Rubén Blades

Last updated
Rubén Blades
Ruben Blades by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Born
Rubén Blades Bellido de Luna

(1948-07-16) July 16, 1948 (age 70)
Panama City, Panama
Occupation
  • actor
  • singer
  • songwriter
  • musician
  • activist
  • politician
Years active1974–present
Spouse(s)
Luba Mason (m. 2006)
Musical career
Genres
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • maracas
  • guitar
Labels
Associated acts
Minister of Tourism of Panama
In office
2004–2009
President Martín Torrijos
Website www.rubenblades.com

Rubén Blades Bellido de Luna (born July 16, 1948), known professionally as Rubén Blades (Spanish:  [ruˈβem ˈblaðes] , but [ˈbleðz] in Panama and within the family), [1] is a Panamanian singer, songwriter, actor, musician, activist, and politician, performing musically most often in the Afro-Cuban, salsa, and Latin jazz genres. As a songwriter, Blades brought the lyrical sophistication of Central American nueva canción and Cuban nueva trova as well as experimental tempos and politically inspired Nuyorican salsa to his music, creating "thinking persons' (salsa) dance music". Blades has written dozens of hit songs, including "Pedro Navaja" and "El Cantante" (which became Héctor Lavoe's signature song). He has won eight Grammy Awards [2] and five Latin Grammy Awards. [3]

Afro-Cuban racial or ethnic group in Cuba with African ancestry

The term Afro-Cuban refers to Cubans who mostly have Native West African ancestry and to historical or cultural elements in Cuba thought to emanate from this community. The term can refer to the combining of native African and other cultural elements found in Cuban society such as race, religion, music, language, the arts and class culture.

Latin jazz is a genre of jazz with Latin American rhythms. The two main categories are Afro-Cuban jazz, rhythmically based on Cuban popular dance music, with a rhythm section employing ostinato patterns or a clave, and Afro-Brazilian jazz, which includes bossa nova and samba.

Nueva canción is a social movement and musical genre in Iberian America and the Iberian peninsula, characterized by folk-inspired styles and socially committed lyrics. Nueva canción is widely recognized to have played a profound role in the social upheavals in Portugal, Spain and Latin America during the 1970s and 1980s.

Contents

His acting career began in 1983, and has continued, sometimes with several-year breaks to focus on other projects. He has prominent roles in films such as Crossover Dreams (1985), The Milagro Beanfield War (1988), Predator 2 (1992), Color of Night (1994), Safe House (2012), The Counselor (2013) and Hands of Stone (2016), along with three Emmy Award nominations for his performances in The Josephine Baker Story (1991), Crazy from the Heart (1992) and The Maldonado Miracle (2003). Since 2015, he has portrayed Daniel Salazar, a main character on the TV series Fear the Walking Dead.

Crossover Dreams is a 1985 film. The film follows singer Rudy Veloz on his rise to fame. The film has moments of pathos but is anything but melancholy. "Its heart has the ebullient salsa beat. Like Rudy Veloz, it appreciates the irony of the sometimes humiliating situations he lands in, but it never looks back in sorrow or defeat... and though it's small and made on a modest budget, it's a sagely funny comedy, both heartfelt and sophisticated, a movie that may well realize the crossover dreams that elude Rudy."

<i>The Milagro Beanfield War</i> 1988 film by Robert Redford

The Milagro Beanfield War is a 1988 American comedy-drama film directed by Robert Redford from a screenplay written by John Nichols and David S. Ward based on Nichols' novel of the same name. The ensemble cast includes Ruben Blades, Richard Bradford, Sônia Braga, Julie Carmen, James Gammon, Melanie Griffith, John Heard, Carlos Riquelme, Daniel Stern, Chick Vennera, and Christopher Walken.

