Rugby union in Spain

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Rugby union in Spain
Spain (in blue kit) playing Portugal
in March 2009
Governing body Spanish Rugby Federation
National team(s) Spain
First played1901;120 years ago (1901)
Registered players37,241
National competitions
Club competitions

Rugby union is a growing team sport in Spain. As of 2019, there were 37,241 registered rugby union players in Spain, playing for 332 clubs in various divisions. The sport's governing body in Spain, the Spanish Rugby Federation (Spanish: Federación Española de Rugby), was founded in 1923. It joined the International Rugby Board in 1988, [1] and is also a member of Rugby Europe.


There are traditionally four main rugby playing regions in Spain: the capital Madrid, the city of Valladolid in the Old Castile region, the entire regions of Basque Country, and Catalonia, particularly in the north and also around Barcelona. [1] Rugby has been emerging recently in Valencia and Andalucia as well, with clubs like Marbella or CAU Valencia providing several players to the national team.

The Spanish national team plays in the Rugby Europe Championship, a competition for second tier European rugby nations such as Georgia, Romania and Russia. Spain is ranked 18th in the world, and played at the 1999 Rugby World Cup. The national sevens team is now one of the 15 "core teams" that participate in each event of the annual World Rugby Sevens Series, having earned that status at the 2017 Hong Kong Sevens. Both men and women rugby sevens national teams qualified for the 2016 Olympic Games.


Rugby was first introduced into Spain before World War I. [1] However, subsequent events such as the Spanish Civil War, which was particularly violent in the sport's Basque and Catalan heartlands, hindered its development.

Early history

The earliest recorded game in Spain was in 1901, when an Englishman, Stuart Nicholson, resident in Bilbao,

"turned to Racing Club, when he wanted eye catching opposition for a three team tournament, also involving British and French exiles in Barcelona." [2]

However, rugby lay largely dormant in the country until after the end of World War I, when rugby was reintroduced into Spain from the south of France, particularly Provence and the French Basque Country. In 1921, Baudilio Aleu Torres, a Catalan, who had been studying veterinary medicine in Toulouse, returned to his native Barcelona, and founded the Santboiana Club there. [3] Santboiana's pitch was cleared by the players themselves, and according to Huw Richards, "a tree was tolerated and used as a coat hanger, until it was uprooted after a few games."

The Spanish Rugby Federation, the governing body for rugby union in Spain, was founded in 1923.

The first game in Madrid was in the 1920s as well, when Biarritz and Tarbes played an exhibition match in front of 12,000 spectators. [3] The score upset some of the fans, who protested by throwing cushions onto the pitch. [3]

A Spanish XV played France, including Yves du Manoir, in 1927, but it was organised by a rebel governing body, and so is not usually recognised as a proper international game. [3]

Spain's first recognised international was in 1929, against Italy, in Barcelona, at Montjuïc Stadium, as part of the 1929 Expo. [3] The Spanish Royal Family attended and all of the players were Catalan. [3] Spain won 9-0. [3]

Post-war period

In 1960, a French priest, Father George Bernés, [4] introduced the game in Valladolid, Castile and León, leading to the creation of two of that region's clubs: Cetransa El Salvador and Valladolid RAC.

Spain's international record includes wins over Italy in 1977 and Romania in 1992 and 1994. [5] [6]

With the thawing of relations between the UK and Spain over the Gibraltar question, rugby union in Gibraltar has become more closely linked with its Spanish neighbours. [7] When the border between Spain and Gibraltar reopened, after having been closed between 1968 and 1985, a number of games were played against sides from Seville and Madrid. [8] Campo Gibraltar RFC now play in the Andalucian second division. [8]

In 1989, the Spanish women's team played their first match, against France, losing 0-28. In 2000, they joined the Women's Six Nations, but in 2007, the tournament was altered so that Italy replaced Spain, in order to mirror the men's tournament.

Present day

Estadio Anoeta before redevelopment in May 2017. Anoetako futbol zelaia.jpg
Estadio Anoeta before redevelopment in May 2017.

