Saitō Uhyōe-Taihitsu Tatsuoki(斎藤 右兵衛・大筆 龍興Saitō Uhyōe-Taihitsu Tatsuoki, 1548–August 14, 1573) was a daimyo in Mino Province during the Sengoku period and the third generation lord of the Saitō clan. He was a son of Saitō Yoshitatsu his mother was daughter of Azai Hisamasa and nephew of Azai Nagamasa, a grandson of Saitō Dōsan. He was also a nephew of Oda Nobunaga's first wife, Nohime, herself a daughter of Saitō Dōsan.
Mino Province, one of the old provinces of Japan, encompassed the southern part of modern-day Gifu Prefecture. It was sometimes called Nōshū (濃州). Mino Province bordered Echizen, Hida, Ise, Mikawa, Ōmi, Owari, and Shinano Provinces.
The Sengoku period is a period in Japanese history marked by social upheaval, political intrigue and near-constant military conflict. Japanese historians named it after the otherwise unrelated Warring States period in China. It was initiated by the Ōnin War, which collapsed the Japanese feudal system under the Ashikaga shogunate, and came to an end when the system was re-established under the Tokugawa shogunate by Tokugawa Ieyasu.
The Saitō clan was a Japanese samurai kin group from Echizen Province.
Saitō Tatsuoki succeeded his father at the age of 19. He was, however, an incapable ruler; unlike his father and grandfather.
Tatsuoki became involved in a bitter rivalry with Akechi Mitsuhide, and lost to him decisively in 1564. He survived, but from this point on the Saitō clan were no longer a significant faction in the power struggles of the Sengoku period.After Oda Nobunaga conquered the Saito in 1567, he was exiled, though he is known to have fought in armies against Nobunaga numerous times, until his death in 1573.
The Siege of Inabayama Castle of 1567 was the final battle in Oda Nobunaga's campaign to defeat the Saitō clan in their mountaintop castle and conquer Mino Province, Japan. It was a short two-week siege, fought between 13 and 27 September 1567, or in the Japanese calendar: from the 1st to 15th day of the 8th month, in the 10th year of the Eiroku era, according to the Nobunaga Chronicle. The siege ended in a decisive battle and victory of Nobunaga's combined forces, and resulted in the subjugation of the Saitō clan, their vassals, and allies. This victory was the culmination of Nobunaga's Mino campaign, waged intermittently over the previous six years, and brought an end to a rivalry between the Oda clan of Owari Province and the Saitō clan of Mino, which began over twenty years earlier between Nobunaga's father, Oda Nobuhide and Saitō Dōsan.
Oda Nobunaga was a powerful daimyō of Japan in the late 16th century who attempted to unify Japan during the late Sengoku period, and successfully gained control over most of Honshu. Nobunaga is regarded as one of three unifiers of Japan along with his retainers Toyotomi Hideyoshi and Tokugawa Ieyasu. During his later life, Nobunaga was widely known for most brutal suppression of determined opponents, eliminating those who by principle refused to cooperate or yield to his demands. His reign was noted for innovative military tactics, fostering free trade, and encouraging the start of the Momoyama historical art period. He was killed when his retainer Akechi Mitsuhide rebelled against him at Honnō-ji.
Oda Nobuhide was a warlord and magistrate of lower Owari Province during the Sengoku period of Japan. His father was Oda Nobusada and Nobuhide was the father of Oda Nobunaga.
Saitō Dōsan, also known as Saitō Toshimasa, was a Japanese samurai during the Sengoku period.
Akechi Mitsuhide, first called Jūbei from his clan and later Koretō Hyūga no Kami (惟任日向守) from his title, was a samurai and general who lived during the Sengoku period of Feudal Japan. His full name was thus Akechi Jūbei Minamoto-no-Mitsuhide.
The 1573 Siege of Odani Castle was the last stand of the Azai clan, one of Oda Nobunaga's chief opponents.
Azai Nagamasa was a daimyō during the Sengoku period of Japan. His clan, the Azai clan, were located in northern Ōmi Province, east of Lake Biwa. He was the brother-in-law of Oda Nobunaga, starting in 1564, and one of Nobunaga's enemies from 1570 to 1573. Nagamasa and his clan were destroyed by Oda Nobunaga in August 1573. Major battles of Azai Nagamasa include the battle of Anegawa in 1570 and the many sieges of Odani castle between 1570 and 1573.
