Romney Sedgwick

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Richard Romney Sedgwick (29 May 1894 – 20 January 1972) [1] was a British historian, civil servant and diplomat. [2] He was the elder son of Professor Adam Sedgwick, 1854–1913, and Laura Helen Elizabeth Robinson. [3] He married Mana St David Hodson, daughter of Professor T.C.Hodson, [4] in 1936; they had one son and one daughter. [5]

Adam Sedgwick English geologist

Adam Sedgwick was a British geologist and priest, one of the founders of modern geology. He proposed the Cambrian and Devonian period of the geological timescale. Based on work which he did on Welsh rock strata, he proposed the Cambrian period in 1835, in a joint publication in which Roderick Murchison also proposed the Silurian period. Later in 1840, to resolve what later became known as the Great Devonian Controversy about rocks near the boundary between the Silurian and Carboniferous periods, he and Murchison proposed the Devonian period.

Sedgwick was educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge. He became a Fellow of the College in 1919. [6]

Trinity College, Cambridge constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England

Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. With around 600 undergraduates, 300 graduates, and over 180 fellows, it is the largest college in either of the Oxbridge universities by number of undergraduates. In terms of total student numbers, it is second only to Homerton College, Cambridge.

His work for The History of Parliament showed that the Whig versus Tory dichotomy survived in the reigns of George I and George II. [7]

The History of Parliament project to write a history of the United Kingdom Parliament and its predecessors through biographies of their members

The History of Parliament is a project to write a complete history of the United Kingdom Parliament and its predecessors, the Parliament of Great Britain and the Parliament of England. The history will principally consist of a prosopography, in which the history of an institution is told through the individual biographies of its members. After various amateur efforts the project was formally launched in 1940 and since 1951 has been funded by the Treasury. As of 2010 the volumes covering the House of Commons for the periods 1386–1421, 1509–1629, and 1660–1832 have been completed and published ; research work on the remaining periods and on the House of Lords is ongoing. In 2011 the completed sections were republished on the internet.

George I of Great Britain King of Great Britain, Elector of Hanover

George I was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire from 1698 until his death in 1727.

George II of Great Britain British monarch

George II was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 (O.S.) until his death in 1760.

Eveline Cruickshanks wrote a book on the Tories and the Jacobite rising of 1745 and said: "My greatest debt is to the late Romney Sedgwick, a staunch Whig, whose wit and erudition I greatly admired, for a series of discussions, heated at times, but, as I well know, much enjoyed on both sides". [8]

Eveline Cruickshanks is an historian of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century British political history, specialising in Jacobitism and Toryism. She is of English, Scottish and French blood. She is an Honorary Fellow of the Institute of Historical Research of the University of London.

Jacobite rising of 1745 attempt by Charles Edward Stuart to regain the British throne for the exiled House of Stuart

The Jacobite rising of 1745, also known as the Forty-five Rebellion or simply the '45, was an attempt by Charles Edward Stuart to regain the British throne for his father, James Francis Edward Stuart. It took place during the War of the Austrian Succession, when the bulk of the British Army was fighting in mainland Europe, and proved to be the last in a series of revolts that began in 1689, with major outbreaks in 1708, 1715 and 1719.



  1. Who's Who 1948, London : A. & C. Black, 1948, pg.2486; The Times (London, England), Monday, Jan 24, 1972; pg. 14; Issue 58383
  2. Who's Who 1948, London : A. & C. Black, 1948, pg.2486
  3. Who's Who 1948, London : A. & C. Black, 1948, pg.2486; Dictionary of National Biography 1912–1921, Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1927, pg.488
  4. Who's Who 1948, London : A. & C. Black, 1948, pg.2486
  6. Who's Who 1948, London : A. & C. Black, 1948, pg.2486.
  7. J. C. D. Clark, Revolution and Rebellion. State and Society in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (Cambridge University Press, 1986), p. 151.
  8. Eveline Cruickshanks, Political Untouchables; The Tories and the '45 (Duckworth, 1979), p. vi.

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