Sângeorgiu de Pădure

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Sângeorgiu de Pădure

Erdőszentgyörgy
Kis-Kukullo1.jpg
Landscape near the town
ROU MS Sangeorgiu de Padure CoA.png
Coat of arms
Sangeorgiu de Padure jud Mures.png
Location in Mureș County
Romania location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Sângeorgiu de Pădure
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 46°25′49″N24°50′30″E / 46.43028°N 24.84167°E / 46.43028; 24.84167 Coordinates: 46°25′49″N24°50′30″E / 46.43028°N 24.84167°E / 46.43028; 24.84167
CountryFlag of Romania.svg  Romania
County Mureș
Government
  MayorAttila-Zoltán Csibi [1] (UDMR)
Area
71.42 km2 (27.58 sq mi)
Population
 (2011) [2]
5,166
  Density72/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zone EET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Postal code
547535
Area code +40 265
Vehicle reg. MS
Website sgpadure.ro

Sângeorgiu de Pădure (English (lit.): Saint George on the Heath, Hungarian : Erdőszentgyörgy [ˈɛrdøːsɛɲɟørɟ] ; German : Sankt Georgen auf der Heide) is a town in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania.

Contents

Bezid (Bözöd), Bezidu Nou (Bözödújfalu), and Loțu (Lóc) villages are administratively part of the town.

History

The church of the flooded Bezidu Nou (Bozodujfalu) village The Catholic Church of Bezidu Nou.jpg
The church of the flooded Bezidu Nou (Bözödújfalu) village
As Erdo Szent Gyorgy on Josephine Land survey, 18th century Josephinische Landaufnahme pg159.jpg
As Erdő Szent Györgÿ on Josephine Land survey, 18th century

The first written record of the town is preserved in a papal tithe applotment list from 1333 in which mention is made of a priest, "de Sancto Georgio," [3] who paid a sum of 6 dinars to the neighboring diocese. In 1347, a man named Erdő, count of the Székelys, and the sons of Erdő of Erdőszentgyörgy were mentioned. [3] In 1442, Anna Herepei, wife of Erdő of Erdewzenthgergh is written about. [3] The village was the estate of Francis I Rákóczi, prince of Transylvania. [3] The Rédey castle was built in 1647. In 1788, Péter Bodor was born here. [3] In 1818-1809, the Rédey castle was rebuilt. [3] In 1913, the official Hungarian name of the village was Erdőszentgyörgy. [3]

Its Romanian name was originally Erdeo-Sângeorgiu; in 1919 the name changed to Sîngeorgiul de Pădure, which later was changed by Romanian authorities to the current official name. [3]

In the mid-1780s, as part of the Josephine administrative reform, Marosszék was integrated into Küküllő county, however, the szék-system was restored in 1790. After the suppression of the Hungarian Revolution in 1849, the village formed part of the Kibéd military sub-division of the Marosvásárhely division in the Udvarhely military district. [4] :1, figure 3 Between 1861–1876, the former Marosszék was restored. [4] :2 [5] As a result of the administrative reform in 1876, the village fell within Nyárádszereda district of Maros-Torda County in the Kingdom of Hungary. [6]

After the Hungarian–Romanian War of 1918–19 and the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, Sângeorgiu de Pădure became part of Romania and fell within the Mureș County during the interwar period. In 1940, the Second Vienna Award granted Northern Transylvania to Hungary and it was held by Hungary until 1944. Administered by the Soviet authorities after 12 November 1944, the village, together with the rest of Northern Transylvania, came under Romanian administration on 13 March 1945 and became officially part of Romania in 1947. [7] [8] Between 1952 and 1960, the commune fell within the Magyar Autonomous Region, between 1960 and 1968 the Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region. [4] :figure 4 In 1968, the province was abolished, [9] and since then, the settlement has been part of Mureș County. It became a town in 2004. [3]

