Romanian Academy

Last updated
Academia Română
FoundedApril 1, 1866;156 years ago (1866-04-01)
Coordinates 44°26′46.83″N26°5′24.02″E / 44.4463417°N 26.0900056°E / 44.4463417; 26.0900056 Coordinates: 44°26′46.83″N26°5′24.02″E / 44.4463417°N 26.0900056°E / 44.4463417; 26.0900056
Ioan-Aurel Pop
Vice presidents
General Secretary
Victor Voicu

The Romanian Academy (Romanian : Academia Română [akadeˈmi.a roˈmɨnə] ) is a cultural forum founded in Bucharest, Romania, in 1866. It covers the scientific, artistic and literary domains. The academy has 181 active members who are elected for life.


According to its bylaws, the academy's main goals are the cultivation of Romanian language and Romanian literature, the study of the national history of Romania and research into major scientific domains. Some of the academy's fundamental projects are the Romanian language dictionary ( Dicționarul explicativ al limbii române ), the dictionary of Romanian literature, and the treatise on the history of the Romanian people.


On the initiative of C. A. Rosetti, the Academy was founded on April 1, 1866, as Societatea Literară Română. The founding members were illustrious members of the Romanian society of the age.

The name changed to Societatea Academică Romînă in 1867, and finally to Academia Română in 1879, during the reign of Carol I.

The founding members of the Academy:

NumberNameBornProvinceAge at foundingDiedMember forNotes
1 Vasile Alecsandri 21 July 1821 Moldavia 44 years, 254 days22 August 189024 years, 143 days
2 Vincențiu Babeș 21 January 1821 Banat 45 years, 70 days22 January 190740 years, 296 days
3 George Barițiu 4 June 1812 Transylvania 53 years, 301 days2 May 189327 years, 31 days
4 Ioan D. Caragiani 11 February 1841 Macedonia 25 years, 49 days13 January 192154 years, 287 daysAromanian
5 Timotei Cipariu 21 February 1805 Transylvania 61 years, 39 days3 September 188721 years, 155 days
6 Dimitrie Cozacovici 1790 Macedonia 76 years, 90 days [1] 31 August 18682 years, 152 daysUnknown date of birth
7 Ambrosiu Dimitrovici 20 July 1838 Bucovina 27 years, 255 days3 July 186693 days
8 Ștefan Gonata 1 February 1838 Basarabia 28 years, 59 days18 September 189630 years, 170 days
9 Alexandru Hâjdeu 30 November 1811 Basarabia 54 years, 122 days9 November 18726 years, 222 days
10 Ion Heliade Rădulescu 6 January 1802 Țara Românească 64 years, 85 days27 April 18726 years, 26 daysFirst President of the Academy
11 Iosif Hodoș 20 October 1829 Transylvania 36 years, 163 days28 November 188014 years, 241 days
12 Alexandru Hurmuzaki 16 August 1823 Bucovina 42 years, 228 days8 March 18714 years, 341 days
13 Nicolae Ionescu 1820 Moldavia 46 years, 90 days [1] 24 January 190538 years, 298 days
14 August Treboniu Laurian 17 July 1810 Transylvania 55 years, 258 days25 February 188114 years, 330 days
15 Titu Maiorescu 15 February 1840 Țara Românească 26 years, 45 days18 June 191751 years, 78 days
16 I. C. Massim 1825 Țara Românească 41 years, 90 days [1] 187710 years, 275 daysNo known date of birth/death
17 Andrei Mocioni 27 June 1812 Banat 53 years, 278 days23 April 188014 years, 22 days
18 Gavriil Munteanu February 1812 Transylvania 54 years, 59 days17 December 18693 years, 260 days
19 Costache Negruzzi 1808 Moldavia 58 years, 90 days24 August 18682 years, 145 days
20 Alexandru Roman 26 November 1826 Transylvania 39 years, 126 days15 September 189731 years, 167 days
21 C. A. Rosetti 2 June 1816 Țara Românească 49 years, 303 days8 April 188519 years, 7 days
22 Ion G. Sbiera 1 November 1835 Bucovina 30 years, 151 days22 October 191650 years, 204 days
23 Constantin Stamati 1786 Basarabia 80 years, 90 days12 September 18693 years, 164 days
24 Ioan Străjescu 1833 Basarabia 33 years, 90 days18736 years, 275 daysNo known date of birth/death
25 Vasile Urechea-Alexandrescu 15 February 1834 Moldavia 32 years, 45 days21 November 190135 years, 234 days

The Presidents of the Academy:

NumberNameTerm beganTerm endedNotes
1 Ion Heliade Rădulescu 18671870
2 August Treboniu Laurian 18701872first term
3 Nicolae Crețulescu 18721873first term
4August Treboniu Laurian18731876second term
5 Ion Ghica 18761882first term
6 Dimitrie A. Sturdza 18821884
7Ion Ghica18841887second term
8 Mihail Kogălniceanu 18871890
9Ion Ghica18901893third term
10 George Bariț 5 April 18932 May 1893died in office
11 Iacob C. Negruzzi 18931894first term
12Ion Ghica18941895fourth term
13Nicolae Crețulescu18951898second term
14 Petru Poni 18981901first term
15 Petre S. Aurelian 19011904
16 Ioan Kalinderu 19041907
17 Anghel Saligny 19071910
18Iacob C. Negruzzi19101913second term
19 Constantin I. Istrati 19131916
20Petru Poni19161920second term
21 Dimitrie Onciul 19201923
22Iacob C. Negruzzi19231926third term
23 Emil Racoviță 19261929
24 Ioan Bianu 19291932
25 Ludovic Mrazek 19321935
26 Alexandru Lapedatu 19351938
27 Constantin Rădulescu-Motru 19381941
28 Ion Th. Simionescu 19411944
29 Dimitrie Gusti 19441946
30 Andrei Rădulescu 194612 August 1948
31 Traian Săvulescu 12 August 194823 December 1959
32 Athanase Joja 19591963
33 Ilie G. Murgulescu 19631966
34 Miron Nicolescu 8 April 196630 June 1975died in office
  Șerban Țițeica 19751976acting
35 Theodor Burghele 19763 June 1977died in office
  Cristofor Simionescu 3 June 197719 March 1980acting
36 Gheorghe Mihoc 19 March 198025 December 1981died in office
  Ioan Anton 25 December 198113 November 1984acting
37 Radu Voinea 13 November 19842 February 1990
38 Mihai Drăgănescu 2 February 199018 January 1994
39 Virgiliu N. G. Constantinescu 19941998
40 Eugen Simion 16 January 199820 April 2006
41 Ionel Haiduc 20 April 20068 April 2014
42 Ionel Valentin Vlad 8 April 201424 December 2017died in office
  Cristian Hera 5 January 20185 April 2018acting
43 Ioan-Aurel Pop 5 April 2018present


The Romanian Academy Library building Biblioteca Academiei Romane.jpg
The Romanian Academy Library building

Established in 1867, the Bibilioteca Academiei Române has a collection of over seven million books and collections of drawings, engravings, maps, and coins. [2] The Academy also operates its own publishing house. [2]


In 2014, antisemitism expert Michael Shafir stated that the academy "is packed with Holocaust deniers and trivializers". [3]

See also

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  1. 1 2 3 Arbitrary date of January 1, as a lack of factual data to support a real birth date
  2. 1 2 at IAP, Global Network of Science Academies.
  3. Shafir, Michael (2014). "Unacademic academics: Holocaust deniers and trivializers in post-Communist Romania". Nationalities Papers . 42 (6): 942–964. doi: 10.1080/00905992.2014.939619 .