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|Number of teams||20|
|Level on pyramid||2|
|Promotion to||Premier League|
|Relegation to||Professional League|
|Domestic cup(s)||Russian Cup|
|Current champions|| Krylia Sovetov |
|Most championships|| Chernomorets |
Gazovik Orenburg (2 titles)
|Current: 2020–21 Russian Football National League|
The Russian Football National League (FNL) (Russian : Первенство Футбольной Национальной Лиги, Pervenstvo Futbol'noy Natsional'noy Ligi; sometimes named as Second Russian Premier League; complete official name Fonbet-Russian Football Championship among the club teams of FNL, Russian : ФОНБЕТ-Первенство России по футболу среди команд клубов ФНЛ for sponsorship reasons), formerly called Russian First Division (Russian : Первый дивизион), is the second level of the Russian football league system.
The Russian Professional Football League (PFL) used to run the division. Since 2011, it has been managed by the Football National League.
The league consists of 20 clubs. After each season the two top clubs are promoted to the Premier League, and the bottom four clubs are relegated to the Russian Professional Football League. Third and fourth team play in home-and-away promotion play-offs against the 13th and 14th Premier League teams. In case one or more clubs are not licensed to participate for the upcoming season, the teams previously relegated are kept in the league instead, in the order of last season's standings. The reserve squads of the Premier League teams (such as FC Spartak-2 Moscow) are not eligible for promotion, only for relegation.
Due to the dissolution of the Soviet Union, all Russian clubs of the former Soviet Top League and Soviet First League unified into the Russian Top Division, which meant that the new second tier of Russian football would remain regionalized. For the first two seasons the second tier competition was conducted in three separate groups formed by geographical region, and in 1994 a single division was formed.
|Season||Winners||Also promoted||Top scorer|
|1992|| Zhemchuzhina-Amerus (West) |
KAMAZ Naberezhnye Chelny (Centre)
Luch Vladivostok (East)
|–|| Gocha Gogrichiani (Zhemchuzhina-Amerus, West) – 26|
Oleg Teryokhin (Sokol Saratov, Centre) – 27
Vyacheslav Kartashov (Irtysh Omsk, East) – 19
|1993|| Chernomorets Novorossiysk (West, not promoted)|
Lada Togliatti (Centre)
Dinamo-Gazovik Tyumen (East)
|–|| Sergey Burdin (Chernomorets Novorossiysk, West) – 25|
Vladimir Filimonov (Zvezda Perm, Centre) – 37
Vyacheslav Kamoltsev (Dinamo-Gazovik Tyumen, East) – 22
|1994||Chernomorets Novorossiysk||Rostselmash Rostov-on-Don||Dmitri Silin (Baltika Kaliningrad) – 35|
|1995||Baltika Kaliningrad|| Lada Togliatti |
Zenit Saint Petersburg
|Sergei Bulatov (Baltika Kaliningrad) – 29|
|1996||Dinamo-Gazovik Tyumen|| Shinnik Yaroslavl |
|Varlam Kilasonia (Lokomotiv Saint Petersburg) – 22|
|1997||Uralan Elista||–||Aleksei Chernov (Lada-Grad Dimitrovgrad) – 29|
|1998||Saturn Moscow Region||Lokomotiv Nizhny Novgorod||Andradina (Arsenal Tula) – 27|
|1999||Anzhi Makhachkala||Fakel Voronezh||Konstantin Paramonov (Amkar Perm) – 23|
|2000||Sokol Saratov||Torpedo-ZIL Moscow||Andrei Fedkov (Sokol Saratov) – 26|
|2001||Shinnik Yaroslavl||Uralan Elista||Vitaly Kakunin (Neftekhimik Nizhnekamsk) – 20|
|2002||Rubin Kazan||Chernomorets Novorossiysk|| Vyacheslav Kamoltsev (Chernomorets Novorossiysk) – 20 |
David Chaladze (Rubin Kazan) – 20
|2003||Amkar Perm||Kuban Krasnodar||Aleksandr Panov (Dynamo Saint Petersburg) – 23|
|2004||Terek Grozny||Tom Tomsk||Andrei Fedkov (Terek Grozny) – 38|
|2005||Luch-Energia Vladivostok||Spartak Nalchik||Yevgeni Alkhimov (Lokomotiv Chita) – 24|
|2006||Khimki||Kuban Krasnodar||Yevgeni Alkhimov (Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast) – 25|
|2007||Shinnik Yaroslavl||Terek Grozny||Dmitri Akimov (Sibir Novosibirsk) – 34|
|2008||FC Rostov||Kuban Krasnodar||Denis Popov (Torpedo Moscow/Chernomorets Novorossiysk) – 24|
|2009||Anzhi Makhachkala|| Sibir Novosibirsk |
|Aleksei Medvedev (Sibir Novosibirsk) – 18|
|2010||Kuban Krasnodar|| Volga Nizhny Novgorod |
|Otar Martsvaladze (Volga Nizhny Novgorod) – 21|
|2011–12||Mordovia Saransk||Alania Vladikavkaz||Ruslan Mukhametshin (Mordovia Saransk) – 31|
|2012–13||Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast||Tom Tomsk||Spartak Gogniyev (Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast) – 17|
|2013–14||Mordovia Saransk|| Arsenal Tula |
|Aleksandr Kutyin (Arsenal Tula) – 19|
|2014–15||Krylia Sovetov||Anzhi Makhachkala||Yannick Boli (Anzhi Makhachkala) – 15|
|2015–16||Gazovik Orenburg|| Arsenal Tula |
| Artyom Delkin (Gazovik Orenburg) – 16 |
Khasan Mamtov (Tyumen) – 16
Maksim Zhitnev (Sibir Novosibirsk) – 16
|2016–17||Dynamo Moscow|| Tosno |
|Kirill Panchenko (Dynamo Moscow) – 24|
|2017–18||Orenburg|| Krylia Sovetov Samara |
|Artyom Kulishev (Dynamo Saint Petersburg) – 17|
|2018–19||Tambov||Sochi||Maksim Barsov (Sochi) – 19|
|2019–20||Rotor Volgograd||Khimki|| Aleksandr Rudenko (Spartak-2 Moscow/Torpedo Moscow) – 14 |
Ivan Sergeyev (Torpedo Moscow) – 14
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