Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière

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Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière
St-Pardoux mairie 03.JPG
Town hall
Blason ville fr Saint-Pardoux-la-Riviere (Dordogne).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière
Saint-Pardoux-la-Riviere
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
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Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière
Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes region location map.svg
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Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière
Coordinates: 45°29′39″N0°44′48″E / 45.4942°N 0.7467°E / 45.4942; 0.7467 Coordinates: 45°29′39″N0°44′48″E / 45.4942°N 0.7467°E / 45.4942; 0.7467
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Dordogne
Arrondissement Nontron
Canton Périgord Vert Nontronnais
Government
  Mayor (20082014) Maurice Combeau
Area
1
23.84 km2 (9.20 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
1,171
  Density49/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
24479 /24470
Elevation132–332 m (433–1,089 ft)
(avg. 137 m or 449 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière (Occitan: Sent Pardol la Ribiera) is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It forms part of the Parc naturel régional Périgord Limousin.

Contents

Etymology

The occitan Sent Pardol is derived from Saint Pardulphus (Sanctus Pardulphus), la ribiera means the river, i.e. the Dronne.

Geography

Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière is surrounded by the following communes:

Besides the village center the commune of Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière comprises the following hamlets:

Beaumont, Bon Ombre, Bordessoule, Bos-Brûlat, Brande, Brin, Chaumeille, Chez Bathe, Chez Boissard, Chez Boutard, Chez Neymard, Jamaye, La Briderie, La Dorie, La Font du Prince, La Grange, La Nanotte, La Plassade, Langlade, Lapeyronnie, Le Buisson, Le Châtenet, Le Clos, Le Couvent, Le Maine, Le Mandereau, Le Queyroi, Le Petit Villars, Les Batisses, Les Combes, Les Granges, Les Rebières, Les Roches, Lescure, Maliba, Négrecombe, Neuil, Noujarède, Puy d'Arnac, and Puypelat.

The commune's territory is traversed roughly centrally by the River Dronne. The northern boundary to Champs-Romain is formed by the river, which is occupying a narrow canyon. After initially following a southwesterly direction it then swings to the south. Before reaching the village the valley widens. Alongside a ford over the river Saint-Pardoux was founded.

A right tributary of the Dronne, the Ruisseau de Lachenaud, forms the western continuation of the northern boundary to Champs-Romain. Its course is directed to the southeast. Near the center of Saint-Pardoux the Dronne receives a left tributary, the Ruisseau de Chantres.

The topographically lowest point in the commune with 132 meters above sea level is situated at the southern exit of the Dronne near Jamaye, the highest point with 332 meters above sea level near Bos Brûlat in the very northeastern corner.

Geology

The south face of the church in Saint-Pardoux-la-Riviere with its sun dial Saint-PardouxChurch.jpg
The south face of the church in Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière with its sun dial

The commune's territory is divided into two contrasting domains by two crossing fault lines (N 065 and N 160). To the north and east of these faults one encounters the Variscan basement rocks of the northwestern Massif Central, which also stand out topographically. The southern lowlands around the village center are occupied by sediments of the northern Aquitaine Basin. Along the border faults the basement rocks were raised relative to the sedimentary cover.

The oldest unit of the basement rocks are Neoproterozoic micaschist of the Parautochthonous Micaschist Unit (PMU). They can be seen in the east near Chantres and Le Châtenet. They were intruded during the Pennsylvanian by the Saint-Mathieu Leucogranite. The leucogranite crops out in the upper reaches of the Dronne valley. To the north of the N 065-striking fault the basement rocks consist of Plagioclase-bearing paragneisses. In some places these are intruded by small granodiorite bodies belonging to the Piégut-Pluviers Granodiorite or by leptynites of Ordovician age.

The flatlying sediments surrounding the village center are mainly of Jurassic age and comprise Lias as well as Dogger limestones. The Lias is composed of Hettangian (sandstones, coarse sandstones and conglomerates), Sinemurian (oolithic limestones, sometimes dolomitic) and Toarcian (claystones and grey marls). Near the border faults the Lias can be silicified. The Toarcian clays were once quarried by a (now redundant) tile factory. The Dogger consists of cryptocrystalline limestones, bioclastic limestones and oolithic limestones spanning the period Upper Bajocian and Bathonian. Close to the border faults crop out the so-called sidérolithique (iron-rich, reddish, clayey sands) and solidified, conglomeratic alluvial deposits. Both formations are most likely of Eocene age. All the aforementioned sedimentary units can be covered by colluvial gravels of Pleistocene age. In the Dronne valley gravelly terrasses belonging to the Mindel stage and the Würm stage can be observed. Limestone debris mantelling certain hillslopes is due to gelifraction processes during the last ice age.

Worth mentioning are certain mineral occurrences like silver-bearing galena in the paragneisses or baryte mainly within the Lias. Occasional tourmaline can also be found in the paragneisses. Manganese (manganese dioxide) associated with nontronite was once mined near Le Mandereau. The Neuil mine, situated in the paragneisses, contains apart from galena and baryte the minerals chalcopyrite, gypsum, marcasite, pyrite, pyromorphite and sphalerite.

History

Between the 13th century and the French Revolution there was once a monastery in Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière. Hardly anything is left of it now, because most of its building stones were used in the construction of the village. The church goes back to the 17th and 18th centuries. It underwent extensive renovation during the 19th century with the steeple being completely rebuilt. The Château de Vaugoubert at the Dronne also goes back to the 17th century. From an even older castle only the round tower is left.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19621,453    
19681,360−6.4%
19751,347−1.0%
19821,309−2.8%
19901,174−10.3%
19991,088−7.3%
20081,158+6.4%

The population of Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière has decreased continuously till 1999 (25% decrease), but seems to recover somewhat since then.

Mayor

Mayor of Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière is since 2001 Maurice Combeau, a pensioner who is not affiliated with any political party.

Sights

The post card museum St-Pardoux 04.JPG
The post card museum

See also

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.

Sources