Route Napoléon

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Gilded eagle marker along the Route Napoleon, on the southern approach to Gap, Hautes-Alpes Route-Napoleon02.jpg
Gilded eagle marker along the Route Napoléon, on the southern approach to Gap, Hautes-Alpes
The Route Napoleon Routenapoleon.jpg
The Route Napoléon

The Route Napoléon is the route taken by Napoléon in 1815 on his return from Elba. It is now concurrent with sections of routes N85, D1085, D4085, and D6085.

Elba Mediterranean island in Tuscany, Italy

Elba is a Mediterranean island in Tuscany, Italy, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from the coastal town of Piombino, and the largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago. It is also part of the Arcipelago Toscano National Park, and the third largest island in Italy, after Sicily and Sardinia. It is located in the Tyrrhenian Sea about 50 kilometres (30 mi) east of the French island of Corsica.

Concurrency (road) instance of one physical road bearing two or more different highways

A concurrency in a road network is an instance of one physical roadway bearing two or more different highway, motorway, or other route numbers. When two freeways share the same right-of-way, it is sometimes called a common section or commons. Other terminology for a concurrency includes overlap, coincidence, duplex, triplex, multiplex, dual routing or triple routing.


The route begins at Golfe-Juan, where Napoleon disembarked 1 March 1815, beginning the Hundred Days that ended at Waterloo. The road was inaugurated in 1932 and meanders from the French Riviera north-northwest along the foothills of the Alps. It is marked along the way by statues of the French Imperial Eagle.

Golfe-Juan seaside resort in France

Golfe-Juan is a seaside resort on France's Côte d'Azur. The distinct local character of Golfe-Juan is indicated by the existence of a demonym, "Golfe-Juanais," which is applied to its inhabitants.

Hundred Days period from Napoleons escape from Elba to the second restoration of King Louis XVIII

The Hundred Days marked the period between Napoleon's return from exile on the island of Elba to Paris on 20 March 1815 and the second restoration of King Louis XVIII on 8 July 1815. This period saw the War of the Seventh Coalition, and includes the Waterloo Campaign, the Neapolitan War as well as several other minor campaigns. The phrase les Cent Jours was first used by the prefect of Paris, Gaspard, comte de Chabrol, in his speech welcoming the king back to Paris on 8 July.

Battle of Waterloo battle of the Napoleonic Wars in which Napoleon was defeated

The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815 near Waterloo in Belgium, part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands at the time. A French army under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by two of the armies of the Seventh Coalition: a British-led allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington, and a Prussian army under the command of Field Marshal Blücher. The battle marked the end of the Napoleonic Wars.


From south to north:

Antibes Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Antibes is a Mediterranean resort in the Alpes-Maritimes department of southeastern France, on the Côte d'Azur between Cannes and Nice.

Grasse Subprefecture and commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Grasse is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department, on the French Riviera.

Saint-Vallier-de-Thiey Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Saint-Vallier-de-Thiey is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France.

Laffrey Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Laffrey is a commune in the Isère department in southeastern France. It’s known for Napoleon passing through the town on march 7 1815.

Col Bayard mountain pass

Col Bayard (1,246 m) is a mountain pass through the Dauphiné Alps in the department of Hautes-Alpes in France.

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Gap, Hautes-Alpes Prefecture and commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

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Mijoux Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

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Rampe de Laffrey section of Frances Route nationale 85

The Rampe de Laffrey is a section of France's Route nationale 85, today called the Route Napoléon, located in the department of Isère between the communes of Laffrey and Vizille, about fifteen kilometers southeast of Grenoble. It is a steep and mostly relatively straight section of road which ends in a sharp turn, and known for the high number of fatal automobile accidents which have occurred along its route. Four of these, in 1946, 1973, 1975, and 2007, and all affecting buses of pilgrims returning from Notre Dame de la Salette, are counted among the deadliest in French history.

Accident on the Rampe de Laffrey (2007)

The accident on the Rampe de Laffrey on July 22, 2007, was one of the most serious accidents to occur along a stretch of road widely considered among the worst in France. 26 Polish pilgrims were killed when their bus flew off the road and into a ravine near the town of Vizille. 24 people were injured, 9 gravely, in the crash.

Grande Tête de lObiou mountain in France

The Grande Tête de l'Obiou is a mountain in the French Prealps belonging to the French department of Isère. It is the highest peak of the Dévoluy Mountains and of the Dauphiné Prealps and the seventh most prominent summit of metropolitan France.

Col de Manse

The Col de Manse is a mountain pass located in the Massif des Écrins approximately 9 km (6 mi) north-east of Gap in the Hautes-Alpes department of France. The pass connects Gap with the high Champsaur valley and the ski resort of Orcières-Merlette. The road over the col is used occasionally by the Tour de France cycle race with the tour crossing the pass twice in 2013.

2015 Tour de France, Stage 12 to Stage 21

The 2015 Tour de France was the 102nd edition of the race, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Tour started in Utrecht, Netherlands on 4 July and finished on the Champs-Élysées in Paris on 26 July. On 21 July, between stages 16 and 17 there was a rest day in Gap.