<i>Predator 2</i> 1990 science fiction film directed by Stephen Hopkins

Predator 2 is a 1990 American science fiction action film written by brothers Jim and John Thomas, directed by Stephen Hopkins, and starring Danny Glover, Ruben Blades, Gary Busey, María Conchita Alonso, Bill Paxton, and Kevin Peter Hall. The film is the second installment of the Predator franchise, serving as a sequel to 1987's Predator, with Kevin Peter Hall reprising the title role of the Predator. Set ten years after the events of the first film, in Los Angeles, the film focuses on the Predator, a technologically advanced alien hunter, and the efforts of a disgruntled police officer and his allies to defeat the malevolent creature.

He is an icon in Panama and is much admired throughout Latin America and Spain, and managed to attract 17% of the vote in his failed attempt to win the Panamanian presidency in 1994. In September 2004, he was appointed minister of tourism by Panamanian president Martín Torrijos for a five-year term. He holds a Bachelor of Arts' Law degree from the University of Panama and an LL.M in International Law from Harvard University. He is married to singer Luba Mason. [4]

Latin America Region of the Americas where Romance languages are primarily spoken

Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Romance languages such as Spanish, Portuguese, and French are predominantly spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America. The term "Latin America" was first used in an 1856 conference with the title "Initiative of the America. Idea for a Federal Congress of the Republics", by the Chilean politician Francisco Bilbao. The term was used also by Napoleon III's French government in the 1860s as Amérique latine to consider French-speaking territories in the Americas, along with the larger group of countries where Spanish and Portuguese languages prevailed, including the Spanish-speaking portions of the United States Today, areas of Canada and the United States where Spanish, Portuguese and French are predominant are typically not included in definitions of Latin America.

Martín Torrijos President of Panama

Martín Erasto Torrijos Espino is a Panamanian politician who was President of Panama from 2004 to 2009.

The University of Panama was founded on October 7, 1935, with a student body of 175 in the fields of Education, Commerce, Natural Sciences, Pharmacy, Pre-Engineering and Law. As of 2008, it maintains a student body of 74,059 distributed in 228 buildings around the country.

Family history and early life

Blades was born in Panama City, Panama. He is the son of Cuban musician and actress Anoland Díaz (real surname Bellido de Luna), and Colombian Rubén Darío Blades, Sr., an athlete, percussionist and graduate of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics in Washington, D.C. His mother's great-uncle, Juan Bellido de Luna, was active in the Cuban revolutionary movement against Spain [5] and was a writer and publisher in New York City. Blades's paternal grandfather, Rubén Blades, was an English-speaking native of St. Lucia who came to Panama as an accountant. His family is uncertain how the Blades family ended up in St. Lucia, but when his grandfather moved to Panama, he lived in the Panamanian Bocas del Toro Province. Ruben Blades thought that his grandfather had come to Panama to work on the Panama Canal, as he tells in the song "West Indian Man" on the album Amor y Control ("That's where the Blades comes from") (1992). He explains the source and the pronunciation ( /ˈbldz/ ) of his family surname, which is of English origin, in his web show Show De Ruben Blades (SDRB). [6]

The Federal Bureau of Narcotics (FBN) was an agency of the United States Department of the Treasury. Established in the Department of the Treasury by an act of June 14, 1930 consolidating the functions of the Federal Narcotics Control Board and the Narcotic Division. These older bureaus were established to assume enforcement responsibilities assigned to the Harrison Narcotics Tax Act, 1914 and the Narcotic Drugs Import and Export Act, 1922.

Bocas del Toro Province Province in Panama

Bocas del Toro (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈbokaz ðel ˈtoɾo]; meaning "Bull’s river mouths") is a province of Panama. Its area is 4,643.9 square kilometers, comprising the mainland and nine main islands. The province consists of the Bocas del Toro Archipelago, Bahía Almirante, Chiriquí Lagoon, and adjacent mainland. The capital is the city of Bocas del Toro on Isla Colón. Other major cities or towns include Almirante and Changuinola. The province has a population of 125,461 as of 2010.

