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Sabzawar is a town in Afghanistan that sits at an elevation of 3550 ft on the left bank of the river Harud, 93 miles south of Herat. Sabzawar was once a city of considerable size, and still possesses a fortress with sides of about 200 or 250 yards. This fortress has been abandoned, and the town, which is the centre of a group of villages is now fairly prosperous, with a bazaar of about 500 shops. The plains about Sabzawar are highly cultivated by the Nurzai Duranis, and each village is protected by its own little mud fort.
In the 14th century, Sabzawar was captured by Timur. Angered by the town's resistance, he collected 90,000 heads of Sabzawar's inhabitants, and along with iron girders, built two towers (topped with lanterns) as a warning to others cities that might oppose his rule.
Herāt is the third-largest city of Afghanistan. In 2020, it had an estimated population of 574,276, and serves as the capital of Herat Province, situated in the fertile valley of the Hari River in the western part of the country. It is linked with Kandahar, Kabul and Mazar-i-Sharif via Highway 1 or the ring road. It is further linked to the city of Mashhad in neighboring Iran through the border town of Islam Qala, and to Mary in Turkmenistan to the north through the border town of Torghundi.
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Adraskan is an old town in western Afghanistan, mentioned in 13th and 14th century geographies as one of four prominent towns in the district of Sabzwar, the Green Place, which, now called Shindand. Now the town is the center of Adraskan District in Herat Province, Afghanistan. It is located onat 1343 m altitude. The main Kandahar–Herat Highway passes through the town.
Shīnḍanḍ is a town and the center of the Shindand District, Herat Province, Afghanistan. It is located atat 1,066 m altitude. The Shindand Air Base is located about 15 miles northeast of the town.
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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Herat, Afghanistan.
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