S.S.C. Napoli

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Napoli
S.S.C. Napoli logo.svg
Full nameSocietà Sportiva Calcio Napoli S.p.A.
Nickname(s)Gli Azzurri (The Blues)
I Partenopei (The Parthenopeans)
Founded
  • 25 August 1926;93 years ago (25 August 1926), as Associazione Calcio Napoli
  • 25 June 1964;55 years ago (1964-06-25), as Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli
  • 6 September 2004;15 years ago (2004-09-06), as Napoli Soccer
Ground Stadio San Paolo
Capacity55,000
President Aurelio De Laurentiis
Head coach Carlo Ancelotti
League Serie A
2018–19 Serie A, 2nd
Website Club website
Soccerball current event.svg Current season

Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli, commonly referred to as Napoli (pronounced  [ˈnaːpoli] ), is an Italian professional football club based in Naples, Campania that plays in Serie A, the top flight of Italian football. The club have won two league titles, five Coppa Italias, two Supercoppa Italiana titles, and one UEFA Cup. [1] [2]

Football in Italy Overview of association football practiced in Italy

Football is the most popular sport in Italy. The Italian national football team is considered to be one of the best national teams in the world. They have won the FIFA World Cup four times, trailing only Brazil, runners-up in two finals and reaching a third place (1990) and a fourth place (1978). They have also won one European Championship (1968), also appearing in two finals, finished third at the Confederations Cup (2013), won one Olympic football tournament (1936) and two Central European International Cups.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

Naples Comune in Campania, Italy

Naples is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan. In 2017, around 967,069 people lived within the city's administrative limits while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,115,320 residents. Its continuously built-up metropolitan area is the second or third largest metropolitan area in Italy and one of the most densely populated cities in Europe.

Contents

Formed in 1926, the club saw relatively little success in its early years, winning one Coppa Italia until 1965, where they were refounded. Napoli then saw increased success in the 1980s, after the club acquired Diego Maradona. During his time in Naples, Maradona helped the team win several trophies, which led to the club retiring his number 10 jersey. During this period, Napoli won their sole league titles, in 1987 and 1990. Following his departure, however, Napoli struggled financially, and endured several relegations, prior to being refounded in 2004 by film producer Aurelio De Laurentiis. Under his guise, the club has stabilized, which has led to renewed on-field success, winning the 2012 and 2014 Coppa Italia titles.

Diego Maradona Argentine football manager and former player

Diego Armando Maradona is an Argentine retired professional footballer and current manager of Argentine Primera División club Gimnasia de La Plata. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest football players of all time. He was one of the two joint winners of the FIFA Player of the 20th Century award. Maradona's vision, passing, ball control and dribbling skills were combined with his small stature, which gave him a low center of gravity allowing him to maneuver better than most other football players; he would often dribble past multiple opposing players on a run. His presence and leadership on the field had a great effect on his team's general performance, while he would often be singled out by the opposition. A precocious talent, Maradona was given the nickname "El Pibe de Oro", a name that stuck with him throughout his career.

The 1986–87 Serie A season ended with Napoli doing the "domestic double", winning their first Scudetto and third Coppa Italia, spurred on by their talismanic captain Diego Maradona, who had also just played a key part in World Cup glory for his home country of Argentina.

1989–90 Serie A sports season

The 1989–90 Serie A season was another successful year for Napoli, with Diego Maradona being among the leading goalscorers in Serie A, behind Marco van Basten of Milan and Roberto Baggio of Fiorentina. But while Baggio's Fiorentina narrowly avoided relegation, Maradona's Napoli won their second Serie A title in four seasons, while Van Basten helped Milan retain the European Cup as compensation for their failure to win the Serie A title, having finished two points behind Napoli. Demoted to Serie B for 1990–91 were Udinese, Hellas Verona, Cremonese and Ascoli. In Europe, Sampdoria won the Cup Winners Cup and Juventus the UEFA Cup, making this year the most successful in Italian football history.

By attendance, Napoli have the fourth biggest fanbase in Italy, [3] and were ranked as the fifth highest-earning football club in Serie A, with $182 million in revenue during the 2017–18 season. [4] In 2018, Forbes estimated the club is the fifth most valuable club in Italy, worth $379 million. Napoli are also one of the associate members of the European Club Association.

The Deloitte Football Money League is a ranking of football clubs by revenue generated from football operations. It is produced annually by the accountancy firm Deloitte and released in early February of each year, describing the season most recently finished.

This is a list of the richest association football clubs in the world as ranked by Forbes magazine on their worth in U.S. dollars.

European Club Association organization

The European Club Association (ECA) is a body representing the interests of professional association football clubs in UEFA. It is the sole such body recognised by UEFA, and has member clubs in each UEFA member association. It was formed in 2008 to replace the G-14, which comprised a small number of elite clubs and was unrecognised by UEFA. The ECA's mission statement is "to create a new, more democratic governance model that truly reflects the key role of the clubs".

