Ronald Searle

Last updated

Ronald Searle

Ronald Searle 2011.jpg
Ronald Searle in 2011
Born
Ronald William Fordham Searle

(1920-03-03)3 March 1920
Cambridge, England
Died30 December 2011(2011-12-30) (aged 91) [1]
Draguignan, Var, Provence, France
NationalityBritish
Known forIllustration, graphic artist, cartoons

Ronald William Fordham Searle, CBE, RDI (3 March 1920 – 30 December 2011 [1] ) was an English artist and satirical cartoonist, comics artist, sculptor, medal designer and illustrator. He is perhaps best remembered as the creator of St Trinian's School and for his collaboration with Geoffrey Willans on the Molesworth series. [2]

Contents

Biography

In the Jungle - Self Portrait, Konyu, Thailand Jungle, July 1943 In the Jungle - Self Portrait, Konyu, Thailand Jungle, July 1943 Art.IWMART1574776.jpg
In the Jungle – Self Portrait, Konyu, Thailand Jungle, July 1943

Searle was born in Cambridge, England, where his father was a Post Office worker who repaired telephone lines. [3] He started drawing at the age of five and left school (Central School – now Parkside School) at the age of 15. He trained at Cambridge College of Arts and Technology (now Anglia Ruskin University) for two years. [4]

In April 1939, realizing that war was inevitable, he abandoned his art studies to enlist in the Royal Engineers. In January 1942, he was in the 287th Field Company, RE in Singapore. After a month of fighting in Malaya, he was taken prisoner along with his cousin Tom Fordham Searle, when Singapore fell to the Japanese. He spent the rest of the war as prisoner, first in Changi Prison and then in the Kwai jungle, working on the Siam-Burma Death Railway. Searle contracted both beriberi and malaria during his incarceration, which included numerous beatings, and his weight dropped to less than 40 kilograms. He was liberated in late 1945 with the final defeat of the Japanese. After the war, he served as a courtroom artist at the Nuremberg trials and later the Adolf Eichmann trial (1961). [2]

He married the journalist Kaye Webb in 1947; they had twins, Kate and Johnny. In 1961, Searle moved to Paris, leaving his family; the marriage ended in divorce in 1967. [5] Later he married Monica Koenig, a painter, theatre and jewellery designer. [6] After 1975, Searle and his wife lived and worked in the mountains of Haute Provence.

Searle's wife Monica died in July 2011 and he himself died on 30 December 2011, aged 91.

Early work as war artist

In the Jungle - Working on a Cutting. Rock Clearing after Blasting, 1943 In the Jungle - Working on a Cutting. Rock Clearing after Blasting Art.IWMART1574787.jpg
In the Jungle - Working on a Cutting. Rock Clearing after Blasting, 1943

Although Searle published the first St Trinian's cartoon in the magazine Lilliput in 1941, his professional career really begins with his documentation of the brutal camp conditions of his period as a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese in World War II in a series of drawings that he hid under the mattresses of prisoners dying of cholera. Searle recalled, "I desperately wanted to put down what was happening, because I thought if by any chance there was a record, even if I died, someone might find it and know what went on." But Searle survived, along with approximately 300 of his drawings. Liberated late in 1945, Searle returned to England, where he published several of the drawings in fellow prisoner Russell Braddon's The Naked Island. Another of Searle's fellow prisoners later recounted, "If you can imagine something that weighs six stone or so, is on the point of death and has no qualities of the human condition that aren't revolting, calmly lying there with a pencil and a scrap of paper, drawing, you have some idea of the difference of temperament that this man had from the ordinary human being." [3]

Most of these drawings appear in his 1986 book, Ronald Searle: To the Kwai and Back, War Drawings 1939–1945. [7] In the book, Searle also wrote of his experiences as a prisoner, including the day he woke up to find a dead friend on either side of him, and a live snake underneath his head:

You can’t have that sort of experience without it directing the rest of your life. I think that’s why I never really left my prison cell, because it gave me my measuring stick for the rest of my life... Basically all the people we loved and knew and grew up with simply became fertiliser for the nearest bamboo.

At least one of his drawings is on display at the Changi Museum and Chapel, Singapore, but the majority of his originals are in the permanent collection of the Imperial War Museum, London, along with the works of other POW artists. The best known of these are John Mennie, Jack Bridger Chalker, Philip Meninsky and Ashley George Old.

