Routledge

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Routledge
Routledge logo.svg
Parent company Taylor & Francis
StatusActive
Founded1851;168 years ago (1851)
Founder George Routledge
Country of originUnited Kingdom
Headquarters location Abingdon-on-Thames
DistributionWorld wide
Key peopleJeremy North (MD Books) [1]
Publication typesBooks and academic journals
Nonfiction topics Humanities, social science, behavioral science, education, law
Official website routledge.com

Routledge ( /ˈrtlɪ/ ) [2] is a British multinational publisher. It was founded in 1836 by George Routledge, and specialises in providing academic books, journals, & online resources in the fields of humanities, behavioural science, education, law and social science. The company publishes approximately 1,800 journals and 5,000 new books each year and their backlist encompasses over 70,000 titles. [3] Routledge is claimed to be the largest global academic publisher within humanities and social sciences. [4] [5]

Multinational corporation large corporation doing business in many countries

A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization which owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country. Black's Law Dictionary suggests that a company or group should be considered a multinational corporation if it derives 25% or more of its revenue from out-of-home-country operations. A multinational corporation can also be referred to as a multinational enterprise (MNE), a transnational enterprise (TNE), a transnational corporation (TNC), an international corporation, or a stateless corporation. There are subtle but real differences between these three labels, as well as multinational corporation and worldwide enterprise.

George Routledge was a British publisher, the founder of the publishing house Routledge.

Humanities academic disciplines that study human culture

Humanities are academic disciplines that study aspects of human society and culture. In the Renaissance, the term contrasted with divinity and referred to what is now called classics, the main area of secular study in universities at the time. Today, the humanities are more frequently contrasted with natural, and sometimes social, sciences as well as professional training.

Contents

In 1998, Routledge became a subdivision and imprint of its former rival, Taylor & Francis Group (T&F), as a result of a £90 million acquisition deal from Cinven, a venture capital group which had purchased it two years previously for £25 million. [6] Following the merger of Informa and T&F in 2004, Routledge become a publishing unit and major imprint within the Informa 'academic publishing' division. [7] Routledge is headquartered in the main T&F office in Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxfordshire and also operates from T&F offices globally including in Philadelphia, Melbourne, New Delhi, Singapore and Beijing. [8]

Taylor & Francis Commercial publishing group

Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals. It is a division of Informa plc, a United Kingdom-based publisher and conference company.

Cinven is a global private equity firm founded in 1977, with offices in nine international locations in Guernsey, London, New York, Paris, Frankfurt, Milan, Luxembourg, Madrid, and Hong Kong that acquires Europe and United States based corporations, and emerging market firms that fit with their core businesses, and necessitate a minimum equity investment of €100 million or more. In 2015, it had €10.6 billion in assets under management.

Informa multinational publishing and conference company

Informa plc is a multinational events and publishing company with its head office and registered office in London. It has offices in 43 countries and around 6,500 employees. It owns numerous brands including CRC Press, Datamonitor, Fan Expo, Institute for International Research, Lloyd's List, Penton, Routledge, Taylor & Francis, and UBM.

History

The firm originated in 1836, when the London bookseller George Routledge published an unsuccessful guidebook, The Beauties of Gilsland with his brother-in-law W H (William Henry) Warne as assistant. In 1848 the pair entered the booming market for selling inexpensive imprints of works of fiction to rail travellers, in the style of the German Tauchnitz family, which became known as the "Railway Library". [9]

The venture was a success as railway usage grew, and it eventually led to Routledge, along with W H Warne's Brother Frederick Warne, to found the company, George Routledge & Co. in 1851. [10] The following year in 1852, the company gained lucrative business through selling reprints of Uncle Tom's Cabin, (in the public domain in the UK) which in turn enabled it to pay author Edward Bulwer-Lytton £20,000 for a 10-year lease allowing sole rights to print all 35 of his works [9] [11] including 19 of his novels to be sold cheaply as part of their "Railway Library" series. [12]

Frederick Warne was a British publisher, founder of Frederick Warne & Co.

<i>Uncle Toms Cabin</i> anti-slavery novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe

Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly, is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe. Published in 1852, the novel had a profound effect on attitudes toward African Americans and slavery in the U.S. and is said to have "helped lay the groundwork for the Civil War".

