São Cristóvão Station

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São Cristóvão Station (Portuguese : Estação São Cristóvão) is a railway station in São Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro which is serviced by the Rio de Janeiro Metro and SuperVia. [1]

Portuguese language Romance language that originated in Portugal

Portuguese is a Western Romance language originating in the Iberian Peninsula. It is the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Angola, and São Tomé and Príncipe. It also has co-official language status in East Timor, Equatorial Guinea and Macau in China. As the result of expansion during colonial times, a cultural presence of Portuguese and Portuguese creole speakers are also found in Goa, Daman and Diu in India; in Batticaloa on the east coast of Sri Lanka; in the Indonesian island of Flores; in the Malacca state of Malaysia; and the ABC islands in the Caribbean where Papiamento is spoken, while Cape Verdean Creole is the most widely spoken Portuguese-based Creole. Portuguese is also mentioned in the Costitution of the Republic of South Africa as one of the languages used by immigrants communities in South Africa which should be "promoted and respect", in spite of not being an officially recognized language in the country. A Portuguese-speaking person or nation is referred to as "Lusophone" (Lusófono).

Rio de Janeiro Metro rapid transit system in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

The Rio de Janeiro Metro is a rapid transit network that serves the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Metrô was inaugurated on March 5, 1979 and consisted of five stations operating on a single line. The system currently covers a total of 58 kilometres (36 mi), serving 41 stations, divided into three lines: Line 1 ; Line 2, which together travel over a shared stretch of line that covers 10 stations of an approximate distance of 5 kilometers; and Line 4. Metrô Rio has the second highest passenger volume of the metro systems in Brazil, after the São Paulo Metro.

SuperVia Brazilian train operator

SuperVia Trens Urbanos is a Brazilian train operator founded in Rio de Janeiro in November 1998. It carries around 750 million passengers a year on a railroad network comprising 100 stations in 12 cities: Rio de Janeiro, Duque de Caxias, Guapimirim, Nova Iguaçu, Nilópolis, Mesquita, Queimados, São João de Meriti, Belford Roxo, Japeri, Paracambi and Magé.

Contents

São Cristóvão

Estação São Cristóvão
Estacao Sao Cristovao 27-07-2016.jpg
São Cristóvão Supervia station
Location Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
Coordinates 22°54′36″S43°13′23″W / 22.9101004°S 43.2229996°W / -22.9101004; -43.2229996
Elevation4 metres
Owned by Rio de Janeiro State Government
Operated by SuperVia
Line(s)Deodoro Line
Santa Cruz Line
Japeri Line
Belford Roxo Line
Saracuruna Line
Platforms3 island platforms
Tracks6
Construction
Bicycle facilitiesYes
Other information
Station codeSCO
History
Opened1859
Rebuilt1937, 2016
Electrified1937
Services
Preceding station  SuperVia  Following station
toward  Central
Deodoro
toward  Deodoro
Terminus
Santa Cruz
toward  Santa Cruz
Terminus
Japeri
toward  Japeri
Terminus
Belford Roxo
toward  Belford Roxo
Terminus
Saracuruna
toward  Saracuruna
Location
Rio De Janeiro location map.svg
Red pog.svg
São Cristóvão
Location within Rio de Janeiro
São Cristóvão

Estação São Cristóvão
Metrorioicon.png
Estacao Sao Cristovao.jpg
São Cristóvão metro station
Location Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
Coordinates 22°54′35″S43°13′16″W / 22.9097222°S 43.2211111°W / -22.9097222; -43.2211111
Owned by Rio de Janeiro State Government
Operated by Metrô Rio
Line(s) Line 2
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks2
Other information
Station codeSCR
History
Opened1981
Traffic
Passengers (2017)4.052 million
Services
Preceding station  Metrô Rio  Following station
toward  Pavuna
Line 2
toward  Botafogo
Location
Rio De Janeiro location map.svg
Red pog.svg
São Cristóvão
Location within Rio de Janeiro

Supervia station

History

São Cristóvão Station was opened on 16th July 1859, being part of the first section of the Central do Brasil Railroad, between Rio de Janeiro and Nova Iguaçu. [2] With the growth of the city of Rio de Janeiro, passenger trains started to run with ever increasing frequency, and suburban trains started running in the 1920s. During the electrification works of the Central do Brasil railroad (1934-1937), São Cristóvão Station was reconstructed, with a mezzanine over the tracks.

Estrada de Ferro Central do Brasil

The Estrada de Ferro Central do Brasil was one of the principal railways of Brazil, uniting the states of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Minas Gerais.

Nova Iguaçu Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

Nova Iguaçu is a municipality in Rio de Janeiro state in Brazil.

