Rome, Missouri

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Rome, Missouri
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Rome, Missouri
Location of Rome, Missouri
Coordinates: 36°50′30″N92°46′24″W / 36.84167°N 92.77333°W / 36.84167; -92.77333 Coordinates: 36°50′30″N92°46′24″W / 36.84167°N 92.77333°W / 36.84167; -92.77333 [1]
Country U. S. A.
State Missouri
County Douglas County
Elevation [1] 290 m (950 ft)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
  Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)

Rome is an unincorporated community in southern Douglas County, Missouri. It is located on Beaver Creek about 10 miles (16 km) southwest of Ava on a county road one half mile off the end of Route A and 3 miles (4.8 km) west of Smallett. Arno lies on Beaver Creek about 7 miles (11 km) north and Brownbranch in Taney County lies on Beaver Creek 4.6 miles (7.4 km) to the southwest. [2] [1]

Unincorporated area Region of land not governed by own local government

In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not governed by a local municipal corporation; similarly an unincorporated community is a settlement that is not governed by its own local municipal corporation, but rather is administered as part of larger administrative divisions, such as a township, parish, borough, county, city, canton, state, province or country. Occasionally, municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, and services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are very rare; typically remote, outlying, sparsely populated or uninhabited areas.

Douglas County, Missouri county in Missouri

Douglas County is a county located in the south-central portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,684. The county seat and only incorporated community is Ava. The county was officially organized on October 19, 1857, and is named after U.S. Senator Stephen A. Douglas (D-Illinois) and later Democratic presidential candidate.

Missouri State of the United States of America

Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States. With over six million residents, it is the 18th-most populous state of the Union. The largest urban areas are St. Louis, Kansas City, Springfield, and Columbia; the capital is Jefferson City. The state is the 21st-most extensive in area. In the South are the Ozarks, a forested highland, providing timber, minerals, and recreation. The Missouri River, after which the state is named, flows through the center of the state into the Mississippi River, which makes up Missouri's eastern border.

The old iron bridge over Beaver Creek at Rome was replaced in 2016. Rome MO iron bridge.JPG
The old iron bridge over Beaver Creek at Rome was replaced in 2016.

History

In 1840 Wright's Mill, built by James Wright, was at the location and was perhaps the earliest grist mill on Beaver Creek. About 1850 the Lawrence Mill, built by William Lawrence, was at the same location. [3]

During the American Civil War Rome was the location of Lawrence Mill. Union forces built a blockhouse to defend the location. Fort Lawrence consisted of a two-story building or stockade with dimensions of 100 by 40 feet and was manned by militiamen or "Missouri home guards". Forces under the command of Confederate General Marmaduke attacked and burned the fort in January 1863 while on their way to Springfield. [4] [5]

American Civil War Civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865

The American Civil War was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U.S. history. Primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people, war broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.

Stockade enclosure of palisades and tall walls made of logs placed side by side vertically

A stockade is an enclosure of palisades and tall walls made of logs placed side by side vertically with the tops sharpened as a defensive wall.

John S. Marmaduke 25th Governor of Missouri

John S. Marmaduke served as the 25th governor of Missouri from 1885 until his death in 1887. Prior to that, he was a senior officer of the Confederate States Army who commanded cavalry in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War. On September 6, 1863 Marmaduke killed Confederate Brigadier-General Lucius M. Walker in a duel. Major-General Sterling Price ordered Marmaduke's arrest, but suspended the order because of the impending Union advance on Little Rock, Arkansas. Marmaduke never faced a court martial for the duel.

Rome previously had its own post office from 1888–1957. [6] The community was named after Rome, in Italy. [7]

A Post office is a public department that services the people of the United States and handles their mail needs. Post offices offer mail-related services such as acceptance of letters and parcels; provision of post office boxes; and sale of postage stamps, packaging, and stationery. In addition, many post offices offer additional services: providing and accepting government forms, processing government services and fees, and banking services. The chief administrator of a post office is called a postmaster.

