Saga (city)

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Saga

佐賀市
Saga City
Saga Montage.jpg
Top:Saga International Balloon Fiesta. Second:Saga Castle, A heritage site of Mietsu Naval Dock, Third:Furuyu Spa, Saga Historial Folk Museum, Bottom:Saga Shrine, (all item from left to right)
Flag of Saga, Saga.svg
Flag
Emblem of Saga, Saga.svg
Saga (city)
Saga in Saga Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Saga in Saga Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Saga
Coordinates: 33°16′0″N130°18′0″E / 33.26667°N 130.30000°E / 33.26667; 130.30000 Coordinates: 33°16′0″N130°18′0″E / 33.26667°N 130.30000°E / 33.26667; 130.30000
Country Japan
Region Kyushu
Prefecture Saga Prefecture
Government
  MayorToshiyuki Hideshima
Area
  Total431.84 km2 (166.73 sq mi)
Population
 (August 1, 2020)
  Total232,736
  Density540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- Tree Ginkgo
- Flower Cherry blossom (sakura)
Website www.city.saga.lg.jp
Northward view of downtown Saga Saga cityscape northward wide.JPG
Northward view of downtown Saga

Saga (佐賀市, Saga-shi, Japanese:  [saꜜɡa] ) is the capital city of Saga Prefecture, located on the island of Kyushu, Japan. Saga was the capital of Saga Domain in the Edo period, and the largest city of former Hizen Province. As of August 1, 2020, the city had an estimated population of 232,736 and a population density of 539 persons per km2. [1] The total area is 431.84 km2.

Contents

Saga is located in the southeast part of Saga Prefecture. After the 2005 merger the city became very long north to south, bordering the Ariake Sea to the south and Fukuoka Prefecture to the southeast and north. The northern half of the city contains the Sefuri Mountains. Saga can also be regarded as within the Greater Fukuoka metropolitan area, and by extension, Fukuoka-Kitakyushu Metropolitan Area.

History

Municipal timeline

Saga Castle

Standing out from many cultural assets is the plains castle within the city, Saga Castle. It is one of the rare castles in Japan surrounded by a wall rather than built on one. First built between 1591 and 1593, there was a fire in 1726. Renovated in 1728, there was yet another fire in 1835. Nabeshima Naomasa, daimyō of the Nabeshima clan, renovated it within two years and moved in. In 1874 it was a court building and a prefectural office. 1883 saw it become a junior school. The buildings were eventually replaced by modern school buildings.

Geography

Saga City is located in the southeast portion of Saga Prefecture. After the 2005 merger the city became very long north to south. It now borders the Ariake Sea to the south and Fukuoka Prefecture to the southeast and north. The northern half of the city contains the Sefuri Mountains.

Climate

Saga has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa).The annual average precipitation ranges from about 1800 mm (71 in) in the city center to about 2400 mm (94 in) in Mitsuse. The annual average temperature ranges from about 13 °C (55 °F) in Mitsuse to 17 °C (63 °F) in the city center.

Climate data for Saga (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1890−present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)21.1
(70.0)
23.1
(73.6)
25.7
(78.3)
30.8
(87.4)
35.8
(96.4)
37.1
(98.8)
39.6
(103.3)
38.6
(101.5)
36.4
(97.5)
33.6
(92.5)
29.6
(85.3)
24.6
(76.3)
39.6
(103.3)
Average high °C (°F)10.1
(50.2)
11.8
(53.2)
15.2
(59.4)
20.7
(69.3)
25.6
(78.1)
28.0
(82.4)
31.6
(88.9)
32.9
(91.2)
29.4
(84.9)
24.3
(75.7)
18.2
(64.8)
12.4
(54.3)
21.7
(71.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)5.8
(42.4)
7.0
(44.6)
10.4
(50.7)
15.3
(59.5)
20.0
(68.0)
23.5
(74.3)
27.2
(81.0)
28.2
(82.8)
24.5
(76.1)
19.1
(66.4)
13.3
(55.9)
7.8
(46.0)
16.9
(62.4)
Average low °C (°F)1.8
(35.2)
2.6
(36.7)
5.7
(42.3)
10.2
(50.4)
15.2
(59.4)
19.9
(67.8)
24.0
(75.2)
24.6
(76.3)
20.7
(69.3)
14.7
(58.5)
8.9
(48.0)
3.6
(38.5)
12.7
(54.9)
Record low °C (°F)−6.9
(19.6)
−6.2
(20.8)
−4.1
(24.6)
−1.1
(30.0)
3.7
(38.7)
8.2
(46.8)
14.3
(57.7)
16.2
(61.2)
9.4
(48.9)
1.8
(35.2)
−1.3
(29.7)
−6.5
(20.3)
−6.9
(19.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)54.1
(2.13)
77.5
(3.05)
120.6
(4.75)
161.7
(6.37)
182.9
(7.20)
327.0
(12.87)
366.8
(14.44)
252.4
(9.94)
169.3
(6.67)
90.1
(3.55)
89.4
(3.52)
59.5
(2.34)
1,951.3
(76.82)
Average snowfall cm (inches)2
(0.8)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
4
(1.6)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm)9.09.211.110.39.513.813.011.410.26.68.48.1120.7
Average relative humidity (%)69676565667476737268707070
Mean monthly sunshine hours 128.2139.5169.0186.7197.1131.4164.8200.4174.1188.0153.2137.91,970.5
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency [2]