Magazines, books, and films

Modern Classics reissue of Ronald Searle's St Trinian's drawings Sttrinians.jpg
Modern Classics reissue of Ronald Searle's St Trinian's drawings

Searle produced an extraordinary volume of work during the 1950s, including drawings for Life , Holiday and Punch . [8] His cartoons appeared in The New Yorker , the Sunday Express and the News Chronicle . He compiled more St Trinian's books, which were based on his sister's school and other girls' schools in Cambridge. He collaborated with Geoffrey Willans on the Molesworth books (Down With Skool!, 1953, and How to be Topp, 1954), and with Alex Atkinson on travel books. In addition to advertisements and posters, Searle drew the title backgrounds of the Sidney Gilliat and Frank Launder film The Happiest Days of Your Life . [3]

After moving to Paris in 1961, he worked more on reportage for Life and Holiday and less on cartoons. He also continued to work in a broad range of media and created books (including his well-known cat books), animated films and sculpture for commemorative medals, both for the French Mint and the British Art Medal Society. [9] [10] Searle did a considerable amount of designing for the cinema, and in 1965, he completed the opening, intermission and closing credits for the comedy film Those Magnificent Men in their Flying Machines as well as the 1969 film Monte Carlo or Bust! In 1975, the full-length cartoon Dick Deadeye, or Duty Done was released. It is based on the character and songs from H.M.S. Pinafore . [11]

Medallist

Medal by Searle titled Searle at 70. Struck by Thomas Fattorini Ltd Medal by Searle titled "Searle at 70". Reverse.jpg
Medal by Searle titled Searle at 70. Struck by Thomas Fattorini Ltd

Searle designed the 1992 delegates medal for the FIDEM XXIII Congress London. It depicted a half-length bust of the renaissance medallist Pisanello and was struck by the Royal Mint. Other notable medals were "Searle at Seventy" (1990) [12] and "Kwai 50th Anniversary" (1991) Medal both struck by Thomas Fattorini Ltd, and "Charles Dickens" (1983) struck by the Birmingham Mint.

Archives

In 2010, he gave about 2,200 of his works as permanent loans to Wilhelm Busch Museum, Hanover (Germany), now renamed Deutsches Museum für Karikatur und Zeichenkunst. Previously the summer palace of George I of Hanover, this museum also holds Searle's archives.

Awards

Searle received much recognition for his work, especially in America, including the National Cartoonists Society's Advertising and Illustration Award in 1959 and 1965, the Reuben Award in 1960, their Illustration Award in 1980 and their Advertising Award in 1986 and 1987. Searle was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 2004. [3] In 2007, he was decorated with one of France's highest awards, the Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur, and in 2009, he received the German Lower Saxony Order of Merit.

Influence

His work has had a great deal of influence, particularly on American cartoonists, including Pat Oliphant, [13] Matt Groening, [14] Hilary Knight, [15] and the animators of Disney's 101 Dalmatians . [16]

He was an early influence on John Lennon's drawing style which featured in the books In His Own Write and A Spaniard in the Works . [17] Anglia Ruskin University has named the Ronald Searle Award for Creativity in the Arts in his honour. [4]

Searle was an admiring friend of, and admired by, the great satirical humorist S. J. Perelman. Searle was also a very important influence on the young Gerald Scarfe.

