Rossendale (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°42′29″N2°14′24″W / 53.708°N 2.240°W / 53.708; -2.240

Contents

Rossendale
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Rossendale1974Constituency.svg
Rossendale in Lancashire, showing boundaries used from 1974-1983
County Lancashire
Major settlements Rawtenstall
18851983
Number of membersOne
Replaced by Rossendale and Darwen
Bury North
Created from North East Lancashire

Rossendale was a parliamentary constituency in the Lancashire, England. Created in 1885, it elected one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first-past-the-post voting system. When created it comprised the districts of Rawtenstall, Bacup, and Haslingden; Ramsbottom district was added to the constituency in 1950.

The constituency ceased to exist with the implementation of the 1983 boundary changes and was replaced by the Rossendale and Darwen constituency. The exact nature of the changes were as follows: 9,882 electors of the Rossendale seat were transferred to Bury North. 25,918 electors were added from the abolished Darwen constituency and 5,267 from Heywood and Royton.

Boundaries

1885–1918: The Sessional Division of Rossendale, and part of the Borough of Bacup.

1918–1950: The Boroughs of Bacup, Haslingden, and Rawtenstall.

1950–1983: The Boroughs of Bacup, Haslingden, and Rawtenstall, and the Urban District of Ramsbottom.

Members of Parliament

ElectionMemberParty
1885 Spencer Cavendish Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1892 by-election John Maden Liberal
1900 by-election Sir William Mather Liberal
1904 by-election Lewis Harcourt Liberal
1917 by-election Sir John Maden Liberal
1918 Robert Waddington Coalition Conservative
1922 David Halstead Conservative
1923 Robert Waddington Conservative
1929 Arthur Law Labour
1931 Ronald Cross Conservative
1945 George Walker Labour
1950 Tony Greenwood Labour
1970 Ronald Bray Conservative
Oct 1974 Michael Noble Labour
1979 David Trippier Conservative
1983 constituency abolished: see Rossendale and Darwen

Elections

Elections in the 1880s

Hartington 8thDukeOfDevonshire.jpg
Hartington
General election 1885: Rossendale [1]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Spencer Cavendish 6,060 58.9
Conservative William Farrer Ecroyd 4,22841.1
Majority1,83217.8
Turnout 10,28889.9
Registered electors 11,450
Liberal win (new seat)
General election 1886: Rossendale [2]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Unionist Spencer Cavendish 5,399 57.8 +16.7
Liberal Thomas Newbigging 3,94942.216.7
Majority1,45015.6N/A
Turnout 9,34881.68.3
Registered electors 11,450
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +16.7

Elections in the 1890s

Cavendish succeeded to the peerage, becoming Duke of Devonshire and causing a by-election.

1892 Rossendale by-election [3] [4]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal John Maden 6,066 55.6 +13.4
Liberal Unionist Thomas Brooks 4,84144.413.4
Majority1,22511.2N/A
Turnout 10,90793.4+11.8
Registered electors 11,679
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +13.4
General election 1892: Rossendale [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal John Maden 6,058 58.3 +16.1
Conservative Arthur Goldsmith Sparrow4,33441.716.1
Majority1,72416.6N/A
Turnout 10,39289.0+7.4
Registered electors 11,679
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +16.1
General election 1895: Rossendale [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal John Maden Unopposed
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1900s

William Mather William Mather.jpg
William Mather
1900 Rossendale by-election [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal William Mather 5,936 56.5 N/A
Conservative George Kingsbury4,56443.5New
Majority1,37213.0N/A
Turnout 10,50086.4N/A
Registered electors 12,148
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1900: Rossendale [8] Electorate 12,148
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal William Mather Unopposed
Liberal hold
Lewis Harcourt Lewis Viscount Harcourt by Solomon J Solomon.jpg
Lewis Harcourt
1904 Rossendale by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Lewis Harcourt Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1906: Rossendale [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Lewis Harcourt 6,881 59.6 N/A
Conservative John Kebty-Fletcher 4,66240.4New
Majority2,21919.2N/A
Turnout 11,54390.4N/A
Registered electors 12,765
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s

General election January 1910: Rossendale [10] Electorate 12,765
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Lewis Harcourt 7,185 57.4 2.2
Conservative John Kebty-Fletcher 4,69537.52.9
Women's Suffrage Arthur Bulley 6395.1New
Majority2,49019.9+0.7
Turnout 12,51994.7+4.3
Registered electors 13,217
Liberal hold Swing +0.4
General election December 1910: Rossendale [11] Electorate 12,765
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Lewis Harcourt 6,619 56.0 1.4
Conservative Joshua Craven Hoyle5,20644.0+6.5
Majority1,41312.07.9
Turnout 11,82589.55.2
Registered electors 13,217
Liberal hold Swing 4.0

