Saitō Tatsuoki

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An ukiyo-e of Saito Tatsuoki. Saito Tatsuoki.jpg
An ukiyo-e of Saitō Tatsuoki.

Saitō Uhyōe-Taihitsu Tatsuoki(斎藤 右兵衛・大筆 龍興,Saitō Uhyōe-Taihitsu Tatsuoki, 1548August 14, 1573) was a daimyo in Mino Province during the Sengoku period and the third generation lord of the Saitō clan. He was a son of Saitō Yoshitatsu his mother was daughter of Azai Hisamasa and nephew of Azai Nagamasa, a grandson of Saitō Dōsan. He was also a nephew of Oda Nobunaga's first wife, Nohime, herself a daughter of Saitō Dōsan. [1]

Mino Province one of the old provinces of Japan, encompassed part of modern-day Gifu Prefecture


Mino Province, one of the old provinces of Japan, encompassed the southern part of modern-day Gifu Prefecture. It was sometimes called Nōshū (濃州). Mino Province bordered Echizen, Hida, Ise, Mikawa, Ōmi, Owari, and Shinano Provinces.

Sengoku period Period in Imperial Japan

The Sengoku period is a period in Japanese history marked by social upheaval, political intrigue and near-constant military conflict. Japanese historians named it after the otherwise unrelated Warring States period in China. It was initiated by the Ōnin War, which collapsed the Japanese feudal system under the Ashikaga shogunate, and came to an end when the system was re-established under the Tokugawa shogunate by Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Saitō clan

The Saitō clan was a Japanese samurai kin group from Echizen Province.

Saitō Tatsuoki succeeded his father at the age of 19. He was, however, an incapable ruler; unlike his father and grandfather.

Tatsuoki became involved in a bitter rivalry with Akechi Mitsuhide, and lost to him decisively in 1564. He survived, but from this point on the Saitō clan were no longer a significant faction in the power struggles of the Sengoku period. [1] After Oda Nobunaga conquered the Saito in 1567, he was exiled, though he is known to have fought in armies against Nobunaga numerous times, until his death in 1573. [2]

Siege of Inabayama Castle

The Siege of Inabayama Castle of 1567 was the final battle in Oda Nobunaga's campaign to defeat the Saitō clan in their mountaintop castle and conquer Mino Province, Japan. It was a short two-week siege, fought between 13 and 27 September 1567, or in the Japanese calendar: from the 1st to 15th day of the 8th month, in the 10th year of the Eiroku era, according to the Nobunaga Chronicle. The siege ended in a decisive battle and victory of Nobunaga's combined forces, and resulted in the subjugation of the Saitō clan, their vassals, and allies. This victory was the culmination of Nobunaga's Mino campaign, waged intermittently over the previous six years, and brought an end to a rivalry between the Oda clan of Owari Province and the Saitō clan of Mino, which began over twenty years earlier between Nobunaga's father, Oda Nobuhide and Saitō Dōsan.

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References

  1. 1 2 Saito Dosan - SamuraiWiki. The Samurai Archives. Accessed December 23, 2009.
  2. Gyuichi, Ota (1610). The Chronicle of Lord Nobunaga. Leiden: Brill. p. 113.

This article incorporates text from OpenHistory.