With the expansion of services on the railroad between 1963 and 1972, new platforms were built, and the mezzanine over the station was expanded. [3] [4] Despite this, the station couldn't keep up with the amount of passengers. On the 12th of October 1974, during the Children's Day festivities in the Quinta da Boa Vista, severe overcrowding inside the station caused 4 deaths and hundreds of injuries. [5]

Childrens Day one of many public observances in honor of children (for the Universal Childrens Day, 20th November, use Q3187040)

International Children's Day is a day recognized to celebrate children. The day is celebrated on various dates in different countries.

Quinta da Boa Vista public park in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

The Quinta da Boa Vista is a public park of great historical importance in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The park was part of the gardens of the São Cristóvão Palace, the residence of the Emperors of Brazil in the 19th century.

With the construction of São Cristóvão Metro Station between 1976 and 1981, plans were made to remodel and integrate the suburban rail station to the metro, though they never left the drawing board. In 1984, São Cristóvão Station was transferred from the Federal Railroad Network to the Brazilian Urban Train Company (CBTU), which made new plans to remodel the station, but those plans also never left the drawing board due to a lack of funds. [6] [7]

The Rede Ferroviária Federal, Sociedade Anônima (RFFSA) was the state owned national railway company of Brazil created from Brazilian Federal Law #3.115 on March 16, 1957, after several railroads were nationalized by the Brazilian government. However, the railroad did not take full effect until September 30, 1957. The RFFSA linked 42 railways together, creating a regional system composed of 22 railroads. The goal of the RFFSA was to promote and advance the railroad sector of Brazil, creating a north-south-east-west rail network in all five regions of Brazil. But it failed and the RFFSA only served four of the five regions with a north-south rail network win 19 units of the federation of Brazil. By 1999, the railroad was liquidated and privatized, with the last liquidations occurring in 2007.

After the privatization of urban trains in Greater Rio de Janeiro and of the station in 1998, a new plan for the station was presented in 2000 through a national architecture competition. Despite the winning entry being created by Mario Biselli and José Paulo de Bem (who designed Sé Station in São Paulo), the plan was never acted on due to a lack of funds. [8] [9] Only in the 2010s would Supervia and the Rio de Janeiro State government start a new reconstruction project. Financed by the Brazilian Development Bank, the plan was commissioned with the aid of private companies including Planorcon, LZD Arquitetos and RVBA Arquitetos, but the reconstruction itself would be done by EBTE Engenharia, and was completed on 27th July 2016. [10] [11] [12] [13]

Greater Rio de Janeiro Human settlement in Brazil

Greater Rio de Janeiro, officially the Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Region is a large metropolitan area located in Rio de Janeiro state in Brazil, the second largest in Brazil and third largest in South America. It consists of 22 municipalities, including the state capital, Rio de Janeiro.

Sé (São Paulo Metro) metro station in Sao Paulo, Brazil

is a central station on Line 1 (Blue) and Line 3 (Red) of the São Paulo Metro. It is located under the Praça da Sé, next to the São Paulo Cathedral. It was officially inaugurated on 17 February 1978.

São Paulo Municipality in Brazil

São Paulo is a municipality in the Southeast Region of Brazil. The metropolis is an alpha global city and the most populous city in Brazil, the Western Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere, besides being the largest Portuguese-speaking city in the world. The municipality is also the world's 12th largest city proper by population. The city is the capital of the surrounding state of São Paulo, the most populous and wealthiest state in Brazil. It exerts strong international influences in commerce, finance, arts and entertainment. The name of the city honors the Apostle, Saint Paul of Tarsus. The city's metropolitan area, the Greater São Paulo, ranks as the most populous in Brazil and the 12th most populous on Earth. The process of conurbation between the metropolitan areas located around the Greater São Paulo created the São Paulo Macrometropolis, a megalopolis with more than 30 million inhabitants, one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.

Platforms

Platform 1A: Towards Deodoro (Stopper)
Platform 1B: Towards Central do Brasil (Stopper)
Platform 2C: Towards Japeri and Santa Cruz (Express)
Platform 2D: Towards Central do Brasil (Express)
Platform 3E: Towards Belford Roxo and Gramacho
Platform 3F: Towards Central do Brasil

Deodoro Station is a railway station in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro that serves as the terminal of the Deodoro Line. It is also on the Santa Cruz and Japeri lines.

Central do Brasil railway station

Central do Brasil is a major train station in the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro. It is the last stop of Rio's railway network, as well as a hub for connection with the city subway and a bus station. Central do Brasil was also a preeminent stop in the interstate Central do Brasil railroad, which did link Rio de Janeiro with São Paulo and Minas Gerais, though the railroad is now deactivated. The station is located in downtown Rio de Janeiro, along the Avenida Presidente Vargas and across from the Campo de Santana park.