Adjoining municipalities

Saga city center Saga city center 1.jpg
Saga city center

Education

Saga city office Saga city office.JPG
Saga city office

Universities

Senior High Schools

Transportation

Air

There is one airport inside the city of Saga, Saga Airport, located in the former town of Kawasoe. Before the opening of Saga Airport, Fukuoka Airport was the nearest airport. However, many people in Saga still use Fukuoka Airport due its greater number of routes and flights offered. There is an express bus which connects the two airports.

Rail

The south exit of Saga Station JRKyushu Saga Station01.jpg
The south exit of Saga Station

Road

Attractions

Every fall Saga holds the "Saga International Balloon Fiesta" in the dry riverbed of the Kase River. A quarter of the visitors are from Saga. The number of visitors was about 15 million in 2005. Hot air balloonists from many countries enter this event.

Kakurintei Tea House located in the grounds of Kono Koen is a very quaint and picturesque Japanese tea house overlooking a pond.

Saga Castle (Also called the Saga Castle Historical Museum) is the largest reconstruction of a wooden building in Japan, with a total floor space of 2500 square meters and the historical atmosphere of the Saga Castle main keep.

Famous People from Saga

Economy/Industry

In the areas surrounding the city, the agricultural industry focuses on planting grains that make use of water. The fishery centers on seaweed cultivation using the Ariake Sea.

Originally one of the largest rice-producing areas, a large farmland has been converted it into a vegetable field in response to changes in the environment surrounding agriculture. In terms of industry, the terrain is facing the Ariake Sea, but since it is a shallow area where large vessels cannot navigate, heavy industry has not developed much. In addition, in the first half of the 20th century, coal and prefecture western flourished because there was not much competition.

On the other hand, the food industry and the textile industry have developed throughout the late 20th century. Although the food industry is still strong, the textile industry has been the main industry since the 1970s. However, since the 1990s the automobile parts industry has been growing due to the accumulation of automobiles and parts industry in northern Kyushu.

Although it is located at the prefecture capital and the service industry accounts for a large number of employees, the shipping industry in commerce is not particularly large compared to other cities of the same size. Currently, three large suburban commercial facilities with a sales floor area of 50,000 m2 are in competition with each other, and there is an unbalanced demand for supply.

The number of companies with head offices and main offices in the city is the largest in the prefecture, but it is not that much compared to the neighboring prefectures. There is also the tendency of branch offices to be in urban cities, which is often prefecture capitals.

In terms of percent by industry, the tertiary industry exceeds 70%, but it is the lowest among the seven prefectures of Kyushu. The proportion of secondary industries is small, while the proportion of primary industry is relatively high. (Census data: October 1, 2005)

Twin towns – sister cities

Saga is twinned with: [3]

Related Research Articles

Saga Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Saga Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū. Saga Prefecture has a population of 809,248 and has a geographic area of 2,440 km2. Saga Prefecture borders Fukuoka Prefecture to the northeast and Nagasaki Prefecture to the southwest.

Kumamoto Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Kumamoto Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū. Kumamoto Prefecture has a population of 1,748,134 and has a geographic area of 7,409 km2. Kumamoto Prefecture borders Fukuoka Prefecture to the north, Ōita Prefecture to the northeast, Miyazaki Prefecture to the southeast, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the south.

Karatsu, Saga City in Kyushu, Japan

Karatsu is a city located in Saga Prefecture on the island of Kyushu, Japan. Its name, formed from the Japanese word roots 唐 kara, and 津 tsu (port), signifies its historical importance as an ancient trading port between Japan with China and Korea. The central area of Karatsu, which does not include the former cities and villages of Higashimatsuura District, has a population of 78,386. As of January 1, 2020, the city had an estimated population of 117,663 and a population density of 241 persons per km2. The total area is 487.59 km2.

