Ron Clarke

Last updated

Ron Clarke

AO, MBE
Ron Clarke.jpg
Mayor of the Gold Coast
In office
25 March 2004 (2004-03-25) 27 February 2012 (2012-02-27)
DeputyDaphne McDonald
Preceded byGary Baildon
Personal details
Born
Ronald William Clarke

(1937-02-21)21 February 1937
Melbourne, Victoria
Died17 June 2015(2015-06-17) (aged 78)
Southport, Queensland
Political party Independent
Spouse(s)Helen Clarke
OccupationAthlete
Sports career
Personal information
Height183 cm (6 ft 0 in)
Weight72 kg (159 lb)
SportAthletics
Event(s)5000, 10,000 m, marathon
ClubGlenhuntly Athletics Club
Sports achievements and titles
Personal best(s)5000 m – 13:16.6 (1966)
10,000 m – 27:39.89 (1965)
Marathon – 2:20:26 (1964) [1] [2]

Ronald William "Ron" Clarke, AO, MBE (21 February 1937 – 17 June 2015) was an Australian athlete, writer, and Mayor of the Gold Coast from 2004 to 2012. He was one of the best-known middle- and long-distance runners in the 1960s, notable for setting seventeen world records.

The Mayor of the City of the Gold Coast is presiding officer and public face of the Gold Coast City Council, the local government body of the Gold Coast, Queensland. The current Mayor is Tom Tate.

World record

A world record is usually the best global performance ever recorded and officially verified in a specific skill or sport. The book Guinness World Records collates and publishes notable records of all types, from first and best to worst human achievements, to extremes in the natural world and beyond.

Contents

Early life and family

Clarke was born 21 February 1937 in Melbourne, Victoria. [1] He attended Essendon High School and Melbourne High School. His brother Jack Clarke and father Tom played Australian rules football in the Victorian Football League with Essendon. He was a qualified accountant. [3]

Melbourne City in Victoria, Australia

Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Its name refers to an urban agglomeration of 9,992.5 km2 (3,858.1 sq mi), comprising a metropolitan area with 31 municipalities, and is also the common name for its city centre. The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip bay and spreads into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley. It has a population of approximately 4.9 million, and its inhabitants are referred to as "Melburnians".

Victoria (Australia) State in Australia

Victoria is a state in south-eastern Australia. Victoria is Australia's most densely populated state and its second-most populous state overall. Most of its population lives concentrated in the area surrounding Port Phillip Bay, which includes the metropolitan area of its state capital and largest city, Melbourne, Australia's second-largest city. Geographically the smallest state on the Australian mainland, Victoria is bordered by Bass Strait and Tasmania to the south, New South Wales to the north, the Tasman Sea to the east, and South Australia to the west.

Jack Clarke (Australian footballer, born 1933) Australian rules footballer and coach

John Edward "Jack" Clarke was an Australian rules footballer and coach in the VFL. An Essendon and Victorian champion, Clarke was one of the premier midfielders of the VFL for well over a decade, Clarke led Essendon to the flag in 1962 as captain, and also played in the victorious 1965 side. Clarke was inducted into the Australian Football Hall of Fame in 1996, and was named as the centreman of the Essendon Team of the Century in 1997.

In 1956, when Clarke was still a promising 19-year-old, he was chosen to light the Olympic Flame in the Melbourne Cricket Ground during the opening ceremonies of the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne. [4]

Melbourne Cricket Ground stadium in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

The Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG), also known simply as "The G", is an Australian sports stadium located in Yarra Park, Melbourne, Victoria. Home to the Melbourne Cricket Club, it is the 10th largest stadium in the world, the largest in Australia, the largest in the Southern Hemisphere, the largest cricket ground by capacity, and has the tallest light towers of any sporting venue. The MCG is within walking distance of the city centre and is served by the Richmond railway station, Richmond, and the Jolimont railway station, East Melbourne. It is part of the Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Precinct.

1956 Summer Olympics Games of the XVI Olympiad, celebrated in Melbourne in 1956

The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, from 22 November to 8 December 1956, with the exception of the equestrian events, which were held in Stockholm, Sweden, in June 1956.

Athletic career

During the 1960s Clarke won 9 Australian championships [5] and 12 Victorian track championships ranging from 1500 m to 6 miles (9.7 km).