Panama Canal Large artificial waterway in the Republic of Panama, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans

The Panama Canal is an artificial 82 km (51 mi) waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean. The canal cuts across the Isthmus of Panama and is a conduit for maritime trade. Canal locks are at each end to lift ships up to Gatun Lake, an artificial lake created to reduce the amount of excavation work required for the canal, 26 m above sea level, and then lower the ships at the other end. The original locks are 34 m wide. A third, wider lane of locks was constructed between September 2007 and May 2016. The expanded canal began commercial operation on June 26, 2016. The new locks allow transit of larger, post-Panamax ships, capable of handling more cargo.

In Blades's early days, he was a vocalist in Los Salvajes del Ritmo and also a songwriter and guest singer with a professional Latin music conjunto, Bush y sus Magníficos. His strongest influence of the day was the Joe Cuba sextet and Cheo Feliciano, whose singing style he copied to the point of imitating his voice tone and vocal range. [7]

The term conjunto refers to several types of small musical ensembles present in different Latin American musical traditions, mainly in Mexico and Cuba. While Mexican conjuntos play styles such as norteño and tejano, Cuban conjuntos specialize in the son, as well as its derivations such as salsa.

Joe Cuba, was an American conga drummer of Puerto Rican descent widely regarded as the "Father of Latin Boogaloo".

Cheo Feliciano Puerto Rican musician

Cheo Feliciano, was a Puerto Rican singer and composer of salsa and bolero music. Feliciano was the owner of his own recording company called "Coche Records". He was the first tropical singer to perform at the "Amira de la Rosa Theater" in Barranquilla, Colombia and in 1987, he played the role of Roberto Clemente's father in the musical Clemente.

1970s–1980s

Blades earned degrees in political science and law at the Universidad Nacional de Panamá and performed legal work at the Bank of Panama as a law student. After graduating in 1974, he moved to the U.S. and stayed with his exiled parents in Miami, Florida, before moving to New York City. Andy Harlow said that "he used to sleep on my couch while he worked at Fania (Records); used to say "I write songs too".[ citation needed ]

His first professional job in America as a singer was with La Magnífica Orchestra led by trumpeter Tony Pabón. The band's songs included "Descarga Caliente" and "De Panamá a New York", which were recorded by Alegre Records in 1970. He then returned to Panamá and finished his degree.

Blades began his career in New York writing songs while working in the mailroom at Fania Records. He was perceived as a talented songwriter who still had to develop a singing style of his own.[ citation needed ] The mailroom job was a good opportunity to stay close to the company until the right opportunity came along.[ citation needed ] Soon Blades was working with salseros Ray Barretto and Larry Harlow. Shortly thereafter, Blades started collaborating with trombonist and bandleader Willie Colón. They recorded several albums together and participated in albums by plena singer Mon Rivera and the Fania All Stars.

Blades's first notable hit was a song on the 1977 album Metiendo Mano that he had composed in 1968: "Pablo Pueblo", a meditation about a working-class father who returns to his home after a long day at work. The song later became his unofficial campaign song when he ran for president of Panama. The Colón and Blades recording on the same album of Tite Curet Alonso's composition, "Plantación Adentro", which dealt with the brutal treatment of Indian natives in Latin America's colonial times, was an enormous hit in various Caribbean countries. He wrote and performed several songs with the Fania All Stars and as a guest on other artists' releases, including the hits "Paula C", written about a girlfriend at the time; "Juan Pachanga", about a party animal who buries his pain for a lost love in dance and drink; and "Sin Tu Cariño", a love song, featuring a bomba break. The latter two songs feature piano solos by Puerto Rican pianist Papo Lucca.

In 1978, Blades wrote the song "El Cantante"; Colón convinced him to give the song to Colón's former musical partner, Héctor Lavoe, to record, since Lavoe's nickname was already "El Cantante de los Cantantes" ("the singer of singers"). Lavoe recorded it that same year, and it became both a big hit and Lavoe's signature song; a biographical film, El Cantante about Lavoe took the same title. (The film El Cantante, starring executive producer Marc Anthony and then wife Jennifer López told a fictionalized version of this story, in which Blades tells Lavoe he wrote the song for him.)

