Safwat Hegazi

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Safwat Hegazi (sometimes written Safwat Hijazi; Arabic : صفوت حجازى, IPA:  [ˈsˤɑfwɑt ħeˈɡæːzi] ) (born 1963) is an Egyptian imam and television preacher who is on the list of "Individuals banned from the UK for stirring up hatred". [1] A supporter of Mohamed Morsi, he was arrested after the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état. [2]

Imam Islamic leadership position

Imam is an Islamic leadership position.

Mohamed Morsi 5th President of Egypt

Mohamed Morsi is an Egyptian politician who served as the fifth President of Egypt, from 30 June 2012 to 3 July 2013, when General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi removed Morsi from office in the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état after the June 2013 Egyptian protests.

2013 Egyptian coup détat Egyptian political incident: incumbent President of Egypt Mohamed Morsi was overthrown by a military-led coalition

The 2013 Egyptian coup d'état took place on 3 July 2013. Egyptian army chief General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi led a coalition to remove the President of Egypt, Mohamed Morsi, from power and suspended the Egyptian constitution of 2012. The move came after the military's ultimatum for the government to "resolve its differences" with protesters during widespread national protests. The military arrested Morsi and Muslim Brotherhood leaders, and declared Chief Justice of the Supreme Constitutional Court (Egypt) Adly Mansour as the interim president of Egypt. The announcement was followed by demonstrations and clashes between supporters and opponents of the move throughout Egypt. The military's action was supported by the Grand Sheikh of Al Azhar Ahmed el-Tayeb, the Coptic Orthodox Pope Tawadros II and opposition leader Mohamed ElBaradei.

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Career and views

Safwat Hegazy is a graduate of the Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University.

Cairo University public university with its main campus in Giza, Egypt

Cairo University is Egypt's premier public university. Its main campus is in Giza, immediately across the Nile from Cairo. It was founded on 21 December 1908; however, after being housed in various parts of Cairo, its faculties, beginning with the Faculty of Arts, were established on its current main campus in Giza in October 1929. It is the second oldest institution of higher education in Egypt after Al Azhar University, notwithstanding the pre-existing higher professional schools that later became constituent colleges of the university. It was founded and funded as the Egyptian University by a committee of private citizens with royal patronage in 1908 and became a state institution under King Fuad I in 1925. In 1940, four years following his death, the University was renamed King Fuad I University in his honor. It was renamed a second time after the Egyptian revolution of 1952. The University currently enrolls approximately 155,000 students in 22 faculties. It counts three Nobel Laureates among its graduates and is one of the 50 largest institutions of higher education in the world by enrollment.

Hegazy was investigated in Egypt in 2006 for issuing a fatwā calling for the death of visiting Israeli officials. He later withdrew the fatwa. [3] Safwat Hegazy has had several court cases brought against him for allegedly insulting women who do not wear the "niqab" full face cover for women; one court case was dropped when he and his lawyers settled out of court.

On December 3, 2008 Hegazy encouraged attacks on Israeli Jews, saying: “Dispatch those sons of apes and pigs to the Hellfire on the wings of Qassam rockets.” [4]

In 2009 he declared in a television interview that Buddhism, Zoroastrianism and the Baha'i Faith were not religions but were "man-made schools of thought". He said Baha'is were a current danger and fought alongside Zionists in 1948. [5]

Buddhism World religion, founded by the Buddha

Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists. Buddhism encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies. Buddhism originated in ancient India as a Sramana tradition sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, spreading through much of Asia. Two major extant branches of Buddhism are generally recognized by scholars: Theravada and Mahayana.

Zoroastrianism Ancient Iranian religion founded by Zoroaster

Zoroastrianism, or Mazdayasna, is one of the world's oldest religions that remains active. It is a monotheistic faith, centered in a dualistic cosmology of good and evil and an eschatology predicting the ultimate destruction of evil. Ascribed to the teachings of the Iranian-speaking prophet Zoroaster, it exalts a deity of wisdom, Ahura Mazda, as its Supreme Being. Major features of Zoroastrianism, such as messianism, judgment after death, heaven and hell, and free will have influenced other religious systems, including Second Temple Judaism, Gnosticism, Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism.

The government of the United Kingdom declared in 2009 that he is considered to be engaging in unacceptable behaviour by glorifying terrorist violence. [1]

In an address that aired Al-Nas TV on July 11, 2010, Safwat advised parents that "our children sit in front of the computer and the playstation, and play games that will never lead them to wage Jihad." [6]

In 2012, Safwat launched MB candidate Mohamed Morsi's campaign. In his speech to a crowd of hundreds of thousands of Egyptians, Safwat emphasized that Morsi will lead Egypt's campaign to restore the "United States of the Arabs" or "Caliphate" with Jerusalem as its capital, and urged listeners to "awake Jews from their slumber" and chanted that they would march as martyrs toward Jerusalem. [7] During the June 2013 protests against Morsi, Hegazy threatened opposition protesters saying “whoever sprays Morsi with water will be sprayed with blood.” [8]

After Morsi was removed from office by the military coup, prosecutors ordered Safwat's arrest on 10 July 2013. [2] On 14 July 2013 Egypt's military-appointed prosecutor general Hisham Barakat ordered his assets to be frozen. [9] He was arrested on 21 August 2013. [8] On 14 September 2013, Hegazy was acquitted on charges of "inciting violence" at the Muslim Brotherhood headquarters on 30 June 2013. [10] Cairo Criminal Court on 7 December 2013 refused to return a verdict and recused itself in another case involving Hegazy and Mohamed Beltagy citing "embarrassment" as a reason for its decision. [11]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 Edwards, Richard (May 5, 2009). "Extremists banned from Britain named by Home Office". The Telegraph. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
  2. 1 2 "Prosecution orders arrest of leading Brotherhood members". Ahram Online. 10 July 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  3. "Mosque imam faces charges over fatwa termed anti-Semitic". Daily News Egypt. 2006-09-06. Retrieved 2009-05-08.[ dead link ]
  4. Front Page Magazine| 11/15/2011 Archived November 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine .
  5. Egyptian Cleric Safwat Higazi: The Baha'i Pose a Danger, MEMRI , 2009-07-14.
  6. Egyptian Cleric Safwat Higazi: Parents Should Choose for Children Sports That Prepare Them for Jihad, MEMRITV.org, Clip No. 2560, July 11, 2010.
  7. , MEMRI , 2012-05-14.
  8. 1 2 Taha, Rana Muhammad (August 21, 2013). "Safwat Hegazy arrested". Egypt Daily News. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
  9. "Asset freeze for Islamist leaders goes into action". Egypt Independent. 15 July 2013. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  10. Gamaleddine, Al-Sayed (September 14, 2013). "Islamist preacher Hegazy acquitted in Brotherhood headquarters case". Ahram Online. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
  11. "Judges recuse themselves in case against Islamist figures Beltagy, Hegazy". Ahram Online. December 7, 2013. Retrieved March 2, 2016.