Sahariya caste

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Saharia
Regions with significant populations
India
Languages
Hindi
Religion
Hinduism 100%
Related ethnic groups
PanikaParahiyaBind

The Sahariya are a community found in the Bundelkhand region of North India, which is administered by the states of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. They are also known as Rawat, Banrawat, Banrakha and Soarain. [1]

Contents

History and origin

The term saharia is derived from the Hindi word sahra, meaning jungle, thus Sahariya means jungle dwellers. They trace their origin from Shabri of the Ramayana . Others claim descent from Baiju Bheel, a worshiper of the Hindu god Shiva. The community is divided into several exogamous gotras, the main ones being Sanauna, Rajauria, Chandele, Rohtele, Solanki, Khareyia, Bagolia, Jecheria, Kusmorna, Chakardiya, Kurwana and Theogana. [2]

Present circumstances

The Sahariya are found in the Bundelkhand region, which covers parts of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh states. This region is covered with thick and thin forest, with low rainfall, and is home to number of other tribal communities such as the Chero and Kol. Forests are a major economic resource for the Sahariya community. Their traditional occupations are cutting wood, collecting honey, making baskets, mining and quarrying, and breaking stones. Basketry is also an important craft the community. [3]

The community has a caste council, headed by a patel, and the council imposes fines and social boycotts on the offenders found guilty of committing rape, elopement and adultery.[ citation needed ]

The Sahariya are Hindu and worship a number of local deities such as Bhavani, Gond Devta, Bundela Devta, Soorin and Bijasur. [4]

The Government of Uttar Pradesh had classified them as a Scheduled Caste but by 2007, they were one of several groups that it had redesignated as Scheduled Tribes. [5] As of 2017, this designation applied only in Lalitpur district, [6] as it also did at the time of the 2011 Census of India when the Sahariya Scheduled Caste population in Uttar Pradesh was 23,644. The figure for the Rawat population at that time was 213,326. [7]

See also

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References

  1. People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII edited by A Hasan & J C Das pages 1231 to 1235
  2. People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII edited by A Hasan & J C Das page 1232 to 1236
  3. People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII edited by A Hasan & J C Das page 1234
  4. People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII edited by A Hasan & J C Das page 1235
  5. Darpan, Pratiyogita (July 2007). "State At A Glance - Uttar Pradesh". Pratiyogita Darpan. 2 (13): 81.
  6. "State wise Scheduled Tribes — Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  7. "A-10 Individual Scheduled Caste Primary Census Abstract Data and its Appendix - Uttar Pradesh". Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 6 February 2017.