Tosu, Saga City in Kyushu, Japan

Tosu is a city located in the eastern part of Saga Prefecture on the island of Kyushu, Japan. As of February 28, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 72,755 and a population density of 1,000 persons per km2. The total area is 71.73 km2.

Imari, Saga City in Kyushu, Japan

Imari is a city located in Saga Prefecture on the island of Kyushu, Japan. Imari is most notable because of Imari porcelain, which is the European collectors' name for Japanese porcelain wares made in the town of Arita, Saga Prefecture. The porcelain was exported from the port of Imari specifically for the European export trade. As of October 1, 2016, the city has an estimated population of 54,907 and a population density of 220 persons per km2. The total area is 254.99 km2.

Kashima, Saga City in Kyushu, Japan

Kashima is a city located in the southern part of Saga Prefecture on the island of Kyushu, Japan. As of February 28, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 30,159 and a population density of 270 persons per km². The total area is 112.10 km².

Morodomi was a town located in Saga District, Saga Prefecture, Japan.

Saga District was a district located in Saga Prefecture, Japan.

Kanzaki, Saga City in Kyushu, Japan

Kanzaki is a city located in Saga Prefecture, Japan. As of February 28, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 31,981 and a population density of 260 persons per km². The total area is 125.01 km².

Mitsuse was a village located in Kanzaki District, Saga Prefecture, Japan.

Kiyama, Saga Town in Kyushu, Japan

Kiyama is a town located in Miyaki District, Saga Prefecture, Japan on the island of Kyūshū. It can be considered part of an economic sphere with nearby cities Tosu in Saga Prefecture and Ogōri and Kurume in Fukuoka Prefecture. Approximately 10 percent of the population of Kiyama works or goes to school in the city of Fukuoka and as such Kiyama can be considered a part of the Fukuoka metropolitan area. It is also known as a commuter town for Kurume. As of March 1, 2017, the town has an estimated population of 17,398.

Ogi, Saga City in Kyushu, Japan

Ogi is a city located in the central part of Saga Prefecture on the island of Kyushu, Japan. As of February 28, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 45,638 and a population density of 480 persons per km². The total area is 95.85 km².

Arita, Saga Town in Kyūshū, Japan

Arita is a town located in Nishimatsuura District, Saga Prefecture, Japan. It is known for producing Arita porcelain, one of the traditional handicrafts of Japan. It also holds the largest ceramic fair in Western Japan, the Arita Ceramic Fair. This event is held from April 29 to May 5 every year and has thousands of stores and stalls lining the six-kilometre long main street.

Shiroishi, Saga Town in Kyushu, Japan

Shiroishi is a town located in Kishima District, Saga Prefecture, Japan. As of October 1, 2016, the town has an estimated population of 23,606.

Ōmuta, Fukuoka City in Kyushu, Japan

Ōmuta is a city in Fukuoka Prefecture on the island of Kyūshū, Japan. As of 1 June 2019, the city has an estimated population of 112,052 and a population density of 1,376 persons per km2. The total area is 81.45 km2.

Yoshinogari, Saga Town in Kyushu, Japan

Yoshinogari is a town located in Kanzaki District, Saga Prefecture, Japan. It is the result of a merger between the town of Mitagawa, and the village of Higashisefuri, both from Kanzaki District, on March 1, 2006. As of March 1, 2017, the town has an estimated population of 16,117.

Miyaki, Saga Town in Kyushu, Japan

Miyaki is a town in Miyaki District, Saga Prefecture, Japan. It is the first town in Saga to have its name spelled in hiragana rather than kanji. It is named after the district it is located in. As of March 1, 2017, the town has an estimated population of 25,534.

Mount Sefuri

Mount Sefuri is a 1,054.6 m (3,460 ft) peak of the Sefuri Mountains, which are located on the border of Fukuoka, Fukuoka Prefecture, and Kanzaki, Saga Prefecture, Japan.

Itoshima, Fukuoka City in Kyushu, Japan

Itoshima is a city located in western Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of April 2018, the city has an estimated population of 96,540, with 34,685 households and a population density of 454 persons per km². The total area is 216.12 km².

References

  1. https://www.city.saga.lg.jp/
  2. 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). Japan Meteorological Agency . Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  3. "佐賀市の姉妹都市・友好都市". city.saga.lg.jp (in Japanese). Saga. Retrieved 2020-04-10.