Since 1959, the club has played their home games at Stadio San Paolo, and have traditionally worn sky blue shirts and white shorts. The club also have a long-standing rivalry with Roma, with whom they contest the Derby del Sole. The club's anthem is "'O surdato 'nnammurato". [5]

Stadio San Paolo Stadium in Fuorigrotta, Naples, Italy

Stadio San Paolo is a stadium in the western Fuorigrotta suburb of Naples, Italy, and is the third largest football stadium in Italy — after Milan's San Siro and Rome's Stadio Olimpico. For the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, the stadium hosted the football preliminaries. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the home stadium of S.S.C. Napoli. Constructed in 1959 and extensively renovationed both in 1989, for the 1990 World Cup and again for the 2018-2019 season. The stadium currently accommodates 55,000 spectators.

The Derby del Sole, also known as Derby del Sud, is an Italian football derby between Napoli and Roma. The two clubs are considered the most followed and successful outside of Northern Italy ; Roma being from Central Italy and Napoli from Southern Italy.

History

The first club was founded as Naples Foot-Ball & Cricket Club in 1905 by English sailor William Poths and his associate Hector M. Bayon. [6] [7] Neapolitans such as Conforti, Catterina and Amedeo Salsi were also involved, the latter of whom was the club's first president. [8] The original kit of the club was a sky blue and navy blue striped shirt, with black shorts. [9] Naples' first match was a 3–2 win against the English crew of the boat Arabik with goals from William MacPherson, Michele Scafoglio and Léon Chaudoir. [10]

Sky blue colour of the unclouded sky at noon reflecting off a metallic surface

Sky blue is a colour that resembles the colour of the unclouded sky at noon (azure) reflecting off a metallic surface. The entry for "sky-blue" in Murray's New English Dictionary (1919) reports a first sighting of the term in the article on "silver" in Ephraim Chambers's Cyclopaedia of 1728. However, many writers had used the term "sky blue" to name a colour before Chambers. For example, we find "sky blue" in A Collection of Voyages and Travels, vol. 2, p. 322, where John Nieuhoff describes certain flowers: "they are of a lovely sky blue colour, and yellow in the middle". The sense of this colour may have been first used in 1585 in a book by Nicolas de Nicolay where he stated "the tulbant of the merchant must be skie coloured".

Early into its existence, the Italian Football Championship was limited to just northern clubs, so southern clubs competed against sailors [6] or in cups such as Thomas Lipton's Lipton Challenge Cup. In the cup competed between Naples and Palermo FBC Naples won three finals. [11] The foreign contingent at the club broke off in 1912 to form Internazionale Napoli, [6] in time for both club's debut in the Italian Championship of 1912–13. [12]

Serie A a professional league competition for football clubs located at the top of the Italian football league system

Serie A, also called Serie A TIM due to sponsorship by TIM, is a professional league competition for football clubs located at the top of the Italian football league system and the winner is awarded the Scudetto and the Coppa Campioni d'Italia. It has been operating as a round-robin tournament for over ninety years since the 1929–30 season. It had been organized by the Direttorio Divisioni Superiori until 1943 and the Lega Calcio until 2010, when the Lega Serie A was created for the 2010–11 season. Serie A is regarded as one of the best football leagues in the world and it is often depicted as the most tactical national league. Serie A was the world's second-strongest national league in 2014 according to IFFHS. Serie A is ranked third among European leagues according to UEFA's league coefficient, behind La Liga and the Premier League, and ahead of the Bundesliga, which is based on the performance of Italian clubs in the Champions League and the Europa League during the last five years. Serie A led the UEFA ranking from 1986 to 1988 and from 1990 to 1999.

Northern Italy Place in Italy

Northern Italy is a geographical and cultural region in the northern part of Italy. Non-administrative, it consists of eight administrative Regions in northern Italy: Aosta Valley, Piedmont, Liguria, Lombardy, Emilia-Romagna, Veneto, Friuli-Venezia Giulia and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol. As of 2014, its population was 27,801,460. Rhaeto-Romance and Gallo-Italic languages are spoken in the region, as opposed to the Italo-Dalmatian languages spoken in the rest of Italy.

Thomas Lipton British tea merchant and yacht racer

Sir Thomas Johnstone Lipton, 1st Baronet, was a Scotsman of Irish parentage who was a self-made man, merchant, and yachtsman. He engaged in extensive advertising for his chain of grocery stores and his brand of Lipton teas. He boasted that his secret for success was selling the best goods at the cheapest prices, harnessing the power of advertising, and always being optimistic. He was the most persistent challenger in the history of the America's Cup.

Associazione Calcio Napoli

Attila Sallustro in the middle, with Napoli teammates in 1927 Napoli1927.jpg
Attila Sallustro in the middle, with Napoli teammates in 1927

Under the presidency of Giorgio Ascarelli, the club changed its name to Associazione Calcio Napoli on 25 August 1926. [13] After a poor start, with a sole point in an entire championship, [14] Napoli was readmitted to Serie A's forerunner, the Divizione Nazionale, by the Italian Football Federation ("FIGC"), and began to improve thanks in part to Paraguayan-born Attila Sallustro, who was the first fully fledged hero to the fans. [15] He was a capable goal-scorer and eventually set the all-time goal-scoring record for Napoli, which was later surpassed by players like Diego Maradona and Marek Hamšík. [16]

Napoli moved to the new Stadio San Paolo in 1959, where they have played since. Stadio San Paolo - panoramio (3).jpg
Napoli moved to the new Stadio San Paolo in 1959, where they have played since.

