Saint Brelade

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Saint Brelade
L'Ile au Guerdain Jersey.JPG
St. Brelade's coastline of promontories and bays includes Portelet and its tidal island, L'Île au Guerdain with Portelet Tower (also known as Janvrin's Tomb)
Flag of St Brelade Parish, Jersey.svg
Blason St Brelade Jersey.svg
Saint Brelade, Jersey - locator map.svg
Location of Saint Brelade in Jersey
Crown Dependency Jersey, Channel Islands
   Connétable Michael Jackson
  Total12.8 km2 (4.9 sq mi)
  Rank Ranked 2nd
  Density860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Time zone GMT
  Summer (DST) UTC+01
Postcode district
Postcode sector

St. Brelade (Jereseais: Saint Brélade) is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey in the Channel Islands. It is around 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) [lower-alpha 1] west of St Helier. Its population was 11,012 as of 2021. [2]


The parish is the second-largest parish by surface area, covering 7,103 vergées (12.78 km2), which is 11% of the total land surface of the island and it occupies the southwestern part of the island. It is the only parish to border only one other parish, St. Peter.

The parish is largely a suburban commuter area for St Helier, with expansive low rise residential development, especially in the urban area of Les Quennevais. However, the parish also has a number of notable natural sites, such as the sand dunes of St Ouen's Bay.


Its name is derived from a 6th-century Celtic or Welsh "wandering saint" named Branwalator or St. Brelade (also Branwallder, Broladre, Brelodre, Brélade), who is said to have been the son of the Cornish king, Kenen. He is also said to have been a disciple of Samson of Dol, and worked with this churchman in Cornwall and the Channel Islands. A large section of the Jersey Railway linking La Corbière with Saint Helier ran through the parish between 1870 and 1936.

The town of St. Aubin is named for St. Aubin, Bishop of Angers in France.

The Jersey parish system has been in place for centuries. By Norman times, the parish boundaries were firmly fixed and remain largely unchanged since. [3]

In 1180 Jersey was divided by the Normans into three ministeria for administrative purposes. St. Brelade was part of Crapoudoit. Crapoudoit likely refers to the stream running through St. Peter's Valley. [3]

Towards the end of the 18th century, after the Battle of Jersey, trade with the New World from Jersey grew, as did Jersey's shipbuilding industry. Jersey has had a long tradition of shipbuilding. In 1683, the Constable of St. Brelade fined four men living near St. Aubin for cluttering up the road from their houses to Le Boulevard.


The parish is a first-level administrative division of the Bailiwick of Jersey, a British Crown dependency. The highest official in the parish is the Connétable of St. Brealde. The incumbent office holder is Michael Jackson, who has held the office since 2005. [4] The parish administration is headquartered in the village of St. Aubin.

At present, the parish forms two electoral districts for States Assembly elections and elects three Deputies, as well as eight Senators in an islandwide constituency. The current Deputies for St. Brelade are listed below. [5] Under the proposed electoral reform, St. Brelade will form a single constituency, electing four representatives alongside its Connétable. [6]

Electoral districts and vigntaines of St. Brelade
1La Vingtaine de Noirmont

La Vingtaine du Coin

John Young
2La Vingtaine des Quennevais

La Vingtaine de la Moye

Monty Tadier

Graham Truscott


An overview of Saint Brelade's Bay on a hot summer day at low tide. Saint Brelade's Bay Jersey.JPG
An overview of Saint Brélade's Bay on a hot summer day at low tide.

St. Brelade is in the south-west of the island of Jersey, part of the Channel Islands archipelago. It is the only parish to border one other parish, St. Peter. It is located 4.7 kilometres (2.9 mi) west of St Helier. The parish has a number of popular bays, St. Brelade's Bay, Ouaisné, Portelet and parts of both St. Ouen's Bay and St. Aubin's Bay falling within the parish boundaries.

