Rong Baisheng

Last updated
Rong Baisheng
Native name
容柏生
Born(1930-08-27)August 27, 1930
Guangzhou, China
DiedMay 11, 2019(2019-05-11) (aged 88)
Guangzhou, China
Alma mater South China Institute of Technology
OccupationArchitect, Civil Engineer
Works
Shenzhen Shangri-La Hotel (1981)
Guangdong International Building (1985)

Rong Baisheng (Chinese :容柏生; 27 August 1930 – 11 May 2019) was a Chinese architect and civil engineer. A pioneer in skyscraper design and construction in China, he was elected an inaugural member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering in 1995. His works include the Guangdong International Building, which was China's tallest building when completed in 1990, and the Shenzhen Shangri-La Hotel (1981).

Chinese language family of languages

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases not mutually intelligible, language varieties, forming the Sinitic branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Chinese is spoken by the ethnic Chinese majority and many minority ethnic groups in China. About 1.2 billion people speak some form of Chinese as their first language.

Civil engineer engineer specialising in design, construction and maintenance of the built environment

A civil engineer is a person who practices civil engineering – the application of planning, designing, constructing, maintaining, and operating infrastructures while protecting the public and environmental health, as well as improving existing infrastructures that have been neglected.

The Chinese Academy of Engineering is the national academy of the People's Republic of China for engineering. It was established in 1994 and is an institution of the State Council of China. The CAE and the Chinese Academy of Sciences are often referred to together as the "Two Academies". Its current president is Li Xiaohong.

Contents

Early life and education

Rong was born on 27 August 1930 [1] in Guangzhou, Guangdong, Republic of China, with his ancestral home in Nanping, Zhuhai. [2] His father was in the military, and the family became refugees during the Second Sino-Japanese War. He was frequently on the run with his mother and siblings to evade Japanese occupation. [2]

Guangzhou Prefecture-level and Sub-provincial city in Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China

Guangzhou, also known as Canton and formerly romanized as Kwangchow or Kwong Chow, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong in southern China. On the Pearl River about 120 km (75 mi) north-northwest of Hong Kong and 145 km (90 mi) north of Macau, Guangzhou has a history of over 2,200 years and was a major terminus of the maritime Silk Road, and continues to serve as a major port and transportation hub, as well as one of China's three largest cities.

Guangdong Most populous province of the Peoples Republic of China

Guangdong, is a province in South China, on the South China Sea coast. Guangdong surpassed Henan and Shandong to become the most populous province in China in January 2005, registering 79.1 million permanent residents and 31 million migrants who lived in the province for at least six months of the year; the total population was 104,303,132 in the 2010 census, accounting for 7.79 percent of Mainland China's population. This also makes it the most populous first-level administrative subdivision of any country outside of South Asia, as its population is surpassed only by those of the Pakistani province of Punjab and the Indian states of Bihar, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh. The provincial capital Guangzhou and economic hub Shenzhen are among the most populous and important cities in China. The population increase since the census has been modest, the province registering 108,500,000 people in 2015. Most of the historical Guangdong Province is administered by the People's Republic of China (PRC). However, the archipelagos of Pratas in the South China Sea are controlled by the Republic of China, and were previously part of Guangdong Province before the Chinese Civil War.

In Chinese culture, hometown or ancestral home is the place of origin of one's extended family. It may or may not be the place where one is born.

After the surrender of Japan in 1945, Rong returned to Guangzhou and resumed his education. [2] In September 1949, he entered the Civil Engineering Department of Lingnan University (Guangzhou). [3] In 1952, when the Communist government reorganized China's higher education according to the Soviet model, Lingnan's engineering departments became part of the newly established South China Institute of Technology (now South China University of Technology), and Rong was a member of the first class that graduated from the university in July 1953. [2] [3]

Surrender of Japan surrender of the Empire of Japan during the World War II

The surrender of Imperial Japan was announced by Hirohito on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close. By the end of July 1945, the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) was incapable of conducting major operations and an Allied invasion of Japan was imminent. Together with the British Empire and China, the United States called for the unconditional surrender of the Japanese armed forces in the Potsdam Declaration on July 26, 1945—the alternative being "prompt and utter destruction". While publicly stating their intent to fight on to the bitter end, Japan's leaders were privately making entreaties to the publicly-neutral Soviet Union to mediate peace on terms more favorable to the Japanese. While maintaining a sufficient level of diplomatic engagement with the Japanese to give them the impression they might be willing to mediate, the Soviets were covertly preparing to attack Japanese forces in Manchuria and Korea in fulfillment of promises they had secretly made to the United States and the United Kingdom at the Tehran and Yalta Conferences.

