Safford, Arizona

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Safford
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Graham County Arizona Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Safford Highlighted 0462000.svg
Location of Safford in Graham County, Arizona
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Safford
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 32°49′24″N109°42′53″W / 32.82333°N 109.71472°W / 32.82333; -109.71472 Coordinates: 32°49′24″N109°42′53″W / 32.82333°N 109.71472°W / 32.82333; -109.71472
Country United States
State Arizona
County Graham
Government
   Mayor Jason Kouts
   Vice Mayor Richard Ortega
   City Council Chris Taylor, Michael Andazola, Gene Seale, Arnold Lopez, Steve McGaughey
   City Manager Horatio Skeete
   City Clerk Georgia Luster
Area
[1]
  Total8.56 sq mi (22.18 km2)
  Land8.53 sq mi (22.10 km2)
  Water0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation
2,917 ft (889 m)
Population
  Total9,566
  Estimate 
(2016) [3]
9,604
  Density1,125.64/sq mi (434.62/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP codes
85546, 85548
Area code(s) 928
FIPS code 04-62000
GNIS feature ID10657
Website City of Safford

Safford (Western Apache: Ichʼįʼ Nahiłtį́į́) [4] is a city in Graham County, Arizona, United States. According to the 2010 Census, the population of the city is 9,566. [2] The city is the county seat of Graham County. [5]

The Western Apache language is a Southern Athabaskan language spoken among the 14,000 Western Apaches living primarily in east central Arizona as well as Texas and New Mexico. There are approximately 6,000 speakers living on the San Carlos Reservation and 7,000 living on the Ft. Apache Reservation. Goodwin (1938) claims that Western Apache can be divided into five dialect groupings:

Graham County, Arizona County in the United States

Graham County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,220, making it the third-least populous county in Arizona. The county seat is Safford.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Contents

Safford is the principal city of the Safford Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Graham county.

Geography

Safford is located at 32°49′24″N109°42′53″W / 32.82333°N 109.71472°W / 32.82333; -109.71472 (32.823266, -109.714613). [6] The Pinaleno Mountains sit prominently to the southwest of town. The Pinalenos have the greatest vertical relief of any mountain range in Arizona.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.6 square miles (22 km2), of which, 8.6 square miles (22 km2) of it is land and 0.03 square miles (0.078 km2) of it (0.18%) is water.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 173
1910 929
1920 1,33643.8%
1930 1,70627.7%
1940 2,26632.8%
1950 3,75665.8%
1960 4,64823.7%
1970 5,49318.2%
1980 7,01027.6%
1990 7,3595.0%
2000 9,23225.5%
2010 9,5663.6%
Est. 20169,604 [3] 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]

As of the census [8] of 2010, there were 9,566 people, 3,385 households, and 2,358 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,112.3 people per square mile (429.5/km²). There were 3,908 housing units at an average density of 454.4 per square mile (181.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.4% White, 1.2% Black or African American, 1.6% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 11.1% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 43.6% of the population.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 3,385 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.3% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.31.

Marriage social union or legal contract between people called spouses that creates kinship

Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but also throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but typically it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity. When defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding.

In the city, the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city from 2000 census was $29,899, and the median income for a family was $36,696. Males had a median income of $35,915 versus $20,138 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,052. About 13.9% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.[ citation needed ]

Climate

The climate is cold semi-arid (Köppen: BSk) softened by the plateau rise (it receives enough rainfall not to fall into a cold desert, BWk [9] ). It is much hotter than most places in eastern Arizona due to its relatively low elevation of 2,953 feet (900 m) at the Agricultural Center where records are kept, and often reaches temperatures almost as hot as found in Phoenix. In January, the average high temperature is 60 °F or 15.6 °C with a low of 29 °F or −1.7 °C. In July, the average high temperature is 98 °F or 36.7 °C with a low of 68 °F or 20 °C. Annual precipitation averages around 9.8 inches (248.9 mm), and snowfall is exceptionally rare: the mean is around 0.8 inches (0.020 m) but the median is zero.[ citation needed ]

