Russian Football National League

Last updated

Russian Football National League
FNLeague logo.jpg
Founded1992;29 years ago (1992)
CountryRussia
Confederation UEFA
Number of teams20
Level on pyramid2
Promotion to Premier League
Relegation to Professional League
Domestic cup(s) Russian Cup
Current champions Krylia Sovetov
(2020–21)
Most championships Chernomorets
Tyumen
Shinnik Yaroslavl
Luch-Energiya
Anzhi
Gazovik Orenburg (2 titles)
Website http://www.1fnl.ru/
Current: 2020–21 Russian Football National League
Old logo from 2011 to 2020. Football National League logo.png
Old logo from 2011 to 2020.

The Russian Football National League (FNL) (Russian : Первенство Футбольной Национальной Лиги, Pervenstvo Futbol'noy Natsional'noy Ligi; sometimes named as Second Russian Premier League; complete official name Fonbet-Russian Football Championship among the club teams of FNL, Russian : ФОНБЕТ-Первенство России по футболу среди команд клубов ФНЛ [1] for sponsorship reasons), formerly called Russian First Division (Russian : Первый дивизион), is the second level of the Russian football league system.

Contents

The Russian Professional Football League (PFL) used to run the division. Since 2011, it has been managed by the Football National League.

The league consists of 20 clubs. After each season the two top clubs are promoted to the Premier League, and the bottom four clubs are relegated to the Russian Professional Football League. Third and fourth team play in home-and-away promotion play-offs against the 13th and 14th Premier League teams. In case one or more clubs are not licensed to participate for the upcoming season, the teams previously relegated are kept in the league instead, in the order of last season's standings. The reserve squads of the Premier League teams (such as FC Spartak-2 Moscow) are not eligible for promotion, only for relegation.

History

Due to the dissolution of the Soviet Union, all Russian clubs of the former Soviet Top League and Soviet First League unified into the Russian Top Division, which meant that the new second tier of Russian football would remain regionalized. For the first two seasons the second tier competition was conducted in three separate groups formed by geographical region, and in 1994 a single division was formed.

2020–21 clubs

Winners and top scorers

SeasonWinnersAlso promotedTop scorer
1992 Zhemchuzhina-Amerus (West)
KAMAZ Naberezhnye Chelny (Centre)
Luch Vladivostok (East)
  Flag of Georgia.svg Gocha Gogrichiani (Zhemchuzhina-Amerus, West) – 26
Flag of Russia.svg Oleg Teryokhin (Sokol Saratov, Centre) – 27
Flag of Russia.svg Vyacheslav Kartashov (Irtysh Omsk, East) – 19
1993 Chernomorets Novorossiysk (West, not promoted)
Lada Togliatti (Centre)
Dinamo-Gazovik Tyumen (East)
  Flag of Russia.svg Sergey Burdin (Chernomorets Novorossiysk, West) – 25
Flag of Russia.svg Vladimir Filimonov (Zvezda Perm, Centre) – 37
Flag of Russia.svg Vyacheslav Kamoltsev (Dinamo-Gazovik Tyumen, East) – 22
1994 Chernomorets Novorossiysk Rostselmash Rostov-on-Don Flag of Russia.svg Dmitri Silin (Baltika Kaliningrad) – 35
1995 Baltika Kaliningrad Lada Togliatti
Zenit Saint Petersburg
Flag of Russia.svg Sergei Bulatov (Baltika Kaliningrad) – 29
1996 Dinamo-Gazovik Tyumen Shinnik Yaroslavl
Fakel Voronezh
Flag of Georgia.svg Varlam Kilasonia (Lokomotiv Saint Petersburg) – 22
1997 Uralan Elista   Flag of Russia.svg Aleksei Chernov (Lada-Grad Dimitrovgrad) – 29
1998 Saturn Moscow Region Lokomotiv Nizhny Novgorod Flag of Brazil.svg Andradina (Arsenal Tula) – 27
1999 Anzhi Makhachkala Fakel Voronezh Flag of Russia.svg Konstantin Paramonov (Amkar Perm) – 23
2000 Sokol Saratov Torpedo-ZIL Moscow Flag of Russia.svg Andrei Fedkov (Sokol Saratov) – 26
2001 Shinnik Yaroslavl Uralan Elista Flag of Russia.svg Vitaly Kakunin (Neftekhimik Nizhnekamsk) – 20
2002 Rubin Kazan Chernomorets Novorossiysk Flag of Russia.svg Vyacheslav Kamoltsev (Chernomorets Novorossiysk) – 20
Flag of Georgia.svg David Chaladze (Rubin Kazan) – 20
2003 Amkar Perm Kuban Krasnodar Flag of Russia.svg Aleksandr Panov (Dynamo Saint Petersburg) – 23
2004 Terek Grozny Tom Tomsk Flag of Russia.svg Andrei Fedkov (Terek Grozny) – 38
2005 Luch-Energia Vladivostok Spartak Nalchik Flag of Russia.svg Yevgeni Alkhimov (Lokomotiv Chita) – 24
2006 Khimki Kuban Krasnodar Flag of Russia.svg Yevgeni Alkhimov (Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast) – 25
2007 Shinnik Yaroslavl Terek Grozny Flag of Russia.svg Dmitri Akimov (Sibir Novosibirsk) – 34
2008 FC Rostov Kuban Krasnodar Flag of Russia.svg Denis Popov (Torpedo Moscow/Chernomorets Novorossiysk) – 24
2009 Anzhi Makhachkala Sibir Novosibirsk
Alania Vladikavkaz
Flag of Russia.svg Aleksei Medvedev (Sibir Novosibirsk) – 18
2010 Kuban Krasnodar Volga Nizhny Novgorod
Krasnodar
Flag of Georgia.svg Otar Martsvaladze (Volga Nizhny Novgorod) – 21
2011–12 Mordovia Saransk Alania Vladikavkaz Flag of Russia.svg Ruslan Mukhametshin (Mordovia Saransk) – 31
2012–13 Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast Tom Tomsk Flag of Russia.svg Spartak Gogniyev (Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast) – 17
2013–14 Mordovia Saransk Arsenal Tula
Torpedo Moscow
Ufa
Flag of Russia.svg Aleksandr Kutyin (Arsenal Tula) – 19
2014–15 Krylia Sovetov Anzhi Makhachkala Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Yannick Boli (Anzhi Makhachkala) – 15
2015–16 Gazovik Orenburg Arsenal Tula
Tom Tomsk
Flag of Russia.svg Artyom Delkin (Gazovik Orenburg) – 16
Flag of Russia.svg Khasan Mamtov (Tyumen) – 16
Flag of Russia.svg Maksim Zhitnev (Sibir Novosibirsk) – 16
2016–17 Dynamo Moscow Tosno
SKA-Khabarovsk
Flag of Russia.svg Kirill Panchenko (Dynamo Moscow) – 24
2017–18 Orenburg Krylia Sovetov Samara
Yenisey Krasnoyarsk
Flag of Russia.svg Artyom Kulishev (Dynamo Saint Petersburg) – 17
2018–19 Tambov Sochi Flag of Russia.svg Maksim Barsov (Sochi) – 19
2019–20 Rotor Volgograd Khimki Flag of Russia.svg Aleksandr Rudenko (Spartak-2 Moscow/Torpedo Moscow) – 14
Flag of Russia.svg Ivan Sergeyev (Torpedo Moscow) – 14

See also

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References

  1. "Футбольная национальная лига". 1fnl.ru. Retrieved 31 December 2018.