Rostov Oblast

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Rostov Oblast
Ростовская область
Flag of Rostov Oblast.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Rostov Oblast.svg
Coat of arms
Anthem: Anthem of Rostov Oblast (The Orthodox Quiet Don) [1]
Map of Russia - Rostov Oblast.svg
Coordinates: 47°52′N41°11′E / 47.867°N 41.183°E / 47.867; 41.183 Coordinates: 47°52′N41°11′E / 47.867°N 41.183°E / 47.867; 41.183
Country Russia
Federal district Southern [2]
Economic region North Caucasus [3]
EstablishedSeptember 13, 1937 [4]
Administrative center Rostov-on-Don [5]
Government
  Body Legislative Assembly
   Governor [6] Vasily Golubev [7]
Area
[8]
  Total100,800 km2 (38,900 sq mi)
Area rank 32nd
Population
 (2010 Census) [9]
  Total4,277,976
  Estimate 
(2018) [10]
4,220,452 (−1.3%)
  Rank 6th
  Density42/km2 (110/sq mi)
   Urban
67.2%
   Rural
32.8%
Time zone UTC+3 (MSK   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [11] )
ISO 3166 code RU-ROS
License plates 61, 161, 761
OKTMO ID60000000
Official languages Russian [12]
Website http://www.donland.ru/

Rostov Oblast (Russian:Росто́вская о́бласть, tr. Rostovskaya oblast,IPA:  [rɐˈstofskəjə ˈobləsʲtʲ] ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in the Southern Federal District. The oblast has an area of 100,800 square kilometers (38,900 sq mi) and a population of 4,277,976 (2010 Census), [9] making it the sixth most populous federal subject in Russia. Its administrative center is the city of Rostov-on-Don, which also became the administrative center of the Southern Federal District in 2002.

Contents

Geography

Rostov Oblast borders Ukraine and also Volgograd and Voronezh Oblasts in the north, Krasnodar and Stavropol Krais in the south, and the Republic of Kalmykia in the east. The Rostov oblast is located in the Pontic-Caspian steppe. It is directly north over the North Caucasus.

It is within the Russian Southern Federal District.

Rivers and lakes

The Don River, one of Eurasia's largest rivers, flows through the oblast for part of its course. Lakes cover only 0.4% of the oblast's area.

Administrative divisions

Rostov Oblast Government building Rostov Obl Adm.JPG
Rostov Oblast Government building
Steppe of the Rostov Oblast in the Ust-Donetsky District belongs to the Pontic-Caspian steppe Razdorskie sklony.jpg
Steppe of the Rostov Oblast in the Ust-Donetsky District belongs to the Pontic-Caspian steppe

It was formed in 1937 out of the Azov-Black Sea Krai.

Demographics

Reverse side of 2007 commemorative coin RR5514-0043R.png
Reverse side of 2007 commemorative coin

Population: 4,277,976(2010 Census); [9] 4,404,013(2002 Census); [13] 4,308,654(1989 Census). [14]

Vital statistics for 2012

2009 - 1.38 | 2010 - 1.38 | 2011 - 1.39 | 2012 - 1.51 | 2013 - 1.52 | 2014 - 1.61 | 2015 - 1.63 | 2016 - 1.60(e)

Ethnic groups: Residents identified themselves as belonging to 157 different ethnic groups, including twenty-seven of more than two thousand persons each. The largest ethnicities are [9] the 3,795,607 Russians (90.3%); the 77,802 Ukrainians (1.9%); the 110,727 Armenians (2.6%). Other important groups are the 35,902 Turks (0.9%); 16,493 Belarusians (0.4%)); 13,948 Tatars (0.3%); 17,961 Azerbaijanis (0.4%); 11,449 Chechens (0.3%); 16,657 Romani (0.4%); 11,597 Koreans (0.3%); 8,296 Georgians (0.2%), and 2,040 Assyrians (.05%). There were also 76,498 people (1.8%) belonging to other ethno-cultural groupings. 76,735 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group. [17]

