Rukwa Region

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Rukwa Region

Mkoa wa Rukwa  (Swahili)
Sumbawanga View.jpg
Sumbawanga Municipality
Tanzania Rukwa location map.svg
Regional map before partition in 2012
Tanzania relief location map.svg
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Rukwa Region
Location of Rukwa Region
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Rukwa Region
Rukwa Region (Africa)
Coordinates: 7°00′S31°30′E / 7.000°S 31.500°E / -7.000; 31.500 Coordinates: 7°00′S31°30′E / 7.000°S 31.500°E / -7.000; 31.500
Country Tanzania
ZoneSouthern Highlands
Capital Sumbawanga
Government
  Regional CommissionerJoackim Wangabo
Area
  Total22,792 km2 (8,800 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)
  Total1,004,539
  Density44/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+3 (EAT)
Postcode
55xxx
Area code(s) 025
HDI (2018)0.467 [1]
low · 24th of 25
Website www.rukwa.go.tz

Rukwa Region is one of Tanzania's 31 administrative regions with a postcode number 55000 . The regional capital is the municipality of Sumbawanga. According to the 2012 national census, the region had a population of 1,004,539. [2] :page 2 For 2002–2012, the region's 3.2 percent average annual population growth rate was tied for the third highest in the country. [2] :page 4 It was also the twentieth most densely populated region with 44 people per square kilometer. [2] :page 6

Contents

The region is bordered to the north by the Katavi Region, to the east by the Mbeya Region, to the south by Zambia, and to the west by Lake Tanganyika, which forms a border between Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

History

The region's name comes from Lake Rukwa, which harbours the largest population of crocodiles in the nation.[ citation needed ] It is the region of the Fipa people, who maintain themselves by subsistence agriculture and livestock keeping.[ citation needed ]

The Rukwa Region was established in 1975 by President Julius Nyerere by taking Mpanda District from Tabora and the former unified Sumbawanga District from the Mbeya Region. Nkasi District was established in 1984. [3] In 2012, the region was reorganized with the Mpanda District going to the new Katavi Region.

Districts

The region is administratively divided into four districts:

Districts of Rukwa Region
DistrictAdmin. Ctr.Population (2012)
Kalambo Matai 207,700
Lyamba lya Mfipa Mtowisa 162,557 [4]
Nkasi Namanyere 281,200
Sumbawanga Sumbawanga 353,082 [4]
Total 1,004,539

Economy

Mining

While there are extensive mineral resources in the Rukwa Region, [5] there are no active large mines. Gem stones, including emerald, moonstone, aquamarine, amethyst, ruby, and topaz, have been recovered from a number of locations. [5] There are coal seams in the Muze, Namwele, and Mkomolo areas, and some mining has occurred there. [5]

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Sumbawanga Place in Rukwa Region, Tanzania

Sumbawanga is a city located in western Tanzania. It is the capital of Rukwa Region with postcode number 55100. The regional population is approximately 150,000 based on a 2002 census. Sumbawanga lies in the territory of the Wafipa Fipa tribe and so many people speak Kifipa, as well as Kiswahili, the most widely used language of Tanzania. The name of the town literally translates as "throw away your witchcraft", thought to be a warning from local spiritual "healers" to any bringing in superstitions and practices relating to spiritual healers from other areas; there are still some healers who practice both in town and in the surrounding smaller villages on the plateau. The town has the largest hospital in the region, Rukwa General Hospital, which is government funded, as well as the smaller Dr. Atiman Hospital administrated and run by the Catholic Diocese of Sumbawanga.

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Nkasi District is one of the four districts of the Rukwa Region of Tanzania, with its headquarters in the village of Namanyere. It is bordered to the north by the Mpanda District of Katavi Region; to the east by the Sumbawanga Urban District; to the south by the Sumbawanga Rural District and Zambia; and to the west by Lake Tanganyika across from the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Sumbawanga Urban District is one of the four districts in the Rukwa Region of Tanzania. It is bordered to the north by Lake Rukwa, to the east by the Mbeya Region, to the south by the Sumbawanga Rural District and to the west by the Nkasi District. The district capital is Sumbawanga.

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References

  1. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
  2. 1 2 3 Population Distribution by Administrative Units, United Republic of Tanzania, 2013
  3. "Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania - Ofisi ya Waziri Mkuu - Tawala za Mikoa na Serikali za Mitaa: (The United Republic of Tanzania - Prime Minister's Office - Regional Administration and Local Government) Nkasi District - Introduction". Rukwa Regional Commissioner's Office. 2008.
  4. 1 2 2012 census included Lyamba lya Mfipa District in Sumbawanga District's total of 515,639. Siyame, Peti (30 April 2014). "Council approves division of S'wanga district". Daily News. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Archived from the original on 2 August 2014.
  5. 1 2 3 "Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania - Ofisi ya Waziri Mkuu - Tawala za Mikoa na Serikali za Mitaa: (The United Republic of Tanzania - Prime Minister's Office - Regional Administration and Local Government) Natural Resources - Mining". Rukwa Regional Commissioner's Office. 2008.