The Royal Casket (Polish : Szkatuła Królewska) was a memorial created in 1800 by Izabela Czartoryska. The large wooden casket contained 73 precious relics that had once belonged to Polish royalty. The casket was inscribed: "Polish mementos assembled in 1800 by Izabela Czartoryska." It once reposed in the Temple of the Sibyl at Puławy.
The relics contained in the casket included:
The casket survived all the confiscations after the collapses of the Polish national uprisings, because it had been moved to Kraków.
When World War II broke out, it was transported together with the rich collection of the Czartoryski Museum to Sieniawa and hidden in a repository, in a palace outbuilding, which was later bricked up. However, the German owner of a mill who worked for the Czartoryski family betrayed the hiding place to Wehrmacht soldiers, who entered Sieniawa on 14 September 1939.The soldiers broke into the palace and plundered the collection. They robbed the Royal Casket and distributed its contents among themselves.
Puławypronounced [puˈwavɨ] is a city in eastern Poland, in Lublin Province of northern Lesser Poland, located at the confluence of the Wisła and Kurówka rivers. According to the GUS census estimate, the city had a total population of 49,839 in 2006. Puławy is the capital of Puławy County, and was known as Nowa Aleksandria, or Nowo Aleksandria, from 1846 to 1918 during partitions of Poland. Its coat of arms is the Pahonia.
The Order of the White Eagle is Poland's highest order awarded to both civilians and the military for their merits. It was officially instituted on 1 November 1705 by Augustus II the Strong and bestowed on eight of his closest diplomatic and political supporters.
Prince Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski was an influential Polish aristocrat, writer, literary and theater critic, linguist, traveller and statesman. He was a great patron of arts and a candidate for the Polish crown. He was educated in England and after his return to Poland in 1758, he became a member of the Sejm (parliament), Crown General of Podolia and Marshal of General Confederation of Kingdom of Poland.
Elżbieta "Izabela" Dorota Czartoryska was a Polish princess, writer, and art collector who is widely regarded as a very prominent figure of the Enlightenment in Poland. She was wife of Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski and became a member of the influential Familia. She was the founder of Poland's first museum, the Czartoryski Museum, now situated in Kraków.
"Mold of the Earth" is one of the shortest micro-stories by the Polish writer Bolesław Prus.
Zygmunt Kazanowski (1563–1634) was a noble (szlachcic), magnate in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Courtier and Court Marshal of kings Stefan Batory, Sigismund III Vasa and teacher of Wladyslaw IV Waza. From 1613 Starost of Kokenhaus and Krosno, from 1617 starost of Bacicko, from 1633 starost of Mukarowo, Solecko and Klobucko and Court Chamberlain.
Prince Władysław (Ladislaus) Czartoryski was a Polish noble, political activist in exile, collector of art, and founder of the Czartoryski Museum in Kraków.
Czartoryski is a Polish princely family of Lithuanian-Ruthenian origin, also known as the Familia. The family, which derived their kin from the Gediminids dynasty, by the mid-17th century had split into two branches, based in the Klevan Castle and the Korets Castle, respectively. They used the Czartoryski coat of arms and were a noble family of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in the 18th century.
Lady with an Ermine is a painting by Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci from around 1489–1490 and one of Poland's national treasures. The portrait's subject is Cecilia Gallerani, painted at a time when she was the mistress of Ludovico Sforza, Duke of Milan, and Leonardo was in the Duke's service. It is one of only four portraits of women painted by Leonardo, the others being the Mona Lisa, the portrait of Ginevra de' Benci, and La belle ferronnière.
The Princes Czartoryski Museum – often abbreviated to Czartoryski Museum – is a historic museum in Kraków, Poland, and one of the country's oldest museums. The initial collection was formed in 1796 in Puławy by Princess Izabela Czartoryska. The Museum officially opened in 1878.
Filigree is a form of intricate metalwork. It may span from delicate jewellery to cast iron railings and balustrades.
Princess Zofia Czartoryska was a Polish noblewoman. She was the youngest daughter of Countess Izabela Czartoryska née Fleming and her husband Prince Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski, though her father may actually have been Count Franciszek Ksawery Branicki.
The only surviving original piece of the Polish Crown Jewels from the time of the Piast dynasty is the ceremonial sword – Szczerbiec. It is currently on display along with other preserved royal items at the Wawel Royal Castle Museum in Kraków.
Voŭčyn or Volchin is a village in Kamenets District, Brest Region, Belarus. It is the birthplace of the last king of Poland, Stanisław August Poniatowski.
The Płock Diadem was created in the beginning of the 13th century probably in Hungary. This filigree diadem is wrought of extremely pure gold and set with sapphires, rubies and pearls.
Urszula Meyerin also Meierin (1570–1635) was a politically influential Polish courtier and mistress to King Sigismund III of Poland. Her real name might have been Gienger, but it is still a matter of dispute among historians; she signed all her letters as Ursula Meyerin. In German, her last name means chamberlain, administrator, manager.
Chrystian Piotr Aigner was a Polish architect and theoretician of architecture.
The Temple of the Sibyl is a colonnaded round monopteral temple-like structure at Puławy, Poland, built at the turn of the 19th century as a museum by Izabela Czartoryska.
The Hungarian Crown was a part of the Polish Crown Jewels. It was made in the 16th century, resembling the Crown of Saint Stephen, as a private crown of John II Sigismund Zápolya.