|• Chosŏn'gŭl||량 강 도|
|• Hancha||兩 江 道|
|• Revised Romanization||Yanggang-do|
|Subdivisions||2 cities; 10 counties|
|• Party Committee Chairman||Ri Sang-won (WPK)|
|• People's Committee Chairman||Ri Song-guk|
|• Total||14,317 km2 (5,528 sq mi)|
|• Density||50/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)|
Ryanggang Province (Ryanggangdo; Korean : 량강도, Ryanggang-do, Korean pronunciation: [ɾjaŋ.ɡaŋ.do] ) is a province in North Korea. The province is bordered by China (Jilin) on the north, North Hamgyong on the east, South Hamgyong on the south, and Chagang on the west. Ryanggang was formed in 1954, when it was separated from South Hamgyŏng. The provincial capital is Hyesan. In South Korean usage, "Ryanggang" is spelled and pronounced as "Yanggang" (Korean : 양강도, Yanggang-do, Korean pronunciation: [jaŋ.ɡaŋ.do] )
Along the northern border with China runs the Yalu River and the Tumen River. In between the rivers, and the source of both, is Paektu Mountain, revered by both the Koreans and Manchurians as the mythic origin of each people. The North Korean government claims that Kim Jong-il was born there when his parents were at a Communist resistance camp at the mountain. The North Korean-Chinese border for 20 miles east of the mountain is "dry, remote and mountainous, barely patrolled," making it one of the crossing areas for refugees from North Korea into China, although most, including refugees from Ryanggang itself, prefer to cross over the Tumen River.
Although all of North Korea is economically depressed, Ryanggang province, along with neighboring North Hamgyong and South Hamgyong provinces, are the poorest, forming North Korea's "Rust Belt" of industrialized cities with factories now decrepit and failing. The worst hunger of the 1990s famine years occurred in these three provinces, and most refugees into China come from the Rust Belt region.
An explosion and mushroom cloud was reportedly detected in Kimhyŏngjik-gun on 9 September 2004, the 56th anniversary of the creation of North Korea. This was reported a few days later on 12 September.
In recent years, power supply problems have become prevalent in Ryanggang.[ citation needed ]
Ryanggang is divided into 2 cities (si) and 10 counties (kun). Each entity is listed below in English, Chosŏn'gŭl, and Hanja.
|Hyesan (capital)||혜산시||惠山市||192,680||25 dong, 4 ri|
|Samjiyon||삼지연시||三池淵市||31,471||10 dong, 6 ri|
|Kapsan County||갑산군||甲山郡||70,611||1 up, 4 rodongjagu, 20 ri|
|Kimhyonggwon County||김형권군||金亨權郡||37,528||1 up, 1 rodongjagu, 17 ri|
|Kimhyongjik County||김형직군||金亨稷郡||57,729||1 up, 6 rodongjagu, 9 ri|
|Kimjongsuk County||김정숙군||金貞淑郡||42,618||1 up, 2 rodongjagu, 22 ri|
|Paegam County||백암군||白岩郡||67,683||1 up, 19 rodongjagu, 4 ri|
|Pochon County||보천군||普天郡||37,225||1 up, 2 rodongjagu, 17 ri|
|Pungso County||풍서군||豊西郡||44,112||1 up, 3 rodongjagu, 17 ri|
|Samsu County||삼수군||三水郡||40,311||1 up, 1 rodongjagu, 23 ri|
|Taehongdan County||대홍단군||大紅湍郡||35,596||1 up, 9 rodongjagu|
|Unhung County||운흥군||雲興郡||61,705||1 up, 10 rodongjagu, 10 ri|
Korea's provinces have been the primary administrative division of Korea since the mid Goryeo dynasty in the early 11th century, and were preceded by provincial-level divisions dating back to Unified Silla, in the late 7th century.
The Tumen River, also known as the Tuman River or Dooman River, is a 521-kilometre (324 mi) long river that serves as part of the boundary between China, North Korea and Russia, rising on the slopes of Mount Paektu and flowing into the Sea of Japan. The river has a drainage basin of 33,800 km2.
Hyesan is a city in the northern part of Ryanggang province of North Korea. It is a hub of river transportation as well as a product distribution centre. It is also the administrative centre of Ryanggang Province. As of 2008, the population of the city is 192,680.