Lingnan University (Guangzhou) university in Guangzhou (Canton), China

Lingnan University in Guangzhou (Canton), China, was a private university established by a group of American missionaries in 1888. At its founding it was named Canton Christian College (格致書院).

South China University of Technology University in Guangdong, China

South China University of Technology is a major public research university in China. It is located in the Tianhe District and Panyu District of Guangzhou, capital of Guangdong Province, China. It is a multidisciplinary university focusing on engineering, combined with science, also promoting well coordinated development of management, economics, humanities and law. Its engineering ranks at 22nd among world universities according to Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) in 2016. U.S. News & World Report ranks South China University of Technology 46 in engineering among Best Global Universities in 2018. It is a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University.

Career

Upon graduation from university, Rong worked at the Guangdong Provincial Architectural Design and Research Institute from 1953 to 1958. [4] From January 1958 to January 1972, he taught for 14 years at the Guangdong Provincial Architecture and Engineering School. He returned to the Guangdong Provincial Architectural Design and Research Institute in 1972. [4] After working for decades at the state-owned company, he started his own firm, RBS Architectural Engineering Design Associates, in January 2003. [3] [4]

Guangdong International Building, designed in 1985, completed in 1990 Guangdong International Building.jpg
Guangdong International Building, designed in 1985, completed in 1990

In the 1970s, Rong began researching the structural design of skyscrapers, and devised a complete system of methodology and computer programs. [1] With the commencement of the reform and opening era, Rong's career prospered in the 1980s. He designed the Shenzhen Asia Hotel (now Shangri-La Hotel) in 1981. The 33-story building was a landmark of Shenzhen at the time, and won a Science and Technology Progress Award from the Ministry of Construction of China. [2]

Shenzhen Prefecture-level and Sub-provincial city in Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China

Shenzhen is a major city in Guangdong Province, China; it forms part of the Pearl River Delta megalopolis, bordering Hong Kong to the south, Huizhou to the northeast, and Dongguan to the northwest. It holds sub-provincial administrative status, with powers slightly less than those of a province.

In 1985, Rong designed the 200-meter, 63-story Guangdong International Building using innovative designs and technologies. [2] [5] When completed in 1990, it was the tallest building in China and the first 200-meter skyscraper in the country. [6] It won a National Design Gold Medal, the Zhan Tianyou Civil Engineering Award, and the State Science and Technology Progress Award (Second Class). [2] [5] Recognized as a pioneer in skyscraper design and construction in China, Rong was elected an inaugural member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering in 1995. [2] [3]

Guangdong International Building building in Guangdong, China

The Guangdong International Building or Guangdong International Hotel is a 63-storey, 200 m (660 ft) skyscraper in Guangzhou, China. The tower was designed by Rong Baisheng of the Guangdong Provincial Architectural Design and Research Institute in 1985. When completed in 1990, it was the tallest building in China and the first 200-meter skyscraper in the country.

Zhan Tianyou Chinese railroad engineer

Zhan Tianyou, or Jeme Tien-Yow as he called himself in English, based on the Cantonese pronunciation, was a pioneering Chinese railroad engineer. Educated in the United States, he was the chief engineer responsible for construction of the Peking-Kalgan Railway, the first railway constructed in China without foreign assistance. For his contributions to railroad engineering in China, Zhan is known as the "Father of China's Railroad".

Personal life

Rong died in Guangzhou, China on 11 May 2019, at the age of 88. [2] [3]

Related Research Articles

Sun Yat-sen University university in Guangdong, China

Sun Yat-sen University, abbreviated SYSU and colloquially known in Chinese as Zhongda, also known as Zhongshan University, is a major Chinese public research university located in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. It was founded in 1924 by and named after Dr. Sun Yat-sen, a revolutionary and the founding father of the Republic of China.

