|Rozala of Italy|
|Countess consort of Flanders|
|Countess regent of Flanders|
|Reign|| 987 – c. 995|
on behalf of Baldwin IV of Flanders
|Queen consort to co-king of France|
|Queen consort of France|
|Spouse|| Arnulf II of Flanders |
Robert II of France
|Issue|| Baldwin IV of Flanders |
|House|| House of Ivrea |
House of Flanders by marriage
House of Capet by marriage
|Father||Berengar II of Italy|
|Mother||Willa of Tuscany|
Rozala of Italy (also known as Rozala of Lombardy, Rozala of Ivrea or Susanna of Ivrea; c. 950–960–1003) was a Countess of Flanders and Queen consort of the Franks. She was regent of Flanders in 987-988 during the minority of her son.
Rozala (Susanna), born sometime between 950–960, was the daughter of King Berengar of Ivrea, King of Italy (c. 900 – 966).Her mother was Willa of Tuscany, the daughter of Boso, Margrave of Tuscany and his wife Willa. In 968 she married Arnulf II, Count of Flanders (d. 987). On her husband's death, she acted as regent for her young son.
Berengar II was the King of Italy from 950 until his deposition in 961. He was a scion of the Anscarid and Unruoching dynasties, and was named after his maternal grandfather, Berengar I. He succeeded his father as Margrave of Ivrea around 923, and after 940 led the aristocratic opposition to Kings Hugh and Lothair II. In 950 he succeeded the latter and had his son, Adalbert crowned as his co-ruler. In 952 he recognised the suzerainty of Otto I of Germany, but he later joined a revolt against him. In 960 he invaded the Papal States, and the next year his kingdom was conquered by Otto. Berengar remained at large until his surrender in 964. He died imprisoned in Germany two years later.
Willa, known as Willa of Tuscany (911/912-970), was medieval Italian noblewoman. By birth she was a member of the Bosonid noble dynasty. By marriage to Berengar II of Italy she was countess of Ivrea from 930 to 963, and queen consort of Italy from 950 to 963.
Boso was a Burgundian nobleman who spent much of his career in Italy, where he became Margrave of Tuscany about 932. He ruled semi-autonomously and was a benefactor of the churches of his region. He lost his office in 936 and probably returned to Burgundy.
On c. 1 April 988 she married secondly the much younger Robert the Pious (972–1031), the Rex Filius of France; the marriage had been arranged by his father Hugh Capet. According to disputed account she brought her husband Montreuil and Ponthieu as a dowry, other assert that she was berieved her right to that territory. Upon her marriage, she took the name of Susannah, and was the queen consort of the co-ruling king Robert, under senior King Hugh. From 991/992 the couple lived basically separated as Rozala had become too old (c. 38) to have more children and they lacked marital happiness.
Robert II, called the Pious or the Wise, was King of the Franks from 996 to 1031, the second from the House of Capet. He was born in Orléans to Hugh Capet and Adelaide of Aquitaine. Robert distinguished himself with an extraordinarily long reign for the time. His 35-year-long reign was marked by his attempts to expand the royal domain by any means, especially by his long struggle to gain the Duchy of Burgundy. His policies earned him many enemies, including three of his sons. He was also known for his difficult marriages: he married three times, annulling two of these and attempting to annul the third, prevented only by the Pope's refusal to accept a third annulment.
Hugh Capet was the King of the Franks from 987 to 996. He is the founder and first king from the House of Capet. He was elected as the successor of the last Carolingian king, Louis V. Hugh was a descendant in illegitimate descent of Charlemagne through his paternal grandmother.
Montreuil or Montreuil-sur-Mer is a sub-prefecture in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France. It is located on the Canche river, not far from Étaples. The sea, however, is now some distance away.
When her father-in-law died in 996, however, Robert repudiated her completely, desiring to marry Bertha of Burgundy in her place.That marriage was not lawful because of too close kinship so Robert married a third time 1003 with Constance of Arles who bore him seven children.
Bertha of Burgundy was the daughter of Conrad the Peaceful, King of Burgundy and his wife Matilda, daughter of Louis IV, King of France and Gerberga of Saxony. She was named for her father's mother, Bertha of Swabia.
Constance of Arles, also known as Constance of Provence, was a queen consort of France as the third spouse of King Robert II of France.