In more recent times, thanks to the influx of expatriates, a fifth "region" has opened up along the beach resorts on the Mediterranean coast, the Canary Islands and Balearics. In these areas, however, local people rarely participate, the exception being the Marbella Rugby club on the Costa Del Sol, whose members are an equal mix of expatriates from the UK, South America and locals. The success of this policy is displayed by the progress of their junior teams, recently reaching the final of the national club championships in 2010, thus giving them the title of second best side in the country in 2010 and then going on to win the club championship in May 2011, to become the best U16 club side in Spain. The Marbella players also make up the majority of the regional Andalucian team which participate at national level. A number of juniors from this region have been selected for regional as well as national teams. The Torrevieja rugby club on the Costa Blanca also has a similar composition of players. Beach rugby has become popular in many areas, as has rugby sevens. There are several rugby sevens tournaments in the country, including the Benidorm Sevens.

In recent years, Estadio Anoeta in the Basque Country has also been used for occasional Heineken Cup rugby union fixtures by nearby French-Basque club Biarritz Olympique (BO). In the 2009–10 Top 14 season, both Biarritz and fellow Basque club Bayonne will take one home match to the Anoeta. On 21 August, Bayonne will host Stade Français at the Anoeta, followed on 12 September by the Northern Basque derby between Biarritz and Bayonne, with BO as the home team. The stadium, which holds 32,076, was inaugurated in 1993.[ needs update ]

Spain continues to be popular with touring sides from Britain, Ireland and France, due to its climate and good transport links. [9]

In playing standard, Spain occupies the second tier in Europe, along with Romania and Georgia. [1]


Under-8 players at Club de Rugby San Roque, November 2007 Prebenjaminessanroque.jpg
Under-8 players at Club de Rugby San Roque, November 2007

There are over 51,123 registered rugby union players in Spain, with more than 221 clubs across the country. Participation rates for rugby union jumped by 20% in the Madrid area during the two years following the national team's participation in their first ever Rugby World Cup in 1999. In addition, funding from the Spanish sports council has also been on the rise. Rugby union gets low media coverage, however, compared to more popular team sports such as association football and basketball.

There are pockets where rugby is particularly popular, such as the city of Valladolid in the Castile and León region, Sant Boi de Llobregat in Catalonia and Ordizia in the Basque country. The rugby club Biarritz Olympique, who come from the French Basque Country have played Heineken Cup matches at the 32,000-seat Estadio Anoeta in San Sebastián, Spain and attracted sell-out crowds.

On 4 November 2014, France's professional rugby union league announced that the 2015–16 Top 14 final would be held at the Camp Nou in Barcelona on 24 June 2016. [10] The Top 14 final is traditionally held at the Stade de France in the Paris suburb of Saint-Denis. However, the scheduling of the 2015 Rugby World Cup will cause the 2015–16 French season to be shifted by several weeks, in turn causing the Stade de France to be unavailable because it will be a major venue for UEFA Euro 2016. [11] Holding the event in Barcelona may potentially boost the sport's popularity in that area.

On 17 April 2016, in what is considered by many a milestone in the increasing popularity of rugby in Spain, [12] a crowd of 26,500 attended to the Copa del Rey de Rugby final at Estadio Nuevo José Zorrilla in Valladolid. This was the 6th time that this stadium was sold out since its inauguration in 1982, including football matches. [13] Tickets were sold out days before the match and prices rose in the Internet touting. [14] King Felipe VI of Spain and prominent politicians like Spanish Socialist Workers' Party leader Pedro Sánchez and vice president Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría attended the match. [15]

National team

Spain playing the Czech Republic (2007) Spain vs Czech Republic 2007 rugby (1).jpg
Spain playing the Czech Republic (2007)

The Spain national rugby union team represents the whole country and have been playing international rugby since the late 1920s. Their first match was in 1929 against Italy, which Spain won 9-0.

