This article needs additional citations for verification . (May 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Roppongi Hills as seen from Tokyo Tower
|Location||Minato, Tokyo, Japan|
|Opening||April 25, 2003|
|Roof|| Mori Tower: 238 m (781 ft) |
Residences B and C: 159 m (522 ft)
Grand Hyatt Tokyo: 80.5 m (264 ft)
|Floor count||Mori Tower: 54|
Residences B and C: 43
Grand Hyatt Tokyo: 21
|Floor area||Total: 724,000 m2 (7,790,000 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Kohn Pedersen Fox|
Roppongi Hills (六本木ヒルズ, Roppongi Hiruzu) is a development project in Tokyo and one of Japan's largest integrated property developments, located in the Roppongi district of Minato, Tokyo.
Constructed by building tycoon Minoru Mori, the mega-complex incorporates office space, apartments, shops, restaurants, cafés, movie theatres, a museum, a hotel, a major TV studio, an outdoor amphitheatre, and a few parks. The centerpiece is the 54-story Mori Tower. Mori's stated vision was to build an integrated development where high-rise inner-urban communities allow people to live, work, play, and shop in proximity to eliminate commuting time. He argued that this would increase leisure time, quality of life, and benefit Japan's national competitiveness. Seventeen years after the design's initial conception, the complex opened to the public on April 25, 2003. The architecture and use of space is documented in the book Six Strata: Roppongi Hills Redefined.
Roppongi Hills cost over $4 billion and is built on a 27-acre (109,000 m²) site. The site amalgamated more than 400 smaller lots Mori acquired over 14 years.
Mori Tower is a 54-story high-rise building designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox that houses an art museum, restaurants, cafes, clinics, stores, the offices of Allen & Overy, Barclays Capital, Ferrari Japan, Goldman Sachs, J-WAVE, Konami, Time Inc., Chevron, BASF, Lenovo, Mercari, Baidu, GREE, BP, SAS Institute and Google. The Pokémon Company has its headquarters in the Mori Tower.
The first six levels of Mori Tower contain retail stores and restaurants. The top six floors house the Mori Art Museum and the Tokyo City View with panoramic views of the city. A new exit from Roppongi Station empties into a glass atrium filled with large television screens and escalators, as well as several shops and restaurants. The rest of the building is office space.
Around the Mori Tower are several smaller buildings predominantly occupied by shops and restaurants, a cinema complex, and the Mori Garden. Behind the Mori Tower lies the Roppongi Keyakizaka Street which has cafes and luxury stores such as Louis Vuitton. Nearby are the four Roppongi Hills Residences towers, with a total of 793 luxurious and very expensive residential apartments.
Large open spaces have been built into the design of Roppongi Hills. About half of the area consists of gardens, pavilions, and other open spaces. The Mohri Garden, an elaborate and authentic Japanese garden complete with a pond and trees is particularly popular. The Mohri Garden is a part of a lost mansion that housed members of the feudal Mohri clan.
On Roppongi Hills the exhibition of the United Buddy Bears was shown in 2005 for the first time in Japan. The exhibition was opened by the President of the Federal Republic of Germany, Horst Köhler, together with the Prime Minister of Japan, Junichiro Koizumi. According to the Mori-Group, project partners in Tokyo, they were able to count three million visitors over the six weeks of the exhibition.
The American School in Japan's Early Learning Center is housed in a residence building next to the Hills, the Roppongi Sakura-zaka Residence.A playground adjacent to the complex, near the school, is known in English as Robot Park and has robot-themed play equipment.
Roppongi Hills Arena is a facility with large outdoor speakers, in proximity to older housing. Since the construction of the Roppongi Hills development, complaints of noise pollution from older residents have been ignored by Mori Building management, according to residents. The building most directly suffering from noise is on top of an embankment opposite the Arena. Residents say several residents have been forced out by the noise.