The Colón and Blades album Siembra (1978) became the best-selling salsa record in history. It has sold over 25 million copies, and almost all of its songs were hits at one time or another in various Latin American countries. [8] Its most famous song was "Pedro Navaja", a song inspired by the 1928 song "Mack the Knife"; it tells the story of a neighborhood thug who is killed by a street walker who knows him (he stabs her, she shoots him, they both die, a bum finds them, and takes his belongings). The song inspired a 1980 Puerto Rican musical, La verdadera historia de Pedro Navaja, and a 1984 Mexican film, Pedro Navaja, neither of which had Blades' involvement. Blades wrote and sang a sequel song, "Sorpresas", (surprises) on his 1985 album, Escenas, which revealed that Pedro had survived the incident and was still alive.

Blades became dissatisfied with Fania and tried to terminate his contract, but was legally obliged to record several more albums. Maestra Vida and its follow-up Canciones del Solar de los Aburridos are highlights.

In 1982, Blades got his first acting role, in The Last Fight , portraying a singer-turned-boxer vying for a championship against a fighter who was played by real-life world-champion boxer Salvador Sánchez. In 1984, he released Buscando América , and in 1985, Blades gained widespread recognition as co-writer and star of the independent film Crossover Dreams as a New York salsa singer willing to do anything to break into the mainstream. Blades also began his career in films scoring music for soundtracks. Also in 1985, he earned a master's degree in international law from Harvard Law School. He was also the subject of Robert Mugge's documentary The Return of Rubén Blades, which debuted at that year's Denver Film Festival. He also recorded a segment for the prestigious 60 Minutes , interviewed by Morley Safer.

In 1984, Blades left Fania, and signed with Elektra, although Fania continued to release recordings compiled from their archives for some years afterwards. Blades assembled a top-notch band (known variously as Seis del Solar or Son del Solar) and began touring and recording with them. His first album with them, Escenas included a duet with Linda Ronstadt (1985), won Blade his first Grammy Award, for Best Tropical Latin Album. He then recorded the album Agua de Luna, based on the short stories of famed writer Gabriel García Márquez, in 1987. The next year he released the English-language collaboration Nothing But the Truth with rock artists Sting, Elvis Costello, and Lou Reed; that same year he released the more traditionally salsa Antecedente, again with Seis del Solar, which again won a Grammy Award.

The English-language album Nothing But the Truth received disappointing reviews, but he answered his critics, "I do not believe in the notion that one is condemned to do something because he looks in a certain way or speaks a certain language. To me, music is a universal thing, and I have always been interested in the directions offered me by music in English, directions I could not find, concretely in terms of construction, with the Afro-Cuban rhythms I'd always worked with. I also wanted to leave testimony of the meeting of urban tropical music with rock 'n roll".[ This quote needs a citation ]

Blades also contributed guest vocals in English to "Bitter Fruit", a song on the 1987 album Freedom – No Compromise by Little Steven.

1990s–2000s

During the 1990s, he acted in films and continued to make records with Seis/Son del Solar. In 1994, he mounted his unsuccessful Panamanian presidential bid, founding the party Movimiento Papa Egoró. The album that followed this experience, La Rosa de los Vientos, won the 1997 Grammy for Best Tropical Latin Performance, and all its songs were by Panamanian songwriters, recorded using all Panamanian musicians. In 1996, Blades along with Son Miserables performed "No Te Miento (I Am Not Lying [to you])" for the AIDS benefit album Silencio=Muerte: Red Hot + Latin produced by the Red Hot Organization. In 1997, Blades headed the cast of singer/songwriter Paul Simon's first Broadway musical, The Capeman , based on a true story about a violent youth who becomes a poet in prison, which also starred Marc Anthony and Ednita Nazario. His many film appearances include The Milagro Beanfield War (1988), The Two Jakes (1990), Predator 2 (1990), Mo' Better Blues (1990), Color of Night (1994), and Devil's Own (1997). He also guest-starred in an amusing episode of the The X Files titled, "El Mundo Gira" ("As The World Turns"). He played immigration agent (la migra), Conrad Lozano, who works with Mulder and Scully to solve unexplained murders involving both rural California migrant workers and the Mexican folklore of El Chupacabra. In 1999, he played Mexican artist Diego Rivera in Tim Robbins' Cradle Will Rock . In the 2003 film Once Upon a Time in Mexico , starring Johnny Depp, Antonio Banderas, and Willem Dafoe, he played the role of a retired FBI agent.