The parish is quite urbanised, with 29% of the land area being built environment. It is also the least agricultural, with only 24% of the parish dedicated to cultivation. However, 38% dedicated to the natural environment, as the parish has notable natural coastal areas. [7]

The parish's population is largely centred around three primary areas of development. The largest is the Les Quennevais built-up area, developed largely in incorporating St. Brelade's Bay. This area has a number of shops, a leisure centre and a secondary school. The other areas are the developments around Noirmont and Mont Nicolle and the town of St. Aubin, the historic centre of the parish - originally a fishing port facing St. Helier on the opposite side of St. Aubin's Bay.

Portelet Bay is found in the parish at the bottom of the Noirmont headland, between St. Brelade and St. Aubin's Bay. It features an islet named Île au Guerdain (named for a local family) on which stands a Martello Tower. [8] In the 1920s, one of the first holiday camps on Jersey opened overlooking the bay, at one point owned by Sir Billy Butlin, though the camp closed in 2000. [9] [10] [11] The bay featured a controversy around 2010, with planning permission granted for a number of homes overlooking the bay. [12]


Historical population

Culture and community

The traditional nickname for St. Bréladaises (inhabitants of St. Brelade) is carpéleuses (caterpillars). The emblem or symbol of the parish is a fish, legendarily linked to the saint himself, and though the type of fish has been debated, a 2010 redesign, based on heraldic research, depicted it as a cod. [13]

In 2009 the parish won a Britain in Bloom award in the small coastal resort category. [14] Britain in Bloom awards too in 2012, 2014 & 2015.

The parish has a number of community facilities. The Sir Winston Churchill Memorial Park is located in St. Brelade's Bay and the Elephant Park is located near the Les Quennevais Precinct. There is a branch of the Jersey Library called the Les Quennevais Brach Library. It was formerly located within Les Quennevais school until that site was moved in 2020. It is now located in the Communicare Centre. [15]

The new large and modern Les Quennevais school, opened in 2020 New Les Quennevais.jpg
The new large and modern Les Quennevais school, opened in 2020

Les Quennevais leisure centre in St. Brelade will be redeveloped in two phases as part of the Government's Inspiring Active Places Strategy. First will be to provision of a new skate park and a four court netball facility as well as a 3G football pitch. The Jersey indoor netball facility is current at Les Ormes (also in St. Brelade), which is being closed and redeveloped by March 2023. The target date for this phase of development is 2024. By 2032, phase 2 will be complete: the existing sports centre buildings will be demolished and replaced with parking after the construction of a new leisure centre, incorporating an eight lane 25 m swimming pool, an eight court sports hall, a permanent recreational gymnastics facility and a large fitness suite. The site will also be the new home of the Jersey Library Les Quennevais Branch. [16]

Twin towns

St. Brelade is twinned with:


The Railway Walk Railway Walk Jersey 06.jpg
The Railway Walk

There are a large number of main roads in the parish, including the western terminus of the A1 and the Five Mile Road.

The parish was formerly served by the Jersey Railway, which connected Corbière to St. Aubin then onto St. Helier along the coast. In 1871, it was proposed that the Jersey Railway, which at the time only extended to St. Aubin, should be extended to La Moye to serve the Granite quarry. The line was closed in 1936 after a fire in a station. The Germans re-utilised the track during the Occupation. [18]

The old railway track has been converted into a shared-use countryside park and pathway known as the Railway Walk. As part of the Sustainable Transport Policy, there will be a toucan crossing installed at the junction of the Walk with La Rue du Pont Marquet, [19] which is an accident black spot. [20]


Jersey's prison is situated at La Moye, and the island's desalination plant is also sited in the parish.

St Aubin's Fort is located on an islet in St Aubin's Bay. It was built at the command of Sir Henry Cornish in 1542. It became a fort in 1643, during the English Civil War. The islet was refortified during the Occupation. [21]

Corbiere Lighthouse La Corbiere Lighthouse 20160901.jpg
Corbière Lighthouse

The lighthouse at La Corbière features on the Jersey £5 note (see Jersey pound ) and the Jersey 20-pence piece (see coins of the Jersey pound ). "La Corbière" means the place of ravens or crows. This corner of the island had a fearsome reputation amongst sailors and was the scene of many wrecks. The lighthouse was constructed in 1873, designed by Sir John Coode. A causeway connects the lighthouse to the mainland but is cut off for large parts of the day. [22]