Napoli entered the Serie A era under the management of William Garbutt. [17] During Garbutt's six-year stint, the club would be dramatically transformed, frequently finishing in the top half of the table. [14] This included two third-place finishes during the 1932–33 and 1933–34 seasons, [14] with added notables such as Antonio Vojak, Arnaldo Sentimenti and Carlo Buscaglia. [18] However, in the years leading up to World War II, Napoli went into decline, only surviving relegation in 1939–40 by goal average. [14]

Napoli lost a closely contested relegation battle at the end of 1942 and were relegated to Serie B. They moved from the Stadio Giorgio Ascarelli to the Stadio Arturo Collana and remained in Serie B until after the war. When play continued, Napoli earned the right to compete in Serie A, [14] but were relegated after two seasons for a bribery scandal. [19] The club bounced back to ensure top flight football at the start of the 1950s. [20] Napoli moved to their new home ground Stadio San Paolo in 1959. Despite erratic league form with highs and lows during this period, including a further relegation and promotion, Napoli had some cup success when they beat SPAL to lift the Coppa Italia in 1962, with goals from Gianni Corelli and Pierluigi Ronzon. [21] Their fourth relegation cut celebrations short the following season. [1]

Napoli on the rise: Maradona era

Napoli at the start of the 1970s with Dino Zoff, Jose Altafini, and others SSCNapoli1970-71.jpg
Napoli at the start of the 1970s with Dino Zoff, José Altafini, and others

As the club changed their name to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli on 25 June 1964 [1] they began to rise up again, gaining promotion in 1964–65. Under the management of former player Bruno Pesaola, they won the Coppa delle Alpi [1] and were back among the elite in Serie A, with consistent top-five finishes. [14] Napoli came very close to winning the league in 1967–68, finishing just behind Milan in second place. [14] Some of the most popular players from this period were Dino Zoff, José Altafini, Omar Sívori and hometown midfielder Antonio Juliano. Juliano would eventually break the appearance records, which still stands today. [18]

The trend of Napoli performing well in the league continued into the 1970s, with third place spots in 1970–71 and 1973–74. [14] Under the coaching of former player Luís Vinício, this gained them entry into the early UEFA Cup competitions. In 1974–75, they reached the third round knocking out Porto 2–0 en route. During the same season, Napoli finished second in Serie A, just two points behind champions Juventus. [14] Solid performances from locally born players such as Giuseppe Bruscolotti, Antonio Juliano and Salvatore Esposito were relied upon during this period, coupled with goals from Giuseppe Savoldi. [18]

After defeating Southampton 4–1 on aggregate to lift the Anglo-Italian League Cup, [22] Napoli were entered into the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup for 1976–77, where they reached the semi-finals, losing 2–1 on aggregate to Anderlecht. [23] The club won their second Coppa Italia trophy in 1975–76, eliminating Milan and Fiorentina en route, before beating rivals Hellas Verona 4–0 in the final. [1] In the Italian league, Napoli were still very much a consistent top six side for much of the late 1970s. [14] Even into the earliest two seasons of the 1980s, the club were performing respectably with a third-place finish in 1980–81. However, by 1983, they had slipped dramatically and were involved in relegation battles. [14]

Napoli broke the world transfer record fee after acquiring Diego Maradona in a €12 million deal from Barcelona on 30 June 1984. [24] The squad was gradually re-built, with the likes of Ciro Ferrara, Salvatore Bagni and Fernando De Napoli filling the ranks. [18] The rise up the tables was gradual, by 1985–86, they had a third-place finish under their belts, but better was yet to come. The 1986–87 season was the landmark in Napoli's history; they won the double, securing the Serie A title by three points and then beating Atalanta 4–0 to lift the Coppa Italia. [1]

Napoli supporters celebrating the team's first scudetto in May 1987 19870510 sanpaolo.jpg
Napoli supporters celebrating the team's first scudetto in May 1987

Because a mainland Southern Italian team had never won the league before, this turned Maradona into a cultural, social and borderline religious icon [25] for Neapolitans, which stretched beyond the realms of just football. [25]

The club were unsuccessful in the European Cup in the following season and finished runners-up in Serie A. However, Napoli were entered into the UEFA Cup for 1988–89 and won their first major European title. [1] Juventus, Bayern Munich and PAOK were defeated en route to the final, where Napoli beat VfB Stuttgart 5–4 on aggregate, with two goals from Careca and one each from Maradona, Ferrara and Alemão. [26]

Napoli added their second Serie A title in 1989–90, defeating Milan by two points in the title race. [1] However, this was surrounded by less auspicious circumstances as Napoli were awarded two points for a game, when in Bergamo, an Atalanta fan threw a 100 lira coin at Alemão's head. [14] A controversial set of events set off at the 1990 World Cup, when Maradona made comments pertaining to North–South inequality in the country and the risorgimento , asking Neapolitans to root for Argentina in the semi-finals against Italy in Naples. [27]

The Stadio San Paolo was the only stadium during the competition where the Argentine national anthem was not jeered, [28] Maradona bowed to the Napoli fans at the end and his country went on to reach the final. However, after the final, the Italian Football Federation (FIGC) forced Maradona to take a doping test, which he failed testing positive for cocaine; both Maradona and Napoli staff later claimed it was a revenge plot for events at the World Cup. [25] Maradona was banned for 15 months and would never play for the club again. [25] The club still won the Supercoppa Italiana that year, with a record 5–1 victory against Juventus, but it would be their last major trophy for 22 years. However, in the European Cup, they were eliminated in the second round. [29]

Decline and rebirth

Though the club finished fourth during the 1991–92 season, [14] Napoli gradually went into decline after that season, both financially and on the field. Players such as Gianfranco Zola, Daniel Fonseca, Ciro Ferrara and Careca had all departed by 1994. Nonetheless, Napoli qualified for the 1994–95 UEFA Cup, reaching the third round and in 1996–97, Napoli appeared at the Coppa Italia final, but lost 3–1 to Vicenza. [30] Napoli's league form had dropped lower, and relegation to Serie B came at the end of 1997–98 when they won only two matches all season. [14]

The club returned to Serie A after gaining promotion in the 1999–2000 season, though after a closely contested relegation battle, they were relegated immediately back down the following season. [14] By August 2004, Napoli was declared bankrupt. [31] To secure football in the city, film producer Aurelio De Laurentiis refounded the club under the name Napoli Soccer, [32] as they were not allowed to use their old name. FIGC placed Napoli in Serie C1, where they missed out on promotion after losing 2–1 in play-offs to local rivals Avellino in 2004–05. [1]

Despite the fact Napoli were playing in a low division, they retained higher average attendances than most of the Serie A clubs, breaking the Serie C attendance record with 51,000 at one match. [33] The following season, they secured promotion to Serie B and De Laurentiis brought back the club's history, restoring its name to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli in May 2006. [1] After just one season in Serie B, they were promoted to the top division, along with fellow "sleeping giants" Genoa. [34] In 2010, under manager Walter Mazzarri, Napoli finished in sixth place to qualify for a 2010–11 UEFA Europa League spot. [35] Napoli finished third in the 2010–11 season, qualifying directly to the group stage of the 2011–12 UEFA Champions League. [36]

In the 2011–12 season, Napoli ended in fifth place in Serie A, but defeated unbeaten champions Juventus in the Stadio Olimpico to win the Coppa Italia for the fourth time in club history, 25 years after their last cup win. The team finished second in its group of the 2011–12 UEFA Champions League, progressing to the round of 16, where they were eliminated by eventual winners Chelsea. In 2012–13, Napoli finished in second place in Serie A, the club's best performance since winning the 1989–90 Scudetto. Cavani finished as top scorer in the division with 29 goals, which resulted in him being sold to Paris Saint-Germain for a club-record fee of €64 million. [37]

Napoli celebrating their 2014 Supercoppa Italiana win Champions Napoli.jpg
Napoli celebrating their 2014 Supercoppa Italiana win

In the 2013 close-season, Mazzarri left Napoli and Rafael Benitez became the club's manager. [38] They finished the 2013–2014 season by winning the 2014 Coppa Italia Final, their fifth title in the tournament, with a 3–1 win against Fiorentina, [39] as well as qualifying for the Champions League, but missed on playing at group stage as they lost to Athletic Bilbao in play-off round. Their subsequent run in Europe League ended when they lost unexpectedly to Dnipro in semi-finals, after beating Anderlecht, Dynamo Moscow and Wolfsburg. They could only finish 2014–15 season fifth with 64 points, with Benitez signing for Real Madrid, replaced by Maurizio Sarri. However, they improved the next season, finishing second. They lost to Roma on 25 April 2016, giving Juventus a 12-point lead with only three games left, thus revealing Serie A winner. As the result, they participated in Champions League next season, losing to Real Madrid in Round of 16. They finished 2016–17 season third with 86 points, one behind second-placed Roma. In 2017–18, Napoli challenged for the title all season, which went to Juventus in the penultimate round of matches. [40] Napoli won play-off against Nice, but were 3rd placed in Champions League group stage, being transferred to 2017–18 UEFA Europa League knockout phase. The club lost to RB Leipzig in Round 32. At the end of the season, Maurizio Sarri left for Chelsea, succeeded by Carlo Ancelotti. He managed the club to another second place, with Napoli trailing Juventus by eleven points, while ten points ahead of third.

Players

Current squad

As of 2 September 2019 [41]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.PositionPlayer
1 Flag of Italy.svg GK Alex Meret
2 Flag of France.svg DF Kévin Malcuit
5 Flag of Brazil.svg MF Allan
6 Flag of Portugal.svg DF Mário Rui
7 Flag of Spain.svg FW José Callejón (vice-captain)
8 Flag of Spain.svg MF Fabián
9 Flag of Spain.svg FW Fernando Llorente
11 Flag of Mexico.svg FW Hirving Lozano
12 Flag of North Macedonia.svg MF Elif Elmas
13 Flag of Italy.svg DF Sebastiano Luperto
14 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg FW Dries Mertens
18 Flag of Italy.svg FW Amato Ciciretti
19 Flag of Serbia.svg DF Nikola Maksimović
20 Flag of Poland.svg MF Piotr Zieliński
No.PositionPlayer
22 Flag of Italy.svg DF Giovanni Di Lorenzo
23 Flag of Albania.svg DF Elseid Hysaj
24 Flag of Italy.svg FW Lorenzo Insigne (captain)
25 Flag of Colombia.svg GK David Ospina
26 Flag of Senegal.svg DF Kalidou Koulibaly (third-captain)
27 Flag of Greece.svg GK Orestis Karnezis
31 Flag of Algeria.svg DF Faouzi Ghoulam
34 Flag of Germany.svg MF Amin Younes
44 Flag of Greece.svg DF Kostas Manolas
62 Flag of Italy.svg DF Lorenzo Tonelli
70 Flag of Italy.svg MF Gianluca Gaetano
98 Flag of Brazil.svg FW Leandrinho Henrique
99 Flag of Poland.svg FW Arkadiusz Milik

On loan

As of 2 September 2019

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.PositionPlayer
Flag of Italy.svg GK Nikita Contini (at Virtus Entella until 30 June 2020)
Flag of Romania.svg DF Vlad Chiricheș (at Sassuolo until 30 June 2020)
Flag of Italy.svg DF Filippo Costa (at Bari until 30 June 2021)
Flag of Italy.svg DF Luigi D'Ignazio (at Cavese until 30 June 2020)
Flag of Italy.svg DF Giuseppe Esposito(at Bari until 30 June 2020)
Flag of Italy.svg DF Luigi Liguori (at Fermana until 30 June 2020)
Flag of Italy.svg MF Antonio Illuminato(at Pergolettese until 30 June 2020)
Flag of Italy.svg MF Alfredo Bifulco (at Juve Stabia until 30 June 2020)
Flag of Italy.svg MF Michael Folorunsho (at Bari until 30 June 2021)
Flag of France.svg MF Zinédine Machach (at Cosenza until 30 June 2020)
Flag of Italy.svg MF Francesco Mezzoni (at Carrarese until 30 June 2020)
No.PositionPlayer
Flag of Italy.svg MF Luca Palmiero (at Pescara until 30 June 2020)
Flag of Italy.svg MF Mario Prezioso (at Vibonese until 30 June 2020)
Flag of Croatia.svg MF Marko Rog (at Cagliari until 30 June 2020)
Flag of Italy.svg FW Eugenio D'Ursi (at Bari until 30 June 2021)
Flag of Italy.svg FW Franco Ferrari (at Bari until 30 June 2020)
Flag of Italy.svg FW Roberto Inglese (at Parma until 30 June 2020)
Flag of Algeria.svg FW Adam Ounas (at Nice until 30 June 2020)
Flag of Italy.svg FW Raffaele Russo (at Pro Vercelli until 30 June 2020)
Flag of Italy.svg FW Gennaro Tutino (at Hellas Verona until 30 June 2020)
Flag of Italy.svg FW Simone Verdi (at Torino until 30 June 2020)
Flag of Italy.svg FW Alessio Zerbin (at Cesena until 30 June 2020)

Primavera squad

Retired numbers

In the summer of 2000, Napoli retired the jersey number 10 belonged to former club legend Diego Maradona, who played for the club from 1984 to 1991. In order, the last players to wear number 10 were Fausto Pizzi (1995–1996), Beto (in 1996–1997), Igor Protti in 1997–1998 was the last player to play and score a goal with the number 10 shirt in Serie A and Claudio Bellucci in 1998–1999 and 1999–2000 in Serie B.

However, for regulatory reasons, the number was reissued on blue shirts 2004 to 2006 Serie C1, a tournament where there is the old numbering from 1 to 11. The last player to wear and score goals with this shirt in an official match was Mariano Bogliacino in the home match of 18 May 2006 against Spezia, valid for the final leg of the Supercoppa di Lega Serie C1; primacy belongs to him also for last appearance in the championship, 12 May 2006 at the home match against Lanciano. As regards exclusively the championship, however, the honour goes to the Argentine footballer Roberto Sosa, the distinction of being the last to wear the 10 at the San Paolo and at the same time to score in the match against Frosinone on 30 April 2006. [42]

Presidents

Below is the official presidential history of Napoli, from when Giorgio Ascarelli took over at the club in 1926, until the present day. [43]

 
NameYears
Giorgio Ascarelli1926–27
Gustavo Zinzaro1927–28
Giovanni Maresca1928–29
Giorgio Ascarelli1929–30
Giovanni Maresca
Eugenio Coppola
1930–32
Vincenzo Savarese1932–36
Achille Lauro 1936–40
Gaetano Del Pezzo1941
Tommaso Leonetti1942–43
Luigi Piscitelli1941–43
Annibale Fienga1943–45
Vincenzo Savarese1945–46
 
NameYears
Pasquale Russo1946–48
Egidio Musollino1948–51
Alfonso Cuomo1951–52
Achille Lauro 1952–54
Alfonso Cuomo1954–63
Luigi Scuotto1963–64
Roberto Fiore1964–67
Gioacchino Lauro1967–68
Antonio Corcione1968–69
Corrado Ferlaino1969–71
Ettore Sacchi1971–72
Corrado Ferlaino1972–83
Marino Brancaccio1983
 
NameYears
Corrado Ferlaino1983–93
Ellenio F. Gallo1993–95
Vincenzo Schiano di Colella
(honorary president)
1995–96
Gian Marco Innocenti
(honorary president)
1997–98
Federico Scalingi
(honorary president)
1999–2000
Giorgio Corbelli2000–02
Salvatore Naldi2002–04
Aurelio De Laurentiis 2004–

Managers

Napoli has had many managers and trainers, some seasons they have had co-managers running the team. Here is a chronological list of them from 1926 onwards: [44]

 
NameNationalityYears
Antonio Kreutzer Flag of Austria.svg 1926–27
Bino Skasa Flag of Austria.svg 1927
Technical Commission
Rolf Steiger
Giovanni Terrile
Ferenc Molnár

Flag of Austria.svg
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg
Flag of Hungary.svg
1927–28
Otto Fischer Flag of Austria.svg 1928
Giovanni Terrile Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg 1928–29
William Garbutt Flag of England.svg 1929–35
Károly Csapkay Flag of Hungary.svg 1935–36
Angelo Mattea Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg 1936–38
Eugen Payer Flag of Hungary.svg 1938–39
Technical Commission
Amedeo D'Albora
Paolo Jodice
Luigi Castello
Achille Piccini
Nereo Rocco
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg 1939
Adolfo Baloncieri Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg 1939–40
Antonio Vojak Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg 1940–43
Paulo Innocenti Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Flag of Brazil.svg 1943
Raffaele Sansone Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Flag of Uruguay.svg 1945–47
Giovanni Vecchina Flag of Italy.svg 1947–48
Arnaldo Sentimenti Flag of Italy.svg 1948
Felice Placido Borel Flag of Italy.svg 1948–49
Luigi de Manes Flag of Italy.svg 1949
Vittorio Mosele Flag of Italy.svg 1949
Eraldo Monzeglio Flag of Italy.svg 1949–56
Amedeo Amadei Flag of Italy.svg 1956–59
Annibale Frossi Flag of Italy.svg 1959
Amedeo Amadei Flag of Italy.svg 1959–61
Amedeo Amadei
Renato Cesarini
Flag of Italy.svg
Flag of Italy.svg
1961
 
NameNationalityYears
Attila Sallustro Flag of Italy.svg Flag of Paraguay.svg 1961
Fioravante Baldi Flag of Italy.svg 1961–62
Bruno Pesaola Flag of Argentina.svg Flag of Italy.svg 1962
Bruno Pesaola
Eraldo Monzeglio
Flag of Argentina.svg Flag of Italy.svg
Flag of Italy.svg
1962–63
Roberto Lerici Flag of Italy.svg 1963–64
Giovanni Molino Flag of Italy.svg 1964
Bruno Pesaola Flag of Argentina.svg Flag of Italy.svg 1964–68
Giuseppe Chiappella Flag of Italy.svg 1968–69
Egidio di Costanzo Flag of Italy.svg 1969
Giuseppe Chiappella Flag of Italy.svg 1969–73
Luis Vinicio Flag of Brazil.svg 1973–76
Alberto Delfrati
Rosario Rivellino
Flag of Italy.svg 1976
Bruno Pesaola Flag of Argentina.svg Flag of Italy.svg 1976–77
Rosario Rivellino Flag of Italy.svg 1977
Giovanni di Marzio Flag of Italy.svg 1977–78
Luis Vinicio Flag of Brazil.svg 1978–80
Angelo Sormani Flag of Italy.svg Flag of Brazil.svg 1980
Rino Marchesi Flag of Italy.svg 1980–82
Massimo Giacomini Flag of Italy.svg 1982
Bruno Pesaola Flag of Argentina.svg Flag of Italy.svg 1982–83
Pietro Santi Flag of Italy.svg 1983–84
Rino Marchesi Flag of Italy.svg 1984–85
Ottavio Bianchi Flag of Italy.svg 1 July 1986 – 30 June 1989
Alberto Bigon Flag of Italy.svg 1989–91
Claudio Ranieri Flag of Italy.svg 1 July 1991 – 30 June 1993
Ottavio Bianchi Flag of Italy.svg 1 November 1992 – 30 June 1993
Marcello Lippi Flag of Italy.svg 1 July 1993 – 30 June 1994
Vincenzo Guerini Flag of Italy.svg 1 July 1994 – 17 October 1994
Vujadin Boškov
Cané
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg
Flag of Brazil.svg
18 October 1994 – 1995
 
NameNationalityYears
Vujadin Boškov
Aldo Sensibile
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg
Flag of Italy.svg
1995 – 30 June 1996
Luigi Simoni Flag of Italy.svg 1996–97
Vincenzo Montefusco Flag of Italy.svg 1997
Bortolo Mutti Flag of Italy.svg 1 July 1997 – 6 October 1997
Carlo Mazzone Flag of Italy.svg 19 October 1997 – 24 November 1997
Giovanni Galeone Flag of Italy.svg 1997–98
Vincenzo Montefusco Flag of Italy.svg 1998
Renzo Ulivieri Flag of Italy.svg 1998–99
Vincenzo Montefusco Flag of Italy.svg 1999
Walter Novellino Flag of Italy.svg 1999–2000
Zdeněk Zeman Flag of the Czech Republic.svg 1 July 2000 – 12 November 2000
Emiliano Mondonico Flag of Italy.svg 13 November 2000 – 30 June 2001
Luigi De Canio Flag of Italy.svg 1 July 2001 – 30 June 2002
Franco Colomba Flag of Italy.svg 1 July 2002 – 16 December 2002
Sergio Buso Flag of Italy.svg 2002
Francesco Scoglio Flag of Italy.svg 18 December 2002 – 30 June 2003
Franco Colomba Flag of Italy.svg 2003
Andrea Agostinelli Flag of Italy.svg 19 June 2003 – 9 November 2003
Luigi Simoni Flag of Italy.svg 10 November 2003 – 30 June 2004
Gian Piero Ventura Flag of Italy.svg 1 July 2004 – 25 January 2005
Edoardo Reja Flag of Italy.svg 3 January 2005 – 10 March 2009
Roberto Donadoni Flag of Italy.svg 10 March 2009 – 5 October 2009
Walter Mazzarri Flag of Italy.svg 6 October 2009 – 20 May 2013
Rafael Benítez Flag of Spain.svg 27 May 2013 – 31 May 2015
Maurizio Sarri Flag of Italy.svg 11 June 2015 – 23 May 2018
Carlo Ancelotti Flag of Italy.svg 23 May 2018 – present