Oichi was a female historical figure in the late Sengoku period. She is known primarily as the mother of three daughters who married well – Yodo-dono, Ohatsu and Oeyo.
Asakura Yoshikage was a Japanese daimyō of the Sengoku period (1467–1573) who ruled a part of Echizen Province in present-day Fukui Prefecture. Yoshikage's conflicts with Oda Nobunaga (1534–1582) resulted in his death and the destruction of the Asakura clan and its castle, Ichijōdani Castle.
The Azai clan was a line of daimyōs during Japan's Sengoku period that was based in Ōmi Province. The Azai clan, along with the Asakura clan, opposed Oda Nobunaga in the late 16th century. They were defeated by him at the Battle of Anegawa in 1570, and all but eliminated when their home castle, Odani Castle, was taken three years later.
Nagai Michitoshi, also known as Nagai Hayato No Kami, was a retainer in the Japanese Saitō clan following the 16th-century Sengoku period.
Miyabe Keijun was a Tendai monk from Mount Hiei in western Japan. He was the father of Miyabe Nagafusa and became a reputable administrator under Toyotomi Hideyoshi during the latter half of the Sengoku period of feudal Japan. His name could also be read as Miyabe Tsugimasu. Keijun received Miyabe Castle from Azai Nagamasa when he gave his support to the Azai clan. Fighting against the Oda clan during the Battle of Anegawa in 1570, Nagamasa and his counterpart Asakura Yoshikage were defeated, prompting Keijun to distrust his lord's ability, but not to the point in which he was willing to defect. In 1573, Oda Nobunaga laid siege to the Azai clan's Sawayama Castle, which was held by Isono Kazumasa. The castle fell after a siege that lasted over three months. In response, Nagamasa took Kazumasa's elderly mother, who he held hostage in Odani Castle, to the execution grounds for death. Keijun became enraged at the backstabbing qualities of Nagamasa, defected to Nobunaga and assisted him in the downfall of the Azai. As both Nagamasa and the Azai were entirely put into extinction after his defection, Keijun served under Nobunaga until the latter's death in 1582, at which time he then came to serve Toyotomi Hideyoshi, largely assisting him by means of administration and agricultural production.
The 1573 Siege of Hikida Castle was one of many battles the warlord Oda Nobunaga fought against the Azai and Asakura clans during Japan's Sengoku period. These two families were among the staunchest opponents of Nobunaga's attempts to seize land and power for himself.
The Battle of Kanōguchi was a battle during the Sengoku period of Japan.
Saitō Yoshitatsu was a Japanese samurai during the Sengoku period.
Katō Mitsuyasu was a retainer under the Toyotomi clan during the late Sengoku period of feudal Japan. Residing within Mino Province during his early life, Mitsuyasu took up arms in support of the Saitō clan and its leader, Saitō Dosan.
Akaza Shichirōemon was a retainer beneath the Oda clan throughout the late Sengoku period of Feudal Japan. Shichiroemon was a vassal of the Saitō clan, recorded serving Saitō Tatsuoki, and then passed his loyalties onto Oda Nobunaga after Tatsuoki died. In the year 1569 he served with distinction in the battles waged against the Miyoshi clan, and was awarded lands in the Echizen province. However, in 1582, at the time of the tragic loss at the Honnō-ji—the Incident at Honnō-ji—Shichiroemon was killed at Nijo Gosho.
The Mino Triumvirate was commanded by three Japanese samurai generals serving Saitō clan during the Sengoku Period:
Nobunaga Concerto is a Japanese manga series by Ayumi Ishii. It began serialization in Shogakukan's Monthly Shōnen Sunday from 2009. It was announced on June 2014 issue of Monthly Shonen Sunday magazine that the historical manga is inspiring an anime television, a live-action television series, and a live-action film. The anime television series adaptation aired from July 12, 2014 to September 20, 2014 on Fuji TV. The television drama aired in October 2014 starring Shun Oguri as Saburo and Nobunaga and the live-action film was released on January 23, 2016.
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