rama I established Rattanakosin as the new capital city causing the Roi Et city and all Isan districts to all depend directly on Rattanakosin. As for Roi Et city, it has continued to developed until it has a political position and a priority over the city of Suvarnabhumi at a later time.
Later in 1826, there was a Lao rebellion (1826–1828) when the rebel army lost and retreated, the soldiers from Roi Et city attacked again until the rebels were defeated.
When King Rama V reformed the government, and include the northeastern cities together and divided into 4 large divisions, each with one governor supervising the division. The 4 large divisions including Eastern Laos Districts, Northeastern Laos Districts, Northern Laos Districts and Central Laos Districts, Roi Et is the capital city of 12 cities of the Northeastern Laos Districts.
In 1907, the city of Roi Et has been raised as an area of Roi Et, by dividing the administrative area into 5 cities, namely Roi Et, Suvarnabhumi, Maha Sarakham, Kamalasai and Kalasin.
In 1910, Damrong Rajanubhab has an opinion that Monthon Northeastern should be separated into 2 Monthon, namely Monthon Ubon Ratchathani and Monthon Roi Et, King Rama VI has ordered to be as proposed, Monthon Roi Et has 3 provinces, namely Roi Et province, Mahasarakham province and Kalasin province.
In 1922, King Rama VI ordered to included Monthon Roi Et, Monthon Ubon and Monthon Udon as a region called the Isan region. Later in 1926, ordered to collapsed Monthon Roi Et, Ubon and Udon and changed the name to the "province", Monthon Roi Et became the province of Roi Et until the present.
The provincial seal shows the shrine of the city pillar, which is in the artificial lake Bueng Phalan Chai. The spirit of the shrine, Mahesak, is revered by local people.
The provincial tree is Lagerstroemia macrocarpa .
Route 214 leads north to Kalasin and south to Kaset Wiset, Surin, and Prasat. Route 2044 leads east to Phon Thong. Route 23 leads west to Maha Sarakham and Ban Phai, and east to Yasothon and Ubon Ratchathani. Route 215 leads south to Suwannaphum and the border with Surin Province.
Roi Et is served by Roi Et Airport to the north of the town.
The province is divided into 20 districts ( amphoes ). The districts are further divided into 193 subdistricts ( tambons ) and 2,311 villages ( mubans ).
As of 26 November 2019 there are:one Roi Et Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 73 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Roi Et has town ( thesaban mueang ) status. Further 72 subdistrict municipalities ( thesaban tambon ). The non-municipal areas are administered by 129 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).
|Province Roi Et, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6075 is "somewhat high", occupies place 25 in the ranking.|
Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.
|1 - 15||"high"|
|16 - 30||"somewhat high"|
|31 - 45||"average"|
|45 - 60||"somewhat low"|
|61 - 77||"low"|
|Map with provinces and HAI 2017 rankings|
Khon Kaen is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in central northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Neighboring provinces are Nong Bua Lamphu, Udon Thani, Kalasin, Maha Sarakham, Buriram, Nakhon Ratchasima, Chaiyaphum, Phetchabun, and Loei.
Udon Thani Province is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) which lies in upper northeastern Thailand, also called Isan. It is bordered by the provinces of Nong Khai to the north, Sakon Nakhon to the east, Kalasin Province to the southeast, Khon Kaen to the south, and Loei and Nong Bua Lamphu to the west. It occupies an area of 11,072 km2 (4,275 sq mi). The total forest area is 1,131 km2 (437 sq mi) or 10.2 percent of provincial area. The provincial capital is Udon Thani, the major city in the province.
Kalasin is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in upper northeastern Thailand also called Isan. The province was established by the Act Establishing Changwat Kalasin, BE 2490 (1947), and it came into existence on 1 October 1947. Neighboring provinces are Sakon Nakhon, Mukdahan, Roi Et, Maha Sarakham, Khon Kaen, and Udon Thani.
