Rose Francine Rogombé

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Rose Francine Rogombé
Rose Francine Rogombe.png
President of Gabon
In office
10 June 2009 16 October 2009
Prime Minister Jean Eyeghé Ndong
Paul Biyoghé Mba
Preceded by Didjob Divungi Di Ndinge (Acting) [1]
Succeeded by Ali Bongo Ondimba
Personal details
BornRose Francine Etomba
(1942-09-20)20 September 1942
Lambaréné, French Equatorial Africa (now Gabon)
Died 10 April 2015(2015-04-10) (aged 72)
Paris, France
Political party PDG

Rose Francine Rogombé (néeEtomba) (20 September 1942 – 10 April 2015) was a Gabonese politician who was Acting President of Gabon from June 2009 to October 2009, following the death of long-time President Omar Bongo. She constitutionally succeeded Bongo due to her role as President of the Senate, [2] a post to which she was elected in February 2009. [3] She was a lawyer by profession and a member of the Gabonese Democratic Party (PDG). [4] Rogombé was the first female head of state of Gabon. After her interim presidency, she returned to her post as President of the Senate. [5] [6]

Gabon country in Africa

Gabon, officially the Gabonese Republic, is a country on the west coast of Central Africa. Located on the equator, Gabon is bordered by Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo on the east and south, and the Gulf of Guinea to the west. It has an area of nearly 270,000 square kilometres (100,000 sq mi) and its population is estimated at 2 million people. Its capital and largest city is Libreville.

Omar Bongo President of Gabon

El Hadj Omar Bongo Ondimba was a Gabonese dictator under French control who was President of Gabon for 42 years, from 1967 until his death in 2009. Omar Bongo was promoted to key positions as a young official under Gabon's first President Léon M'ba in the 1960s, before being elected Vice-President in his own right in 1966. In 1967, he succeeded M'ba to become the second Gabon President, upon the latter's death.

Senate of Gabon upper house of the Parliament of Gabon

The Senate (Sénat) is the upper house of the Parliament of Gabon. It has 102 members, elected for a six-year term in single-seat constituencies by local and départemental councillors. Beginning with the 2009 election, some constituencies elect two senators.


Early life and career

Rose Francine Etomba, a member of the Galwa ethnic group, was born in Lambaréné, French Equatorial Africa (now Gabon), in 1942. [7] After studying in France, she worked as a magistrate in Gabon. She also served in the government as Secretary of State for the Advancement of Women and Human Rights [8] during the 1980s. [9] She left politics during the transition to multiparty politics in the early 1990s, instead devoting herself to law; she eventually became Vice-President of the Special Criminal Court. [7] In 2007, she received a degree in theology. [8]

Lambaréné Place in Moyen-Ogooué, Gabon

Lambaréné is a town and the capital of Moyen-Ogooué in Gabon. With a population of 38,775 as of 2013, it is located 75 kilometres south of the equator.

French Equatorial Africa federation of French colonial possessions in Central Africa

French Equatorial Africa, or the AEF, was the federation of French colonial possessions in Equatorial Africa, extending northwards from the Congo River into the Sahel, and comprising what are today the countries of Chad, the Central African Republic, Cameroon, the Republic of the Congo, and Gabon.

France Republic with mainland in Europe and numerous oversea territories

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

2008 local elections and 2009 Senate election

In the April 2008 local elections, Rogombé was elected as a municipal councillor in Lambaréné; she was subsequently elected as a Senator from Lambaréné in the January 2009 Senate election. [3] Following the latter election, she was elected as President of the Senate on 16 February 2009, receiving the support of 90 of the 99 Senators who voted. [9]

The President of the Senate is often given to the presiding officer of a senate, and is the speaker of other assemblies.

Rogombé, who was nicknamed the "iron lady", was a somewhat obscure figure when President Bongo effectively selected her to become President of the Senate, and her selection reportedly surprised many in the PDG leadership. Despite her relative obscurity, she was reportedly familiar with the operation of political power in Gabon, being close to Bongo and a friend of the family of Georges Rawiri, a prominent politician who became President of the Senate before his death in 2006. [7]

Georges Rawiri was a Gabonese politician, diplomat and poet.


As President of the Senate, Rogombé was the constitutionally designated successor to the Presidency of the Republic in the event of a vacancy in the latter office; if this occurred, she was to serve only in an interim capacity prior to the holding of a new presidential election, in which she would not be allowed to run. [9] Following the death of President Omar Bongo on 8 June 2009, the Constitutional Court designated Rogombé as interim President on 9 June, and her swearing in was scheduled for the following day. [10] In her capacity as interim President, the Constitutional Court said that Rogombé, unlike an elected President, would not have the power to dissolve the National Assembly or call a referendum. A new presidential election was required within 30 to 45 days, according to the Gabonese constitution, [11] although it was considered very likely that it would be delayed beyond that point due to the need to update the voter rolls. [12]

Interim is a word in the English language, which denotes "in or for the intervening period; provisional or temporary."

