Sakon Nakhon

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Sakon Nakhon
สกลนคร
City of Sakon Nakhon
เทศบาลนครสกลนคร
Sakon Nakhon (city), Thailand, unbekannte Strasse 2004 oder 2005.jpg
A street in Sakon Nakhon
Seal of Sakon Nakhon.png
Thailand adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Sakon Nakhon
Location in Thailand
Coordinates: 17°9′23″N104°8′44″E / 17.15639°N 104.14556°E / 17.15639; 104.14556
Country Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand
Province Sakon Nakhon
District Mueang Sakon Nakhon
Government
  TypeCity Municipality
  Mayor Komut Teekathananond
Area
  Total54.54 km2 (21.06 sq mi)
Elevation
175 m (574 ft)
Population
76,000
Time zone UTC+7 (ICT)
Area code (+66) 42
Website sakoncity.go.th

Sakon Nakhon (Thai : สกลนคร, pronounced [sā.kōn ná(ʔ).kʰɔ̄ːn] ; sometimes written Sakhon Nakhon) is a city (thesaban nakhon) in Thailand within the Isan region, and capital city of Sakon Nakhon Province as well as Mueang Sakon Nakhon District, with a population of approximately 76,000. Sakon Nakhon covers the whole tambon of That Choeng Chum and parts of tambons Ngio Don, Huai Yang, Dong Mafai, That Na Weng and Hang Hong. Sakon Nakhon is 651 km (405 mi) north-east of Bangkok by road. [1]

Contents

History

During World War II, Sakon Nakhon became a haven for Free Thais, and a base for Communist activities in the late 1950s.

Geography

Sakon Nakhon lies on a flat plain at about 175 metres (574 ft) elevation on the south-west bank of Lake Nong Han, the largest lake of north-east Thailand. The town is surrounded by extensive farmland.

Climate

Sakon Nakhon has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Winters are dry and very warm. Temperatures rise until April, which is hot with the average daily maximum at 35.1 °C (95.2 °F). The monsoon season runs from May through October, with heavy rain and somewhat cooler temperatures during the day, although nights remain warm. The lowest temperature ever recorded in Thailand is in Sakon Nakhon when −1.4 °C (29.5 °F) was recorded on 2 January 1974. [2]

Climate data for Sakon Nakhon (1981–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)36.2
(97.2)
38.8
(101.8)
41.1
(106.0)
41.8
(107.2)
41.0
(105.8)
37.5
(99.5)
36.6
(97.9)
36.0
(96.8)
35.7
(96.3)
35.0
(95.0)
36.6
(97.9)
35.3
(95.5)
41.8
(107.2)
Average high °C (°F)29.2
(84.6)
31.3
(88.3)
33.7
(92.7)
35.1
(95.2)
33.5
(92.3)
32.5
(90.5)
31.9
(89.4)
31.4
(88.5)
31.4
(88.5)
31.1
(88.0)
30.3
(86.5)
28.6
(83.5)
31.7
(89.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)22.1
(71.8)
24.5
(76.1)
27.2
(81.0)
29.1
(84.4)
28.4
(83.1)
28.1
(82.6)
27.7
(81.9)
27.4
(81.3)
27.2
(81.0)
26.4
(79.5)
24.4
(75.9)
21.9
(71.4)
26.2
(79.2)
Average low °C (°F)16.3
(61.3)
19.0
(66.2)
22.1
(71.8)
24.5
(76.1)
24.9
(76.8)
25.2
(77.4)
24.9
(76.8)
24.6
(76.3)
24.2
(75.6)
22.6
(72.7)
19.4
(66.9)
16.1
(61.0)
22.0
(71.6)
Record low °C (°F)−1.4
(29.5)
9.5
(49.1)
7.5
(45.5)
17.0
(62.6)
19.8
(67.6)
22.5
(72.5)
20.5
(68.9)
21.7
(71.1)
20.0
(68.0)
14.2
(57.6)
9.1
(48.4)
4.0
(39.2)
−1.4
(29.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches)4.7
(0.19)
29.3
(1.15)
57.5
(2.26)
93.3
(3.67)
227.6
(8.96)
266.8
(10.50)
288.7
(11.37)
357.9
(14.09)
224.8
(8.85)
76.9
(3.03)
11.9
(0.47)
5.6
(0.22)
1,645
(64.76)
Average rainy days1.33.86.09.917.220.221.323.716.68.52.30.7131.5
Average relative humidity (%)67656366768082848376706873
Mean monthly sunshine hours 272.8243.0275.9243.0198.4156.0120.9117.8183.0235.6252.0272.82,571.2
Mean daily sunshine hours 8.88.68.98.16.45.23.93.86.17.68.48.87.0
Source 1: Thai Meteorological Department, [3] (January record low) [2]
Source 2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity) [4]

Economy

Fish and rice are two of the major products of the region.

Transportation

Route 22 leads west to Udon Thani, 160 kilometres (99 mi) distant, and east to Nakhon Phanom (91 kilometres (57 mi)) and the border with Laos. Route 223 leads south to That Phanom (76 kilometres (47 mi)). Route 213 leads southwest to Kalasin (131 kilometres (81 mi)).

There is a regional airport, Sakon Nakhon Airport, on the north side of the city. [5]

Notable people

Notable people born in Sakon Nakthon, and notable residents and ex-residents include:

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References

  1. "Distance Bangkok to Sakon Nakhon". Google Maps. Retrieved 24 July 2015.
  2. 1 2 "The Climate of Thailand" (PDF). Thai Meteorological Department. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
  3. "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. p. 9. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  4. "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. p. 44. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  5. "Sakon Nakhon Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved 3 February 2013.

Coordinates: 17°9′23″N104°8′44″E / 17.15639°N 104.14556°E / 17.15639; 104.14556