Blades's 1999 album Tiempos, which he recorded with musicians from the Costa Rican groups Editus and Sexteto de Jazz Latino, represented a break from his salsa past and a further rejection of commercial trends in Latin music. Ironically, the album won a Grammy Award for Best Latin Pop Album. Even more eclectic was the 2002 album Mundo with the 11-member Editus Ensemble and bagpiper Eric Rigler, which incorporated instruments from around the world. Mundo won the Grammy Award for Best World Music Album, and was also nominated for a Latin Grammy Award for Album of the Year. The same year, Blades guested on world music artist Derek Trucks' album, Joyful Noise . In 2003 he followed Mundo with a web site free-download project. As he said in 2005 when receiving the ASCAP Founders Award about his non-commercial choices, "That's the way I think." In 2004, he put his artistic career on hold when he began serving a five-year appointment as Panama's minister of tourism. Beginning in June 2007, however, Blades turned some of his attention back to his artistic career, presenting an online TV show titled Show de Ruben Blades (SDRB) on his website.

In November 2005 he received an honorary degree from the Berklee College of Music. [9]

In May 2007 Ruben Blades was sued by his former band mate, Willie Colón for breach of contract. This led to a series of suits and countersuits that lasted over five years. A book titled Decisiones detailing the inside story of this legal battle was written by Blades' former agent, Robert J. Morgalo and published in 2016 in English and Spanish website. The court documents can be read here and full transcripts of depositions and court rulings can be seen here

In the middle of 2008 he took a leave of absence for a mini-tour in Europe, backed by the Costa Rican band Son de Tikizia. When his government service was completed in June 2009, he reunited the members of Seis del Solar for the 25th anniversary of Buscando América in an ambitious tour of the Americas. [10]

2010–present

Blades performing Ruben Blades.jpg
Blades performing

In June 2011, Blades was given the Harry Chapin Humanitarian Award by ASCAP and WhyHunger.

In 2014, Blades was the closing act for the Festival Internacional Cervantino in Mexico. [11]

In 2015, Blades' album Tangos won a Grammy award for Best Latin Pop Album. [12]

Blades has expressed his interest in making another run for president of Panama in 2019, and has noted that he might limit his future performing activities in order to do so. [13] [14]

In 2015, Blades was cast in the regular role of Daniel Salazar in the AMC post-apocalyptic drama Fear the Walking Dead , [15] [16] a companion series to The Walking Dead'. Blades first appears in the second episode.

In 2017, Blades performed as one of the featured artists for Puerto Rico in Lin-Manuel Miranda's charity single "Almost Like Praying" to raise money for victims of Hurricane Maria.

In September 2018, Blades was appointed as NYU Steinhardt Dean’s Inaugural Scholar-in-Residence at New York University. [17]

