Sabzawar

Last updated

Coordinates: 33°18′N62°08′E / 33.300°N 62.133°E / 33.300; 62.133

Sabzawar
Afghanistan adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Sabzawar
Location in Afghanistan
Coordinates: 33°18′N62°08′E / 33.300°N 62.133°E / 33.300; 62.133
CountryFlag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan
Province Herat Province
Time zone UTC+4:30

Sabzawar is a town in Afghanistan that sits at an elevation of 3550 ft on the left bank of the river Harud, 93 miles south of Herat. Sabzawar was once a city of considerable size, and still possesses a fortress with sides of about 200 or 250 yards. This fortress has been abandoned, and the town, which is the centre of a group of villages is now fairly prosperous, with a bazaar of about 500 shops. The plains about Sabzawar are highly cultivated by the Nurzai Duranis, and each village is protected by its own little mud fort.

In the 14th century, Sabzawar was captured by Timur. Angered by the town's resistance, he collected 90,000 heads of Sabzawar's inhabitants, and along with iron girders, built two towers (topped with lanterns) as a warning to others cities that might oppose his rule. [1]

See also

Related Research Articles

Herat City in Afghanistan

Herāt is the third-largest city of Afghanistan. In 2020, it had an estimated population of 574,276, and serves as the capital of Herat Province, situated in the fertile valley of the Hari River in the western part of the country. It is linked with Kandahar, Kabul and Mazar-i-Sharif via Highway 1 or the ring road. It is further linked to the city of Mashhad in neighboring Iran through the border town of Islam Qala, and to Mary in Turkmenistan to the north through the border town of Torghundi.

Berat Municipality in Albania

Berat, is the ninth largest city by population of the Republic of Albania. The city is the capital of the surrounding Berat County, one of 12 constituent counties of the country. By air, it is 71 kilometres north of Gjirokastër, 70 kilometres west of Korçë, 70 kilometres south of Tirana and 33 kilometres east of Fier.

Château de Vincennes

The Château de Vincennes is a massive 14th and 17th century French royal fortress in the town of Vincennes, to the east of Paris, now a suburb of the metropolis.

Sarai was the name of two cities, which were successively capital cities of the Golden Horde, the Mongol kingdom which ruled much of Central Asia and Eastern Europe, in the 13th and 14th centuries.

Mangup Historic fortress in Crimea near Sevastopol

Mangup also known as Mangup Kale is a historic fortress in Crimea, located on a plateau about 13 kilometres due east of Sevastopol.

Farah, Afghanistan City in Farah Province, Afghanistan

Farah is the capital and largest city of Farah Province in western Afghanistan. It is located on the Farah River, close to the border with Iran. It is one of the largest cities of western Afghanistan in terms of population, at 54,000. Farah Airport is located in the area.

Julfa District District of Nakhichivan Autonomous Republic, Azerbaijan

Julfa is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. Its borders upon Armenia in the North-East, and Iran in the South. Its area is 1000 km2. It has a population of 41,195. There are 1 city and 22 villages in the rayon. Established in 1930 and initially named as Abrakunus rayon, it has been called Julfa rayon since 1950. Julfa city is the rayon's capital. The names, Jolfa/Julfa are also used for several regions in neighboring Iran.

Deir Hanna Local council in Israel

Deir Hanna is a local council in the Northern District of Israel, located on the hills of the Lower Galilee, 23 kilometres (14 mi) southeast of Acre. In 2019 it had a population of 10,339. Approximately 90% of Deir Hanna's inhabitants are Arab-Muslims and the remaining 10% are Arab-Christians.

Zaqatala (city) City & Municipality in Zaqatala, Azerbaijan

Zaqatala is a city in northwestern Azerbaijan and the administrative center of the Zaqatala District. With a municipal population of 31,300 inhabitants, it is located on the Tala River. The municipality consists of the city of Zaqatala and the nearby village of Qazangül. The city is populated mostly Azerbaijanis, but with significant minorities of Avars, Lezgins, Tsakhurs and Ingiloys.

