Sagamihara

Last updated

Sagamihara

相模原市
Sagamihara City
Sagamihara montage.jpg
From top left: Tanzawa mountains, USARJ Sagami General Depot, Lake Sagami, Hashimoto District, Odakyu Sagami-Ōno Station, JAXA Sagamihara Campus, Sakura Festival
Flag of Sagamihara, Kanagawa.svg
Flag
Shen Nai Chuan Xian Xiang Mo Yuan Shi Shi Zhang .svg
Seal
Sagamihara
Sagamihara in Kanagawa Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Sagamihara in Kanagawa Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Sagamihara
 
Coordinates: 35°34′N139°22′E / 35.567°N 139.367°E / 35.567; 139.367 Coordinates: 35°34′N139°22′E / 35.567°N 139.367°E / 35.567; 139.367
CountryJapan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Kanagawa
Government
  Mayor Kentaro Motomura
Area
  Total328.91 km2 (126.99 sq mi)
Population
 (May 1, 2021)
  Total723,470
  Density2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
– Tree Zelkova serrata
– Flower Hydrangea
– Bird Skylark
Phone number042-754-1111
Address2-11-15 Chūō, Chūō-ku, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa-ken 252-5277
Website Official website
A street view in Sagamihara MewekaraJian taQiao Ben Yi Qian  - panoramio.jpg
A street view in Sagamihara
Sagamihara city hall Sagamihara city hall.jpg
Sagamihara city hall

Sagamihara (相模原市, Sagamihara-shi) is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 May 2021, the city has an estimated population of 723,470, with 334,812 households, [1] and a population density of 1,220 persons per km². The total area of the city is 328.91 square kilometres (126.99 sq mi). . [2] Sagamihara is the third-most-populous city in the prefecture, after Yokohama and Kawasaki, and the fifth most populous suburb of the Greater Tokyo Area. Its northern neighbor is Machida, with which a cross-prefectural merger has been proposed. [3]

Contents

On April 1, 2010, the city became the 19th city designated by government ordinance. As a result of this, three wards were established: Midori-ku, Chūō-ku and Minami-ku.

Geography

Sagamihara covers a large area of northwestern Kanagawa Prefecture. The main areas of commercial activity in Sagamihara are located near Hashimoto Station on the JR East Yokohama Line and Keio Sagamihara Line; Sagamihara Station on the Yokohama Line; and Sagami-Ōno Station on the Odakyu Odawara Line.[ citation needed ] Western Sagamihara is within the Tanzawa Mountains.

Wards

Surrounding municipalities

Kanagawa Prefecture

Tokyo

Yamanashi Prefecture

Climate

Sagamihara has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Sagamihara is 12.6 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1906 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.9 °C, and lowest in January, at around 1.2 °C. [4]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [5] the population of Sagamihara has grown steadily over the past 70 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 106,827    
1960 137,114+28.4%
1970 317,296+131.4%
1980 494,255+55.8%
1990 602,426+21.9%
2000 681,150+13.1%
2010 717,561+5.3%

History

The area of modern Sagamihara has been settled since ancient times, and has a number of remains from the Japanese Paleolithic period and Kofun period have been found. It was home to the Yokoyama clan, one of the seven warrior clans of the Musashi region during the early Kamakura period. During the Edo period, the lands around Sagamihara were tenryō territory theoretically administered directly by the Tokugawa Shogunate in Edo; however, in reality, the area was a patchwork of small fiefs held by various hatamoto , as well as exclaves under the control of the Ogino-Yamanaka Domain and Karasuyama Domain.

After the Meiji Restoration, the eastern portion was part of Kōza District, and the western portion was part of Tsukui District. The Kōza District portion was administratively divided into six villages on April 1, 1889 with the creation of the modern municipalities system. The area was the location of extensive training facilities and arsenals of the Imperial Japanese Army during the 1930s. These villages were merged on April 29, 1941, together with neighboring Zama Town to create Sagamihara Town. At the time of its formation, it was the largest town in Japan in terms of area.

On September 1, 1948, Zama was administratively separated into Zama Town. The remaining portion became Sagamihara City on November 20, 1954. The city population had grown steadily, partly due to local industrial development, and partly due to the city's excellent transportation infrastructure connecting it to Yokohama, Tokyo and Hachiōji. It was designated a core city with increased autonomy in 2003.

On March 20, 2006, Sagamihara absorbed the towns of Tsukui and Sagamiko (both from Tsukui District). The merged city consisted of two geographically separate areas, as two other towns of Tsukui District (Fujino and Shiroyama) elected to remain separate. A further merger on March 11, 2007, joined Fujino and Shiroyama with Sagamihara, thus geographically unifying the city, and dissolving former Tsukui District. In 2007, the population of Sagamihara exceeded 700,000. In 2010, Sagamihara was redesignated as a government ordinance city and split into three wards Midori-ku, Chūō-ku, and Minami-ku.

On July 25, 2016, 19 people were killed and 26 injured in a mass stabbing incident at a disabled care home in the city by Satoshi Uematsu, the perpetrator. [6]

Government

Sagamihara has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 49 members. Sagamihara contributes eight members to the Kanagawa Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is divided between the Kanagawa 14th district and Kanagawa 16th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

In terms of economy and geography such as railroads and roads, Sagamihara has stronger ties with Tokyo than other cities in the prefecture, especially with the Tama area such as Machida and Hachioji. In addition, it is positioned by the national government as the core of the southwestern part of the Tokyo metropolitan area. However, due to the successive withdrawal of large factories in the city, the aspect of Sagimahara as a commuter town has become stronger, and the percentage of commuters to work and school in Tokyo in 2015 was 24.6%.