Ron Clarke (in third place and second from left behind #615) at the 1964 Summer Olympics. At the fore are Billy Mills (722) and Mohammed Gammoudi (615). BillyMills Crossing Finish Line 1964Olympics.jpg
Ron Clarke (in third place and second from left behind #615) at the 1964 Summer Olympics. At the fore are Billy Mills (722) and Mohammed Gammoudi (615).

He won the bronze medal in the 10,000 metre (m) race at the 1964 Summer Olympics when he was upset by Billy Mills, and never won an Olympic gold medal. [1] At the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City, Clarke collapsed and nearly died from altitude sickness [6] sustained during the gruelling 10,000 m race final. Despite training in the Alps to get acclimatised to high altitudes at Mexico City, this could not put him on par with many opponents from Africa, who had always run at high altitude (with the notable exception of 5,000 m gold medalist and 10,000 m bronze medalist Mohammed Gammoudi of Tunisia, who was born and lived not far above sea level). Clarke finished in sixth place, [1] but remembered nothing of the last lap. He sufficiently recovered to compete in the 5,000 metre heats a few days later. [7]

1964 Summer Olympics Games of the XVIII Olympiad, celebrated in Tokyo in 1964

The 1964 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVIII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Tokyo, Japan, from 10 to 24 October 1964. Tokyo had been awarded the organization of the 1940 Summer Olympics, but this honour was subsequently passed to Helsinki because of Japan's invasion of China, before ultimately being cancelled because of World War II.

Billy Mills Olympic gold medalist, athlete and United States Marine Corps officer

William Mervin Mills, also known as Makata Taka Hela, is a Sioux former track and field athlete who won a gold medal in the 10,000 meter run (6.2 mi) at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, becoming the only person from the Western hemisphere to win the Olympic gold in this event. His 1964 victory is considered one of the greatest Olympic upsets, because he was a virtual unknown going into the event. A United States Marine, Billy Mills is a member of the Oglala Lakota tribe.

The 1968 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XIX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Mexico City, Mexico, from October 12th to the 27th.

In the 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, he won silver in the 3 mile event, and in the 1966 Games he won silver medals in the 3 miles (4.8 km) and 6 miles (9.7 km) events. [8]

1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games 7th edition of the British Empire and Commonwealth Games

The 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games were held in Perth, Western Australia, from 22 November to 1 December 1962. Athletic events were held at Perry Lakes Stadium in the suburb of Floreat and swimming events at Beatty Park in North Perth. They were held after the 1962 Commonwealth Paraplegic Games for wheelchair athletes.

The men's 3 miles at the 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games as part of the athletics programme was held at the Perry Lakes Stadium on Monday 26 November 1962.

The 1966 British Empire and Commonwealth Games were held in Kingston, Jamaica, from 4 to 13 August 1966. This was the first time that the Games had been held outside the so-called White Dominions. They were followed by the 1966 Commonwealth Paraplegic Games for wheelchair athletes. Jamaica remains the only host nation of a Commonwealth Games that did not win at least one gold medal in its own games.

During a 44-day European tour in 1965, he competed 18 times and broke 12 world records, including the 20,000 m (12.4 miles). On 10 July, at London's White City Stadium, he became the first man to run 3 miles in under 13 minutes, lowering the world record to 12:52.4. Four days later, in Oslo, he lowered his own 10,000 m world record by 36.2 seconds to 27:39.4, becoming the first man to break the 28 minute barrier. [9] [10]

World records

DistanceTime /
distance
LocationDateNote
5000 m 13:34.8 Hobart, Australia1965-01-16 [11]
5000 m 13:33.6 Auckland, New Zealand1965-02-01 [12]
5000 m 13:25.8Los Angeles, United States1965-06-04 [13]
5000 m 13:16.6 Stockholm, Sweden1966-07-05 [14]
10,000 m 28:15.6 Melbourne, Australia1963-12-18 [15]
10,000 m 27:39.4 Oslo, Norway1965-07-14 [16]
20,000 m59:22.8 Geelong, Australia1965-10-27 [17] As part of 1 hour world record.
1 hour 20,232 m Geelong, Australia1965-10-27 [17]
2 miles 8:19.8 Västerås, Sweden1967-07-27 [18]
2 miles 8:19.6London, England1968-08-24 [19]
3 miles13:07.6 Melbourne, Australia1964-12-03 [20]
3 miles13:00.4Los Angeles, United States1965-06-04As part of 5000 m world record.
3 miles12:52.4London, England1965-07-10
3 miles12:50.4 Stockholm, Sweden1966-07-05 [18] As part of 5000 m world record.
6 miles27:17.8 Melbourne, Australia1963-12-18 [15]
6 miles26:47.0 Oslo, Norway1965-07-14 [16] As part of 10,000 m world record
10 miles47:12.8 Melbourne, Australia1965-03-04 [21]