National Assembly of Gabon lower house of Gabons parliament

The National Assembly is the lower house of the Parliament of Gabon. It has 120 members, 111 members elected for a five-year term in single-seat constituencies and 9 members appointed by the President.

Rogombé was sworn in on 10 June 2009, in the presence of members of the Constitutional Court, government, Senate, and National Assembly, as well as foreign diplomats. She took the oath after a minute of silence in Bongo's memory, swearing "to devote all my strength to the good of the Gabonese people, with the aim of promoting its well-being and protecting it from all harm, to respect and defend the constitution and a state of law, and conscientiously to carry out my duties and to be fair before everyone". [2] Internet access had been cut and television channels played only religious music following the announcement of Bongo's death. [13]

After Rogombé assumed the Presidency of the Republic, Léonard Andjembé, the First Vice-President of the Senate, succeeded her as President of the Senate in an interim capacity. [14]

In the presidential election held on 30 August 2009, PDG candidate Ali Bongo was victorious according to official results. Bongo was sworn in as President on 16 October 2009, and Rogombé returned to her post in the Senate on 20 October, taking over from Andjembé. There was no provision in the constitution specifically enabling her to return to her former post, but it was believed that Rogombé's resumption of duties in the Senate could constitute a precedent in that regard. In recognition of her work in leading Gabon through the early presidential election, Marcel Sandoungou, the oldest Senator, presented her with a medal of honor on the occasion of her return to the Senate. She said that the Senate was ready to work with Bongo as he pursued his planned reforms. [5]


Rogombé distributed 23,000 toys to children in Lambaréné on 30 January 2010 in a belated celebration of Christmas. [15]

Following the December 2014 Senate election, Lucie Milebou Aubusson was elected to succeed Rogombé as President of the Senate on 27 February 2015. [16]

Rogombé died on 10 April 2015 at a hospital in Paris, where she had gone for medical treatment a few days prior. [17] [18]

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  1. - Gabon
  2. 1 2 "Gabon's Senate speaker becomes interim head of state", AFP, 10 June 2009.
  3. 1 2 Christian Walter Ngouah-Beaud, "Portrait: Rose Francine Rogombé, du prétoire au perchoir" Archived 18 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine ., Gabonews, 17 February 2009 (in French).
  4. Magnowski, Daniel (16 May 2009). "Gabon's Bongo in Europe, "resting" from duties". Reuters . Retrieved 8 June 2009.
  5. 1 2 "Gabon: Rose Rogombé regagne son terreau du Sénat", Gaboneco, 20 October 2009 (in French).
  6. Skard, Torild (2014) "Rose Rogombé" in Women of power - half a century of female presidents and prime ministers worldwide, Bristol: Policy Press ISBN   978-1-4473-1578-0, pp. 313-4
  7. 1 2 3 "Gabon: Mme Rogombé, une magistrate fidèle de Bongo aux commandes", AFP, 10 June 2009 (in French).
  8. 1 2 Christian Walter Ngouah-Beaud, "Gabon: Parlement: Rose Francine Rogombé à la tête de la chambre haute pour six ans" Archived 18 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine ., Gabonews, 16 February 2009 (in French)
  9. 1 2 3 "Gabon: Une femme élue président du Sénat" Archived 15 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine ., Infosplusgabon, 17 February 2009 (in French).
  10. "Gabon nominates acting president amid mourning for Bongo", AFP, 9 June 2009.
  11. "Gabon bids to choke fears of Bongo succession battle", AFP, 9 June 2009.
  12. "Gabon's premier sees no election by end July", AFP, 23 June 2009.
  13. "Gabon appoints interim president". BBC News. 10 June 2009. Retrieved 10 June 2009.
  14. "Gabon: Le Sénat rend hommage à Madame le président de la République, Rose Francine Rogombé", Gabonews, 1 July 2009 (in French).
  15. "Moyen-Ogooué : La présidente du Sénat distribue 23.000 jouets aux élèves de la commune", Agence Gabonaise de Presse, 1 February 2010 (in French).
  16. "Lucie Milebou Aubusson, élue sans surprise président du Sénat" Archived 2 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine ., Agence Gabonaise de Presse, 27 February 2015 (in French).
  17. Jacques Jarele Sika, "France : Rose Rogombé a tiré sa révérence à Paris", Gabonews, 10 April 2015 (in French).
  18. Gabon: Francine Rogombe, the first woman senator died
Political offices
Preceded by
Didjob Divungi Di Ndinge
President of Gabon

Succeeded by
Ali Bongo Ondimba