Montfichets Tower

Montfichet's Tower was a Norman fortress on Ludgate Hill in London, between where St Paul's Cathedral and City Thameslink railway station now stand. First documented in the 1130s, it was probably built in the late 11th century. The defences were strengthened during the revolt of 1173–1174 against Henry II.

Awantipora Town in Jammu and Kashmir, India

Awantipora, also known as Avantipur or Aavantipur, is a town on the banks of the River Jehlum in the Pulwama district of the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. It is on the Jammu-Srinagar National Highway, south of Srinagar and north of Anantnag. Awantipora was named after the Kashmiri king Avantivarman and has the ruins of two 9th century Hindu temples built by him.

Alexandria Ariana City in Afghanistan

The first of many Alexandrias in the Far East of the Macedonian Empire, Alexandria in Ariana was a city in what is now Afghanistan, one of the twenty-plus cities founded or renamed by Alexander the Great. The third largest Afghan city, Herat, is the city's modern name.

Adraskan Place in Herat Province, Afghanistan

Adraskan is an old town in western Afghanistan, mentioned in 13th and 14th century geographies as one of four prominent towns in the district of Sabzwar, the Green Place, which, now called Shindand. Now the town is the center of Adraskan District in Herat Province, Afghanistan. It is located on 33.6425°N 62.2672°E at 1343 m altitude. The main Kandahar–Herat Highway passes through the town.

Shindand Town in Herat Province, Afghanistan

Shīnḍanḍ is a town and the center of the Shindand District, Herat Province, Afghanistan. It is located at 33.3036°N 62.14°E at 1,066 m altitude. The Shindand Air Base is located about 15 miles northeast of the town.

Salqin Town in Idlib, Syria

Salqin is a town in Syria, administratively part of Idlib Governorate. Nearby localities include Kafr Takharim to the southeast, Abu Talha to the south, Delbiya to the southwest, al-Alani to the northwest and Isqat to the northeast. Salqin is the center of its nahiya (subdistrict). It had a population of 23,700 in 2004. Its inhabitants are predominantly Sunni Muslims, although there is also a small Alawite community.

El Hamma Place in Gabès Governorate, Tunisia

El Hamma is an oasis town located in the Gabès Governorate, 30 kilometers west of Gabès, Tunisia and near the eastern end of Chott el Fejej. Its population in 2014 was 73,512.

Aphrodisias, sometimes called Aphrodisias of Cilicia to distinguish it from the town of the same name in Caria, was a port city of ancient Cilicia whose ruins now lie near Cape Tisan in Mersin Province, Turkey.

Baarin Village in Hama, Syria

Baarin is a village in northern Syria, administratively part of the Hama Governorate, located in Homs Gap roughly 38 kilometers (24 mi) southwest of Hama. Nearby localities include Taunah and Awj to the south, Aqrab and Houla to the southeast, Nisaf, Ayn Halaqim and Wadi al-Uyun to the west, Masyaf, Deir Mama and Mahrusah to the north, and Deir al-Fardis and al-Rastan to the east. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Baarin had a population of 5,559 in the 2004 census. Baarin is also the largest locality in the Awj nahiyah ("subdistrict") which comprises thirteen villages with a population of 33,344. The village's inhabitants are predominantly Alawites.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Herat, Afghanistan.

Madnasa

Madnasa, or Medmasa (Μέδμασα), also known as Medmasus or Medmasos (Μέδμασος), was a town in ancient Caria, at the Myndos Peninsula, and is currently an archaeological site near upper Göl, about 13 km northeast of Myndos. In 5th century BCE the city was included in the Delian League and Athenian tribute lists.

References

  1. Rashidzada, Babur. I am Timour, World Conqueror: Autobiography of a 14th Century Asian Ruler. Dog Ear Publishing, 2008, p 90-91.

Wikisource-logo.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Sabzawar". Encyclopædia Britannica . 23 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 969.