Sângeorgiu de Pădure
Landscape near the town
Location in Mureș County
|• Mayor||Attila-Zoltán Csibi (UDMR)|
|Area||71.42 km2 (27.58 sq mi)|
|• Density||72/km2 (190/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)|
|Area code||+40 265|
Sângeorgiu de Pădure (English (lit.): Saint George on the Heath, Hungarian : Erdőszentgyörgy [ˈɛrdøːsɛɲɟørɟ] ; German : Sankt Georgen auf der Heide) is a town in Mureș County, Transylvania, Romania.
Bezid (Bözöd), Bezidu Nou (Bözödújfalu), and Loțu (Lóc) villages are administratively part of the town.
The first written record of the town is preserved in a papal tithe applotment list from 1333 in which mention is made of a priest, "de Sancto Georgio,"who paid a sum of 6 dinars to the neighboring diocese. In 1347, a man named Erdő, count of the Székelys, and the sons of Erdő of Erdőszentgyörgy were mentioned. In 1442, Anna Herepei, wife of Erdő of Erdewzenthgergh is written about. The village was the estate of Francis I Rákóczi, prince of Transylvania. The Rédey castle was built in 1647. In 1788, Péter Bodor was born here. In 1818-1809, the Rédey castle was rebuilt. In 1913, the official Hungarian name of the village was Erdőszentgyörgy.
Its Romanian name was originally Erdeo-Sângeorgiu; in 1919 the name changed to Sîngeorgiul de Pădure, which later was changed by Romanian authorities to the current official name.
In the mid-1780s, as part of the Josephine administrative reform, Marosszék was integrated into Küküllő county, however, the szék-system was restored in 1790. After the suppression of the Hungarian Revolution in 1849, the village formed part of the Kibéd military sub-division of the Marosvásárhely division in the Udvarhely military district. 1, figure 3 Between 1861–1876, the former Marosszék was restored. :2 As a result of the administrative reform in 1876, the village fell within Nyárádszereda district of Maros-Torda County in the Kingdom of Hungary.:
After the Hungarian–Romanian War of 1918–19 and the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, Sângeorgiu de Pădure became part of Romania and fell within the Mureș County during the interwar period. In 1940, the Second Vienna Award granted Northern Transylvania to Hungary and it was held by Hungary until 1944. Administered by the Soviet authorities after 12 November 1944, the village, together with the rest of Northern Transylvania, came under Romanian administration on 13 March 1945 and became officially part of Romania in 1947. figure 4 In 1968, the province was abolished, and since then, the settlement has been part of Mureș County. It became a town in 2004.Between 1952 and 1960, the commune fell within the Magyar Autonomous Region, between 1960 and 1968 the Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region. :
The grave of Claudia Rhédey, grandmother of Mary of Teck, is placed in the crypt of the Reformed church,which was renovated in 1936 from a donation on behalf of Queen Mary of Teck (great-granddaughter of count Rhédey and grandmother of Queen Elisabeth II) and the British royal family.
Sângeorgiu de Pădure has an absolute Székely Hungarian majority. 4,131 Hungarian (91,23%) and 352 Romanian (7.77%) inhabitants. In 1930, the census indicated 2,954 Hungarians (61.17%), 1,194 Romanians (24.73%), 334 Jews (6.92%) and 334 Gypsies (6.92%). According to the 2011 census, 3,816 (75,48%) residents reported themselves as Hungarian, while 904 were Romanian (17.88%) and 4.74% Gypsy, from a total of 5,055 inhabitants. In 2002, 2,121 households were registered in the town along with 1,912 residential buildings.In 1900, the village had, in order of population size,
|Source: Census data|
The 2002 Census reported Calvinism being professed by 54.71% of the total population, while 19.61% of the respondents belonged to the Romanian Orthodox Church, 10.34% of the respondents identified themselves as Unitarian, 8.55% as Roman Catholic, and 1.07% as Baptist.
The local Town Council has 15 members:
|Party||Number of councillors|
|Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania||9|
|Social Liberal Union||5|
|Hungarian Civic Party||1|
The town is twinned with:
Mureș County is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania, with the administrative centre in Târgu Mureș. The county was established in 1968, after the administrative reorganization that re-introduced the historical judeţ (county) system, still used today. This reform eliminated the previous Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region, which had been created in 1952 within the People's Republic of Romania. Mureș county has a vibrant multicultural fabric that includes Hungarian-speaking Székelys and Transylvanian Saxons, with a rich heritage of fortified churches and towns.
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Countess Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde was the Hungarian wife of Duke Alexander of Württemberg. Her son, Francis, Duke of Teck, was the father of Mary of Teck, queen consort to George V of the United Kingdom. The current British monarch, Elizabeth II, is Claudine's great-great-granddaughter.
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