Rozala retired back to Flanders, where she died and was buried. Robert retained control of her "dowry",or the rights to the mentioned territory.
Rozala was firstly (968–987) married to Arnulf II, Count of Flanders.They had the following children:
Arnulf II was Count of Flanders from 965 until his death.
Baldwin IV, called the Bearded, was Count of Flanders from 987.
The second marriage (988–996) with Robert II of France did not produce any children.
|Ancestors of Rozala of Italy|
Robert I of France was the elected King of West Francia from 922 to 923. Before his election to the throne he was Count of Poitiers, Count of Paris and Marquis of Neustria and Orléans. He succeeded the overthrown Carolingian king Charles the Simple, who in 898 had succeeded Robert's brother, king Odo.
Baldwin VI, also known as Baldwin the Good, was Count of Hainaut from 1051 to 1070 and Count of Flanders from 1067 to 1070.
Henry I, called the Great, was Count of Nevers and Duke of Burgundy from 965 to his death. He is sometimes known as Odo-Henry or Otto-Henry, since his birth name was "Odo" and he only adopted "Henry" on being elected duke of Burgundy.
Richard I, also known as Richard the Fearless, was the Count of Rouen or Jarl of Rouen from 942 to 996. Dudo of Saint-Quentin, whom Richard commissioned to write the "De moribus et actis primorum Normanniae ducum", called him a Dux. However, this use of the word may have been in the context of Richard's renowned leadership in war, and not as a reference to a title of nobility. Richard either introduced feudalism into Normandy or he greatly expanded it. By the end of his reign, the most important Norman landholders held their lands in feudal tenure.
William I, Count of Nevers, was the son of Renauld I, Count of Nevers and Hedwig of France, Countess d'Auxerre. In 1040 he succeeded his father as Count of Nevers and d'Auxerre and in 1065 he was also the Count of Tonnerre. He married Ermengarde, daughter of Renauld, Count of Tonnerre about 1039. William died at Nevers 20 June 1100.
Lambert II, Count of Lens was a French nobleman.
Baldwin III The Young of Flanders was Count of Flanders, who briefly ruled the County of Flanders, together with his father Arnulf I.
Ermengarde of Anjou, was a Duchess consort of Burgundy. She was the daughter of Count Fulk III of Anjou and Hildegarde of Sundgau. She was sometimes known as Ermengarde-Blanche.
Theobald I (913–975), called the Trickster, was the first count of Blois, Chartres, and Châteaudun as well as count of Tours.
Adele of Vermandois was both a Carolingian as well as a Robertian Frankish noblewoman who was the Countess of Flanders (934–960).
Adela of France, known also as Adela the Holy or Adela of Messines;, was, by marriage, the Duchess of Normandy, Countess of Flanders (1035–1067).
William III was the Count and Margrave of Provence from 1014 to his death. He inherited the titles of his father Rotbold II but preceded his cousin William IV as Count of Provence.
Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou was the countess consort by marriage of Gévaudan and Forez, of Toulouse, of Provence, and of Burgundy; and queen consort of Aquitaine. She was the regent of Gevaudan during the minority of her sons in the 960s, and the regent of Provence during the minority of her stepson from 994 until 999.
Béatrice of Vermandois, a Carolingian aristocrat, queen of Western Francia by marriage to Robert I, King of France, and mother of Hugh the Great.
Judith of Brittany, also called Judith of Rennes (982–1017), was Duchess of Normandy from c. 1000 until her death.
Baldwin II of Boulogne was a son of Arnulf III, Count of Boulogne, whom he succeeded as count of Boulogne.
Ermengarde-Gerberga of Anjou, also called Ermengarde of Anjou, was the Countess of Rennes, Regent of Brittany (992–994) and also Countess of Angoulême.
Gerberge of Lorraine was the daughter of Giselbert, Duke of Lorraine, and Gerberga of Saxony, daughter of Henry I the Fowler, King of Germany. She was a descendant of Charlemagne through both her parents. Gerberge died sometime after 7 September 0978.
Rozala of ItalyBorn:c. 950–960 Died: 1003
Adele of Vermandois
| Succeeded by|
Ogive of Luxembourg
| Queen consort to co-king of the Franks |
| Succeeded by|
Adelaide of Aquitaine
| Queen consort of the Franks |
| Succeeded by|
Bertha of Burgundy