Romanian Christmas Carols

Last updated

Romanian Christmas Carols, Sz, 57, BB 67 (Hungarian : Román kolindadallamok) is a set of little colinde, typical Christmas songs from Romanian villages, habitually sung by small groups of children, adapted in 1915 by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók to be played on the piano after hearing them sung in the below villages.

Contents

Structure

This work consists of twenty little songs put together into two major series. The movements are listed as follows:

Series A

  1. "Pă cel plai de munte" (from the region of Várhely, in Hunyad). Allegro
  2. "Intreabă si-ntreabă" (from the region of Malomvíz, in Hunyad). Allegro
  3. "Doi roagă să, roagă" (from the region of Malomvíz, in Hunyad). Allegro
  4. "Ciucur verde de mătasă" (from the region of Temesmonostor, in Temes). Andante
  5. "Coborâto, coborâto" (from the region of Alsóvisó, in Máramaros). Allegro moderato
  6. "În patru cornuți de lume" (from the region of Görgényorsova, in Maros-Torda). Andante
  7. "La lină fântână" (from the region of Sárafalva, in Torontál). Andante
  8. "Noi umblăm da corindare" (from the region of Sárafalva, in Torontál). Allegretto
  9. "Noi acum ortacilor" (from the region of Bisztra, in Torda-Aranyos). Allegro
  10. "Trei crai de la Răsărit" (from the region of Rogos, in Bihar). Più allegro

Series B

  1. "Colo-n jos la munte-n josu" (from the region of Körtekapu, in Maros-Torda). Molto moderato
  2. "Deasupra pă răsăritu" (from the region of Várhely, in Hunyad). Moderato
  3. "Creștemi, Doamne, creștiu" (from the region of Cserbel, in Hunyad). Andante
  4. "Sculați, sculați boieri mari" (from the region of Felsőoroszi, in Maros-Torda). Andante
  5. "Ăi, colo-n josu mai din josu" (from the region of Cserbel, in Hunyad). Moderato
  6. "Șio luat, luată" (from the region of Libánfalva, in Maros-Torda). Andante
  7. "Colo sus mai susu" (from the region of Temesmonostor, in Temes). Variante della precedente
    XVIIb. "Șio luat, luată" (reprise). Andante
  8. "Colo sus pă după lună" (from the region of Gyalán, in Bihar). Allegro
  9. "De cei domnul bunu" (from the region of Várhely, in Hunyad). Allegretto
  10. "Hai cu toții să suimu" (from the region of Gyalár, in Hunyad). Allegro

The movement numbered XVIIb is generally appended to the previous one, and, in publications, the variation is represented as a single movement, even though it is clearly specified where the reprise begins. Bartók also wrote a concert version with slight variations to the original version. These changes consist mostly of denser chords and octaves.

Notable recordings

Notable recordings of this composition include:

Piano SoloRecord CompanyYear of RecordingFormat
Jenő Jandó Naxos Records 2005CD [1]
Pietro Spada Arts Music 2008CD [2]

Related Research Articles

Concerto for Orchestra (Bartók) musical composition by Béla Bartók

The Concerto for Orchestra, Sz. 116, BB 123, is a five-movement orchestral work composed by Béla Bartók in 1943. It is one of his best-known, most popular, and most accessible works.

The Piano Concerto in A minor, Op. 16, composed by Edvard Grieg in 1868, was the only concerto Grieg completed. It is one of his most popular works and is among the most popular of all piano concerti.

Anatoly Lyadov Russian composer, teacher and conductor

Anatoly Konstantinovich Lyadov or Liadov was a Russian composer, teacher and conductor.

Arad County (former) county of the Kingdom of Hungary

Arad County was an administrative unit in the Kingdom of Hungary, the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom and the Principality of Transylvania. The county was established along the Maros (Mureș) river in the 11th or the 12th century, but its first head, or ispán, was only mentioned in 1214. Its territory is now part of Romania, except a small area which is part of Hungary. The capital of the county was Arad.

