The church in Saint-Martin-le-Pin
|Canton||Périgord Vert Nontronnais|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Marcel Lavoix|
|15.54 km2 (6.00 sq mi)|
|• Density||17/km2 (45/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||127–302 m (417–991 ft) |
(avg. 135 m or 443 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Saint-Martin-le-Pin (Limousin: Sent Martin lo Pench or Sent Martin lu Pench) is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It is part of the Regional Natural Park Périgord Limousin.
Saint-Martin-le-Pin is situated along the D 94 about 5 kilometers northwest of Nontron. The boundary with Nontron to the southeast is the Ruisseau des Vergnes, a southwest-flowing right tributary of the Bandiat. The commune's territory reaches the Bandiat river itself in the southwest, forming a natural boundary with the neighbouring communes Saint-Martial-de-Valette in the south and Lussas-et-Nontronneau in the southwest. The commune's boundary to Javerlhac-et-la-Chapelle-Saint-Robert in the northwest and Le Bourdeix farther north is the Doueriver, also a smaller right tributary of the Bandiat.
Saint-Martin-le-Pin can also be reached via the D 75 following the Bandiat valley from Nontron to Javerlhac.
Besides the main village there are many hamlets and single farms for example Ars, Blanchetière, Chantemerle, Chez Thomas, Crachat, Jourdonnières, La Borderie, La Combe au Cros, La Tuilière, Le Moulin de chez Jouanaud, Les Cazes, Lespinasse, Loradour, Mérignac, Pas Brouillet, Ribeyrolle, Talivaud, and Tranchecouyère.
The commune's territory is underlain in its totality by Variscan basement rocks (Piégut-Pluviers Granodiorite). Transgressing the basement from the West are liassic sediments belonging to the Aquitanian Basin. The base conglomerate can be seen near La Chapoulie. Stratigraphically higher follow arkoses, dolomites and limestones. A NW-SE striking fault zone originating in Nontron traverses the territory and raises the Northeastern basement block. Movements along this fault zone must have been going on well into the Pleistocene, because one can observe stream rejuvenation along some of the southwestward-draining creeks. This fault zone is strongly mineralised in mainly baryte, but there is also galena, sphalerite, pyrite and the rather rare cadmium mineral greenockite.This fault zone has been mined in the past, the shaft of the mine de la Mairie still can be seen in the village. Associated with the ores is an intensive recrystallization and silicification of the country rocks along the fault line. Between 1825 and 1850 manganese was mined near Talivaud in the contact region between the arkoses and the overlying Sidérolithique, iron-rich Tertiary sediments.
The limestones sometimes develop karst phenomena like caves (near Blanchetière).
The floodplain of the Bandiat is infilled by alluvial Pleistocene sands with occasional intercalated layers of polished quartz pebbles.
The romanesque village church Saint-Martin dates back to the 12th century and has been classified in 1942 as Monument historique.Remarkable is its entry.
Before 1789 the commune was called Saint-Martin-le-Peint.Saint Martin therefore was not associated with the pine tree, but rather was "painted".
The population declined after 1968, but has remained stable since 1975.
Dordogne is a department in Southwestern France, with its prefecture in Périgueux. The department is located in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine between the Loire Valley and the Pyrenees and is named after the river Dordogne that runs through it. It corresponds roughly with the ancient county of Périgord. It had a population of 416,909 in 2013.
Haute-Vienne is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwest-central France. Named after the Vienne River, it is one of the twelve departments that together constitute Nouvelle-Aquitaine. The neighbouring departments are Creuse, Corrèze, Dordogne, Charente, Vienne and Indre.
The following is a list of the 505 communes of the Dordogne department of France.
The arrondissement of Nontron is an arrondissement of France in the Dordogne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 94 communes. Its population is 54,758 (2016), and its area is 2,097.7 km2 (809.9 sq mi).
The Canton of Nontron is a former canton of the Dordogne département, in France. It was disbanded following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. It consisted of 8 communes, which joined the canton of Périgord Vert Nontronnais in 2015.
Javerlhac-et-la-Chapelle-Saint-Robert is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. Javerlhac is in the Parc naturel régional Périgord Limousin.
Sainte-Orse is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. The church of Saint Ursus dates from the 11th-12th century. The castle dates from the 15th-16th century.
Agris is a commune in the Charente department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.
La Gonterie-Boulouneix is a former commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. On 1 January 2019, it was merged into the commune Brantôme en Périgord.
Saint-Amand-de-Coly is a former commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. On 1 January 2019, it was merged into the new commune Coly-Saint-Amand.
Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It forms part of the Parc naturel régional Périgord Limousin.
Saint-Paul-la-Roche, in Occitan Sent Pau la Ròcha, is a commune in the northeast of the Dordogne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The commune is integrated into the Regional Natural Parc Périgord Limousin.
The Parc naturel régional Périgord Limousin was created March 9, 1998. It consists of 78 communes situated in the Dordogne and Haute Vienne départements. The park has a surface area of 1800 square kilometers and is inhabited by 49 661 people.
The Piégut-Pluviers Granodiorite is situated at the northwestern edge of the Variscan Massif Central in France. Its cooling age has been determined as 325 ± 14 million years BP.
The Périgord noir, also known as Sarladais, is a traditional natural region of France, which corresponds roughly to the Southeast of the current Dordogne département, now forming the northern part of the Aquitaine région. It is centered around the town of Sarlat-la-Canéda.
The Neuil Mine, in French Mine de Neuil, is a mine emplaced in paragneisses of the northwestern Massif Central. The mine is part of the commune of Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière in the Dordogne. Extracted from the mine was galena, slightly enriched in silver.
The Cantonnier lode formed in the Piégut-Pluviers Granodiorite, part of the basement rocks of the northwestern Massif Central in France. Its importance is highlighted by very rare mineral parageneses.
The Saint-Mathieu dome is a dome-like upwarp in the metamorphic basement of the northwestern French Massif Central. It exposes a very deep and normally hidden parautochthonous unit at the surface.
The canton of Périgord Vert Nontronnais is an administrative division of the Dordogne department, southwestern France. It was created at the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. Its seat is in Nontron.
The Nontronnais is a natural region in the northern Dordogne département and therefore part of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It covers the surrounding of the centrally placed subprefecture Nontron. Jules Verne had called the Nontronnais Périgord vert referring to the region's lush vegetation. The term Périgord vert is used mainly in tourism, but is not identical with the Nontronnais, which covers a much smaller area.
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