Climate data for Safford, Arizona
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)79
(26)
82
(28)
97
(36)
100
(38)
108
(42)
114
(46)
113
(45)
108
(42)
107
(42)
100
(38)
89
(32)
78
(26)
114
(46)
Average high °F (°C)60.2
(15.7)
65.3
(18.5)
71.2
(21.8)
79.6
(26.4)
88.7
(31.5)
98.3
(36.8)
98.4
(36.9)
96.1
(35.6)
92.1
(33.4)
82.1
(27.8)
69.2
(20.7)
60.2
(15.7)
80.1
(26.7)
Average low °F (°C)29.0
(−1.7)
32.7
(0.4)
37.7
(3.2)
43.1
(6.2)
51.5
(10.8)
60.7
(15.9)
67.9
(19.9)
66.4
(19.1)
59.3
(15.2)
47.2
(8.4)
34.9
(1.6)
28.6
(−1.9)
46.6
(8.1)
Record low °F (°C)9
(−13)
9
(−13)
16
(−9)
26
(−3)
28
(−2)
39
(4)
48
(9)
47
(8)
37
(3)
23
(−5)
15
(−9)
7
(−14)
7
(−14)
Average rainfall inches (mm)0.74
(19)
0.78
(20)
0.61
(15)
0.22
(5.6)
0.27
(6.9)
0.31
(7.9)
1.45
(37)
1.72
(44)
1.12
(28)
1.10
(28)
0.56
(14)
0.91
(23)
9.79
(248.4)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch)5.04.84.52.12.22.27.88.05.34.43.55.154.9
Source: NOAA [10]

Religion

Monastery of St. Paisius, Safford is an Orthodox women's coenobitic community in Safford, Arizona which follows the traditional rule of monastic life. The monastery, under the jurisdiction of the Serbian Orthodox Church, is situated in the High Sonoran Desert at the base of Mount Graham.

History

Safford was founded by Joshua Eaton Bailey, Hiram Kennedy, and Edward Tuttle, who came from Gila Bend, in southwestern Arizona. They left Gila Bend in the winter of 1873-74; their work on canals and dams having been destroyed by high water the previous summer. Upon arrival early in 1874, the villagers laid out the town site, including a few crude buildings.

The town is named after Arizona Territorial Governor Anson P. K. Safford. [11]

The Town of Safford was incorporated October 10, 1901, and changed to City of Safford in 1955.

Economy

The city's largest employers are Freeport-McMoRan Copper and Gold, Safford Unified Schools, DRG Technologies Inc, Bowman Consulting Group, Open Loop Energy and Walmart. Recently, Freeport-McMoRan opened two mining facilities just north of the city that make up the largest new mining operation in North America. Arizona State Prison Complex - Safford also employs many residents, as does the Federal Correctional Institution, Safford. Agriculture is considered to be a main economic product with cotton fields and a gin located in the city. A billboard along US Highway 70 announces "Safford .... Copper, Cattle & Cotton".

Transportation

The community is served by a freight rail line, the Arizona Eastern Railway, and hosts an air facility, Safford Regional Airport. Additionally the Arizona Department of Transportation is upgrading U.S. Route 191 from Interstate 10 into a full four-lane highway. ADOT is considering putting a U.S. Route 70 loop south of the city that would run from Swift Trail Junction to Thatcher.

Education

The Safford Unified School District serves the entire city of Safford and some minor outlying areas. The nearby Eastern Arizona College provides higher education services, and a University of Arizona agricultural extension is located to the east of the city.

Legislation has been suggested in state committee to transform the nearby Eastern Arizona College from its present status as a two-year community college into a full four-year educational institution.