Rome Capital city and comune in Italy

Rome is the capital city and a special comune of Italy. Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,872,800 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4,355,725 residents, thus making it the most populous metropolitan city in Italy. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.

Section of the USGS Brownbranch, MO 7.5 minute topographic showing location w/scale Rome, MO topo.jpg
Section of the USGS Brownbranch, MO 7.5 minute topographic showing location w/scale

Related Research Articles

Ava, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Ava is the only incorporated city in Douglas County, Missouri, United States. The population was 2,993 at the 2010 census. Ava is the county seat of Douglas County. The city was founded in 1871. It was renamed Ava in 1881, the town's original name having been "Militia Springs."

Missouri Route 5 highway in Missouri

Missouri Route 5 is the longest state highway in Missouri and the only Missouri state highway to traverse the entire state. It is part of a three state, 650 mile highway 5. To the north, it continues into Iowa as Iowa Highway 5 and to the south it enters Arkansas as Highway 5. With only a few exceptions, it is two-lane for its entire length. Business Route 5 serves Milan and Ava.

Route 181 is a highway in southern Missouri. Its northern terminus is at Business U.S. Route 60 in Cabool, Texas County. It passes through eastern Douglas County and reaches its southern terminus at U.S. Route 160 in Gainesville in Ozark County.

Thornfield, Missouri unincorporated community in Missouri

Thornfield is an unincorporated community in Ozark County, Missouri. It is 15 miles (24 km) northwest of Gainesville. It is located on Route 95 at the Little North Fork of the White River on the edge of the Mark Twain National Forest between Wasola to the northeast and Longrun to the southwest. Hammond, the site of the historic Hammond Mill, lies on the Little North Fork 2.5 miles (4.0 km) southeast of Thornfield. Although it is unincorporated, Thornfield has a post office with ZIP code 65762.

Longrun, Missouri Community in Missouri, U. S. A.

Longrun is an unincorporated community in western Ozark County, Missouri. It is located on Route 95 about 5.7 miles (9.2 km) northwest of Theodosia and 5.4 miles (8.7 km) southwest of Thornfield. Its post office closed and mail is now served by Theodosia.

Hammond, Missouri Community in Missouri, U. S. A.

Hammond is an unincorporated community in Ozark County, Missouri. It is located at the intersection of two county roads on the Little North Fork of the White River about twelve miles northwest of Gainesville and 2.5 miles (4.0 km) southeast of Thornfield.

Brownbranch, Missouri Community in Missouri, U. S. A.

Brownbranch is an unincorporated community in northeastern Taney County, Missouri, United States. It is located on Beaver Creek at the intersection of Route 76 and Missouri Supplemental Route W about 23 miles (37 km) northeast of Forsyth. Bradleyville lies about 5.7 miles (9.2 km) to the west on Route 76 and McClurg lies about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) to the east on Route W. The community is part of the Branson, Missouri Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Squires, Missouri Community in Missouri, United States

Squires is an unincorporated community in Douglas County, Missouri, United States. Squires is located about 9 miles (14 km) south of Ava on Route 5 at the intersection with Route JJ. The Squires fire tower is located one quarter mile to the southwest with an elevation of 1,517 feet (462 m). Wasola in Ozark County is about 5 miles (8.0 km) to the southeast.

Gentryville, Douglas County, Missouri Community in Missouri, U. S. A.

Gentryville is an unincorporated community in Douglas County, Missouri, United States. It is about twenty-one miles southeast of Ava and twenty-two miles south of Mountain Grove at the intersection of Route 14 and Route 95. It consists of a small general store, an automotive repair shop, and a few churches. Gentryville cemetery and church are located about one quarter mile north on Route 95.

