Saint-Cloud

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Saint-Cloud
Saint-Cloud Town Hall 002.JPG
Saint-Cloud Town Hall
Blason ville fr Saint-Cloud (Hauts-de-Seine).svg
Saint-Cloud map.svg
Location (in red) within Paris inner suburbs
Location of Saint-Cloud
Saint-Cloud
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Saint-Cloud
Ile-de-France region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Saint-Cloud
Coordinates: 48°50′N2°13′E / 48.84°N 2.22°E / 48.84; 2.22
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Hauts-de-Seine
Arrondissement Nanterre
Canton Saint-Cloud
Intercommunality Grand Paris
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Éric Berdoati [1] (DVD)
Area
1
7.56 km2 (2.92 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2021) [2]
29,727
  Density3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
92064 /92210
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Saint-Cloud (French pronunciation: [sɛ̃klu] ) is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France, 9.6 kilometres (6.0 miles) from the centre of Paris. Like other communes of Hauts-de-Seine such as Marnes-la-Coquette, Neuilly-sur-Seine and Vaucresson, Saint-Cloud is one of France's wealthiest towns, with the second-highest average household income of communities with 10,000 to 50,000 households. [3]

Contents

Saint-Cloud is home to the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (IBWM), located in the Parc de Saint-Cloud's Pavillon de Breteuil.

History

Napoleon Bonaparte in the coup d'etat of 18 Brumaire in Saint-Cloud, Francois Bouchot, 1840. Bouchot - Le general Bonaparte au Conseil des Cinq-Cents.jpg
Napoleon Bonaparte in the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire in Saint-Cloud, François Bouchot, 1840.

The town is named after Clodoald, grandson of Clovis, who is supposed to have sought refuge in a hamlet on the Seine near Paris, then named Novigentum,[ citation needed ] like many other newly founded mercantile settlements outside the traditional towns. After he was canonized, the village where his tomb was located took the name of Sanctus Clodoaldus.

A park contains the ruins of the Château de Saint-Cloud, built in 1572 and destroyed by fire in 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War. The château was the residence of several French rulers and served as the main country residence of the cadet Orléans line until the French Revolution. The palace was also the site of the coup d'état led by Napoleon Bonaparte that overthrew the French Directory in 1799.

The town is also famous for the Saint-Cloud porcelain produced there from 1693 to 1766. [4]

The Headquarters of the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) was at 22 Rue Armengaud from 1966 until 1989, when it moved to Lyon.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 2,042    
1800 1,660−2.92%
1806 2,360+6.04%
1821 1,953−1.25%
1831 1,935−0.09%
1836 2,316+3.66%
1841 3,417+8.09%
1846 3,457+0.23%
1851 3,828+2.06%
1856 4,405+2.85%
1861 5,611+4.96%
1866 5,248−1.33%
1872 8,956+9.32%
1876 4,862−14.16%
1881 4,126−3.23%
1886 5,380+5.45%
1891 5,660+1.02%
1896 6,374+2.40%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 7,195+2.45%
1906 8,354+3.03%
1911 9,725+3.09%
1921 11,921+2.06%
1926 13,519+2.55%
1931 16,341+3.86%
1936 16,597+0.31%
1946 17,614+0.60%
1954 20,671+2.02%
1962 26,472+3.14%
1968 28,158+1.03%
1975 28,139−0.01%
1982 28,561+0.21%
1990 28,597+0.02%
1999 28,157−0.17%
2009 29,726+0.54%
2014 29,360−0.25%
2020 29,560+0.11%
Source: EHESS [5] and INSEE (1968–2020) [6]

Main sights

Santos Dumont posing near the statue in his honour in 1913. "Icaro" em Saint-Cloud - Monumento em homenagem a Santos Dumont - 1-13666-0000-0000, Acervo do Museu Paulista da USP.jpg
Santos Dumont posing near the statue in his honour in 1913.

The main landmarks are the park of the demolished Château de Saint-Cloud and the Pavillon de Breteuil. The Saint-Cloud Racecourse, a racetrack for Thoroughbred flat racing, was built by Edmond Blanc in 1901 and hosts a number of important races, including the annual Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud.

Tribute to Santos-Dumont

On the Avenue de Longchamp is a bronze statue commissioned by the Airclub of France representing the Greek mythological figure Icarus, in honour of Alberto Santos-Dumont. Inaugurated on October 19, 1913, it sits on a square near the old Aerostation of Saint-Cloud, where Santos-Dumont performed his experiments with heavier-than-air aircraft. Santos-Dumont was also responsible for the construction of the world's first hangar. A replica has occupied the hangar's site in Saint-Cloud since 1952 after the original was destroyed for its bronze during the Nazi military occupation.

Transport

Saint-Cloud is served by two stations on the Transilien La Défense and Paris-Saint-Lazare suburban rail lines: Le Val d'Or and Saint-Cloud.

The town is also served by tramway Line T2, which runs alongside the Seine.

Central Saint-Cloud, known as le village ("the village"), is also served by the Métro station Boulogne–Pont de Saint-Cloud (Line 10), just across the Seine on the Boulogne-Billancourt side of the Pont de Saint-Cloud.

Hospital

Education

Internationale Deutsche Schule Paris Saint-Cloud - Rue Pasteur, 18.jpg
Internationale Deutsche Schule Paris

Public high schools:

It is also served by the public high school Lycée Jean Pierre Vernant in Sèvres. [7]

Private high schools:

International schools:

A campus of the Paris Nanterre University is also located in the city.

Paris Nanterre University Saint-Cloud campus Universite Paris-Nanterre campus de Saint-Cloud.jpg
Paris Nanterre University Saint-Cloud campus

Personalities

Notable births

Notable residents

Notable burials

Twin towns – sister cities

Saint-Cloud is twinned with: [11]

Saint-Cloud is the main setting of the 1955 French film Les Diaboliques (a.k.a. Diabolique). [12]

See also

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References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" (in French). data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises. 6 June 2023.
  2. "Populations légales 2021". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2023.
  3. "Les 10 communes les plus riches de France". 23 January 2015.
  4. J. Paul Getty Museum. "Saint-Cloud Porcelain Manufactory" . Retrieved 2008-01-13.
  5. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Saint-Cloud, EHESS (in French).
  6. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  7. Home page. Lycée Jean Pierre Vernant. Retrieved on September 7, 2016. [...]qui relèvent de la zone de desserte du lycée ( communes de Sèvres, Ville d’Avray, Chaville, Saint -Cloud) [...]
  8. "Get in contact Archived 2015-01-23 at the Wayback Machine ." Internationale Deutsche Schule Paris . Retrieved on 23 January 2015. "Postanschrift: 18 rue Pasteur F – 92210 SAINT CLOUD Besucheradresse: 12 rue Lelégard F – 92210 SAINT-CLOUD"
  9. "Marine Le Pen, une riche propriétaire (comme son père)". Le Nouvel Observateur. January 27, 2016. Retrieved October 7, 2016.
  10. "Maurice Bessy a Pictorial History of Magic and the Supernatural 1963 PDF".
  11. "Les villes jumelles, soeurs et filleule". saintcloud.fr (in French). Saint-Cloud. Retrieved 2021-05-03.
  12. Wood, Michael (2011-03-03). "At the Movies". London Review of Books . Vol. 33, no. 5. p. 23. Retrieved 2018-06-06.