Spain has thus far made one Rugby World Cup appearance, in 1999. They were grouped in Pool A, alongside South Africa, Scotland and Uruguay. South Africa and Scotland defeated Spain by 40 points, and they also lost to Uruguay, though it was a closer contest.


The Spanish rugby union league is divided into divisions. The top teams play in the División de Honor. In each division, a team plays all other teams twice, once at home and once away. The Spanish league teams compete in a domestic cup competition each year, called the Copa del Rey. The winners of the División de Honor de Rugby (Honor Division) play the winners of the Copa del Rey in the Supercopa de España de Rugby (Super Cup). The champion of the División de Honor earns a spot in the Challenge Cup Qualifying Competition.


Other competitions


French rugby vocabulary has been a strong influence on that of Spain. There are, however, substantial differences between South American Spanish terms and those of Spain. In South America, a combination of Spanish and English position names is used, because rugby was introduced there directly from England after these countries became independent from Spain.

EnglishFrenchItalianSpanish (Spain)Spanish (South America)
PropPilierPilonePilar, PilierPilar
Lock (Second Row)Deuxième LigneSeconda LineaSegunda LíneaSegunda Línea
Flanker (Wing Forward)Troisième Ligne AileTerza (linea) ala
Tercera Línea, FlankerTercera Línea, Ala
Number eightTroisième Ligne CentreTerza linea media
Terza (linea) centro
Numero 8
Tercera Línea Centro u "Ocho"Octavo, Ocho, Tercera Línea
Scrum halfDemi de mêléeMediano di mischiaMedio meléMedio Scrum
Fly-half (Stand-off)Demi d'ouverture, OuvreurApertura
Mediano d'apertura
Apertura, Medio de AperturaApertura, Medio Apertura
CentreCentreCentro (Primo e Secondo)
Tre quarti centro
Centro (Primero y Segundo)In-side (Primero y Segundo), Centro
Wing (Left and Right)AilierAla
Tre quarti ala
Ala (Izquierda y Derecha)Wing (Izquierdo y Derecho)

Notable players

The Oscar-winning actor Javier Bardem played for the under-16 and under-18 squads and briefly for the senior national team. [16] [17] Bardem was originally a flanker, but became a prop, and has been quoted as saying, "being a rugby player in Spain is akin to being a bullfighter in Japan." [17]

Oscar-winning actor Javier Bardem is one of the best-known Spanish rugby players JavierBarden07TIFF.jpg
Oscar-winning actor Javier Bardem is one of the best-known Spanish rugby players

Other notable Spanish players include -

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  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Bath p74
  2. Richards, Chapter 4, Between Schism and War, p102
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Richards, Chapter 6, Gathering Storms, p129
  4. (in Spanish) "El Salvador, del patio del colegio a Europa en 50 años" ABC . Retrieved 1 June 2013.
  5. Richards, Chapter 11, Triumph of the Welfare State Rugby Player, p204
  6. Richards, Chapter 13, Resisting the Inevitable, p235
  7. Bath p67
  8. 1 2 "医療費を抑えるために出来ることとは". 31 January 2019.
  9. European Rugby, retrieved 19 August 2009
  10. "La Finale 2016 du TOP 14 au Camp Nou, à Barcelone !" (Press release) (in French). Ligue nationale de rugby. 4 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  11. "Barcelona confirmed as host of 2016 Top 14 final". ESPN Scrum. 4 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  12. "El Rugby está de moda" (Press release) (in Spanish).[ permanent dead link ]
  13. "Valladolid ofrece una pista de despegue al rugby español" (Press release) (in Spanish).
  14. "La reventa de entradas de la Copa del Rey de Rugby "hace su agosto" en internet" (Press release) (in Spanish).
  15. "Don Felipe, Sáenz de Santamaría y Sánchez se reúnen el domingo... para jugar al rugby" (Press release) (in Spanish).
  16. Pierce, Nev. "Interview with Javier Bardem". BBC. Retrieved 12 October 2007.
  17. 1 2 Famous Ruggers by Wes Clark and others, retrieved 19 August 2009