Edward Bulwer-Lytton British statesman and author

Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Baron Lytton, PC was an English writer and politician. He served as a Whig MP from 1831 to 1841 and a Conservative MP from 1851 to 1866. He was Secretary of State for the Colonies from June 1858 to June 1859, when he selected Richard Clement Moody to be founder of British Columbia. He was offered the Crown of Greece in 1862 after the abdication of King Otto, but declined it. He became Baron Lytton of Knebworth in 1866. His son was the statesman Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton, who served as Governor-General of India and British Ambassador to France, and wrote poetry under the pseudonym Owen Meredith. Bulwer-Lytton's literary works were highly popular; his novels earned him a fortune. He coined the phrases "the great unwashed", "pursuit of the almighty dollar", "the pen is mightier than the sword", and "dweller on the threshold". Then came a sharp decline in his reputation, so that he is known today for little more than the opening line "It was a dark and stormy night", the first seven words of his novel Paul Clifford (1830). The sardonic Bulwer-Lytton Fiction Contest attempts to find the "opening sentence of the worst of all possible novels".

Routledge stand at Senate House History Day 2018 Routledge stand at Senate House History Day 2018.jpg
Routledge stand at Senate House History Day 2018

The company was restyled in 1858 as Routledge, Warne & Routledge when George Routledge's son, Robert Warne Routledge, entered the partnership. Frederick Warne eventually left the company after the death of his brother W.H. Warne in May 1859 (died aged 37). [13] Gaining rights to some titles, he founded Frederick Warne & Co in 1865, which became known for its Beatrix Potter books. [14] In July 1865, George Routledge's son Edmund Routledge became a partner, and the firm became George Routledge & Sons. [15]

Frederick Warne & Co is a British publisher famous for children's books, particularly those of Beatrix Potter, and for its Observer's Books which have gained a cult following.

Beatrix Potter English childrens writer and illustrator

Helen Beatrix Potter was an English writer, illustrator, natural scientist, and conservationist best known for her children's books featuring animals, such as those in The Tale of Peter Rabbit.

Edmund Routledge

Edmund Routledge, was a British publisher of boys' magazine and an author of books about sports.

By 1899 the company was running close to bankruptcy. Following a successful restructuring in 1902 by scientist Sir William Crookes, banker Arthur Ellis Franklin, William Swan Sonnenschein as managing director, and others, however, it was able to recover and began to acquire and merge with other publishing companies including J. C. Nimmo Ltd. in 1903. In 1912 the company took over the management of Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., the descendant of companies founded by Charles Kegan Paul, Alexander Chenevix Trench, Nicholas Trübner, and George Redway. [16]

Arthur Ellis Franklin was a British merchant banker and senior partner of Keyser & Co.

William Swan Sonnenschein English publisher

William Swan Sonnenschein, known from 1917 as William Swan Stallybrass, was a British publisher, editor and bibliographer. His publishing firm, Swan Sonnenschein, published scholarly works in the fields of philosophy and the social sciences. as well as general literature and periodicals. In 1902 he became the senior managing director of the British publishing firm George Routledge & Sons.

Charles Kegan Paul British publisher and author

Charles Kegan Paul was an English publisher and author.

These early 20th-century acquisitions brought with them lists of notable scholarly titles, and from 1912 onward, the company became increasingly concentrated in the academic and scholarly publishing business under the imprint "Kegan Paul Trench Trubner", as well as reference, fiction and mysticism. In 1947, George Routledge and Sons finally merged with Kegan Paul Trench Trubner (the umlaut had been quietly dropped in the First World War) under the name of Routledge & Kegan Paul. [17] Using C.K Ogden and later Karl Mannheim as advisers the company was soon particularly known for its titles in philosophy, psychology and the social sciences.

In 1985, Routledge & Kegan Paul joined with Associated Book Publishers (ABP), [18] which was later acquired by International Thomson in 1987. Under Thomson's ownership, Routledge's name and operations were retained, and, in 1996, a management buyout financed by the European private equity firm Cinven saw Routledge operating as an independent company once again. Just two year later, Cinven and Routledge's directors accepted a deal for Routledge's acquisition by Taylor & Francis Group (T&F), with the Routledge name being retained as an imprint and subdivision. [19]

In 2004, T&F became a division within Informa plc after a merger. Routledge continues as a primary publishing unit and imprint within Informa's 'academic publishing' division, publishing academic humanities and social science books, journals, reference works and digital products. Routledge has grown considerably as a result of organic growth and acquisitions of other publishing companies and other publishers' titles by its parent company. [20] [21] [22] Humanities and social sciences titles acquired by T&F from other publishers are rebranded under the Routledge imprint. [21]