Nong Khai Province was formerly the northernmost of the northeastern (Isan) provinces (changwat) of Thailand until its eight eastern districts were split off to form Thailand's newest province, Bueng Kan Province, in 2011. Nong Khai Province lies in upper northeastern Thailand. Nearby provinces are : Bueng Kan, Sakon Nakhon, Udon Thani, and Loei. To the north it borders Vientiane Province, Vientiane Prefecture, and Bolikhamsai Province of Laos.
Ubon Ratchathani, often shortened to Ubon (อุบลฯ), is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces lies in lower northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Ubon is about 630 km (390 mi) from Bangkok. Neighboring Provinces are Sisaket, Yasothon, and Amnat Charoen. To the north and east it borders Salavan and Champasak of Laos, to the south Preah Vihear of Cambodia.
Buriram Province, is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in lower northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Neighboring provinces are Sa Kaeo, Nakhon Ratchasima, Khon Kaen, Maha Sarakham, and Surin. To the southeast it borders Oddar Meanchey Province of Cambodia. The name "Buriram" means 'city of happiness'.
Lampang is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat), lies in upper northern Thailand. The old name of Lampang was Khelang Nakhon.
Sakon Nakhon is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in upper northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Neighboring provinces are Nong Khai, Bueng Kan, Nakhon Phanom, Mukdahan, Kalasin, and Udon Thani. The capital is Sakon Nakhon.
Satun is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are Trang, Phatthalung, and Songkhla. To the south it borders Perlis of Malaysia.
Sisaket Province, is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat). It lies in lower northeastern Thailand, a region called Isan. Neighboring provinces are : Surin, Roi Et, Yasothon, and Ubon Ratchathani. To the south it borders Oddar Meancheay and Preah Vihear of Cambodia.
Surin is one of Thailand's seventy-seven provinces (changwat) lies in lower northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Neighboring provinces are Buriram, Maha Sarakham, Roi Et, and Sisaket. To the south it borders Oddar Meancheay of Cambodia. Surin covers a total area of 8,124 km2 (3,137 sq mi) from the Mun River in the north to the Dangrek Mountains in the south. The capital, Surin city, in the western central region province is 434 km from Bangkok.
Amnat Charoen is one of Thailand's seventy-seven provinces (changwat) lies in central northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Neighbouring provinces are Ubon Ratchathani, Yasothon, and Mukdahan. To the east it borders Salavan of Laos. Its name is a concatenation of อำนาจ and เจริญ ("prosperous").
Yasothon Province, one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat), lies in central northeastern Thailand also called Isan. The province was established by the revolutionary council of Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorn, after its Announcement No. 70 which came into force on 3 March 1972.
Maha Sarakham Province is one of the 76 provinces (changwat) of Thailand lies in central northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Neighbouring provinces are : Kalasin, Roi Et, Surin, Buriram, and Khon Kaen.
Mukdahan is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in upper northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Neighboring provinces are Amnat Charoen, Yasothon, Roi Et, Kalasin, Sakon Nakhon, and Nakhon Phanom. To the east it borders the Mekong River, across which lies Savannakhet Province of Laos to which it is joined by the Second Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge.
Nakhon Phanom Province is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in upper northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Directly adjacent provinces are : Mukdahan, Sakon Nakhon, and Bueng Kan. To the northeast it borders Khammouan of Laos.
Chachoengsao Province is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in eastern Thailand.
Roi Et is a town in north-eastern Thailand, capital of Roi Et Province. It covers the whole tambon Nai Mueang of Mueang Roi Et district. As of 2006 it had a population of 34,229. Roi Et is 514 km from Bangkok.
Sangkha District is a district (amphoe) in the southern part of Surin Province, northeastern Thailand.
Hong Saeng is a tambon (subdistrict) of Loeng Nok Tha District, Yasothon Province, Isan region. In 2018 it had a total population of 11,485 people.
47 Roi Et: 1 PAO, 1 Town mun., 72 Subdistrict mun., 129 SAO.