Education

Transportation

Sagami-Ono Station Square Odakyu Sagami-Ono Station Square 01.jpg
Sagami-Ono Station Square

Railway

JR logo (east).svg JR EastYokohama Line

JR logo (east).svg JR EastSagami Line

JR logo (east).svg JR EastChūō Main Line

OdakyuGroup logo2.svg Odakyu Electric RailwayOdakyu Odawara Line

KeioRailway logo.svg Keio CorporationSagamihara Line

Highways

Local attractions

Sports

Sister cities

Notable people from Sagamihara

Related Research Articles

Kanagawa Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Kanagawa Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region of Honshu. Kanagawa Prefecture is the second-most populous prefecture of Japan at 9,058,094 and has a geographic area of 2,415 km2 (932 sq mi). Kanagawa Prefecture borders Tokyo to the north, Yamanashi Prefecture to the northwest and Shizuoka Prefecture to the west.

Fujisawa, Kanagawa City in Kantō, Japan

Fujisawa is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2021, the city had an estimated population of 439,728 and a population density of 6300 persons per km². The total area of the city is 69.57 square kilometres (26.86 sq mi).

Hachiōji Core city in Kantō, Japan

Hachiōji is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 31 March 2021, the city had an estimated population of 561,344, and a population density of 3000 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 186.38 km2 (71.96 sq mi).

Machida, Tokyo City in Kantō, Japan

Machida is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 April 2021, the city had an estimated population of 428,851, and a population density of 6,000 persons per km². The total area of the city was 71.80 square kilometres (27.72 sq mi).

Yamato, Kanagawa city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Yamato is a city located in central Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2021, the city had an estimated population of 242,065 and a population density of 8900 persons per km². The total area of the city is 27.09 km2 (10.46 sq mi).

Ebina, Kanagawa City in Kantō, Japan

Ebina is a city located in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.As of 1 June 2021, the city had an estimated population of 136,312 and a population density of 5100 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 26.69 square kilometres (10.31 sq mi).

Zama, Kanagawa City in Kantō, Japan

Zama is a city located in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. {As of|2021|06|01}}, the city had an estimated population of 130,667 and a population density of 7400 persons per km². The total area of the city is 17.58 square kilometres (6.79 sq mi)The city is home to the United States Army Camp Zama base.

Sagamiko, Kanagawa Former municipality in Kantō, Japan

Sagamiko was a town located in Tsukui District, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.

Tsukui District, Kanagawa

Tsukui District was a district located in the far northwestern corner of Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.

Asahi-ku, Yokohama Ward in Kantō, Japan

Asahi-ku (旭) is one of the 18 wards of the city of Yokohama in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 2010, the ward has an estimated population of 249,045 and a population density of 7,600 persons per km². The total area is 32.77 km².

Midori-ku, Yokohama Ward in Kantō, Japan

Midori-ku (緑区) is one of the 18 wards of the city of Yokohama in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 2010, the ward had an estimated population of 176,038 and a density of 6,900 persons per km². The total area was 25.42 km².

Seya-ku, Yokohama Ward in Kantō, Japan

Seya-ku (瀬谷区) is one of the 18 wards of the city of Yokohama in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 2010, the ward had an estimated population of 126,839 and a density of 7,390 persons per km2. The total area was 17.16 km2.

The Kanagawa Prefectural Board of Education (神奈川県教育委員会) is the board of education for Kanagawa Prefecture in Japan. The board consists of six members; one of them is elected as the chair, and one of them is appointed by the board as the superintendent. The board administers municipal education and directly operates all of the prefectural schools.

Atsugi Special city in Kantō, Japan

Atsugi is a city located in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2021, the city had an estimated population of 223,960 and a population density of 2400 persons per km². The total area of the city is 93.83 square kilometres (36.23 sq mi). While the name "Atsugi" is often associated with the United States Navy base named Naval Air Facility Atsugi, the base is actually not in Atsugi, but straddles the border between the nearby cities of Ayase and Yamato.

Asao-ku, Kawasaki Ward in Kantō, Japan

Asao-ku (麻生区) is one of the 7 wards of the city of Kawasaki in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 2010, the ward had an estimated population of 167,792 and a density of 7,210 persons per km². The total area was 23.28 km².

Zama Station Railway station in Zama, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Zama Station is a passenger railway station located in the city of Zama, Kanagawa, Japan, and operated by the private railway operator Odakyu Electric Railway.

Sagamiko Station Railway station in Sagamihara, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Sagamiko Station is a passenger railway station located in Midori-ku in the city of Sagamihara, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, and is operated by the East Japan Railway Company (JR East]].

Fujino Station Railway station in Sagamihara, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Fujino Station is a passenger railway station located in Midori-ku in the city of Sagamihara, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, and is operated by the East Japan Railway Company (JR East]].

Midori-ku, Sagamihara Ward in Kantō, Japan

Midori-ku is one of three wards of Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan. It's located in the western part of the city and covers about 77% of city's area. To the east Midori-ku faces Chūō-ku and to the north faces Machida and Hachiōji.

Machida Station (Tokyo) Railway station in Machida, Tokyo, Japan

Machida Station is an interchange railway station located in the city of Machida, Tokyo, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company and Odakyu Electric Railway.

References

  1. "Sagamihara city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. "Overview of Sagamihara City" (in Japanese). Japan: Sagamihara City. Retrieved May 5, 2017.
  3. Merger proposal (in Japanese)(Translateto English: Google, Bing)
  4. Sagamihara climate data
  5. Sagamihara population statistics
  6. McCurry, Justin (July 26, 2016). "Japan Knife Attack: Stabbing at Care Centre Leaves 19 Dead and Dozens Wounded". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. Retrieved July 26, 2016.