Religious sites

La Chapelle es Pecheurs, situated alongside St. Brelade's Parish Church, contains the best-preserved examples of mediaeval art in Jersey Annunciation, Chapelle es Pecheurs, Jersey.jpg
La Chapelle ès Pêcheurs, situated alongside St. Brélade's Parish Church, contains the best-preserved examples of mediaeval art in Jersey

St. Brelade's Church is situated at the end of St. Brelade's Bay, an unusual situation being comparatively distant from historic centres of population. The small Fisherman's Chapel alongside contains mediaeval frescoes which survived the iconoclasm of the Reformation. According to folklore, the reason for the siting of the parish church is that originally the St. Bréladais intended to build the church inland, much nearer to the homes of the congregation. However les p'tits faîtchieaux (the little people) who had their temple in a nearby dolmen were disturbed by the construction of the foundations and, every night, would undo the construction work and magically transport all the tools and materials down to the shoreline. Eventually the humans gave up and built the church where the fairies had indicated.

Another church is located close to the Parish Hall in St. Aubin. St Aubin on the Hill is an Anglican church in the Parish of St. Brelade dedicated to St. Aubin of Angers. The church that stands today was built in the 19th century and is a fine example of Victorian Gothic style, with beautiful stained glass windows. When this was built the appointed minister of the Anglican church also supported the building of a local primary school just a short walk from the church. St. Brelade's School served the whole parish until it closed in 1984 and became St. Brelade's College, a school that teaches English to foreign pupils.

Notable people


  1. Measured from the church to the Royal Square

See also

Related Research Articles

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  1. "St.Brelade Homepage". Retrieved 4 October 2012.
  2. Report on the 2011 Jersey Census Archived 1 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  3. 1 2 Syvret, Marguerite (2011). Balleine's History of Jersey. The History Press. ISBN   978-1860776502.
  4. "Members". Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  5. "Results 2018". - States of Jersey Elections. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  6. [ bare URL PDF ]
  7. "Size and land cover of Jersey". Government of Jersey. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  8. Liddiard, Tim. Portelet: site of special (ecological) interest (PDF). Jersey: Jersey Biodiversity Centre. pp. 1–2.
  9. ""The Clerk's Holiday Guide"". The Clerk. National Union of Clerks and Administrative Workers. August 1926. p. 119. JERSEY -- HOLIDAY CAMP -- Bathing, boating, tennis. Beautifully situated in an ideal camping climate.--Write for Illustrated Booklet.--Secretary, Portelet, Jersey.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  10. Smith, Len (15 November 2004). "WW2 People's War - The Beginning". BBC. Retrieved 28 September 2022. In September 1939 when the declaration of war was broadcast on radio by Chamberlain, I was enjoying the weekend following the first week of a fortnight holiday at Jersey Holiday Camp, Portlet Bay in Jersey.
  11. "HAVE A STARRY TIME AT BUTLINS [from the Sunday Mirror]". The Free Library. 5 January 1997. Retrieved 28 September 2022. Island holidays are available at Portelet and Plemont Bay on Jersey...
  12. "Minister's baffling decision". Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  13. Vay, Kenny (2010). "Fishy goings on!". La Baguette. Retrieved 27 June 2022.
  14. "BBC News - St Brelade wins gold in Entente Florale Europe". 25 September 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
  15. Lewis, Kevin (30 October 2020). "Communicare Centre, Ground Floor Wing, Route des Quennevais, St. Brelade: Lease for Les Quennevais Branch Library". Government of Jersey.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  16. Inspiring Active Places Strategy 2021 (PDF) (Report). Government of Jersey. 2021.
  17. "Jersey Evening Post - St Brelade twins with Granville". 11 April 2005. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  18. "Disused Stations: Corbière Station". Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  19. "Crossing on Railway Walk delay". Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  20. Road signs on La Rue du Pont Marquet. 13 March 2021.
  21. Heritage, Jersey. "St Aubin's Fort". Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  22. Heritage, Jersey. "La Corbière Lighthouse". Retrieved 21 December 2020.

Coordinates: 49°11′49″N2°11′48″W / 49.19696°N 2.19658°W / 49.19696; -2.19658