Religion

Novocherkassk Ascension Cathedral in 2019 Novocherkassk. Voznesenskii voiskovoi patriarshii kafedral'nyi sobor.jpg
Novocherkassk Ascension Cathedral in 2019
Church of the Intercession, Rostov-on-Don RND-Pokrovskaya cerkva.jpg
Church of the Intercession, Rostov-on-Don
Religion in Rostov Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas) [18] [19]
Russian Orthodoxy
49.5%
Other Orthodox
0.8%
Other Christians
6%
Islam
1.1%
Rodnovery and other native faiths
0.5%
Spiritual but not religious
25.5%
Atheism and irreligion
11.6%
Other and undeclared
5%

According to a 2012 survey [18] 49.5% of the population of Rostov Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 6% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% are either Orthodox Christian believers who don't belong to church or are members of other (non-Russian) Orthodox bodies, 1% are Muslims, and 1% are adherents of the Slavic native faith (Rodnovery) movement. In addition, 26% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 12% is atheist, and 3.5% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question. [18]

The Ascension Cathedral is the largest Russian Orthodox church in Novocherkassk, Rostov Oblast, Russia. It used to be one of the largest churches of the Russian Empire and the main church of the Don Host Province.

The five-domed building, which stands 75 meters tall, is a notable example of the Russian Neo-Byzantine architecture. It was erected between 1891 and 1904 on the site of an earlier church. The first church on the site was built to Luigi Rusca's designs. It collapsed in 1846. A replacement church collapsed 17 years later. [20]

Church of the Intercession of the Holy Virgin ― one of the oldest churches in Rostov-on-Don. For a considerable period of time Intercession Church served as the principal church not only for the fortress of St. Dimitry of Rostov, but also for people of local settlements. Since the end of the 18th century Church of Intercession had been considered to be a cathedral. The status changed in 1822, when Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary on the decree of the Holy Synod was declared cathedral.

Attractions

Rostov academic drama theatre named after Maxim Gorky Teatr Gorkogo.jpg
Rostov academic drama theatre named after Maxim Gorky
Taganrog Theatre Taganrog Theater.jpg
Taganrog Theatre
Rostov State Musical Theater Rostovskii gosudarstvennyi muzykal'nyi teatr.jpg
Rostov State Musical Theater
Soviet steam locomotive class Su in the display area Retro-poezd Rostov.jpg
Soviet steam locomotive class Su in the display area
Taganrog military museum Taganrogskii voenno-istoricheskii muzei - vkhod.jpg
Taganrog military museum
Deinotherium skeleton in one of the rooms. Deinotherium in Azov museum.jpg
Deinotherium skeleton in one of the rooms.

The region is 8057 of objects of archaeological heritage of Federal importance. These include lower-Gnilovskaya a settlement and a necropolis, fragments of the walls of the Genoese fortress of the 14th century, the archaeological Museum-reserve "Tanais", many burial Mounds and necropolises.

Since 2002, in the Rostov region are the country's only racing on tractors "bison-Track-Show". In a unique competition brings together machine operators of agricultural enterprises of Russia and abroad. In the past the race on tractors have become a real sports holiday of workers of agriculture.

Theatres

The theater has two stages as well as a music and entertainment center, and hosts about 300 performances and concerts annually, as well as various forums and festivals. Its repertoire encompasses both musical traditions, as well as experiments in the field of contemporary art.