People

The famous English publisher Fredric Warburg was a commissioning editor at Routledge during the early 20th century. Novelist Nina Stibbe, author of Love, Nina , worked at the company as a commissioning editor in the 1990s. [23]

Authors

Routledge has published many of the greatest thinkers and scholars of the last hundred years, including Adorno, Bohm, Butler, Derrida, Einstein, Foucault, Freud, Hayek, Jung, Levi-Strauss, McLuhan, Marcuse, Popper, Russell, Sartre and Wittgenstein. The republished works of these authors have appeared as part of the Routledge Classics [24] and Routledge Great Minds series. Competitors to the series are Verso Books' Radical Thinkers, Penguin Classics and Oxford World's Classics.

Works

Taylor and Francis closed down the Routledge print encyclopaedia division in 2006. Some of its publications were:

Reference Works by Europa Publications, published by Routledge:

Many of Routledge's reference works are published in print and electronic formats as Routledge Handbooks and have their own dedicated website: Routledge Handbooks Online. [29] The company also publishes several online encyclopedias and collections of digital content such as Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, [25] Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism [30] Routledge Performance Archive, [31] and South Asia Archive. [32]

Book series

See also

Related Research Articles

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James Alfred Wanklyn was a nineteenth-century English chemist who is remembered today chiefly for his "ammonia method" of determining water quality and for his fierce arguments with those, such as Edward Frankland, who opposed him over matters related to water analysis. Wanklyn was born in Ashton-under-Lyne and died in New Malden. He worked with Frankland, Robert Bunsen, and Lyon Playfair. He was Professor of Chemistry at the London Institution after 1864, and many of his papers were published from that institution.

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Transaction Publishers was a New Jersey–based publishing house that specialized in social science books. It was located on the Livingston Campus of Rutgers University. Transaction was sold to Taylor & Francis in 2016 and merged with its Routledge imprint.

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References

Citations

  1. "Managing Director, Humanities & Social Science Books, Taylor & Francis Group". Informa.
  2. Upton, Clive; Kretzschmar, Jr., William A. (2017). The Routledge Dictionary of Pronunciation for Current English (2nd ed.). Routledge. p. 1164. ISBN   978-1-138-12566-7.
  3. "About Us – Routledge" . Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  4. "Publishing With Us – Routledge". Taylor & Francis Group. 2016.
  5. "Outsell HSS Market Size Share Forecast" (PDF).
  6. "Books merger yields windfall of £6m". The Independent. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  7. "Academic Publishing".
  8. "T&F Group Global Offices".
  9. 1 2 "Yellowbacks: III – Routledge's Railway Library" . Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  10. "UCL Library Services: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd Archives – 1850–1984" . Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  11. Sutherland (2009:527,553).
  12. Barnes, James J.; Barnes, Patience P. (2004). "Routledge, George". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/24184.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  13. "Geni – William Henry Warne (1822–1859) – Genealogy" . Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  14. "ketupa.net – Taylor and Francis Informa" . Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  15. "Routledge, George (DNB00)". DNB. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  16. "The Lucile Project,"PUBLISHER: Kegan Paul, Trench & Company; Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Company, London"". University of Iowa. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  17. Franklin (1987),
  18. Whipp (1992:47)
  19. Clark & Phillips (2008:xvi); Cope (1998)
  20. Academic Publishing Industry: A Story of Merger and Acquisition Archived 4 May 2012 at WebCite - Taylor & Francis.
  21. 1 2 Taylor & Francis
  22. "Results for 12 months to 31st December 2015" (PDF).
  23. "About Nina Stibbe".
  24. "Routledge Classics and Routledge Great Minds".
  25. 1 2 "Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy".
  26. "Europa World Online".
  27. "World Who's Who".
  28. "The Europa World of Learning".
  29. "Routledge Handbooks Online".
  30. "Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism".
  31. "Routledge Performance Archive".
  32. "South Asia Archive".
  33. Collecting The Broadway Travellers Series, thebooksinmylife.com. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  34. Colloquial Series, routledge.com. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  35. Morley's Universal Library (George Routledge) - Book Series List, publishinghistory.com. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  36. Muses’ Library, owu.edu. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  37. Republic of Letters, owu.edu. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  38. Routledge's Railway Library, publishinghistory.com. Retrieved 24 June 2018.

Sources