Safford is also home to the Eastern Arizona College's Discovery Park Campus, a unique public educational destination facility that provides tours of the world-class telescopes at the Mt. Graham International Observatory, a public access observatory with a research grade 20" Cassagrain telescope, the World's largest permanent mount "Camera Obscura", a full motion Shuttle simulator that takes you on an exciting ride through the Milky Way galaxy, and galleries of historical artifacts from Graham County and the "History of Astronomy" Gallery, as well as a beautifully restored Sonoran riparian area featuring a one-acre ecology education pond and over four miles of trials that take you through the habitat of native and migratory birds, reptiles, and mammals.

The Safford City-Graham County Library provides citizens of Safford with books, computers, free classes, childhood literacy programs and entertainment. It serves 13,625 total citizens between Graham, Greenlee and Gila counties.

Public safety

The city of Safford is served by the Safford Police Department, headed by Chief Joe Brugman. [12] Additional law enforcement services are provided by the Graham County Sheriff's Office.

Fire protection is provided by the Safford Volunteer Fire Department. The department was organized May 20, 1907, with a Fire Chief and 12 other town volunteers. Today, Safford's volunteer Fire Department consists of a Fire Chief and 31 other volunteer firefighters. The department responds to more than 200 calls per year. The department services the city's 5 square miles (13 km2) as well as encompassing an area of 110 square miles (280 km2) outside the city. [12]

Observatories

Due to Safford's relatively isolated position, the area has been chosen as a prime spot for hosting observatories. Safford and Thatcher's street lights are even low-output to improve the quality of the images taken by the observatories atop the mountain to the southwest of the city. The mountain for which the county is named, Mount Graham, is just a few miles southwest of the city. The mountain is home to the Mount Graham International Observatory (MGIO) and Large Binocular Telescope, or LBT. It, when completed, will be the largest binocular telescope in the world. The mountain also is home to the Vatican Advanced Technology Telescope, or VATT. It is also home to the Heinrich Hertz Submillimeter Telescope, or SMT. The Mount Graham International Observatory complex is operated by the University of Arizona.

Notable people

Safford is one of the settings for the 1985 Albert Brooks comedy Lost in America . Safford is also the setting for the Jim W. Coleman book Omens.

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Swift Trail Junction, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

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Thatcher, Arizona Town in Arizona, United States

Thatcher is a town in Graham County, Arizona, United States. According to the 2010 Census, the population of the town is 4,865. It is part of the Safford Micropolitan Statistical Area.

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Mount Graham mountain

Mount Graham is a mountain in southeastern Arizona in the United States, approximately 70 miles northeast of Tucson. The mountain reaches 10,724 feet (3,269 m) in height. It is the highest elevation in Graham County, Coronado National Forest and the Pinaleño Mountains As the name "Mount Graham" is often used by locals to refer to the entire mountain range, the peak itself is frequently referred to as "High Peak". It is twentieth of the 57 ultra prominent peaks of the lower 48 states, and the first of the five in Arizona.

Pinaleño Mountains

The Pinaleño Mountains, are a remote mountain range in southeastern Arizona, near Safford, Arizona. The mountains have over 7,000 feet (2,100 m) of vertical relief, more than any other range in the state. The mountains are surrounded by the Sonoran-Chihuahuan Desert. Subalpine forests cover the higher elevations. According to The Nature Conservancy, they traverse five ecological communities and contain "the highest diversity of habitats of any mountain range in North America." The highest point is Mount Graham at 10,720 feet (3,267 m). Locals often refer to the whole mountain range as "Mount Graham", in which case the peak is referred to as "High Peak". The mountains cover 300 square miles (780 km2) and are part of the Coronado National Forest, Safford ranger district.

References

  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 18, 2017.
  2. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2014-08-05.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. William J. de Reuse (2006), A Practical Grammar of the San Carlos Apache Language, Lincom Europa
  5. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  8. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. "Safford, Arizona Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2019-03-08.
  10. SAFFORD AGRICULTURAL CENTER Archived 2014-07-18 at the Wayback Machine
  11. McClintock, James H. (1921). Mormon Settlement in Arizona; a Record of Peaceful Conquest of the Desert. Manufacturing Stationers. p. 242.
  12. 1 2 City of Safford (Public Safety) Archived 2009-02-07 at the Wayback Machine