Rozala of Italy

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Rozala of Italy
Susanna of Italy.jpg
Countess consort of Flanders
Reign 968–987
Countess regent of Flanders
Reign 987 – c. 995
on behalf of Baldwin IV of Flanders
Queen consort to co-king of France
Reign 988–996
Queen consort of France
Reign 996
Bornc. 950–60
Died 1003
Ghent
Spouse Arnulf II of Flanders
Robert II of France
Issue Baldwin IV of Flanders
Mathilda
House House of Ivrea
House of Flanders by marriage
House of Capet by marriage
Father Berengar II of Italy
Mother Willa of Tuscany

Rozala of Italy (also known as Rozala of Lombardy, Rozala of Ivrea or Susanna of Ivrea; c.950–9601003) was a Countess of Flanders and Queen consort of the Franks. She was regent of Flanders in 987-988 during the minority of her son.

Contents

Biography

Rozala (Susanna), born sometime between 950–960, was the daughter of King Berengar of Ivrea, King of Italy (c. 900 – 966). [1] Her mother was Willa of Tuscany, the daughter of Boso, Margrave of Tuscany and his wife Willa. [2] In 968 she married Arnulf II, Count of Flanders (d. 987). [3] On her husband's death, she acted as regent for her young son.

Berengar II of Italy Italian monarch

Berengar II was the King of Italy from 950 until his deposition in 961. He was a scion of the Anscarid and Unruoching dynasties, and was named after his maternal grandfather, Berengar I. He succeeded his father as Margrave of Ivrea around 923, and after 940 led the aristocratic opposition to Kings Hugh and Lothair II. In 950 he succeeded the latter and had his son, Adalbert crowned as his co-ruler. In 952 he recognised the suzerainty of Otto I of Germany, but he later joined a revolt against him. In 960 he invaded the Papal States, and the next year his kingdom was conquered by Otto. Berengar remained at large until his surrender in 964. He died imprisoned in Germany two years later.

Willa, known as Willa of Tuscany (911/912-970), was medieval Italian noblewoman. By birth she was a member of the Bosonid noble dynasty. By marriage to Berengar II of Italy she was countess of Ivrea from 930 to 963, and queen consort of Italy from 950 to 963.

Boso was a Burgundian nobleman who spent much of his career in Italy, where he became Margrave of Tuscany about 932. He ruled semi-autonomously and was a benefactor of the churches of his region. He lost his office in 936 and probably returned to Burgundy.

On c.1 April 988 she married secondly the much younger Robert the Pious (972–1031), the Rex Filius of France; the marriage had been arranged by his father Hugh Capet. [4] [3] According to disputed account she brought her husband Montreuil [3] and Ponthieu as a dowry, other assert that she was berieved her right to that territory. Upon her marriage, she took the name of Susannah, and was the queen consort of the co-ruling king Robert, under senior King Hugh. From 991/992 the couple lived basically separated as Rozala had become too old [3] (c. 38) to have more children and they lacked marital happiness.

Robert II of France King of France

Robert II, called the Pious or the Wise, was King of the Franks from 996 to 1031, the second from the House of Capet. He was born in Orléans to Hugh Capet and Adelaide of Aquitaine. Robert distinguished himself with an extraordinarily long reign for the time. His 35-year-long reign was marked by his attempts to expand the royal domain by any means, especially by his long struggle to gain the Duchy of Burgundy. His policies earned him many enemies, including three of his sons. He was also known for his difficult marriages: he married three times, annulling two of these and attempting to annul the third, prevented only by the Pope's refusal to accept a third annulment.

Hugh Capet King of the Franks

Hugh Capet was the King of the Franks from 987 to 996. He is the founder and first king from the House of Capet. He was elected as the successor of the last Carolingian king, Louis V. Hugh was a descendant in illegitimate descent of Charlemagne through his paternal grandmother.

Montreuil, Pas-de-Calais Subprefecture and commune in Hauts-de-France, France

Montreuil or Montreuil-sur-Mer is a sub-prefecture in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France. It is located on the Canche river, not far from Étaples. The sea, however, is now some distance away.

When her father-in-law died in 996, however, Robert repudiated her completely, desiring to marry Bertha of Burgundy in her place. [5] That marriage was not lawful because of too close kinship so Robert married a third time 1003 with Constance of Arles who bore him seven children.

Bertha of Burgundy

Bertha of Burgundy was the daughter of Conrad the Peaceful, King of Burgundy and his wife Matilda, daughter of Louis IV, King of France and Gerberga of Saxony. She was named for her father's mother, Bertha of Swabia.

Constance of Arles Frankish Queen

Constance of Arles, also known as Constance of Provence, was a queen consort of France as the third spouse of King Robert II of France.

Rozala retired back to Flanders, where she died and was buried. Robert retained control of her "dowry", [3] or the rights to the mentioned territory.

Marriages

Rozala was firstly (968–987) married to Arnulf II, Count of Flanders. [6] They had the following children:

Arnulf II was Count of Flanders from 965 until his death.

Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders Count of Flanders

Baldwin IV, called the Bearded, was Count of Flanders from 987.

The second marriage (988–996) with Robert II of France did not produce any children. [3]

Ancestry

Notes

  1. 1 2 Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band II (Marburg, Germany: J. A. Stargardt, 1984), Tafel 5
  2. Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band II (Marburg, Germany: J. A. Stargardt, 1984), Tafel 59
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Vasiliev 1951, p. 233-234.
  4. Poppe 1976, p. 232.
  5. Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band II (Marburg, Germany: J. A. Stargardt, 1984), Tafel 11
  6. 1 2 Nicholas 1992, p. 44.

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References


Rozala of Italy
Born:c.950–960 Died: 1003
Preceded by
Adele of Vermandois
with vacancy
Blason Comte-de-Flandre.svg Countess consort of Flanders
968–987
Succeeded by
Ogive of Luxembourg
with vacancy
French royalty
Preceded by
vacant
Queen consort to co-king of the Franks
988–996
Succeeded by
vacant
Preceded by
Adelaide of Aquitaine
Queen consort of the Franks
996
Succeeded by
Bertha of Burgundy