Brushyknob, Missouri Community in Missouri, United States

Brushyknob is an unincorporated community in Douglas County, Missouri, United States. The community is located on Route 76 about fourteen miles east of Ava. The old townsite is located along Route 76 on Tarbutton Creek about 1.5 miles east of Bryant Creek at an elevation of 920 feet. The Brushyknob church and cemetery is on a ridge flat about 3500 feet to the south-southeast and some 200 feet higher in elevation. The historic Brushyknob school is 850 feet south of the church.

Beaver Creek, Illinois Unincorporated community in Illinois, United States

Beaver Creek, also known as Wisetown, is an unincorporated community in southern Bond County, Illinois, United States. Beaver Creek is located just south of Illinois Route 143 in Mills Township. Beaver Creek flows past one half mile west of the community. The community is home to the Wisetown Baptist Church and the Wisetown Cemetery lies to the southwest along Beaver Creek. Greenville lies ten miles to the north and Carlyle is about 13 miles to the south along Illinois Route 127.

Arno, Missouri Community in Missouri, U. S. A.

Arno is an unincorporated community in western Douglas County, Missouri, in the United States. Arno is located just east of the confluence of Beaver and Cowskin creeks about five miles west of Ava.

Vera Cruz, Missouri Community in Missouri, U. S. A.

Vera Cruz is an unincorporated community in central Douglas County, Missouri. It is on Bryant Creek about 9 miles (14 km) east of Ava at the end of Route AB.

Dogwood, Douglas County, Missouri Community in Missouri, U. S. A.

Dogwood is an unincorporated community in northwestern Douglas County, Missouri, United States. It is located on Missouri Route 14 about 15.5 miles (24.9 km) northwest of Ava and 8.5 miles (13.7 km) southwest of Seymour. The old store building sits at the intersection of Route 14 with route BB and the Dogwood cemetery is 1,300 feet (400 m) to the west at the intersection of route 14 and route Z.

Mill Hollow

Mill Hollow is a valley in northern Douglas County the Ozarks of southern Missouri.

Prairie Creek is a stream in the west central Douglas County, Missouri. It is a tributary of Cowskin Creek. The stream headwaters are just north of the Ava city limits. It flows south through the west part of the city then turns southwest to west. The stream passes under routes 14 and 5 within west Ava. The confluence with Cowskin Creek is just east of Arno about four miles west-southwest of Ava.

Beaver Creek (White River tributary)

Beaver Creek is a stream in western Douglas and eastern Taney counties of Missouri. It is a tributary to the White River of northern Arkansas. The headwaters of Beaver Creek arise in northern Douglas County and extreme southeast Webster County northwest of Ava and southeast of Seymour. The stream flows south and southwest to join the White River southeast of Forsyth and south of Kissee Mills below the Lake Taneycomo powersite dam. The creek was named due to the presence of beaver dams on the creek.

Little Beaver Creek is a stream in Douglas, Christian and Taney counties of southern Missouri.

Honey Creek is a stream in Douglas County in the Ozarks of southern Missouri. It is a tributary of Beaver Creek.

Beaver Creek is a stream in southwestern Texas and eastern Wright counties in the Ozarks of southern Missouri. It is a tributary of the Gasconade River.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Brownbranch, Missouri, 7.5 Minute Topographic Quadrangle, USGS, 2004
  2. Ava, Missouri, 30x60 Minute Topographic Quad, USGS, 1985
  3. Brown, Kenneth, Before Rome, There Was Fort Lawrence,Journal of the Douglas County (Mo.) Historical and Genealogical Society, Summer 2004, pp 26-32
  4. Suskey, A. M., Introduction of Douglas County and the Civil War, Douglas County Historical Society Journal, December 1994, p. 27
  5. Ozark County History, Chapter VII, Civil War, 1861-1865
  6. Post Offices in Douglas County, MO
  7. Merkner, Sue A. (Jul 27, 1977). "Odd places give Missouri towns foreign names". The Nevada Daily Mail. p. 5. Retrieved 7 June 2015.