Metro Station

History

The first plans for São Cristóvão Metro Station were presented (along with the plans for Triagem, Maracanã and Maria da Graça Metro Stations) in June 1976 by Projeto Arquitetos Associados Ltda. (PAAL), a private company owned by Sabino Machado Barroso, Jaime Zettel and José de Anchieta Leal, and said plans called for a direct integration to the existing train station. [14]

The construction of São Cristóvão Metro Station was contracted out by the Rio de Janeiro state government to Cetenco Engenharia S.A. and Ecisa - Engenharia, Comercio e Industria S/A for the value of 510 million cruzeiros and started on 16th March 1977. Despite the initial deadline of 600 days after the start of construction, São Cristóvão Metro Station was only inaugurated on 19th November 1981. [15] [16] [17]

Entrances

The station had three entrances in the past: Radial Oeste and RFFSA in the northern end and Senador Furtado in the southern end, but now it has four entrances: Praça da Bandeira, Radial Oeste Avenue, Maracanã Station and the Quinta da Boa Vista.

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References

  1. "São Cristóvão - Sobre a Estação". MetrôRio. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
  2. Guia Geral das Estradas de Ferro (1960). "EFCB - Estrada de Ferro Central do Brasil-Linha do Centro (Bitola de 1,60 m)" [EFCB - Central do Brasil Railroad-Centre Line (1600 mm gauge)]. Centro Oeste. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  3. Rede Ferroviária Federal S/A (1963). "Comissão de remodelação e unificação dos transportes suburbanos da cidade do Rio de Janeiro" [Commission for remodelling and unification of suburban transport in the city of Rio de Janeiro]. Memória Estatística do Brasil-Biblioteca do Ministério da Fazenda no Rio de Janeiro. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  4. Rede Ferroviária Federal S/A (1971). "Área da Engenharia - Linhas 5 e 6 da Central" [Area of Engineering - Lines 5 and 6 of the Central Railroad]. Memória Estatística do Brasil-Biblioteca do Ministério da Fazenda no Rio de Janeiro. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  5. "Excesso de gente na festa da criança deixa 4 mortos" [Excess of people in children's day party leaves 4 dead]. Jornal do Brasil, Ano LXXXIV, edição 189, Seção Cidade, página 5. 1974-10-14. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  6. "Metrô modifica esquema da Central e trens vão ter terminal em Barão de Mauá" [Metro changes operation of the Central Railroad and trains will terminate in Barão de Mauá Station]. Jornal do Brasil, Ano LXXXVI, edição 345, Seção Cidade, página 15. 1977-03-24. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  7. "Estação terá um terminal de subúrbio" [Station will be suburban termius]. Jornal do Brasil, Ano LXXXVII, edição 66, Seção Cidade, página 18. 1977-06-13. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  8. "Nova estação da supervia em São Cristóvão" [New Supervia Station in São Cristóvão]. Vitruvius. July 2001. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  9. "SUPERVIA - ESTAÇÃO SÃO CRISTOVÃO". Biselli Katchborian Arquitetos Associados. 2000. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  10. "Estação São Cristóvão". LZD Arquitetos. 2014. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  11. "SUPERVIA DE SÃO CRISTÓVÃO". Galeria da Arquitetura. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  12. SuperVia (2016-07-27). "SuperVia entrega estação São Cristóvão totalmente reformada, a última estação olímpica do sistema ferroviário a ser reinaugurada" [Supervia inaugurates the totally reformed São Cristóvão station, the last Olympic station of the railway system to be rebuilt]. ANPTrilhos. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  13. "BNDES aprova R$ 1,6 bilhão para melhoria do transporte ferroviário urbano no Estado do Rio" [Brazilian Development Bank approves R$1.6 billion investment for urban railroad transport improvements in the State of Rio de Janeiro]. BNDES. 2013-07-23. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  14. "Linha 2 do Metrô só espera edital para começar obras" [Line 2 of the Metro just waits for official notice to start construction]. Jornal do Brasil, Ano LXXXVI, edição 83, Seção Cidade, página 12/republished by Biblioteca Nacional-Hemeroteca Digital Brasileira. 1976-06-30. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  15. "Governador visita metrô e pede compreensão do povo por obras" [Governor visits metro and asks for understanding from the people about the delayed construction]. Jornal do Brasil, Ano LXXXVI, edição 337, Seção Cidade, página 12/republished by Biblioteca Nacional-Hemeroteca Digital Brasileira. 1977-03-16. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  16. "Estação São Cristóvão". Cetenco Engenharia S.A. 1981. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  17. "Metropolitano agrada mas faltam sanitários" [Metropolitan pleases, but lacks toilets]. Luta Democrática, Ano XXVI, edição 8184, página 3/republished by Biblioteca Nacional-Hemeroteca Digital Brasileira. 1981-11-30. Retrieved 2019-06-09.