Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Juan de Puerto Rico

Last updated
Archdiocese of San Juan de Puerto Rico

Archidioecesis Sancti Joannis Portoricensis

Arquidiócesis de San Juan
de Puerto Rico
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Juan de Puerto Rico.svg
Location
Country Puerto Rico
TerritoryNorthcentral portion of the island of Puerto Rico
Ecclesiastical province Province of San Juan
de Puerto Rico
Statistics
Area353 sq mi (910 km2)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2010)
1,281,893
898,218 (70.1%)
Parishes142
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Roman Rite
EstablishedAugust 8, 1511 (507 years ago)
Cathedral Cathedral Basilica of St. John the Baptist
Patron saintSt. John the Baptist and Our Lady of Divine Providence
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Archbishop Roberto González Nieves, O.F.M.
Auxiliary Bishops Hermín Negrón Santana
Titular Bishop of Gegi
Map
Porto Rico - Arcidiocesi di San Juan.png
Website
arqsj.org
Cathedral of San Juan Bautista Catedral de San Juan Bautista a.jpg
Cathedral of San Juan Bautista

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Juan de Puerto Rico (Latin : Archidioecesis Sancti Joannis Portoricensis) is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church, comprising the northeast portion of the island of Puerto Rico, a commonwealth of the United States.

Diocese Christian district or see under the supervision of a bishop

The word diocese is derived from the Greek term dioikesis (διοίκησις) meaning "administration". Today, when used in an ecclesiastical sense, it refers to the ecclesiastical district under the jurisdiction of a bishop.

Puerto Rico Unincorporated territory of the United States

Puerto Rico, officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea, approximately 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of Miami, Florida.

In the terminology of the United States insular areas, a Commonwealth is a type of organized but unincorporated dependent territory. There are currently two United States insular areas with the status of commonwealth, the Northern Mariana Islands and Puerto Rico.

Contents

History

On November 15, 1504, Pope Julius II issued the Papal Bull Illius fulciti which erected the first ecclesiastical province in the New World [1] consisting of the Archdiocese of Hyaguata (located at Santo Domingo), the Diocese of Magua (located at Concepción de La Vega), and the Diocese of Bayuna (located at Lares de Guahaba). [2] As all the dioceses were located on the island of Hispañiola, the Spanish Crown requested that the Diocese of Bayuna be transferred to Puerto Rico. [2] The Bull never went into effect due to the objection of Ferdinand II of Aragon who opposed that the Bull gave the dioceses the right to receive a portion of the earnings from the gold and precious stones discovered in the territory. [1] On August 8, 1511, Pope Julius II issued a new Papal Bull Pontifax Romanus which extinguished the previously granted ecclesiastical province and its dioceses and reassigned their delegated bishops: Pedro Suárez de Deza, Bishop Elect of Hyaguata, was reassigned to the Diocese of Concepción de la Vega; Father Alonso Manso, Bishop Elect of Magua, was reassigned to the Diocese of Puerto Rico; and Francisco Garcia de Padilla, Bishop Elect of Bayuna, was reassigned to the Diocese of Santo Domingo. [1]

Pope Julius II pope from 1503 to 1513

Pope Julius II, born Giuliano della Rovere, and nicknamed "The Fearsome Pope" and "The Warrior Pope", was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 1 November 1503 to his death in 1513. His nine-year pontificate was marked by an active foreign policy, ambitious building projects, and patronage of the arts. His military and diplomatic interventions averted a take-over by France of the Italian States. He also proved a bulwark against Venetian expansionism.

Santo Domingo City in National District, Dominican Republic

Santo Domingo, officially Santo Domingo de Guzmán, is the capital and largest city in the Dominican Republic and the largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean by population. In 2010, its population was counted as 965,040, rising to 2,908,607 when its surrounding metropolitan area was included. The city is coterminous with the boundaries of the Distrito Nacional, itself bordered on three sides by Santo Domingo Province.

Ferdinand II of Aragon 15th and 16th-century King of Aragon, Sicily, Naples, and Valencia

Ferdinand II, called the Catholic, was King of Aragon from 1479 until his death. His marriage in 1469 to Isabella, the future queen of Castile, was the marital and political "cornerstone in the foundation of the Spanish monarchy." As a consequence of his marriage to Isabella I, he was de jure uxoris King of Castile as Ferdinand V from 1474 until her death in 1504. At Isabella's death the crown of Castile passed to their daughter Joanna, by the terms of their prenuptial agreement and her last will and testament. Following the death of Joanna's husband Philip I of Spain, and her alleged mental illness, Ferdinand was recognized as regent of Castile from 1508 until his own death. In 1504, after a war with France, he became King of Naples as Ferdinand III, reuniting Naples with Sicily permanently and for the first time since 1458. In 1512, he became King of Navarre by conquest. In 1506 he married Germaine of Foix of France, but Ferdinand's only son and child of that marriage died soon after birth; had the child survived, the personal union of the crowns of Aragon and Castile would have ceased.

The See of San Juan de Puerto Rico was canonically erected on August 8, 1511 as the Diocese of Puerto Rico on the island of San Juan, as it was then called. Due to the switch of names between the island and the capital its name was changed on November 21, 1924 to the Diocese of San Juan in Puerto Rico. With the creation of the Diocese of Arecibo on April 30, 1960, San Juan was raised to the status of an archdiocese, with the new Archbishop leading a metropolitan province comprising all the dioceses on the island as suffragan dioceses.