Bibliography

St Trinian's

Molesworth

Other works

  • Forty Drawings (1946)
  • White Coolie, 1947 (with Ronald Hastain)
  • This England 1946–1949, 1949 (edited by Audrey Hilton)
  • The Stolen Journey, 1950 (with Oliver Philpot)
  • An Irishman's Diary, 1950 (with Patrick Campbell)
  • Dear Life, 1950 (with H. E. Bates)
  • Paris Sketchbook, 1950 (with Kaye Webb) (repr. 1958)
  • A Sleep of Prisoners, 1951 (with Christopher Fry)
  • Life in Thin Slices, 1951 (with Patrick Campbell)
  • The Naked Island, 1952 (with Russell Braddon)
  • It Must be True, 1952 (with Denys Parsons)
  • London—So Help Me!, 1952 (with Winifred Ellis)
  • The Diverting History of John Gilpin , 1953 (text by William Cowper)
  • Looking at London and People Worth Meeting, 1953 (with Kaye Webb)
  • Six Animal Plays, 1952 (text by Frank Carpenter)
  • The Dark is Light Enough, 1954 (with Christopher Fry)
  • Patrick Campbells Omnibus, 1954 (with Patrick Campbell)
  • The Journal of Edwin Carp, 1954 (edited by Richard Haydn)
  • Modern Types, 1955 (with Geoffrey Gorer)
  • The Rake's Progress, 1955
  • Merry England, Etc, 1956
  • Anglo-Saxon Attitudes, 1956 (with Angus Wilson)
  • The Big City or the New Mayhew , 1958 (with Alex Atkinson)
  • The Dog's Ear Book, 1958 (with Geoffrey Willans)
  • USA for Beginners, 1959 (with Alex Atkinson)
  • Anger of Achilles: Homer's Iliad, 1959 (translation by Robert Graves)
  • By Rocking Horse Across Russia, 1960 (with Alex Atkinson)
  • Penguin Ronald Searle, 1960
  • Refugees 1960: A Report in Words and Pictures, 1960 (with Kaye Webb)
  • The Biting Eye of Andre Francois (1960)
  • Which Way Did He Go?, 1961
  • A Christmas Carol, 1961 (with Charles Dickens)
  • The 13 Clocks and the Wonderful O, 1962 (with James Thurber)
  • Searle in the Sixties, 1964
  • From Frozen North to Filthy Lucre, 1964
  • Haven't We Met Before Somewhere?, 1966
  • Searle's Cats, 1967
  • The Square Egg, 1968
  • Take One Toad, 1968
  • This Business of Bomfog, 1969 (with Madelaine Duke)
  • Monte Carlo Or Bust, 1969 (with E. W. Hildick)
  • Hello, where did all the people go?, 1969
  • The Second Coming of Toulouse-Lautrec, 1969
  • Secret Sketchbook, 1969
  • The Great Fur Opera: Annals of the Hudson's Bay Company 1670–1970, 1970 (with Kildare Dobbs) [18]
  • Scrooge, 1970 (with Elaine Donaldson)
  • Mr. Lock of St. James's Street, 1971 (with Frank Whitbourn)
  • The Addict, 1971
  • More Cats, 1975
  • Dick Dead Eye, 1975 (after Gilbert and Sullivan)
  • Paris! Paris!, 1977 (with Irwin Shaw)
  • Zodiac, 1977
  • Ronald Searle, 1978
  • The King of Beasts & Other Creatures, 1980
  • The Situation is Hopeless, 1980
  • Winning the Restaurant Game, 1980 (with Jay Jacobs)
  • Too Many Songs by Tom Lehrer With Not Enough Drawings by Ronald Searle, 1981
  • Ronald Searle's Big Fat Cat Book, 1982
  • The Illustrated Winespeak, 1983
  • Ronald Searle in Perspective, 1983
  • Ronald Searle's Golden Oldies 1941–1961, 1985
  • Something in the Cellar, 1986
  • To the Kwai and Back: War Drawings 1939–1945 (1986)
  • Ronald Searle's Non-Sexist Dictionary, 1988
  • Ah Yes, I Remember It Well...: Paris 1961–1975, 1988
  • Slightly Foxed But Still Desirable: Ronald Searle's Wicked World of Book Collecting, 1989
  • Marquis De Sade Meets Goody Two-Shoes, 1994
  • The Tales of Grandpa Cat, 1994 (with Lee Wardlaw)
  • The Hatless Man, 1995 (with Sarah Kortum)
  • A French Affair : The Paris Beat, 1965–1998, 1999 (with Mary Blume)
  • Wicked Etiquette, 2000 (with Sarah Kortum)
  • Ronald Searle in Le Monde, 2001
  • Railway of Hell: A Japanese POW's Account of War, Capture and Forced Labour, 2002 (with Reginald Burton)
  • Searle's Cats, 2005 (New and Expanded Edition, all illustrations are new)
  • The Scrapbook Drawings", 2005
  • Cat O' Nine Tales: And Other Stories, 2006 (with Jeffrey Archer)
  • Beastly Feasts: A Mischievous Menagerie in Rhyme, 2007 (with Robert Forbes)
  • More Scraps & Watteau Revisited, 2008
  • Let's Have a Bite!: A Banquet of Beastly Rhymes, 2010 (with Robert Forbes)
  • What! Already?: Searle at 90, 2010
  • Les Très Riches Heures de Mrs Mole, 2011
  • What Am I Still Doing Here?, 2011 (with Roger Lewis)

See also

Related Research Articles

W. Heath Robinson British illustrator

William Heath Robinson was an English cartoonist, illustrator and artist, best known for drawings of whimsically elaborate machines to achieve simple objectives.