Museums

Forest-steppe in Rostov oblast Razdorskie sklony donskogo pravoberezh'ia.jpg
Forest-steppe in Rostov oblast

In Rostov-on-Don

In other cities of the region

Economy

The port of Taganrog Taganport.jpg
The port of Taganrog

Major industries of Rostov Oblast are agriculture, agricultural industry, food processing, heavy industry, coal and automobile manufacture. [22]

The largest companies in the region include Novoshakhtinsk Petrochemical Plant, Gloria Jeans Corp., Rostvertol, Oil-extracting factory "Yug Rusi", North Caucasian Railway. [23]

Culture

Related Research Articles

Novocherkassk City in Rostov Oblast, Russia

Novocherkassk is a city in Rostov Oblast, Russia, located near the confluence of the Tuzlov and Aksay Rivers, the latter a distributary of the Don River. Novocherkassk is best known as the cultural capital of the Cossacks, and as the official capital of the Don Cossacks. Population: 168,746 ; 170,822 ; 187,973 (1989 Census); 178,000 (1974); 123,000 (1959); 81,000 (1939); 52,000 (1897).

Taganrog City in Rostov Oblast, Russia

Taganrog is a port city in Rostov Oblast, Russia, on the north shore of the Taganrog Bay in the Sea of Azov, several kilometers west of the mouth of the Don River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 257,681; the latest official estimate was 248,664.

Volgodonsk City in Rostov Oblast, Russia

Volgodonsk is a city in Rostov Oblast, Russia, located in the east of the oblast on the west bank of the Tsimlyansk Reservoir. Population: 170,841 (2010 Census); 165,994 (2002 Census); 175,593 (1989 Census); 28,000 (1970).

Shakhty City in Rostov Oblast, Russia

Shakhty is a city in Rostov Oblast, Russia, located on the southeastern spur of the Donetsk mountain ridge, 75 kilometers (47 mi) northeast of Rostov-on-Don. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 239,987.

Bataysk City in Rostov Oblast, Russia

Bataysk is a city in Rostov Oblast, Russia, located 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) southwest of Rostov-on-Don. Population: 111,843 (2010 Census); 107,438 (2002 Census); 91,930 (1989 Census).

Belaya Kalitva Town in Rostov Oblast, Russia

Belaya Kalitva is a town and the administrative center of Belokalitvinsky District in Rostov Oblast, Russia. Population: 43,651 (2010 Census); 47,347 (2002 Census); 47,803 (1989 Census).

Semikarakorsk Town in Rostov Oblast, Russia

Semikarakorsk is a town and the administrative center of Semikarakorsky District in Rostov Oblast, Russia, located on the left bank of the Don River, 137 kilometers (85 mi) northeast of Rostov-on-Don, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 23,884 (2010 Census); 23,473 (2002 Census); 22,704 (1989 Census).

Aksay, Rostov Oblast Town in Rostov Oblast, Russia

Aksay is a town and the administrative center of Aksaysky District in Rostov Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Don River, 18 kilometers (11 mi) northeast of Rostov-on-Don, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 41,969 (2010 Census); 38,012 (2002 Census); 33,389 (1989 Census). It was previously known as Ust-Aksayskaya, Aksayskaya.

Morozovsk Town in Rostov Oblast, Russia

Morozovsk is a town and the administrative center of Morozovsky District in Rostov Oblast, Russia, located on the Bystraya River, 265 kilometers (165 mi) northeast of Rostov-on-Don, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 27,642 (2010 Census); 29,222 (2002 Census); 27,004 (1989 Census).

Tsimlyansk Town in Rostov Oblast, Russia

Tsimlyansk is a town and the administrative center of Tsimlyansky District in Rostov Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Don River, on the coast of Tsimlyansk Reservoir, 236 kilometers (147 mi) northeast of Rostov-on-Don, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 15,028 (2010 Census); 15,444 (2002 Census); 15,343 (1989 Census).

Aksaysky District District in Rostov Oblast, Russia

Aksaysky District, or Aksay Region is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the forty-three in Rostov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the western central part of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,162 square kilometers (449 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Aksay. Population: 102,369 ; 88,899 (2002 Census); 73,361 (1989 Census). The population of Aksay accounts for 41.0% of the district's total population.