A suffragan diocese is one of the dioceses other than the metropolitan archdiocese that constitute an ecclesiastical province. It exists in some Christian denominations, in particular the Catholic Church, the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, and the Romanian Orthodox Church.

The Archdiocese of San Juan de Puerto Rico is the metropolitan see for the Caguas, Fajardo–Humacao, Ponce, Mayagüez and the Arecibo.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Caguas diocese of the Catholic Church

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Caguas is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the Caribbean and consists of parts of the southeast of the island of Puerto Rico. The diocese is led by a Bishop Eusebio Ramos Morales whose seat is the mother church in the City of Caguas, Catedral Dulce Nombre de Jesús. The cathedral was built as a parish church in the 19th century.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Ponce diocese of the Catholic Church

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Ponce is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States and consists of the southern part of the island of Puerto Rico, a territory of the United States. The diocese is led by a prelate bishop who pastors the mother church in the City of Ponce, the Cathedral of Our Lady of Guadalupe. Its current bishop is S.E.R. Mons. Rubén Antonio González Medina, C.M.F. Its jurisdiction includes the municipalities of Adjuntas, Jayuya, Guánica, Guayanilla, Yauco, Peñuelas, Ponce, Juana Díaz, Villalba, Coamo, Santa Isabel, Salinas, Guayama, Arroyo, and Patillas.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Mayagüez diocese of the Catholic Church

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Mayagüez is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States and consists of the western part of the island of Puerto Rico, an American commonwealth. The diocese is led by a prelate bishop which pastors the motherchurch in the City of Mayagüez, Catedral Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria in front of the Plaza Colón.

The current Archbishop is the Most Reverend Roberto González Nieves, O.F.M.

The Most Reverend is a style applied to certain religious figures, primarily within the historic denominations of Christianity, but occasionally in some more modern traditions also. It is a variant of the more common style "The Reverend".

Roberto González Nieves Franciscan friar and archbishop

Roberto Octavio González Nieves, O.F.M., is the leader of the Roman Catholic Church in Puerto Rico and the current Archbishop of San Juan.

Franciscans group of religious orders within the Catholic Church

The Franciscans are a group of related mendicant religious orders within the Catholic Church, founded in 1209 by Saint Francis of Assisi. These orders include the Order of Friars Minor, the Order of Saint Clare, and the Third Order of Saint Francis. They adhere to the teachings and spiritual disciplines of the founder and of his main associates and followers, such as Clare of Assisi, Anthony of Padua, and Elizabeth of Hungary, among many others.

On August 29, 2018, the diocese filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. Reports on September 27, 2018 indicate that federal Judge Edward Godoy protected all archdioceses under Chapter 11, avoiding asset seizures and payment to the retired teachers [3]

Ordinaries

The lists of bishops, archbishops and auxiliary bishops and their terms of service:

Diocese of Puerto Rico

Erected August 8, 1511

Diocese of San Juan de Puerto Rico

Name Changed: November 24, 1924

Archdiocese of San Juan de Puerto Rico

Elevated April 30, 1960

Auxiliary bishops

High schools

Ecclesiastical Province of San Juan de Puerto Rico

Ecclesiastical Province of San Juan de Puerto Rico map Ecclesiastical Province of San Juan map.png
Ecclesiastical Province of San Juan de Puerto Rico map

Bankruptcy

On January 11, 2018 Catholic Schools of the Archdiocese of San Juan filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, stating that the current pension plan was unworkable and applied for a new plan which has an estimated $10 million in assets and $10 million in liabilities. [26] On March 27, 2018, local Judge Anthony Cuevas issued an embargo against the Archdiocese of San Juan which would remain in effect until they could find $4.7 million to pay for teachers pension. [27] It was also ruled that the Catholic Church in Puerto Rico was a single entity and that the embargo would also apply to all the suffragan dioceses of the Archdiocese of San Juan. [3] On August 29, 2018, the Archdiocese of San Juan filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, noting that they were unable find the $4.7 million. [28] On September 7, 2018, [29] US Bankruptcy Judge Edward Godoy protected the Archdiocese of San Juan under Chapter 11, avoiding seizure of assets and payment of pensions to their retired teachers. [3] However, the bankruptcy will also apply to other Dioceses in Puerto Rico as well. [3]

See also

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References

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  2. 1 2 Schwaller, John Frederick (February 2011). The History of the Catholic Church in Latin America: From Conquest to Revolution and Beyond. New York University Press. p. 76. ISBN   978-0814783603.
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  27. "Judge orders embargo of Puerto Rico Catholic Church accounts". Cruxnow.com. 27 March 2018. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  28. "San Juan Archdiocese files for bankruptcy over teacher pensions". Ncronline.org. 30 August 2018. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  29. "Judge: Bankruptcy applies to all Puerto Rico Catholic churches". Caribbeanbusiness.com. 7 September 2018. Retrieved 5 October 2018.

Coordinates: 18°28′04″N66°07′07″W / 18.4678°N 66.1186°W / 18.4678; -66.1186