The grave of Claudia Rhédey, grandmother of Mary of Teck, is placed in the crypt of the Reformed church, [10] which was renovated in 1936 [3] from a donation on behalf of Queen Mary of Teck (great-granddaughter of count Rhédey and grandmother of Queen Elisabeth II) and the British royal family. [10]

Demographics

Sângeorgiu de Pădure has an absolute Székely Hungarian majority. [11] In 1900, the village had, in order of population size, 4,131 Hungarian (91,23%) and 352 Romanian (7.77%) inhabitants. [12] In 1930, the census indicated 2,954 Hungarians (61.17%), 1,194 Romanians (24.73%), 334 Jews (6.92%) and 334 Gypsies (6.92%). According to the 2011 census, 3,816 (75,48%) residents reported themselves as Hungarian, while 904 were Romanian (17.88%) and 4.74% Gypsy, from a total of 5,055 inhabitants. In 2002, 2,121 households were registered in the town along with 1,912 residential buildings. [13]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18503,354    
18803,882+15.7%
19004,277+10.2%
19104,528+5.9%
19304,829+6.6%
19566,360+31.7%
19775,714−10.2%
19925,715+0.0%
20025,492−3.9%
20115,055−8.0%
Source: Census data

The 2002 Census reported Calvinism being professed by 54.71% of the total population, while 19.61% of the respondents belonged to the Romanian Orthodox Church, 10.34% of the respondents identified themselves as Unitarian, 8.55% as Roman Catholic, and 1.07% as Baptist. [11]

Politics

The Bezid (Bozod) artificial lake Bozodi-to3.jpg
The Bezid (Bözöd) artificial lake

The local Town Council has 15 members: [14]

PartyNumber of councillors
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 9
Social Liberal Union 5
Hungarian Civic Party 1

Landmarks

The Reformed church Erdoszentgyorgy reformed church.jpg
The Reformed church

Notable people

Twinnings

The town is twinned with:

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Results of the 2016 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  2. "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 János András Vistai. "Tekintő – Erdélyi Helynévkönyv" (PDF). Transylvanian Toponym Book. p. 961.
  4. 1 2 3 Tibor Elekes. "Marosvásárhely közigazgatási szerepe a XIV. századtól napjainkig" (PDF) (in Hungarian).
  5. Gazeteer of Hungary, 1873 Archived 2008-10-29 at the Wayback Machine
  6. Hungarian Administrative Reform Act 1876
  7. Sălăgean, Marcela (2002). The Soviet Administration in Northern Transylvania (November 1944 March 1945). Boulder, CO: East European Monographs. p. 190. ISBN   978-0-88033-496-9.
  8. Zoltán Mihály Nagy. "Power Changes and Self-administration in Northern Transylvania 12 November 1944–13 March 1945". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
  9. James F. Brown (2001). The grooves of change: Eastern Europe at the turn of the millennium. Duke University Press. p. 54. ISBN   978-0-8223-2637-3.
  10. 1 2 Website of Mureș County Council Archived on the Wayback Machine
  11. 1 2 Website of the Ethnocultural Diversity Resource Center
  12. Censuses in Mureș County, 1850 - 2002
  13. Miscellaneous information on the commune
  14. Local election results 2012; retrieved on March 26, 2013
  15. Keul, István (2009). Early modern religious communities in East-Central Europe: ethnic diversity, denominational plurality, and corporative politics in the principality of Transylvania (1526-1691). Leiden: Brill. p. 174. ISBN   978-90-04-17652-2.
  16. Kiss, Sándor (1979). Emlékeim Kiss Sándor altábornagyról ('My memories of Lieutenant General János Kiss') (in Hungarian). Budapest: Zrinyi Katonai Kiadó. p. 30.
  17. 1 2 Ágnes Kenyeres (editor). "Magyar Életrajzi Lexicon (Lexicon of Hungarian Biographies)" (in Hungarian). Akadémiai Kiadó.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  18. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Primăria Sângeorgiu de Pădure - Localități înfrățite" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2020-03-12.