St Trinians School

St Trinian's is a British gag cartoon comic strip series, created and drawn by Ronald Searle from 1946 until 1952. The cartoons all centre on a boarding school for girls, where the teachers are sadists and the girls are juvenile delinquents. The series was Searle's most famous work and inspired a popular series of comedy films.

British humour

British humour carries a strong element of satire aimed at the absurdity of everyday life. Common themes include sarcasm, tongue-in-cheek, banter, insults, self-deprecation, taboo subjects, puns, innuendo, wit, and the British class system. These are often accompanied by a deadpan delivery which is present throughout the British sense of humour. It may be used to bury emotions in a way that seems unkind in the eyes of other cultures. Jokes are told about everything and almost no subject is off-limits, though a lack of subtlety when discussing controversial issues is sometimes considered insensitive. Many British comedy series have become successful internationally, serving as a representation of British culture to overseas audiences.

Patrick Bruce "Pat" Oliphant is an Australian-born American artist whose career spanned more than sixty years. His body of work as a whole focuses mostly on American and global politics, culture, and corruption; he is particularly known for his caricatures of American presidents and other powerful leaders. Over the course of his long career, Oliphant produced thousands of daily editorial cartoons, dozens of bronze sculptures, as well as a large oeuvre of drawings and paintings. He retired in 2015.

Nigel Molesworth Fictional character

Nigel Molesworth is a fictional character, the supposed author of a series of books about life in an English prep school named St Custard's. The books were written by Geoffrey Willans, with cartoon illustrations by Ronald Searle.

Herbert Geoffrey Willans, RNVR,, an English writer and journalist, is best known as the creator of Nigel Molesworth, the "goriller of 3B" and "curse of St. Custard's", as in the four books with illustrations by Ronald Searle.

<i>The Belles of St. Trinians</i> 1954 British comedy film by Frank Launder

The Belles of St Trinian's is a 1954 British comedy film, directed by Frank Launder, co-written by Launder and Sidney Gilliat, and starring Alastair Sim, Joyce Grenfell, George Cole, Hermione Baddeley. Inspired by British cartoonist Ronald Searle's St Trinian's School comic strips, the film focuses on the lives of the students and teachers of the fictional school, dealing with attempts to shut them down while their headmistress faces issues with financial troubles, which culminates in the students thwarting a scheme involving a racehorse.

<i>Blue Murder at St Trinians</i> 1957 British film

Blue Murder at St Trinian's is a 1957 British comedy film, directed by Frank Launder, co-written by Launder and Sidney Gilliat, and starring Terry-Thomas, George Cole, Joyce Grenfell, Lionel Jeffries and Richard Wattis; the film also includes a brief cameo of Alastair Sim, who reprising his lead role in the 1954 film, The Belles of St. Trinian's. Inspired by the St Trinian's School comic strips by British cartoonist Ronald Searle, the film is the second entry in the St. Trinian's film series, with its plot seeing the students of the fictional school making plans to secure a place on a European tour, all while subsequently aiding a criminal who is secretly seeking to escape the country with stolen jewels.

Victor Ambrus Hungarian-British illustrator (1935–2021)

Victor Ambrus was a Hungarian-born British illustrator of history, folk tales, and animal story books. He also became known from his appearances on the Channel 4 television archaeology series Time Team, on which he visualised how sites under excavation may have once looked. Ambrus was an Associate of the Royal College of Art and a Fellow of both the Royal Society of Arts and the Royal Society of Painters, Etchers and Engravers. He was also a patron of the Association of Archaeological Illustrators and Surveyors up until its merger with the Institute for Archaeologists in 2011.

Frank Launder was a British writer, film director and producer, who made more than 40 films, many of them in collaboration with Sidney Gilliat.

Basil Fotherington-Tomas [sic] is a classic fictional character in a series of books by Geoffrey Willans and Ronald Searle featuring the archetypal English prep school boy of the 1950s, Nigel Molesworth, who is the supposed author.

The Cartoon Museum

The Cartoon Museum is a London museum for British cartoons, caricatures and comic strips, owned and operated by the Cartoon Art Trust. It has a library of over 5,000 books and 4,000 comics. The museum issues catalogues and features a changing display of over 250 exhibits from its collection of over 4,000 original cartoons and prints. The museum is "dedicated to preserving the best of British cartoons, caricatures, comics and animation, and to establishing a museum with a gallery, archives and innovative exhibitions to make the creativity of cartoon art past and present, accessible to all for the purposes of education, research and enjoyment.".

