Salah Ahmed Ibrahim

Last updated

Salah Ahmed Ibrahim(1933 in Omdurman-15 May 1993), Arabic صلاح أحمد إبراهيم, was a Sudanese writer, poet and diplomat.

Omdurman Place in Khartoum State, Sudan

Omdurman is the second largest city in Sudan and Khartoum State, lying on the western banks of the River Nile, opposite the capital, Khartoum.

Arabic Central Semitic language

Arabical-ʻarabiyyah[alʕaraˈbijːa](listen) or ʻarabī[ˈʕarabiː](listen) or Arabic pronunciation: [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai Peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic.

Poetry form of literature

Poetry is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning.



Salah Ibrahim was described in 1963 as the most important Sudanese poet of his generation, and that: "in his poetry there is all the yearning, all the frustration of his generation. He writes his poetry with miraculous ease and beauty.". [1] Ibrahim was also noted for his socialist realist fiction, of which he was a notable proponent. [2]

Socialist realism style of realistic art

Socialist realism is a style of idealized realistic art that was developed in the Soviet Union and was imposed as the official style in that country between 1932 and 1988, as well as in other socialist countries after World War II. Socialist realism is characterized by the glorified depiction of communist values, such as the emancipation of the proletariat. Despite its name, the figures in the style are very often highly idealized, especially in sculpture, where it often leans heavily on the conventions of classical sculpture. Its similarity to the art of the Third Reich is unmistakable, and the two are often grouped together as heroic realism. Although related, it should not be confused with social realism, a type of art that realistically depicts subjects of social concern, or other forms of "realism" in the visual arts.


Ibrahim graduated from Khartoum University, Faculty of Arts. Salah taught at the Institute of African Studies at the University of Ghana from 1965 to 1966. He maintained an involvement in politics, and was eventually Sudanese Ambassador to Algeria [3]

Ambassador diplomatic envoy

An ambassador is an official envoy, especially a high-ranking diplomat who represents a state and is usually accredited to another sovereign state or to an international organization as the resident representative of their own government or sovereign or appointed for a special and often temporary diplomatic assignment. The word is also often used more liberally for persons who are known, without national appointment, to represent certain professions, activities and fields of endeavor such as sales.

Algeria country in North Africa

Algeria, officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. The capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the far north of the country on the Mediterranean coast. With an area of 2,381,741 square kilometres (919,595 sq mi), Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the world, and the largest in Africa. Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the west by Morocco, to the southwest by the Western Saharan territory, Mauritania, and Mali, to the southeast by Niger, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea. The country is a semi-presidential republic consisting of 48 provinces and 1,541 communes (counties).

His sister Fatima Ahmed Ibrahim was a leading parliamentarian and a campaigner for women's rights. [4]

Fatima Ahmed Ibrahim, Arabic: فاطمة أحمد إبراهيم‎, Sudanese writer, women rights activist and Socialist leader.


Related Research Articles

Sudan has a rich and unique musical culture that has been through chronic instability and repression during the modern history of Sudan.

University of Khartoum university

University of Khartoum is a multi-campus, co-educational, public university located in Khartoum. It is the largest and oldest university in Sudan. UofK was founded as Gordon Memorial College in 1902 and established in 1956 when Sudan gained independence. Since that date, the University of Khartoum has been recognized as a top university and a high-ranked academic institution in Sudan and Africa.

Hafez Ibrahim Egyptian poet

Hafez Ibrahim (1871–1932), also referred to simply as Hafiz or Hafez, was a well known Egyptian poet of the early 20th century. He was dubbed the "Poet of the Nile", and sometimes the "Poet of the People", for his political commitment to the poor. His poetry took on the concerns of the majority of ordinary Egyptians, including women’s rights, poverty, education, as well as his criticism of the British Empire and foreign occupation.

Abdel Karim el Kably Sudanese musician and composer

Abdel Karim el Kabli, sometimes spelled el Kably or al Kabli, is a Sudanese singer, poet, composer, songwriter and humanitarian known for his songs with themes of love, passion, nationalism, Sudanese culture and folklore.

National Assembly of Sudan lower house of Sudans legislature

The National Assembly is the lower house of the National Legislature of Sudan. The Legislature was previously unicameral. The upper house is the Council of States.

Mohammed Wardi Sudanese musician

Mohammed Osman Hassan Salih Wardi was a Muslim Nubian Sudanese singer and songwriter.

Abed Elrahim Abu Zakrra or AbuZikreea was a Sudanese writer, poet, and translator.

Bushra Elfadil award-winning Sudanese writer

Bushra Elfadil is a Sudanese writer and poet.

Central Bank of Sudan central bank

The Central Bank of Sudan is the central bank of Sudan. The bank was formed in 1960, four years after Sudan's independence. It is located in the capital Khartoum.

Mohammed Abdul-Hayy was a member of the first generation of post-colonial Sudanese writers and academics. He is regarded as a pioneer of modern poetry in Sudan.

Ali El-Maak (Arabic: علي المك‎, full name Ali Muhammad Ali El-Maak is a Sudanese writer known for his short stories.

Gely Abdel Rahman Arabic: جيلي عبد الرحمن‎ was one of the leading Sudanese poets of the second half of the 20th century.

Salah is an Arabic given name and family name.

Ibrahim El-Salahi is a Sudanese artist painter and former politician and diplomat. He is one of the foremost exponents of the hurufiyya art movement which sought to combine traditional graphic forms, especially calligraphy, into contemporary artworks with a distinct Arab identity, in the late 20th-century.

Mahjoub Sharif, born as Mahjoub Muhammad Sharif Muhammad, was a Sudanese poet, teacher and activist. He became known in Sudan and other Arabic-speaking countries for his colloquial poetry and his public engagement, both committed to further the causes of democracy, freedom, general well-being and national identity. His poetry was put to music by eminent musicians, such as Mohammed Wardi and Mohamed Mounir, but also led to repeated political imprisonment under different Sudanese governments.

Suad Ibrahim Ahmed was a leader and central committee member of the Sudanese Communist Party. She was an activist for women's issues. She was a leader in the struggle against displacement of Nubian people of the Wadi Halfa region caused by erection of the Aswan Dam.


  1. p. 40, Institut français d'archéologie orientale du Caire, Sudan Notes and Records, Khartoum University Press, 1963
  2. p. 641, Helene Henderson, Laurie Lanzen Harris, Jay P. Pederson, Twentieth-century Literary Movements Dictionary, 2000, Omnigraphics
  3. p. 276, Mom K. N. Arou, B. Yongo-Bure, North-South relations in the Sudan since the Addis Ababa Agreement, 1989, Institute of African and Asian Studies, University of Khartoum. Section reads:
    "To begin with the relevant factors which are believed to be the causes of the North-South Conflict are remarkably fitted into the historical context in a poem entitled 'Malual', by Salah Ahmed Ibrahim, former Sudanese Ambassador to Algeria. The relevant parts of the poem read..."
  4. Fatima Ahmed Ibrahim, MoralHeroes, Retrieved 30 September 2016