General Election 1914–15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

1917 Rossendale by-election [12] [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal John Maden 6,019 76.9 +20.9
Independent Labour and Peace by Negotiation Albert Taylor 1,80423.1New
Majority4,21553.8+41.8
Turnout 7,82357.232.3
Registered electors 13,682
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1918: Rossendale [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
C Unionist Robert Waddington 8,90739.24.8
Labour Gilbert Wright Jones 7,98435.1New
Liberal John Maden 5,83725.730.3
Majority9234.1N/A
Turnout 22,72863.625.9
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +12.8
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1922: Rossendale [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist David Halstead 12,881 42.6 +3.4
Labour Gilbert Wright Jones 11,02936.5+1.4
Liberal Richard Durning Holt 6,32720.9-4.8
Majority1,8526.1+2.0
Turnout 30,23785.0+21.4
Unionist hold Swing
Norman Angell Norman Angell 01.jpg
Norman Angell
General election 1923: Rossendale [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Robert Waddington 11,362 37.6 -5.0
Liberal Ernest Young 9,59231.8+10.9
Labour Norman Angell 9,23030.6-5.9
Majority1,7705.8-0.3
Turnout 30,18483.8-1.2
Unionist hold Swing -8.0
General election 1924: Rossendale [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Robert Waddington 12,836 41.7 +4.1
Labour James Bell 9,95132.4+1.8
Liberal Ernest Young 7,95825.9-5.9
Majority2,8859.3+3.5
Turnout 30,745
Unionist hold Swing
General election 1929: Rossendale [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Arthur Law 14,624 36.0 +3.6
Liberal Edwin Bayliss 13,74733.9+8.0
Unionist Wilfrid Sugden 12,22530.1-11.6
Majority8772.1N/A
Turnout 40,59687.7
Labour gain from Unionist Swing -2.2

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1931: Rossendale [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Ronald Cross 16,206 40.1 +10.0
Liberal William Furness Dean13,08932.4-1.5
Labour Arthur Law 11,13527.5-8.5
Majority3,1177.7N/A
Turnout 40,43087.6-0.1
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General election 1935: Rossendale [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Ronald Cross 15,650 39.4 -0.7
Labour Evelyn Walkden 14,76937.1+9.6
Liberal Arthur Holgate9,34323.5-8.9
Majority8812.3-5.4
Turnout 39,76286.1-1.5
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939–40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Election in the 1940s

General election 1945: Rossendale [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour George Walker 15,741 43.6 +6.5
Conservative Ronald Cross 10,15328.1-11.3
Liberal Arthur Ward Jones8,54223.7+0.2
Communist William Whittaker1,6634.6New
Majority5,58815.5N/A
Turnout 36,09983.2-2.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1950: Rossendale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Tony Greenwood 21,59645.15
Conservative Thomas Mercer Backhouse19,48340.73
Liberal Lillian May Tomlinson6,75714.13
Majority2,1134.42
Turnout 47,83688.94
Labour hold Swing
General election 1951: Rossendale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Tony Greenwood 24,81451.74
Conservative Thomas Mercer Backhouse23,14448.26
Majority1,6703.48
Turnout 47,95888.59
Labour hold Swing
General election 1955: Rossendale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Tony Greenwood 23,47253.31
Conservative John E Parkinson20,56146.69
Majority2,9116.62
Turnout 44,03384.21
Labour hold Swing
General election 1959: Rossendale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Tony Greenwood 20,74347.52
Conservative James Richard Trist Holt18,15241.59
Liberal Alan Cooper4,75210.89New
Majority2,5915.93
Turnout 43,64786.30
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1964: Rossendale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Tony Greenwood 21,37153.97
Conservative Colin Clive Baillieu18,23046.03
Majority3,1417.94
Turnout 39,60181.83
Labour hold Swing
General election 1966: Rossendale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Tony Greenwood 21,09355.40
Conservative Colin Clive Baillieu16,98444.60
Majority4,10910.80
Turnout 38,07780.40
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1970: Rossendale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Ronald Bray 20,448 52.4 +7.8
Labour Betty Boothroyd 18,56847.6-7.8
Majority1,8804.8N/A
Turnout 39,01678.2-2.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General election February 1974: Rossendale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Ronald Bray 16,040 38.4 -14.0
Labour Michael Noble 15,24336.5-11.1
Liberal JA Hamilton10,47825.09New
Majority7971.91-2.9
Turnout 41,76183.50+5.3
Conservative hold Swing
General election October 1974: Rossendale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Michael Noble 16,156 39.6 +3.1
Conservative Ronald Bray 15,95339.1+0.7
Liberal J.A. Hamilton8,69321.3-3.8
Majority2030.5N/A
Turnout 40,80280.9-2.6
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 1.2
General election 1979: Rossendale
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative David Trippier 20,370 48.0 +8.9
Labour Michael Noble 18,49743.6+4.0
Liberal P. Arnold3,5348.3−13.0
Majority1,8734.4N/A
Turnout 42,40183.8+2.9
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

See also

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References

  1. British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  2. British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  3. The Times, 25 January 1892 p7
  4. British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  5. British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  7. The Times, 14 February 1900 p8
  8. British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  10. British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  11. British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  12. The Times, 14 February 1917 p8
  13. British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  14. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  15. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  16. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  17. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  18. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  19. The Times House of Commons, 1931
  20. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  21. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  22. Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  23. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig