S. Balachander

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S. Balachander
Veena S Balachandar 1950.jpg
Balachander in 1948
Sundaram Balachander

18 January 1927
Died13 April 1990 (aged 63)
Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India
Occupation(s)Actor, playback singer
Years active1934 to 1990
Awards Padma Bhushan

Sundaram Balachander (18 January 1927 – 13 April 1990) was an Indian veena player and filmmaker. He directed, produced, and also composed music for a few of his films. Balachander was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1982. He died of a heart attack at the age of 63, while on a music tour of India. [1]


Film career

S Balachander was born to Sundaram Iyer and Parvathi alias Chellamma. Sunderam Iyer was a patron of Papanasam Sivan and many other musicians in Mylapore, Chennai. [2]

Balachander began as a child artist in the Tamil film Seetha Kalyanam in 1934, in which many members of his family acted. Balachander himself acted as a child musician in Ravana's court, and his father V. Sundaram Iyer acted as Janaka, elder brother S. Rajam as Rama and elder sister S. Jayalakshmi as Seeta. [3] This was followed by appearances in Rishyasringar (1941) and Araichimani (1942). [4] [5]

In 1948 Balachander directed the film En Kanavar . [6] In 1954 he directed Andha Naal , a classic Tamil film noir thriller. [7] [8]

Swati Tirunal Dispute

S Balachander claimed that the composer Swati Tirunal was a figment of history's imagination, and he did not even exist. He accused Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer of passing off his own compositions as Swati Tirunal's. Balachander also disputed Balamurali Krishna's claims of having invented new ragas. [9]

S Balachander was actively involved in the Swati Tirunal dispute at the time of his death.[ citation needed ]



YearFilmLanguageActorDirectorMusic DirectorSingerProducerNote
1934 Seetha Kalyanam Tamil Yes check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svg
1941 Rishyasringar TamilYes check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svg
1941 Kamadhenu TamilYes check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgCredited as Master Balachandar
1942 Aaraichimani TamilYes check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svg
1947Baktha ThulasidasTamilRed x.svgYes check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgMusic Composer along with Anil Biswas
1948 Idhu Nijama TamilRed x.svgYes check.svgYes check.svgYes check.svgAssistant Director
1948 En Kanavar TamilYes check.svgYes check.svgYes check.svgYes check.svgEditor
1951 Kaithi TamilYes check.svgYes check.svgYes check.svgYes check.svg
1951 Devaki TamilYes check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svg
1951 Rajambal TamilYes check.svgYes check.svgMusic Composer along with M. S. Gnanamani
1952 Rani TamilYes check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svg
1953 Inspector TamilYes check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svg
1954 Andha Naal TamilYes check.svg
1954 Penn TamilYes check.svg
1954 Sangham Telugu Yes check.svg
1955 Koteeswaran TamilYes check.svg
1955 Doctor Savithri TamilYes check.svg
1956 Edi Nijam TeluguYes check.svg
1956 Edhu Nijam TamilYes check.svg
1958 Bhoologa Rambai TamilYes check.svgDirector along with D. Yoganand upon the demise of K. Ramnoth
1958Bhooloka RambhaTeluguYes check.svgDirector along with D. Yoganand upon the demise of K. Ramnoth
1958 Avan Amaran TamilYes check.svg
1959 Maragadham TamilYes check.svg
1962 Avana Ivan TamilYes check.svgYes check.svgYes check.svgYes check.svg
1964 Bommai TamilYes check.svgYes check.svgYes check.svgYes check.svg
1970 Nadu Iravil TamilYes check.svgYes check.svgYes check.svgYes check.svg

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