In 1965, Clarke beat the 10,000m world record in Turku, Finland with a time of 28:14.0 but it was never ratified as it was said that permission to run was requested too late. [10] [22]

Political career

He was elected Mayor of the Gold Coast, Queensland in 2004, defeating the incumbent Gary Baildon. Clarke and his wife, Helen, first came to the Gold Coast for a holiday in 1957. The couple returned almost every year thereafter, and in 1995, after 14 years abroad mainly in Europe, came back for good. [23]

Clarke resigned as Mayor of the Gold Coast on 27 February 2012, when he announced his nomination to run as an independent candidate for the seat of Broadwater in the 2012 Queensland state election. [24] Clarke failed in this campaign, coming fourth and recording only a 4.6% primary vote. [25]

Former Australian Football League CEO, Andrew Demetriou stated that Clarke as Mayor of the Gold Coast played a major role in the AFL establishing a new team Gold Coast Suns on the Gold Coast. [26]

In 2011, Clarke was part of the lobbying team that secured the 2018 Commonwealth Games for the Gold Coast, Queensland. [27]

Honours

In 1966 Clarke was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) "In recognition of service to athletics". [1] [28]

In 2000, he was awarded the Australian Sports Medal for "Significant contribution as a competitor (Athletics)". [29]

In 2001, he was awarded the Centenary Medal for "Distinguished service to the eco-tourism industry". [29]

In the 2013 Queens Birthday Honours List, he was appointed an Officer of the Order of Australia (AO) "For distinguished service to the community through a range of leadership roles with local government and philanthropic organisations, and to the promotion of athletics." [1] [30]

Awards and recognition

In 2005 Geelong Athletics honoured Clarke with an athletics meet to commemorate the 40th anniversary of his breaking the world record for the 20,000 m and one hour run at Landy Field in October 1965. This meet is held annually as part of the Athletics Australia National Meet Series.

On 15 March 2006, Ron Clarke was one of the final four runners who carried the Queen's Baton around the MCG stadium during the 2006 Commonwealth Games Opening Ceremony in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. [36]

Emil Zátopek had great respect for Ron Clarke. In 1966 (often erroneously noted as 1968) he invited the Australian to Czechoslovakia, and as a parting gift he gave him his 1952 Olympic 10,000 m gold medal with the following words: "Not out of friendship but because you deserve it." [6] [37]

Death

Clarke died of kidney failure on 17 June 2015 at Allamanda Hospital in Southport, Queensland. [38] Clarke is survived by his wife Helen and sons Marcus and Nicolas. His daughter Monique died of breast cancer in 2009. [3] [39]

Prime Minister Tony Abbott and Opposition Leader Bill Shorten paid tribute to Clarke in Parliament on the day of his death by stating that a great Australian had been lost with his death. [40] Herb Elliott, Australian 1500 m Olympic gold medallist, said "Ron was a great man. His contribution to athletics was enormous. He was also a wonderful contributor to public health through lifestyle programs and gymnasiums and the communities in which he lived. Ron will be greatly missed". [41] John Landy, who famously helped Clarke when he fell during a mile race at the 1956 Australian Championships, said "'Ron Clarke, by his running feats inspired Australian distance runners and in a world sense, demonstrated the potential athletics achievements possible." [41] Frank Shorter, the 1972 Olympic marathon gold medallist said "Ron Clarke was my idol. I grew up seeing Ron Clarke in the dark blue singlet with the V on it – to me that was the symbol of running." [42]