Henry Hilton of the Japan Today news aggregator website criticised the development when he argued:
Yet the truth is that the crowds are unlikely to return once they have been exhausted by the charade of inconvenient walkways that appear almost intentionally to confuse all but those with perfect map navigational skills. The whole maze is far from being user friendly—don't count on full protection from autumn showers or sudden gusts of wind generated by the buildings themselves.
Mori Building has financed the project with $800 million equity and $1.3 billion in debt from a syndicate of banks led by the Development Bank of Japan. As a result, the company's overall debts are $5.6 billion, secured by billions more in assets.
Goldman Sachs & Co., the project's anchor tenant, attracted deep discounts in rental prices because of the large amount of space it occupies. Japan's sluggish economy, staff cuts by foreign companies, and the flow of new office space have put downward pressure on rents.
Because of eminent domain law in Japan, several past residents of the site that would be Roppongi Hills have been given residential units in the complex in return for their agreement to vacate their prior homes, so that their prior homes would be demolished and the land used for the development of Roppongi Hills.
The Tokyo Midtown, a more recent mixed-use development project in Tokyo, is built less than a kilometer from the borders of Roppongi Hills. As it will incorporate Tokyo's tallest building, a sizable park, and a museum, in addition to a complex of residential and offices, it was expected that this project would increase the competition for customers upon the opening. However, as of January 2008, the Tokyo commercial real estate market is still suffering from insufficient capacity and occupancy rates throughout the city are at record highs.
Jerde-associated architectural projects in Japan:
Roppongi (六本木) is a district of Minato, Tokyo, Japan, famous for the affluent Roppongi Hills development area and popular night club scene. A few foreign embassies are located near Roppongi, and the night life is popular with locals and foreigners alike. It is in the central part of Tokyo, south of Akasaka and north of Azabu.
Namba Parks is an office and shopping complex located in Namba-naka Nichome, Naniwa-ku, Osaka, Japan, the south of Namba Station on Nankai Railway. It consists of a high-rise office building called Parks Tower and a 120-tenant shopping mall with rooftop garden. Namba Parks was developed by Jon Jerde of The Jerde Partnership in the footprint of the since closed Osaka Stadium.
Minoru Mori was considered to be one of Japan's most powerful and influential building tycoons. He joined his father, Taikichiro's, real estate business after graduating from Tokyo University and was president and CEO of Mori Building, of which he and his older brother Kei's families owned 100%. He owned 12.74% of Sunwood Corporation.
Roppongi Hills Mori Tower is a 54-story mixed-use skyscraper in Roppongi, Minato, Tokyo. Completed in 2003 and named after builder Minoru Mori, it is the centerpiece of the Roppongi Hills urban development. It is the sixth-tallest building in Tokyo at 238 meters (781 ft). The tower has a floor space area of 379,408 square meters, making it one of the largest buildings in the world by this measure.
Jon Adams Jerde, was an American architect based in Venice, Los Angeles, California, founder and chairman of The Jerde Partnership, a design architecture and urban planning firm specializing in the design of shopping malls that has created a number of commercial developments around the globe. Jerde became well known as an innovator in the design of malls and related spaces. His firm has grown into a multi-disciplinary firm with offices in Los Angeles, Orange County, California, Hong Kong, and Shanghai.
Riverwalk Kitakyushu is a prestigious shopping centre near the Murasaki river and Kokura Castle in Kokura Kita ward, Kitakyushu, Japan. It was opened as part of the Kitakyushu Renaissance policy on April 19, 2003. It includes theatres, restaurants, a multiplex cinema, NHK studios, the head offices of Zenrin Co. and the Asahi Shimbun, and a branch of the Kitakyushu city art museum.
Nakheel is a property developer based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. In November 2020, Naaman Atallah was appointed as its new chief executive officer.