Sonatina, Sz. 55, BB. 69 is a piece for solo piano written in 1915 by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. Initially entitled Sonatina on Romanian folk tunes, it is based on folk tunes Bartók collected in his neighbour country Romania, which, even though he proclaimed Hungarian folk music was clearly superior, was a direct source of inspiration all along his active years.

Romanian Folk Dances, Sz. 56, BB 68 is a suite of six short piano pieces composed by Béla Bartók in 1915. He later orchestrated it for small ensemble in 1917 as Sz. 68, BB 76.

Union of Transylvania with Romania

The Union of Transylvania with Romania was declared on 1 December 1918 by the assembly of the delegates of ethnic Romanians held in Alba Iulia. The Great Union Day, celebrated on 1 December, is a national holiday in Romania that commemorates this event. The holiday was established after the Romanian Revolution, and commemorates the unification not only of Transylvania, but also of Bessarabia and Bukovina and parts of Banat, Crișana and Maramureș with the Romanian Kingdom. Bessarabia and Bukovina had joined with the Kingdom of Romania earlier in 1918.

<i>Cantata Profana</i> work by Béla Bartók

Cantata Profana is a work for double mixed chorus and orchestra by the Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. Completed on 8 September 1930, it received its premiere in London on 25 May 1934, with the BBC Symphony Orchestra and Wireless Chorus conducted by Aylmer Buesst. Tenor Trefor Jones and baritone Frank Phillips were the featured soloists. The work was presented in an English translation by M.D. Calvocoressi.

Out of Doors is a set of five piano solo pieces, Sz.. 81, BB 89, written by Béla Bartók in 1926. Out of Doors is among the very few instrumental compositions by Bartók with programmatic titles.

Dance Suite, Sz. 77, BB 86a, is a well-known 1923 orchestral work by the Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. The composer produced a reduction for piano in 1925, though this is less commonly performed.

Eight Improvisations on Hungarian Peasant Songs, Op. 20, Sz. 74, BB 83, also known as Improvisations on Hungarian Peasant Songs or simply as Improvisations, is a composition for solo piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. It was finished in 1920.

Fifteen Hungarian Peasant Songs, Sz. 71, BB 79 is a collection of short folk melodies arranged for piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. It was composed between 1914 and 1918.

String Quartets (Ligeti) string quartets by Ligeti

The Hungarian composer György Ligeti published three string quartets throughout his life: two string quartets proper and a student piece from 1950 published towards the end of Ligeti's life. The first two string quartets proper represent both his early period, inspired by Béla Bartók, and middle period, which was largely micropolyphonic.

<i>Three Rondos on Slovak Folk Tunes</i> Hungarian piano composition

Three Rondos on Slovak Folk Tunes, Sz. 84, BB 92, also referred to as Three Rondos on Folk Tunes, is a collection of three small pieces for piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók.

String Quartet No. 2 (Enescu)

String Quartet No. 2, Op. 22, No. 2, in G major, is a chamber-music work by the Romanian composer George Enescu, composed mainly between 1950 and 1951, though it has a lengthy pre-history and received a number of revisions in 1952 and possibly early 1953. The score is dedicated to the American pianist, composer, and arts patron, Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge. A performance of it lasts about 25 minutes.

Lithuanian Rhapsody in A minor, Op. 11 is the third of Mieczysław Karłowicz's six symphonic poems. A typical performance lasts 18—20 minutes.

String Quartet No. 1 (Enescu)

String Quartet No. 1, Op. 22, No. 1, in E-flat major is a chamber-music work by the Romanian violinist and composer George Enescu, composed between 1916 and 1920. A performance of it lasts about 45 minutes.

<i>Nine Little Piano Pieces</i> Hungarian piano composition

Nine Little Piano Pieces, Sz. 82, BB 90 is a collection of short pieces for piano by Hungarian composer Béla Bartók. It was completed in 1926.

References

  1. "Tracklist from the CD 8.554718 from the Naxos catalogue". Hong Kong: Naxos Digital Services Ltd. 2005. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
  2. "Christmas Piano Music - Bartók, Liszt / Pietro Spada - Arts Music: 01273519". Arkiv Music. Retrieved 20 April 2020.