Pan Jiazheng was a Chinese hydraulic engineer and scientist.

Jiangnan University

Jiangnan University, is a university located in Wuxi, Jiangsu, China. It is a key national university of the “Project 211” and is directly administrated by the Chinese Ministry of Education. It is also a Chinese Ministry of Education Double First Class Discipline University, with Double First Class status in certain disciplines.

Fan Haifu is a Chinese physicist. He is a member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and The World Academy of Sciences.

Fan Lichu was a Chinese structural engineer, bridge specialist, and academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE).

Shi Ping was a Chinese aircraft designer, who is responsible for the development of the two-seat intermediate jet trainer Hongdu JL-8. He was a member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.

Rong Zhixing or Rong Zhihang is a retired Chinese footballer who played for Guangdong. He represented China PR in the 1976 Asian Cup and qualifying for the 1982 FIFA World Cup.

Liu Dajun was a Chinese agricultural scientist, educator and an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE).

Shen Panwen was a Chinese chemist.

Meng Wei is a Chinese politician and environmentalist who served as president of the Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences from 2001 to 2016. As of November 2017 he was under investigation by the Communist Party's anti-corruption agency. He was an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. He was a deputy to the 11th and 12th National People's Congress. He was the first notable figure implicated in corruption following the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China on October 24, 2017. He is the third academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering whose title has been revoked in the past two years, after Li Ning and Zhou Guotai. Meng Wei has been stripped of his post and party membership on April 4, 2018.

Zeng Jingsheng is a Chinese oil painter. He was born in Huizhou, Guangdong. He is a member of the China Artists Association. He has been vice chairman of the Shenzhen Artists Association.

Liang Weiyan was a Chinese electrical engineer and expert in power-generating equipment. He was one of the key engineers who designed the water turbines of the Three Gorges Dam, the world's largest power station. He also served as Chief Engineer of Harbin Electric Machinery Company and taught at the Harbin Institute of Technology. He was elected an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering in 1995.

Xu Qinan is a Chinese engineer and general designer of deep-sea research submersible Jiaolong. He is an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE).

Cheng Taining

Cheng Taining is a Chinese architect. He is Director of the Design and Theoretical Research Center of Southeast University and Chief Architect of China United Engineering Corporation.

Ruan Xueyu was a Chinese pressure processing specialist and academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE). He had hailed as the "Father of Cold Extrusion Technology" in China. He was a professor at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, a part-time professor at Tsinghua University, and honorary professor at Kumamoto University.

Sun Wei was a Chinese civil engineer and an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE).

Dai Fudong was a Chinese architect. He was a lifelong professor of Tongji University and the founding director of the university's Institute of High-tech Building Technology. He was elected an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering in 1999. He emphasized the use of local and natural materials in his designs, and summarized his design philosophy as "modern bones, traditional soul, and natural clothing". Over a career spanning more than 50 years, Dai and his wife Wu Lusheng designed about 100 projects together.

In 2009, there were 974 preschool educational institutions in Shenzhen: 346 elementary schools with 589,500 students, 285 primary and secondary schools with 316,000 students, and 20 secondary vocational schools with 47,000 students. There were also nine full-time higher education institutions based in the city, one higher education institution with correspondence education and 109 higher education institution branches. In total, 67,000 students studied at Shenzhen universities.

References

  1. 1 2 "容柏生 基本信息". Chinese Academy of Engineering. Retrieved 2019-05-13.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 苏海伦 (2019-05-12). "设计广东国际大厦"63层"的容柏生走了!系土生土长的广州院士". Sohu (in Chinese). Retrieved 2019-05-13.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Yue, Huairang (2019-05-12). "中国工程院院士、中国工程设计大师容柏生逝世,享年90岁". The Paper. Retrieved 2019-05-13.
  4. 1 2 3 "容柏生 主要经历". Chinese Academy of Engineering. Retrieved 2019-05-13.
  5. 1 2 "容柏生院士逝世". Guangming Daily . 2019-05-13. Retrieved 2019-05-13.
  6. "Top Ten Skyscrapers in China". China Pictorial. Retrieved 2019-05-17.