Tokyo Midtown is a 569,000-square-meter mixed-use development in Akasaka, Tokyo, Japan. Completed in March 2007, the $3 billion project includes office, residential, commercial, hotel, and leisure space, and the new quarters of the Suntory Museum of Art. When completed, the Midtown Tower was the tallest building in Tokyo. The main building complex is surrounded by Hinokicho Park, a 10 acre public park containing green areas along with works of art.
Ark Hills is a major office development by Mori Building Company in Minato, Tokyo. Completed in 1986, the complex includes the ANA InterContinental Tokyo Hotel, the ARK Mori Building, the world-class Suntory Hall concert hall, a TV studio and several apartment buildings. TV Asahi still uses its former headquarters as an annexe for some of its departments and subsidiaries; the network's headquarters themselves were moved nearby building designed by Fumihiko Maki in 2003. Every September the area celebrates with an autumn festival that includes music, dancing, food, art, and shopping.
The Izumi Garden Tower is a 201 m high-rise building in the Roppongi district of Tokyo. The tower features a hotel, apartments, a fitness center, offices, shops and restaurants. When construction was completed in 2002, the tower was the tallest building in Minato-ku, although it has since been surpassed by the Mori Tower of Roppongi Hills.
Omotesando Hills is a shopping complex in central Tokyo built in 2005, in a series of urban developments by Mori Building. It occupies a two hundred and fifty meter stretch of Omotesandō, a shopping and (previously) residential road in Aoyama. It was designed by Tadao Ando, and contains over 130 shops and 38 apartments.
Atago Green Hills is an urban complex, located in Atago, Minato-ku in central Tokyo between the Kamiyacho and Onarimon subway stations. Constructed by building tycoon Minoru Mori, the complex incorporates offices, residences, shops, gardens, temples and museum.
Canal City Hakata (キャナルシティ博多) is a large shopping and entertainment complex in Fukuoka, Japan. Called the "city within the city," it boasts numerous attractions including shops; cafes; restaurants; a theater; game center; cinemas; two hotels; and a canal, which runs through the complex.
Mori Building Company, Limited is a family-owned Japanese property management firm. As of 2015 its president and CEO is Shingo Tsuji. Its headquarters are in the Roppongi Hills Mori Tower in Roppongi, Minato, Tokyo.
D-Cube City is a mega-complex in Seoul, Korea, which comprises department stores, office space, a park, an art center, a theatre, a hotel, restaurants, a theme park, and private residences. Daeseong Industrial Company constructed in 2011, and its main office is located here. This mixed use facility was developed by the same groups that developed Roppongi Hills in Tokyo.
Mori Trust Co., Ltd. is a Japanese real estate developer.
Toranomon Hills is a skyscraper complex project built by Mori Building in the Toranomon district of Minato, Tokyo, Japan. Designed by Nihon Sekkei, it is built around the new Loop Road No. 2, a surface artery that will connect the Shinbashi and Toranomon districts.
The Ark Hills Sengokuyama Mori Tower (アークヒルズ仙石山森タワー) is a 206.7 m (678 ft) mixed-use skyscraper in Roppongi, Minato ward, Tokyo. The building was designed by Irie Miyake Architects and Engineers and Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects, while the construction process was managed by Obayashi Corporation. In addition, it was developed by Mori Building Company. Construction of the tower started in 2009 and completed in 2012. It has 47 storeys.
The Prudential Tower (プルデンシャルタワー) is a skyscraper located in Nagatachō, Tokyo, Japan. It contains offices, residences, and shops, with 38 floors above ground and a total floor area of 76,634 square meters. It is situated on the Sotobori-dōri trunk road, near the National Diet Building and other central government institutions, including the Prime Minister's Official Residence.
The Toronamon-Azabudai District is a complex of three skyscrapers under construction in Tokyo, Japan. Upon completion, the complex will contain the tallest building in Tokyo and in Japan. Construction of the complex began in 2019, and is expected to be completed in 2023. The complex, designed by the architectural firm Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects, is being developed by the Mori Building Company. It is estimated that the project will cost about 580 billion yen.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roppongi Hills .|