Belokalitvinsky District District in Rostov Oblast, Russia

Belokalitvinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the forty-three in Rostov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,649.8 square kilometers (1,023.1 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Belaya Kalitva. Population: 102,039 ; 28,294 (2002 Census); 28,009 (1989 Census). The population of Belaya Kalitva accounts for 42.8% of the district's total population.

Kamensky District, Rostov Oblast District in Rostov Oblast, Russia

Kamensky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the forty-three in Rostov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the west of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,570 square kilometers (990 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Gluboky. Population: 47,696 ; 51,757 (2002 Census); 53,291 (1989 Census). The population of Gluboky accounts for 20.7% of the district's total population.

Morozovsky District District in Rostov Oblast, Russia

Morozovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the forty-three in Rostov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the east of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,550 square kilometers (980 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Morozovsk. Population: 42,404 ; 46,395 (2002 Census); 43,574 (1989 Census). The population of Morozovsk accounts for 65.2% of the district's total population.

Neklinovsky District District in Rostov Oblast, Russia

Neklinovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the forty-three in Rostov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the west of the oblast, immediately adjacent to the border with Ukraine's Donetsk Oblast. It surrounds the city of Taganrog on that city's landward side. The area of the district is 2,148 square kilometers (829 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Pokrovskoye. Population: 84,915 ; 82,706 (2002 Census); 77,775 (1989 Census). The population of Pokrovskoye accounts for 14.6% of the district's total population.

Oktyabrsky District, Rostov Oblast District in Rostov Oblast, Russia

Oktyabrsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the forty-three in Rostov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the western central part of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,998.7 square kilometers (771.7 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Kamenolomni. Population: 73,224 ; 78,983 (2002 Census); 66,566 (1989 Census). The population of Kamenolomni accounts for 15.4% of the district's total population.

Rodionovo-Nesvetaysky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the forty-three in Rostov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the west of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,547 square kilometers (597 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Rodionovo-Nesvetayskaya. Population: 23,632 ; 23,391 (2002 Census); 21,665 (1989 Census). The population of Rodionovo-Nesvetayskaya accounts for 27.0% of the district's total population.

Tarasovsky District District in Rostov Oblast, Russia

Tarasovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the forty-three in Rostov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northwest of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,767.47 square kilometers (1,068.53 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Tarasovsky. Population: 29,802 ; 32,608 (2002 Census); 33,639 (1989 Census). The population of the administrative center accounts for 30.3% of the district's total population.

Zavetinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the forty-three in Rostov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southeast of the oblast. The area of the district is 3,000 square kilometers (1,200 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Zavetnoye. Population: 17,250 ; 18,508 (2002 Census); 18,638 (1989 Census). The population of Zavetnoye accounts for 41.0% of the district's total population.

Tatsinskaya is a rural locality and the administrative center of Tatsinsky District, Rostov Oblast, Russia. Population: 9,980 (2010 Census); 11,275 (2002 Census); 10,834 (1989 Census).

References

  1. Law #30-ZS
  2. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. Charter of Rostov Oblast, Article 13
  5. Charter of Rostov Oblast, Article 14
  6. Charter of Rostov Oblast, Article 27
  7. Official website of Rostov Oblast. Vasily Yuryevich Golubev, Governor of Rostov Oblast (in Russian)
  8. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  10. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  11. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  12. Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  13. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  14. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  15. "Естественное движение населения в разрезе субъектов Российской Федерации". www.gks.ru.
  16. "Каталог публикаций::Федеральная служба государственной статистики". www.gks.ru.
  17. "ВПН-2010". www.perepis-2010.ru.
  18. 1 2 3 "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  19. 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.
  20. "История - Официальный сайт Ростовской и Новочеркасской епархии". rostoveparhia.ru.
  21. Музей истории Северо-Кавказской железной дороги (in Russian). Localway. Retrieved August 12, 2017.
  22. "Industry of the region". invest-don.com/en/promyshlennost_regiona.
  23. "Rostov region Industries". investinregions.ru. Retrieved November 7, 2018.

Sources