Saint-Mihiel

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Saint-Mihiel
Sepulcre Ligier Richier 301008 02.jpg
Entombment of Christ , sculpture by Ligier Richier, in the Church of St. Étienne, in Saint-Mihiel
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Coat of arms
Location of Saint-Mihiel
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Saint-Mihiel
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Saint-Mihiel
Coordinates: 48°53′21″N5°32′37″E / 48.8892°N 5.5436°E / 48.8892; 5.5436 Coordinates: 48°53′21″N5°32′37″E / 48.8892°N 5.5436°E / 48.8892; 5.5436
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Meuse
Arrondissement Commercy
Canton Saint-Mihiel
Intercommunality Sammiellois
Government
  Mayor (20082014) Alain Perelle
Area
1
33 km2 (13 sq mi)
Population
(1999)2
5,260
  Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
55463 /55300
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting : residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Mihiel is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany or comuni in Italy. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France.

Meuse (department) Department of France

Meuse is a department in northeast France, named after the River Meuse. Meuse is part of the current region of Grand Est and is surrounded by the French departments of Ardennes, Marne, Haute-Marne, Vosges, Meurthe-et-Moselle, and has a short border with Belgium on the north. Parts of Meuse belong to Parc naturel régional de Lorraine. Front lines in trench warfare during World War I ran varying courses through the department and it hosted an important battle/offensive in 1916 in and around Verdun.

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

Contents

Geography

Saint-Mihiel lies on the banks of the Meuse River.

History

A Benedictine abbey was established here in 708 or 709 by Count Wulfoalde and his wife Adalsinde. The library, containing over 9,000 works, is still on the original site.

During World War I, Saint-Mihiel was captured by the Germans in 1914, and was recaptured during the Battle of Saint-Mihiel from 12 September to 19 September 1918.

World War I 1914–1918 global war originating in Europe

World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.

Battle of Saint-Mihiel battle of the 1st World War

The Battle of Saint-Mihiel was a major World War I battle fought from 12–15 September 1918, involving the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) and 110,000 French troops under the command of General John J. Pershing of the United States against German positions. The U.S. Army Air Service played a significant role in this action.

Features

Saint-Mihiel is known for its sculptures by Renaissance sculptor Ligier Richier (1500–1567).

Ligier Richier French artist

Ligier Richier was a French sculptor active in Saint-Mihiel in north-eastern France.

Saint-Mihiel serves both as the starting and ending point of the 2014 video game Valiant Hearts: The Great War.

<i>Valiant Hearts: The Great War</i> 2014 video game

Valiant Hearts: The Great War is a puzzle adventure video game developed by Ubisoft Montpellier and published by Ubisoft. The game is inspired by letters written during World War I and has four characters on the battlefield who help a young German soldier find his love in this story about survival, sacrifice and friendship.

See also

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Grace Banker

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Cadaver Tomb of René of Chalon life sized funerary statue and memento mori

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