Statistics and records

Marek Hamsik is Napoli's record goalscorer and appearance holder. Hamsik 2016.jpg
Marek Hamšík is Napoli's record goalscorer and appearance holder.

Marek Hamšík holds Napoli's official appearance record, having made 513, he also holds the record for league appearances with 403 over the course of 11 years from 2007.

The all-time leading goalscorer for Napoli is Marek Hamšík with 120 goals. [45] Dries mertens is the second highest goalscorer with 116 goals: [18] he finished the season of Serie A as the league's topscorer, known in Italy as the capocannoniere , in the 1987–88 season with 15 goals. [46] The record for most goals in the league (also including the Divisione Nazionale tournaments) belongs to Attila Sallustro, with 106 goals, [47] while the highest scorer in Serie A is Antonio Vojak with 102 goals. [47] The record for most goals in a single league season belongs to Gonzalo Higuaín, with 36 in the 2015–16 Serie A. [48]

The biggest ever victory recorded by Napoli was 8–1 against Pro Patria, in the 1955–56 season of Serie A. [14] Napoli's heaviest championship defeat came during the 1927–28 season when eventual champions Torino beat them 11–0. [14]

On 26 July 2016, Gonzalo Higuaín became the third-highest football transfer of all-time and highest ever transfer for an Italian club [49] when he signed for €90 million to Juventus. [50]

On 23 August 2019, Napoli [51] confirm signing of Hirving Lozano from PSV Eindhoven with a transfer fee of US$46.5 million (€42 million), making Lozano Napoli's most expensive signing

Colours, badge and nicknames

An AC Napoli period club logo ACNapoliLogo.PNG
An AC Napoli period club logo

As Naples is a coastal city, the colours of the club have always been derived from the blue waters of the Gulf of Naples. [52] Originally, while using the name Naples FBC, the colours of the club implemented two shades of blue. [53] However, since the 1920s, a singular blue tone has been used in the form of azure. Thus, Napoli share the nickname "Azzurri" with the Italy national team. [54] The shade of blue has been sky blue in many instances.

One of the nicknames of Napoli is "I ciucci", which means "the donkeys" in the local dialect. Napoli were given this name after a particularly poor performance during the 1926–27 season. It was originally meant to be derogatory, as the Neapolitan symbol is a rampant black horse, [55] but the club adopted the donkey as a mascot named "'O Ciuccio". [56]

Napoli's club badge features a large "N" placed within a circle. This crest can be traced back to Internazionale Napoli, which used a similar design on their shirts. [57] Since the club officially adopted the "N badge" as its representative, Napoli have altered it slightly at various times; sometimes it features the club's name around it, sometimes it does not. [58] The main difference between each badge is the shade of blue used. Usually the "N" is white, although it has occasionally been gold. [59]

"Partenopei" is a popular nickname for the club and people from the city of Naples in general. [60] It is derived from Greek mythology where the siren Parthenope tried to enchant Odysseus from his ship to Capri. In the story, Odysseus had his men tie him to the ship's mast so he was able to resist the song of the siren. Consequently, Parthenope, unable to live with the rejection of her love, drowned herself and her body was washed up upon the shore of Naples. [61]

Kit suppliers and shirt sponsors

[62] [ failed verification ]

PeriodKit manufacturerShirt sponsor
1978–80 Puma None
1980–81NR (Ennerre)
1981–82Snaidero
1982–83 Cirio
1983–84Latte Berna
1984–85Linea Time Cirio
1985–88NR (Ennerre) Buitoni
1988–91 Mars
1991–94 Umbro Voiello
1994–96 Lotto Record Cucine
1996–97Centrale del Latte di Napoli
1997–99 Nike Polenghi
1999–2000 Peroni
2000–03 Diadora
2003–04 Legea Russo di Cicciano
2004–06 Kappa Sky Captain / Christmas in Love / Manuale d'amore / Mandi
2005–06Lete
2006–09 Diadora
2009–11 Macron
2011–14Lete-MSC (European competitions Lete only)
2014–15Lete-Pasta Garofalo-Kimbo

(European competitions Lete only)

2015–present Kappa

Supporters and rivalries

Napoli ultras at Stadio San Paolo NapoliUltras1.jpg
Napoli ultras at Stadio San Paolo

