The Royal compound (Serbian : Краљевски комплекс, romanized: Kraljevski kompleks) is a complex of residences built with the personal funds of King Alexander I for the Karađorđević royal family between 1924 and 1937. The compound is located in the Dedinje neighborhood, a prestigious area of Belgrade, Serbia. It consists of two primary residences: The Royal Palace and the White Palace.
The royal compound covers an area of 134 hectares,of which 27 hectares surround the Royal Palace and another 12 hectares the White Palace. The service buildings include kitchens, garages, guards barracks and the office of the Marshal.
The Royal compound is covered with parks of the English garden type, where the vegetation is allowed to grow naturally, whereas around the two palaces the French garden concept of park arrangement is applied, meaning that flowers, bushes and trees have neatly shaped forms and are planted in strictly geometrical order.
The Thatched House (Slamnata kuća) is a structure built in the style of old traditional houses. King Alexander I of Yugoslavia used to reside in this house supervising the construction works at the Royal Compound, and it also served as the studying room for King Alexander’s three sons (later King Peter II, Prince Tomislav, Prince Andrej) and the art studio of Queen Maria.
The Royal Palace is a grand stucco villa in the Serbo-Byzantine style by architect Živojin Nikolić and assisted by Russian immigrant architects Nikolai Krasnov and Victor Lukomsky, was built from 1924 to 1929 as an ideal home for King Alexander I and Queen Maria. The King thought that it would be a nice and quiet place, away from the city noise and curious public eyes.
Visitors are able to see: The formal entrance hall with details taken from Serbian medieval art, Blue Salon, Royal Dining Room, Royal Library, Atrium, the Salon of the Wedding gifts or Palma il Vecchio Salon – and The King’s Office. The palace's basement features a unique leisure room with a cinema theatre and billiard tables.
It is another Palace within the Royal Compound.
The Royal Chapel, which is located within the Royal Compound, is devoted to Saint Apostle Andrew The First-Called, the patron Saint of The Royal Family of Yugoslavia. The church was built at the same time as The Royal Palace and is attached to it through a colonnade with semicircular arches from where there are magnificent views towards northern, western and southern parts of Belgrade, as well as to the terraced rose gardens. It is covered with frescoes painted by Russian painters who travelled around Serbia and copied the frescoes of the most famous Serbian medieval monasteries. The final decoration was chosen personally by King Alexander I with help from the architect Nikolai Krasnov. During the Communist era, the church was repeatedly desecrated, it served as a storage room for cleaners and gardeners. One of the most obvious signs of desecration is a bullet hole in Christ’s forehead and a scratch of the Angel’s wings, representing the communist symbolic "murder of God". The church is today used by the Royal Family, especially during Easter, Christmas, and Slava (Patron Saint Day).
The Royal compound, which many still wrongly call "Beli dvor" because it associates them with Josip Broz Tito, is now the home of Crown Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia and his family.
The Royal compound opened its doors for the Days of European Cultural Heritage event and has participated at tourist fairs.
The Karađorđevićdynasty is a Serb family, founded by Karađorđe Petrović (1768-1817), the veliki vožd of Serbia during the First Serbian Uprising of 1804-1813. In the course of the 19th century the relatively short-lived dynasty was supported by the Russian Empire and was opposed to the Austria-Hungary-supported Obrenović dynasty. After Karađorđe's assassination in 1817, Miloš Obrenović founded the House of Obrenović. The two houses subsequently vied for the throne for several generations. Following the assassination of the Obrenović King Alexander I of Serbia in 1903, the Serbian Parliament chose Karađorđe's grandson, Peter I Karađorđević, then living in exile, to occupy the throne of the Kingdom of Serbia. He was duly crowned as King Peter I, and shortly before the end of World War I in 1918, representatives of the three peoples proclaimed a Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes with Peter I as sovereign. In 1929 the kingdom was renamed Yugoslavia, under Alexander I, the son of Peter I. In November 1945 the family lost their throne when the League of Communists of Yugoslavia seized power during the reign of Peter II.
Maria of Romania or Marie of Yugoslavia, known in Serbo-Croatian as Marija Karađorđević, was Queen of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, later Queen of Yugoslavia, as the wife of King Alexander from 1922 until his assassination in 1934. She was the mother of Peter II, the last Yugoslav monarch. Her citizenship was revoked and her property confiscated by the Yugoslav Communist regime in 1947, but she was "rehabilitated" in 2014.
Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia, also claiming the crowned royal title of Alexander II Karađorđević, is the heir to the defunct throne of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and currently claimant to the abolished throne of the precursor Kingdom of Serbia. He is the head of the House of Karađorđević. Alexander is the only child of former King Peter II and his wife, Princess Alexandra of Greece and Denmark. He held the position of crown prince in the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia for the first four-and-a-half months of his life, from his birth until the declaration of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia later in 1945.
The White Palace is the official residence of the Yugoslav former royal family. It is located within the Royal Compound, in the Dedinje neighborhood of Belgrade.
Prince Tomislav of Yugoslavia was a member of the House of Karađorđević, the second son of King Alexander I and Queen Maria of Yugoslavia. He was a younger brother of King Peter II of Yugoslavia and a former nephew-in-law to Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip.
Katherine, Crown Princess of Yugoslavia, also named Katherine Karađorđević, is the wife of Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia.
Peter, Hereditary Prince of Yugoslavia, also known as Peter III Karađorđević, is the eldest son of Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia, and Princess Maria da Gloria of Orléans-Braganza. Prince Peter is the grandson of King Peter II. Peter, Hereditary Prince of Yugoslavia' is second in line after his father HRH Crown Prince Alexander to the defunct throne.
Prince Philip of Yugoslavia, also known as Philip Karađorđević, is a member of the House of Karađorđević.
Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia, also known as Alexander III Karađorđević, is a member of the House of Karađorđević.
Stari dvor was the royal residence of the Obrenović dynasty. Today it houses the City Assembly of Belgrade. The palace is located on the corner of Kralja Milana and Dragoslava Jovanovića streets in Belgrade, Serbia, opposite of Novi dvor.
The Presidential Mansion in Athens, Greece, is the official residence of the President of the Hellenic Republic. It served previously as the Royal Palace, until the abolition of the monarchy by the 1973 referendum.
The St. George's Church in Oplenac, also known as Oplenac (Опленац), is the mausoleum of the Serbian and Yugoslav royal house of Karađorđević located on top of the Oplenac Hill in the town of Topola, Serbia. The church of Oplenac was founded by King Peter I of Yugoslavia. Many members of the royal house are buried in the church, in the crypt beneath the church, or in the church yard.
The House of the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia is the seat of the National Assembly of Serbia. The building is on Nikola Pašić Square in downtown Belgrade, and is a landmark and tourist attraction. Between its completion in 1936 and 2006, it was the seat of the Parliament of Yugoslavia and the Parliament of Serbia and Montenegro.
The Royal Palace is the official residence of the Karađorđević royal family. The Royal Palace was built between 1924 and 1929 with the private funds of His Majesty King Alexander I. It is the main building in the Royal Compound, part of the Dedinje neighbourhood of Belgrade. Designed by Živojin Nikolić and Nikolaj Krasnov, the palace is an example of Serbo-Byzantine Revival architecture.
Novi dvor was a royal residence of the Karađorđević dynasty of Serbia and later Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Today it is the seat of the President of Serbia. The palace is located on Andrićev Venac in Belgrade, Serbia, opposite of Stari Dvor.
Belgrade Rugby Club Red Star,, is a rugby union team from Belgrade, Serbia. The club is a member of the Rugby Union of Serbia. The club is also member of the Red Star Sports Society. The team wears a red and white strip.
Nikolay Petrovich Krasnov was a Russian Serbian architect and painter, who served as Chief Architect of Yalta, Crimea, between 1887 and 1899. From 1922 he lived and worked in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and was a key figure in the architectural development of Belgrade.
Pioneers Park is a park in Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. Developed from the royal garden, which itself was a successor of a much older garden, it is today one of the central city parks. It has been open for public since 1944. The park has been declared a botanical natural monument.
King Alexander Bridge, in full The Bridge of King Alexander Karađorđević or The Bridge of the Knightly King Alexander, was a road and tram bridge over the Sava river, in Belgrade, capital of Yugoslavia. It was the first permanent road bridge across the Sava in Belgrade after almost 250 years and the Long Bridge from 1688. Finished in 1934, it was damaged and out of use since 1941, and fully demolished in 1944, during World War II. Its pylons were later used for the modern Branko's Bridge, built in 1956. The bridge was revered while existed being described as "gorgeous" and "one of the most important object ever built in Belgrade".
The Obrenović Villa or Villa Zlatni Breg in Smederevo, Serbia, was a summerhouse of the royal Obrenović dynasty. The earliest structure originates from 1865 but was expanded and reconstructed several times since then. In 2009 it was declared a cultural monument. As it is today owned by the state, it has been used for the state visits and in 2015 the venue was open for public. It is also colloquially known as the "Obrenović Summerhouse" or the "Royal Vineyard" and is the only surviving summerhouse of the dynasty which was overthrown in 1903.