Kaz Cooke is an Australian author, cartoonist and broadcaster. She has written several bestselling advice books for girls and women, including Real Gorgeous, Up the Duff, Kidwrangling. Girl Stuff and Women's Stuff, as well as a series of ebooks on women's health topics. Cooke has been a columnist for various Australian newspapers and magazines, including Dolly, The Age, The Australian, Who and The Canberra Times. A collection of her columns, Living with Crazy Buttocks, won the 2002 Bookseller/Diagram Prize for Oddest Title of the Year. In 2008, Girl Stuff won the Australian Publishers Association's General Non-fiction Book of the Year, the Australian Booksellers Association Nielsen BookData Booksellers' Choice Award, and an honour prize from the Children’s Book Council of Australia.

<i>St Trinians</i> (film) 2007 British comedy film

St Trinian's is a 2007 British comedy film and the sixth in a long-running series of British films based on the works of cartoonist Ronald Searle set in St Trinian's School. The first five films form a series, starting with The Belles of St. Trinian's in 1954, with sequels in 1957, 1960, 1966 and a reboot in 1980. The release of 2007, 27 years after the last entry, and 53 years after the first film, is a rebooting of the franchise, rather than a direct sequel, with certain plot elements borrowed from the first film.

George Worsley Adamson American British illustrator and cartoonist

George Worsley Adamson, RE, MCSD was a book illustrator, writer, and cartoonist, who held American and British dual citizenship from 1931.

Molesworth is a surname, and may refer to:

Russell Braddon Australian writer

Russell Reading Braddon was an Australian writer of novels, biographies and TV scripts. His chronicle of his four years as a prisoner of war, The Naked Island, sold more than a million copies.

<i>St Trinians 2: The Legend of Frittons Gold</i> 2009 British film

St Trinian's 2: The Legend of Fritton's Gold is a 2009 British adventure comedy film directed by Oliver Parker and Barnaby Thompson, both of whom directed the previous film in the series. It is the seventh in a long running series of films based on the works of cartoonist Ronald Searle, and the second film produced since the franchise was rebooted in 2007.

Michael Plant Atchison was an Australian cartoonist who worked for the South Australian Advertiser for over 40 years.

St Trinneans School Progressive girls school

St Trinnean's was a progressive girls' school in Edinburgh.

References

  1. 1 2 "UK artist, St Trinian's creator Searle dies aged 91". Reuters. 3 January 2012.
  2. 1 2 "Ronald Searle".
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Ronald Searle". The Daily Telegraph. London. 3 January 2012.
  4. 1 2 "Anglia Ruskin exhibition pays tribute to St Trinians originator Ronald Searle" . Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  5. Eccleshare, Julia (17 January 1996). "OBITUARY: Kaye Webb". The Independent. Retrieved 29 January 2017. married ... thirdly 1946 Ronald Searle (one son, one daughter; marriage dissolved 1967)
  6. Monica Searle: The Art of the Necklace Artslant – New York – Retrieved 5 January 2012
  7. Bill Maudlin (10 August 1986). "Sketches From Life and Death – review of To the Kwai – And Back". The New York Times.
  8. John Walsh (4 January 2012). "Master of St Trinian's: The death of Ronald Searle". The Independent.
  9. "Antonio Pisanello – 23rd FIDEM Congress Medal". Sculpture. Victoria and Albert Museum . Retrieved 1 September 2007.
  10. Medals created for the British Art Medal Society
  11. "Dick Deadeye, or Duty Done (1975)", Time Out Film Guide. Retrieved 7 May 2009
  12. "Medal : "Searle at Seventy"(1990) for BAMS (The British Art Medal Society)". British Art Medal Society. BAMS. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  13. Oliphant, Pat; Katz, Harry L.; Day, Sara (1998). Oliphant's Anthem. p. 26. ISBN   9780836258981 . Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  14. Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine : "My Wasted Life – Matt Groening documentary" . Retrieved 14 February 2012 via YouTube.
  15. Kissel, Howard (23 May 1999). "Plaza Sweetie Eloise, New York's Most Lovable Literary Brat, Makes A Comeback". Daily News. New York.
  16. Amidi, Amid (17 August 2006). Cartoon modern: style and design in fifties animation. ISBN   9780811847315 . Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  17. "John Lennon Interview – Beatles Interview Database" . Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  18. The Great Fur Opera illustrated for the Hudson's Bay Company

Further reading