Napoli is the fourth most supported football club in Italy with around 13% of Italian football fans supporting the club. [3] Like other top clubs in the country, Napoli's fanbase goes beyond the Italian border; it has been estimated by the club that there are around 6 million fans worldwide. [63]

Unlike other Italian cities such as Genoa, Milan, Rome and Turin, Napoli is the only major football club in the city and therefore there is no derby in the strict sense of the term. Nevertheless, the fans of Napoli do co-star in two particular derbies in Italy against other regional teams: Derby della Campania generally refers to a rivalry with regional clubs, mainly Avellino and Salernitana. [65]

Napoli have a famous and long-standing friendship with the fans of Genoa. [66] It also has a smaller friendship with the fans of Bulgarian club Lokomotiv Plovdiv; Napoli gave birth to the name "Napoletani Ultras Plovdiv", which is how the friendship arose. [67] Other friendships exist with Catania, Palermo, [68] Borussia Dortmund, [69] Paris Saint-Germain, [70] and Celtic. [71]

Finances

S.S.C. Napoli was expelled from the professional league in 2004. Thanks to Article 52 of N.O.I.F., the sports title was transferred to Napoli Soccer (later the new Napoli) in the same year, while the old Napoli was liquidated. In the second last season before bankruptcy, the club was partially saved by the non-standard accounting practice of amortization after Silvio Berlusconi, owner of Milan and prime minister of Italy, introduced Italian Law 91/1981, Article 18B. [72]

Since re-foundation in 2004, the clubs large numbers of supporter provided the main source of income, particularly through gate revenues and TV rights. Napoli made an aggregate profit in 2006–07 Serie B. [73] They have continued to be profitable since returning to Serie A. [74] Napoli equity in 2005 was a negative of €261,466., which the club started from €3 million capital. By 2010 the equity was at €25,107,223 and Napoli achieved self-sustainability.

S.S.C. Napoli S.p.A.
separate financial statements (source)
YearTurnoverResultTotal AssetsNet AssetsRe-capitalization
S.S.C. Napoli S.p.A. (P.I. 03486600632) exchange rate €1 = L1936.27
1999–2000 Serie B [75] €25,120,308*#€203,378* [76] €111,556,811*€5,952,921*
2000–01 Serie A [75] Increase2.svg €54,966,464*#Decrease2.svg(€2,036,451)*Increase2.svg €154,624,699*Decrease2.svg €3,896,132*€0
2001–02 Serie B [77] Decrease2.svg €21,183,736*#Decrease2.svg(€28,856,093)*Decrease2.svg €92,721,662*Decrease2.svg(€2,166,997)*Increase2.svg ~€22.8 million
2002–03 Serie B [72] Decrease2.svg €20,428,522*#Increase2.svg(€13,754,506)Decrease2.svg €67,994,171*¶Increase2.svg(€966,735)Decrease2.svg ~€15 million
2003–04 Serie B Not available due to bankruptcy
S.S.C. Napoli S.p.A. (P.I. 04855461218) startup capital: €3 million**
2004–05 Serie C1 [78] €11,174,000(€7,061,463)Increase2.svg €37,117,126Decrease2.svg(€261,466)€3,800,000
2005–06 Serie C1 [79] Increase2.svg €12,068,630Decrease2.svg(€9,088,780)Increase2.svg €37,299,498Increase2.svg €211,220Increase2.svg €9,561,466
2006–07 Serie B [73] Increase2.svg €41,411,837Increase2.svg €1,419,976Increase2.svg €47,917,274Increase2.svg €1,916,975Decrease2.svg €288,780
2007–08 Serie A [74] Increase2.svg €88,428,490Increase2.svg €11,911,041Increase2.svg €86,244,038Increase2.svg €13,829,015Decrease2.svg €1,000
2008–09 Serie A [80] Increase2.svg €108,211,134Decrease2.svg €10,934,520Decrease2.svg €81,199,725Increase2.svg €24,763,537Decrease2.svg €0
2009–10 Serie A [81] Increase2.svg €110,849,458Decrease2.svg €343,686Increase2.svg €117,237,581Increase2.svg €25,107,223Steady2.svg €0
Increase2.svg €131,476,940Increase2.svg €4,197,829Decrease2.svg €110,053,332Increase2.svg €29,305,052
2011–12 Serie A Increase2.svg €155,929,550Increase2.svg €14,720,757Increase2.svg €138,168,981Increase2.svg €44,025,810
2012–13 Serie A Decrease2.svg €151,922,436Decrease2.svg €8,073,447Decrease2.svg €136,748,114Increase2.svg €52,099,258
2013–14 Serie A Increase2.svg €237,034,664Increase2.svg €20,217,304Increase2.svg €215,764,185Increase2.svg €72,316,563
2014–15 Serie A
Aggregate
Average

Honours

National titles

European titles

Minor titles

  • Winners (1): 1976
  • Winners (1): 1966

UEFA club coefficient ranking

As of 22 August 2019 [82]
RankTeamPoints
13 Flag of England.svg Chelsea 85.000
14 Flag of Italy.svg AS Roma 81.000
15 Flag of Italy.svg SSC Napoli 80.000
16 Flag of Ukraine.svg FC Shakhtar Donetsk 80.000
17 Flag of England.svg Tottenham Hotspur 78.000

League history

See also

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