S. Shanmuganathan (Sri Lankan politician)

Last updated
Honourable
S. Shanmuganathan
MP
Member of the Sri Lanka Parliament
for Vanni District
In office
1994–1998
Personal details
Born(1960-05-16)16 May 1960
Died 15 July 1998(1998-07-15) (aged 38)
Nationality Sri Lankan
Political party Democratic People's Liberation Front
Other political
affiliations
People's Liberation Organisation of Tamil Eelam
Ethnicity Sri Lankan Tamil

Sarawanabavanandan Shanmuganathan (16 May 1960 15 July 1998; known as Vasanthan) was a Sri Lankan Tamil militant, politician and Member of Parliament.

Shanmuganathan was born on 16 May 1960. [1] He was a Hindu. [1] He was a senior member of the militant People's Liberation Organisation of Tamil Eelam, serving as its commander in Vavuniya. [2]

Hinduism in Sri Lanka

Hinduism has a long tradition and which is the oldest religion in Sri Lanka. More than 2000 years civilization have proved so far from Hindu temples in Sri Lanka. Hindus currently make up 12.60% of the Sri Lankan population, and are almost exclusively Tamils apart from small immigrant communities from India and Pakistan such as the Sindhis, Telugus and Malayalees. In the 1915 census they made up almost 25% of the population, which included the indentured labourers the British had brought. Due to emigration, today they are still a sizeable minority. Hinduism is dominant in the North and Eastern provinces, where there are predominantly Tamil people. Hinduism is also practised in the central regions as well as in the capital, Colombo. According to the government census of 2011, there are 2,554,606 Hindus in Sri Lanka constituting 12.6% of the country's population. During the Sri Lankan Civil War, many Tamils fled to other countries. There are Hindu temples abroad which were built by the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora to maintain their religion, tradition and culture.

Peoples Liberation Organisation of Tamil Eelam

The People's Liberation Organisation of Tamil Eelam (PLOTE) is a former Tamil militant group that had become a pro-government paramilitary group and political party. PLOTE's political wing is known as the Democratic People's Liberation Front.

Vavuniya Town in Sri Lanka

Vavuniya is a large town in the Northern Province, Sri Lanka, governed by an Urban Council. It is also the main town in the Vavuniya District.

Shanmuganathan was member of Vavuniya Urban Council. [3] He contested the 1994 parliamentary election as one of the Democratic People's Liberation Front's candidates in Vanni District and was elected to Parliament. [4]

Vavuniya Urban Council is the local authority for the city of Vavuniya in northern Sri Lanka. VUC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 11 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

Democratic People's Liberation FrontDPLF, a registered political party in Sri Lanka and a front of the People's Liberation Organisation of Tamil Eelam (PLOTE).

Shanmuganathan was killed by a claymore mine in Irambaikkulam, Vavuniya District on 15 July 1998. [3] [5] The assassination was blamed on the rival rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. [6] [7] However, the pro-LTTE TamilNet claimed that Shanmuganathan had been the victim of an internal conflict within the PLOTE. [8]

Vavuniya District Administrative District in Northern, Sri Lanka

Vavuniya District is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka. The capital of the district is the city of Vavuniya.

Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Militant organization in Sri Lanka

The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam was a Tamil militant organization that was based in northeastern Sri Lanka. Founded in May 1976 by Velupillai Prabhakaran, it waged a secessionist nationalist insurgency to create an independent state of Tamil Eelam in the north and east of Sri Lanka for Tamil people. This campaign led to the Sri Lankan Civil War, which ran from 1983 until 2009, when the LTTE was eventually defeated during the presidency of Mahinda Rajapaksa.

TamilNet

TamilNet is a news website that provides news and feature articles on current affairs in Sri Lanka, specifically related to the erstwhile Sri Lankan Civil War. The website was formed by members of the Sri Lankan Tamil community residing in the United States and publishes articles in English, German and French.

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The Tamil United Liberation Front is a political party in Sri Lanka which seeks independence for the Tamil-populated areas of Sri Lanka.

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Vanni Electoral District is one of the 22 multi-member electoral districts of Sri Lanka created by the 1978 Constitution of Sri Lanka. The district covers the administrative districts of Mannar, Mullaitivu and Vavuniya in the Northern province. The district currently elects 6 of the 225 members of the Sri Lankan Parliament and had 253,058 registered electors in 2014.

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References

  1. 1 2 "Shanmuganathan, Saravanabhavanadan". Parliament of Sri Lanka.
  2. Ferdinando, Shamindra (4 March 2013). "Eelam War II:LTTE in command - Part 112". The Island (Sri Lanka) .
  3. 1 2 "Vavuniya MP killed". TamilNet. 15 July 1998.
  4. "Result of Parliamentary General Election 1994" (PDF). Department of Elections, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-10-06.
  5. Athas, Iqbal (19 July 1998). "The Situation Report: Sauce for the State media is no sauce for us". The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka) .
  6. Jeyaraj, D. B. S. (16 March 2008). "Assassinating Tamil Parliamentarians: The unceasing waves". The Nation (Sri Lanka) .
  7. Jeyaraj, D. B. S. (11 September 1999). "Who killed Manickathasan?". Frontline . 16 (19).
  8. "Vavuniya MP's funeral held". TamilNet . 19 July 1998.