Kangwon Province is a province of North Korea, with its capital at Wŏnsan. Before the division of Korea in 1945, Kangwŏn Province and its South Korean neighbour Gangwon Province formed a single province that excluded Wŏnsan.
South Pyongan Province is a province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the southern half of the former Pyongan Province, remained a province of Korea until 1945, then became a province of North Korea. Its capital is Pyongsong.
South Hamgyong Province is a province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the southern half of the former Hamgyong Province, remained a province of Korea until 1945, then became a province of North Korea. Its capital is Hamhung.
North Hamgyong Province is the northernmost province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former Hamgyong Province.
Chagang Province is a province in North Korea; it is bordered by China's Jilin and Liaoning provinces to the north, Ryanggang and South Hamgyong to the east, South Pyongan to the south, and North Pyongan to the west. Chagang was formed in 1949, after being demarcated from North Pyongan. The provincial capital is Kanggye. Chagang is the only province of North Korea which is completely inaccessible to tourists, however in 2019 Manpo became accessible to tourist. One reason it was not believed to be accessible to tourist was due to the province being known for its weapons and nuclear weapon facilities and factories located within the province. In May 2018, the province became a "Special Songun Revolutionary Zone" in relations to concealing the nuclear weapon and weapon's factories within the province.
Rason is a North Korean city and ice-free port in the Sea of Japan in the North Pacific Ocean on the northeast tip of North Korea. It is in the Kwanbuk region and location of the Rason Special Economic Zone.
Tumen is a county-level city in Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, eastern Jilin province, Northeast China. Of its 136,000 inhabitants, approximately 78,000 are of Korean descent. The two official languages are Chinese and Korean. Tumen is separated from Namyang of North Hamgyong province of North Korea by the Tumen River. Due to this proximity, many North Koreans escaping North Korea pass through Tumen. Tumen is also the location of a large detention center for captured North Koreans awaiting deportation. Tumen has two major food markets, the South Market and the North Market, where most of the residents purchase their food. Packaged foods and meats are usually sold inside the building, and vegetables are sold outside. There are six elementary schools, with three Korean schools, and three Chinese schools.
Kilju, sometimes romanized as Kilchu, is a county in North Hamgyong province, North Korea. The county seat is Kilju Town.
Onsŏng County is a county (kun) in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea, located near the border with China. The administrative center is the town (ŭp) of Onsong. Onsong is the alleged site of the former Onsong concentration camp, now closed.
Kyŏngwŏn County is a kun, or county, in North Hamgyong province, North Korea, located at, formerly known as Saebyŏl. It is bordered by the People's Republic of China to the north and east, Kyonghung to the southeast, Hoeryong to the southwest, and Onsong to the west.
Samsu County is a kun, or county, in Ryanggang province, North Korea. Prior to 1954, it was part of South Hamgyŏng province.
The Hamgyŏng dialect, or Northeastern Korean, is a dialect of the Korean language used in most of North and South Hamgyŏng and Ryanggang Provinces of northeastern North Korea, all of which were originally united as Hamgyŏng Province. Since the nineteenth century, it has also been spoken by Korean diaspora communities in Northeast China and the former Soviet Union.
Provinces are the first-level division within North Korea. There are 9 provinces in North Korea: Chagang, North Hamgyong, South Hamgyong, North Hwanghae, South Hwanghae, Kangwon, North Pyongan, South Pyongan, and Ryanggang.
The Hamgyong Mountains, officially known as the Gangbaekjeonggan and formerly known as the Pepi Shan or Tumen Mountains, is a North Korean mountain range. It lies in the northeast quarter of the country, extending for about 350 kilometers (220 mi) southwest and northeast parallel to the Sea of Japan. Its northern terminus is in the Tumen Valley. To its west are the Kaema Highlands.
"North Hamgyeong Province" or "Hamgyeongbuk-do" is, according to South Korean law, a province of the Republic of Korea, as the South Korean government formally claims to be the legitimate government of whole of Korea. The area constituting the province is under the de facto jurisdiction of North Korea.
"South Hamgyeong Province" is, according to South Korean law, a province of the Republic of Korea, as the South Korean government formally claims to be the legitimate government of the whole of Korea. The area constituting the province is under the de facto jurisdiction of North Korea and China.
Jaegaseung were descendants of Jurchen people who lived in Korea. They formed villages of married lay monks. They produced oatmeal paper and paid their taxes with it.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ryanggang-do .|