Bibliography

See also

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References

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  2. Ron Clarke. trackfield.brinkster.net
  3. 1 2 Johnson, Len (16 June 2015). "The man who changed the world". The Runner's Tribe. Archived from the original on 17 June 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  4. Organizing Committee of the XVI Olympiad, Melbourne, 1956. "THE OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE ORGANIZING COMMITTEE FOR THE GAMES OF THE XVI OLYMPIAD MELBOURNE 1956" (PDF). p. 227. Archived from the original (pdf-34.4 MB) on 12 September 2008. Retrieved 17 June 2015 via www.la84foundation.org.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ('Snippet' via Google books)
  5. "Ron Clarke". athhistory.imgstg.com. Australia Athletics Historical Results. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  6. 1 2 Bunrton, Simon (22 June 2012). "50 stunning Olympic moments No 41: Emil Zátopek the triple-gold winner". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  7. Nichols, Peter (19 June 2015). "Ron Clarke obituary". The Guardian.
  8. "Ronald 'Ron' Clarke MBE". Australian Commonwealth Games Association website. Archived from the original on 18 July 2015.
  9. 1 2 "Athletics Australia Hall of Fame". Athletics Australia website. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  10. 1 2 "Australian IAAF World Record Holders * World Best Performances as of January 2008". Athletics Australia website. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  11. "Clarke's new record". Canberra Times. 18 January 1965. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
  12. "Clarke betters own world time". Canberra Times. 2 February 1965. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  13. "Clarke has four world records ratified". Canberra Times. 16 January 1966. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  14. "Clarke ill but still breaks record". Canberra Times. 7 July 1966. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  15. 1 2 "Clarke sets two world times". Canberra Times. 19 December 1963. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  16. 1 2 "Clarke shatters record". Canberra Times. 16 July 1965. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  17. 1 2 "Clarke smashes records". Canberra Times. 28 October 1965. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  18. 1 2 "Another record to Clarke". Canberra Times. 29 June 1967. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  19. "Clarke races alone to record". Canberra Times. 26 August 1968. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  20. "Clarke smashes world record". Canberra Times. 4 December 1964. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  21. "Another record to Clarke". Canberra Times. 4 March 1965. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  22. "Vale Ron Clarke – a fitting tribute by Paul Jenes and Brian Roe". Athletics Australia website. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  23. Gold Coast City Council. "Mayor Cr Ron Clarke MBE". Archived from the original on 12 February 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  24. Kelly, James (27 February 2012). "Clarke says Gold Coast needs independent MP". ABC News. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
  25. "2012 State General Election – Broadwater – Booth Details". Electoral Commission of Queensland. 2012. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
  26. Smart, Nick (17 June 2015). "Suns, says former AFL boss Andrew Demetriou". Herald Sun. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  27. Kimmorley, Sarah (17 June 2015). "Legendary Australian athlete and former Gold Coast Mayor, Ron Clarke has died aged 78". Business Insider Australia. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  28. "CLARKE, Ronald William". itsanhonour.gov.au. 11 June 1966. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  29. 1 2 "CLARKE, Ronald William". It's an Honour. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
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  39. Anderson, Jon (17 June 2015). "Australian athletics legend Ron Clarke dies aged 78". Geelong Advertiser. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  40. "Abbott, Shorten pay tribute to a great". 9News.com.au. 17 June 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
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Records
Preceded by
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Pyotr Bolotnikov
Men's 10,000 m World Record Holder
18 December 1963 – 3 September 1972
Succeeded by
Flag of Finland.svg Lasse Virén
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Flag of New Zealand.svg Peter Snell
Track & Field Athlete of the Year
1965
Succeeded by
Flag of the United States.svg Jim Ryun
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Flag of Kenya.svg Kipchoge Keino
Men's 5000 m Best Year Performance
1966–1968
Succeeded by
Flag of New Zealand.svg Dick Taylor
Olympic Games
Preceded by
Guido Caroli
Final Olympic torchbearer
with Hans Wikne

Melbourne 1956
Succeeded by
Ken Henry
Preceded by
Paavo Nurmi and Hannes Kolehmainen
Final Summer Olympic torchbearer
with Hans Wikne

Melbourne 1956
Succeeded by
Giancarlo Peris
Political offices
Preceded by
Gary Baildon
Mayor of the Gold Coast
2004–2012
Succeeded by
Tom Tate