Sainthamaruthu

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Sainthamaruthu

சாய்ந்தமருது
සායින්දමරුදු
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Sainthamaruthu
Location in Sri Lanka
Coordinates: 7°23′38″N81°50′2″E / 7.39389°N 81.83389°E / 7.39389; 81.83389 Coordinates: 7°23′38″N81°50′2″E / 7.39389°N 81.83389°E / 7.39389; 81.83389
Country Sri Lanka
Province Eastern Province
Administrative District Ampara District
D.S Division Sainthamarathu Divisional Secretariat
Divisional SecretaryA. L. M. Saleem
Government
  Body Kalmunai Municipal Council (Local Authority)
   Electoral District Ampara
  Polling Division Kalmunai
   Member of parliament H. M. M. Harees (SLMC)
Area
  Total9 km2 (3 sq mi)
Elevation
1 m (3 ft)
Population
 (2011 [1] )
  Total25,412
  Density3,000/km2 (8,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+05:30 (SLST)
Postal code
32280
Area code(s) 067
Website www.sainthamaruthu.ds.gov.lk

Sainthamaruthu (Tamil : சாய்ந்தமருது, romanized: Cāyntamarutu; Sinhala : සායින්දමරුදු, romanized: Sāyindamarudu) is a coastal town in Sri Lanka, with a population of 25,412. [2] It is located on the east coast of Ampara District of Eastern Province, Sri Lanka. This town is fully populated by Sri Lankan Muslims according to the Department of Census and Statistics October 2007. [3]

Contents

Sainthamaruthu is located in the middle of other municipalities such as Sammanthurai on the west, Kalmunai on the North, Karativu on the south, and the eastern border with the Bay of Bengal.

Divisions

Sainthamaruthu DS division has 16 Grama Niladhari Divisions. [4] It is bordered by Kalmunai DS division to the north, the sea on the east, Karaitivu DS division to the south and Sammanthurai to the west. 50.4% of the population are men and 49.6% are women. Forty-two percent of the population is less than 18 years old, 48% of the population is between the age of 19-64 and 10% of the population is above 65 years of age. The population density of the division is 3072/sq km.

Economy

Sainthamaruthu is highly urbanised and congested due to increasing commercial activities in the main urban areas of the town.The eastern site is potential for fishing and western site is fully engaged with paddy cultivation.

Resources and livelihood activities

Sainthamaruthu is well endowed with many natural resources. Fisheries, agriculture, and services contribute significantly to the local economy; and trade also plays an important role. It started with petty trade in the early history of the division and nowadays, has expanded to large-scale trading. In early times, fishery activities took place using traditional craft (Katumarang) and ordinary seines and now activity has expanded to deep sea fishing.

Many people living here are engaged in agriculture, fisheries and various other sectors. About 13% of the population is unemployed and many of the workers are poorly paid.

The main agricultural crop is paddy. Around 1132 acres of land are cultivated annually within the division and most of the farmers’ paddy land is situated in the outside of the Sainthamaruthu.

The main sources of income in the local economy of Sainthamaruthu:

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References

  1. "A6 : Population by ethnicity and district according to Divisional Secretary's Division, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.
  2. Department of Census and Statistics,Sri Lanka (Preliminary Report Based on Sri Lanka Census of Population and Housing, 2011)
  3. "the Preliminary Report Based on Special Enumeration – 2007".
  4. Department of Census and Statistics. "BASIC POPULATION INFORMATION ON AMPARA DISTRICT – 2007", Sri Lanka, October 2007. Retrieved 8 Nov 2018.