Filmography

YearTitleRoleNotes
1983 The Last Fight Andy "Kid Clave"Film
1985 Crossover Dreams Rudy VelozFilm
1987 Critical Condition LouisFilm
1987Sting: They Dance Alone (Cueca Solo)UnknownVideo Short
1987 Fatal Beauty Carl JimenezFilm
1988 The Milagro Beanfield War Sheriff Bernabe MontoyaFilm
1988 Homeboy DoctorFilm
1989 Dead Man Out BenTelevision Film
1989 Disorganized Crime Carlos BarriosFilm
1989 The Lemon Sisters C.WFilm
1989Cinemax SessionsUnknownEpisode: "Latino Sessions"
1990 Mo' Better Blues PeteyFilm
1990 The Two Jakes Mickey Nice aka Michael WeisskopfFilm
1990 Predator 2 Danny "Danny Boy" ArchuletaFilm
1990Heart of the DealUnknownFilm
1991 The Josephine Baker Story Count Giuseppe Pepito AbatinoTelevision Film
1991 One Man's War Horacio Galeano PerroneTelevision Film
1991Crazy from the HeartErnesto OntiverosTelevision Film
1991 The Super MarlonFilm
1991Ruben Blades: CamaleonUnknownVideo Short
1993Miracle on Interstate 880Pastor BerumanTelevision Film
1993 Life with Mikey Angie's Dad (uncredited)Film
1994 A Million to Juan BartenderFilm
1994 Color of Night Lt. Hector MartinezFilm
1995Scorpion SpringBorder Patrolman Sam ZaragosaFilm
1996GrampaDoctorFilm
1996Eres mi CanciónSingerVideo Short
1996Al compas de un sentimientoSingerFilm
1997 The Devil's Own Edwin DiazFilm
1997 Chinese Box JimFilm
1997 X-Files Conrad LozanoEpisode: "El Mundo Gira"
1997Falls RoadLuis JuegaTelevision Film
1999 Cradle Will Rock Diego RiveraFilm
2000 All the Pretty Horses Hector de la RochaFilm
2000–2001 Gideon's Crossing Dr. Max CabranesMain role: 20 episodes (Season 1)
2002 Resurrection Blvd. MartinEpisode: "Verguenza"
2002 Assassination Tango MiguelFilm
2003The Maldonado MiracleCruzTelevision Film
2003 Once Upon a Time in Mexico Jorge FBIFilm
2003 Imagining Argentina Silvio AyalaFilm
2003 Spin Ernesto BejaranoFilm
2005 Secuestro express Carla's FatherFilm
2009 Spoken Word Cruz-Sr.Film
2011La siguiente estaciónBenitoShort
2012 Safe House Carlos VillarFilm
2012 For Greater Glory – The True Story of Cristiada President CallesFilm
2013 The Counselor JefeFilm
2015–2017;
2019–present
Fear the Walking Dead Daniel Salazar Main role (Seasons 1–3; Season 5–present)
2016 Hands of Stone Carlos EletaFilm

Discography

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References

  1. "Show de Rubén Blades No. 18". Archived from the original on 2010-05-31. Retrieved 2010-07-29.
  2. "Past Winners Search".
  3. "Latin Grammy Winners".
  4. "Luba Mason – Bio".
  5. "Juan Bellido de Luna". www.latinamericanstudies.org. Retrieved 2019-05-09.
  6. episode No. 18 close to seven minutes into the recording; http://vimeo.com/1251488; at minute 6:52.
  7. Marton, Betty (1992). Ruben Blades. Chelsea House Publication. p. 15.
  8. Cuz, Barbara (1992). Ruben Blades, Salsa Singer and Social Activist. Enslow Publishers. p. 85. ISBN   978-0894908934.
  9. "Ruben Blades recibio doctorado honorifico del Berklee College of Music el 1ro de Noviembre durante la celebración de la Semana de la Cultura Latina". Latin Beat Magazine (in Spanish). December 1, 2005. Archived from the original on January 30, 2013 via HighBeam Research.
  10. Manual, Rudy (June 16, 2010). "Ruben Blades, Cantares del Subdesarrollo". Latin Beat: 28.
  11. Alida Piñon Enviada (October 26, 2014). "Clausuran el Festival Internacional Cervantino 2014". El Universal. Mexico City. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
  12. "Here Are Your 2015 Grammy Winners".
  13. "Panama salsa singer Ruben Blades mulls second run at presidency", Reuters, October 12, 2014.
  14. Quintín Moreno, "Rubén Blades seguirá cantando y aclara sus aspiraciones políticas", La Estrella de Panamá , February 20, 2015 (in Spanish).
  15. "Ruben Blades Cast in AMC's 'Fear The Walking Dead'". www.horrornewsnetwork.net. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  16. "Ruben Blades says Fear the Walking Dead deals with 'very tough and important questions'". www.ew.com. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  17. "Rubén Blades Named NYU Steinhardt Dean's Inaugural Scholar-in-Residence".
  18. "Rubén Blades | Album Discography | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 8 June 2017.